East Orange, New Jersey

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East Orange, New Jersey
City
City of East Orange
Map of East Orange in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of East Orange in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Orange, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Orange, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°45′54″N 74°12′43″W / 40.765058°N 74.211862°W / 40.765058; -74.211862Coordinates: 40°45′54″N 74°12′43″W / 40.765058°N 74.211862°W / 40.765058; -74.211862[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyEssex
IncorporatedMarch 4, 1863
Government[6]
 • TypeCity
 • MayorLester E. Taylor III [3]
 • AdministratorDr. Stephanie Bush-Baskette, Esq.[4]
 • ClerkCynthia Brown[5]
Area[2]
 • Total3.924 sq mi (10.164 km2)
 • Land3.924 sq mi (10.164 km2)
 • Water0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2)  0.00%
Area rank300th of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[7]177 ft (54 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total64,270
 • Estimate (2012[12])64,268
 • Rank20th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[13]
 • Density16,377.1/sq mi (6,323.2/km2)
 • Density rank12th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes07017-07019[14][15]
Area code(s)973[16]
FIPS code3401319390[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID0885200[19][2]
Websitewww.eastorange-nj.gov
 
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East Orange, New Jersey
City
City of East Orange
Map of East Orange in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of East Orange in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of East Orange, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of East Orange, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°45′54″N 74°12′43″W / 40.765058°N 74.211862°W / 40.765058; -74.211862Coordinates: 40°45′54″N 74°12′43″W / 40.765058°N 74.211862°W / 40.765058; -74.211862[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyEssex
IncorporatedMarch 4, 1863
Government[6]
 • TypeCity
 • MayorLester E. Taylor III [3]
 • AdministratorDr. Stephanie Bush-Baskette, Esq.[4]
 • ClerkCynthia Brown[5]
Area[2]
 • Total3.924 sq mi (10.164 km2)
 • Land3.924 sq mi (10.164 km2)
 • Water0.000 sq mi (0.000 km2)  0.00%
Area rank300th of 566 in state
10th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[7]177 ft (54 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total64,270
 • Estimate (2012[12])64,268
 • Rank20th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[13]
 • Density16,377.1/sq mi (6,323.2/km2)
 • Density rank12th of 566 in state
2nd of 22 in county[13]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes07017-07019[14][15]
Area code(s)973[16]
FIPS code3401319390[17][2][18]
GNIS feature ID0885200[19][2]
Websitewww.eastorange-nj.gov

East Orange is a city in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the city's population 64,270[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 5,554 (-8.0%) from the 69,824 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 3,728 (-5.1%) from the 73,552 counted in the 1990 Census.[20] The city was the state's 20th most-populous municipality in 2010, after having been the state's 14th most-populous municipality in 2000.[21]

East Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 4, 1863, from portions of Orange town, and was reincorporated as a city on December 9, 1899, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.[22]

Geography[edit]

East Orange is located at 40°45′54″N 74°12′43″W / 40.765058°N 74.211862°W / 40.765058; -74.211862 (40.765058,-74.211862). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.924 square miles (10.164 km2), all of it land.[1][2] East Orange shares borders with Newark to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest, Orange to the west, and Glen Ridge and Bloomfield to the north.[23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18704,315
18808,34993.5%
189013,28259.1%
190021,50661.9%
191034,37159.8%
192050,71047.5%
193068,02034.1%
194068,9451.4%
195079,34015.1%
196077,259−2.6%
197075,471−2.3%
198077,8783.2%
199073,552−5.6%
200069,824−5.1%
201064,270−8.0%
Est. 201264,268[12]0.0%
Population sources:
1870-1920[24] 1870[25][26]
1870-1890[27] 1880-1890[28]
1890-1910[29] 1900-1930[30]
1930-1990[31] 2000[32][33] 2010[8][9][10][21]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 64,270 people, 24,945 households, and 14,742 families residing in the city. The population density was 16,377.1 per square mile (6,323.2 /km2). There were 28,803 housing units at an average density of 7,339.5 per square mile (2,833.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 4.13% (2,657) White, 88.51% (56,887) Black or African American, 0.39% (248) Native American, 0.72% (465) Asian, 0.06% (38) Pacific Islander, 3.69% (2,370) from other races, and 2.50% (1,605) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.93% (5,095) of the population.[8]

There were 24,945 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.3% were married couples living together, 29.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.33.[8]

In the city, 25.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females there were 81.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.4 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,358 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,873) and the median family income was $50,995 (+/- $2,877). Males had a median income of $38,642 (+/- $1,851) versus $39,843 (+/- $2,187) for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,298 (+/- $746). About 17.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.5% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.[34]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 69,824 people, 26,024 households, and 16,082 families residing in the city. The population density was 17,776.6 people per square mile (6,859.8/km2). There were 28,485 housing units at an average density of 7,252.0 per square mile (2,798.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.46% Black or African American, 3.84% White, 0.25% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 3.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.70% of the population.[32][33]

An elegant pre-WWII apartment on South Munn Avenue in East Orange.

There were 26,024 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.0% were married couples living together, 28.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.37.[32][33]

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 81.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.[32][33]

The median income for a household in the city was $32,346, and the median income for a family was $38,562. Males had a median income of $31,905 versus $30,268 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,488. About 15.9% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those ages 65 or over.[32][33]

As part of the 2000 Census, 89.46% of East Orange's residents identified themselves as being Black or African American. This was one of the highest percentages of African American and Caribbean American people in the United States, and the second-highest in New Jersey (behind Lawnside, at 93.6%) of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. East Orange also has a large Haitian American community, with 2,852 persons claiming Haitian ancestry in the 2000 Census.[35]

Although still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of Guyanese Americans in the country. In the 2000 Census, 2.5% of East Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry. While Queens and Brooklyn had larger populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange (with 2.9%) and East Orange had the highest percentage of people of Guyanese ancestry of all places in the United States with at least 1,000 people identifying their ancestry.[36]

Government[edit]

City Hall

East Orange is governed under the City form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a mayor and a city council made up of ten members, two representing each of the city's five geographic political subdivisions called wards. The mayor is elected directly by the voters. The ten members of the city council are elected to four-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat in each ward coming up for election every other year.[6][23]

The City Council performs the legislative functions of municipal government by enacting ordinances, resolutions or motions, and is responsible for review and adoption of the municipal budget that has been submitted by the Mayor.[37]

The Mayor of East Orange is Lester E. Taylor, III,[38] whose term of office ends December 31, 2017.,[38] City of East Orange.

As of 2014, members of the City Council are:[37][39]

The first African-American Mayor of East Orange, New Jersey was William S. Hart, Sr., who was elected to two consecutive terms, serving in office from 1970–1978.[45] Hart Middle School was named after him.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Post Office

East Orange is located in the 10th Congressional District[46] and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district.[9][47][48]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[49] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[50][51] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[52][53]

The 34th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Y. Oliver (D, East Orange).[54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[57] As of 2013, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[58] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end in 2014.[57][59][60] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark)[61], Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston)[62], Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark)[63], Gerald M. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.)[64] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)[65], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington)[66], Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)[67] and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[68] and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair).[69][70][71] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015),[72] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015)[73] and Surrogate Thomas N. Stephen, II (2016).[74][59][75]

A reminder of East Orange's former wealth. The Ambrose-Ward Mansion was built in 1898 for a book manufacturer, now the home of the African-American Fund of New Jersey

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 36,280 registered voters in East Orange, of which 21,646 (59.7%) were registered as Democrats, 396 (1.1%) were registered as Republicans and 14,228 (39.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.[76]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 97.7% of the vote here (24,718 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1.6% (408 votes) and other candidates with 0.1% (35 votes), among the 25,304 ballots cast by the city's 36,891 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.6%.[77] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 93.2% of the vote here (19,447 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 5.9% (1,225 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (128 votes), among the 20,856 ballots cast by the city's 33,328 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 62.6.[78]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 94.4% of the vote here (12,554 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2.9% (380 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.2% (153 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (63 votes), among the 13,295 ballots cast by the city's 36,157 registered voters, yielding a 36.8% turnout.[79]

Education[edit]

East Orange School District operates the public schools of East Orange. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[80] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[81][82] In 2003, Patrick Healy Middle School was identified as one of seven "persistently dangerous" middle schools in New Jersey. This designation has since been removed. East Orange is served by East Orange Campus High School, which is on the site of the former Upsala College and Cicely Tyson School of Performing and Fine Arts, as well other secondary schools.

East Orange Community Charter School is a public school that operates independently of the school district under a charter granted by the New Jersey Department of Education.[83]

The East Orange Public Library at one time included three of the original 36 Carnegie-funded libraries in New Jersey. It has a collection of 344,000 volumes and circulates about 319,000 items annually[84] from four locations.[85]

Ahlus Sunnah School is a K-12 madrasah that has been in East Orange since 2005.[86]

Commerce[edit]

Portions of East Orange are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[87]

Transportation[edit]

East Orange lies at the intersection of the Garden State Parkway and Interstate 280. It is 7.8 miles (12.6 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport in the nearby cities of Newark and Elizabeth.

Local transportation around the city and into neighboring communities is provided by Coach USA bus routes 24 & 44 and multiple New Jersey Transit public bus lines, which includes routes 5, 21, 34, 41, 71, 73, 79, 90, 92, 94, and 97.[88]

New Jersey Transit also runs two commuter rail train stations in East Orange, both located along the Morris & Essex Lines.[89] The East Orange Station is found beside the westbound lanes of Interstate 280, directly across its parking lot from East Orange City Hall.[90] Just one mile west up Main Street is Brick Church Station, the city's second rail stop and the more heavily used of the two.[91] Both have seven-day service to Hoboken Terminal as well as Midtown Direct service to New York Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan.

Sister city[edit]

East Orange is a sister city of:

CountryCityCounty/District/Province/Region/StateDate
 KenyaNakuruNakuru Countyunknown [92]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of East Orange include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ City Administrator, City of East Orange. Accessed January 2, 2014.
  5. ^ City Clerk, City of East Orange. Accessed September 19, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 148.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of East Orange, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for East Orange city, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 17, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for East Orange city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 17, 2011.
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  14. ^ orange&state=NJ Look Up a ZIP Code for East Orange, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 17, 2011.
  15. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 9, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for East Orange, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 9, 2013.
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]