East Orange is a city in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census the city's population 64,270 reflecting a decline of 5,554 (-8.0%) from the 69,824 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 3,728 (-5.1%) from the 73,552 counted in the 1990 Census. The city was the state's 20th most-populous municipality in 2010, after having been the state's 14th most-populous municipality in 2000.
East Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 4, 1863, from portions of Orange town, and was reincorporated as a city on December 9, 1899, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier.
East Orange is located at 40°45′54″N 74°12′43″W / 40.765058°N 74.211862°W (40.765058,-74.211862). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.924 square miles (10.164 km2), all of it land. East Orange shares borders with Newark to the east and south, South Orange to the southwest, Orange to the west, and Glen Ridge and Bloomfield to the north.
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 64,270 people, 24,945 households, and 14,742 families residing in the city. The population density was 16,377.1 inhabitants per square mile (6,323.2 /km2). There were 28,803 housing units at an average density of 7,339.5 per square mile (2,833.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 4.13% (2,657) White, 88.51% (56,887) Black or African American, 0.39% (248) Native American, 0.72% (465) Asian, 0.06% (38) Pacific Islander, 3.69% (2,370) from other races, and 2.50% (1,605) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.93% (5,095) of the population.
There were 24,945 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.3% were married couples living together, 29.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.33.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.0 years. For every 100 females there were 81.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $40,358 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,873) and the median family income was $50,995 (+/- $2,877). Males had a median income of $38,642 (+/- $1,851) versus $39,843 (+/- $2,187) for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,298 (+/- $746). About 17.8% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.5% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 69,824 people, 26,024 households, and 16,082 families residing in the city. The population density was 17,776.6 people per square mile (6,859.8/km2). There were 28,485 housing units at an average density of 7,252.0 per square mile (2,798.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.46% Black or African American, 3.84% White, 0.25% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.14% from other races, and 3.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.70% of the population.
An elegant pre-WWII apartment on South Munn Avenue in East Orange.
There were 26,024 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.0% were married couples living together, 28.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 81.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,346, and the median income for a family was $38,562. Males had a median income of $31,905 versus $30,268 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,488. About 15.9% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those ages 65 or over.
As part of the 2000 Census, 89.46% of East Orange's residents identified themselves as being Black or African American. This was one of the highest percentages of African American and Caribbean American people in the United States, and the second-highest in New Jersey (behind Lawnside, at 93.6%) of all places with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry. East Orange also has a large Haitian American community, with 2,852 persons claiming Haitian ancestry in the 2000 Census.
Although still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of Guyanese Americans in the country. In the 2000 Census, 2.5% of East Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry. While Queens and Brooklyn had larger populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange (with 2.9%) and East Orange had the highest percentage of people of Guyanese ancestry of all places in the United States with at least 1,000 people identifying their ancestry.
East Orange is governed under the City form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a mayor and a city council made up of ten members, two representing each of the city's five geographic political subdivisions called wards. The mayor is elected directly by the voters. The ten members of the city council are elected to four-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat in each ward coming up for election every other year.
The East Orange City Council carries out the legislative duties of municipal government. This body enacts by ordinance, resolution or motion, the laws under which the city is governed. The City Council reviews and adopts the municipal budget that is prepared and presented to the legislative body by the Mayor.
The Mayor of East Orange is Robert L. Bowser, whose term of office ends December 31, 2013. Mayor Bowser is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition, a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.
As of 2012
, members of the City Council are:
- 1st Ward: Jamal S. Barnes (2013) and Andrea D. McPhatter (2015)
- 2nd Ward: Virginia M. Cross (2013) and Jacquelyn E. Johnson (2015)
- 3rd Ward: Ted R. Green (2013) and Quilla E. Talmadge (2015)
- 4th Ward: William C. Holt (2013) and Sharon Fields (2015)
- 5th Ward: Alicia Holman (2013) and Lonnie Hughes (2015)
The first African-American Mayor of East Orange, New Jersey was William S. Hart, Sr., who was elected to two consecutive terms, serving in office from 1970–1978. Hart Middle School was named after him.
Federal, state and county representation
East Orange is located in the 10th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 34th state legislative district.
New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 34th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nia Gill (D, Montclair) and in the General Assembly by Thomas P. Giblin (D, Montclair) and Sheila Y. Oliver (D, East Orange). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders. As of 2013 , the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end in 2014. Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark), Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston), Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark), Gerald M. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.) Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark), D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington), Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange) and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell), and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair). Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015), Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015) and Surrogate Thomas N. Stephen, II (2016).
A reminder of East Orange's former wealth. The Ambrose-Ward Mansion
was built in 1898 for a book manufacturer, now the home of the African-American Fund of New Jersey
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 36,280 registered voters in East Orange, of which 21,646 (59.7%) were registered as Democrats, 396 (1.1%) were registered as Republicans and 14,228 (39.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 10 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 97.7% of the vote here (24,718 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 1.6% (408 votes) and other candidates with 0.1% (35 votes), among the 25,304 ballots cast by the city's 36,891 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.6%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 93.2% of the vote here (19,447 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 5.9% (1,225 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (128 votes), among the 20,856 ballots cast by the city's 33,328 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 62.6.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 94.4% of the vote here (12,554 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2.9% (380 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 1.2% (153 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (63 votes), among the 13,295 ballots cast by the city's 36,157 registered voters, yielding a 36.8% turnout.
East Orange School District operates the public schools of East Orange. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority. In 2003, Patrick Healy Middle School was identified as one of seven "persistently dangerous" middle schools in New Jersey. This designation has since been removed. East Orange is served by East Orange Campus High School, which is on the site of the former Upsala College and Cicely Tyson School of Performing and Fine Arts, as well other secondary schools.
East Orange Community Charter School is a public school that operates independently of the school district under a charter granted by the New Jersey Department of Education.
The East Orange Public Library at one time included three of the original 36 Carnegie-funded libraries in New Jersey. It has a collection of 344,000 volumes and circulates about 319,000 items annually from four locations.
Ahlus Sunnah School is a K-12 madrasah and has been in East Orange since 2005.
Portions of East Orange are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
East Orange lies at the intersection of the Garden State Parkway and Interstate 280. It is 7.8 miles from Newark Liberty International Airport in the nearby cities of Newark and Elizabeth.
Local transportation around the city and into neighboring communities is provided by Coach USA bus routes 24 & 44 and multiple New Jersey Transit public bus lines, which includes routes 5, 21, 34, 41, 71, 73, 79, 90, 92, 94, and 97. New Jersey Transit also runs two commuter rail train stations in East Orange, both located along the Morris & Essex Lines. The East Orange Station is found beside the westbound lanes of Interstate 280, directly across its parking lot from East Orange City Hall. Just one mile west up Main Street is Brick Church Station, the city's second rail stop and the more heavily used of the two. Both have seven-day service to Hoboken Terminal as well as Midtown Direct service to New York Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan.
East Orange is a sister city of Nakuru, Rift Valley Province, Kenya.
Notable current and former residents of East Orange include:
- John Amos (born 1939), actor.
- Jamal Anderson (born 1972), former NFL running back.
- James Blish (1921–1975), science fiction writer.
- Robert L. Carter (1917–2012), civil rights leader and United States District Judge.
- Chino XL (born 1974), hip-hop lyricist.
- Troy CLE, pseudonym of Troy Tompkins, author of The Marvelous Effect (set in East Orange).
- William Joseph Fallon (born 1944), United States Navy Admiral who is the current Commander of United States Central Command.
- Franklin W. Fort (1880–1937), represented New Jersey's 9th congressional district from 1925–1931.
- Major Harold Geiger (1884–1927), pioneer in Army aviation and ballooning.
- Althea Gibson (1927–2003), tennis player.
- David Garrard (born 1978), quarterback who played for the NFL's Jacksonville Jaguars.
- Slide Hampton (born 1932), jazz trombonist.
- Carolyn Gold Heilbrun (1926–2003), author who wrote mystery novels under the pen name of Amanda Cross.
- Frances Cox Henderson (1820–1897), wife of Governor James Pinckney Henderson of Texas, who established the Good Shepherd home for aged women after moving to East Orange following her husband's death.
- Brian Hill (born 1947), former coach of the Orlando Magic.
- Whitney Houston (1963–2012), singer and actress.
- Janis Ian (born 1951), singer-songwriter.
- Monte Irvin (born 1919), Major League Baseball player, member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. Ranked #12 on the Sports Illustrated list of The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures.-
- Jarrod Johnson (born 1969), former professional football player who played for the Pittsburgh Steelers, San Diego Chargers and the Sacramento Surge of the World League of American Football.
- Ernest Lester Jones (1876–1929), head of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey from 1914 until his death.
- LeRoy J. Jones, Jr. (born 1957), member of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Queen Latifah (born 1970), rapper and actress.
- Clara Maass (1876–1901), nurse who died as a result of volunteering for medical experiments to study yellow fever.
- Gordon MacRae (1921–1986), actor, singer, he was born in East Orange.
- Elliott Maddox (born 1947), Major League Baseball outfielder who played for both the New York Mets and New York Yankees.
- Naomi Long Madgett (born 1923), poet.
- Daniel F. Minahan (1877–1947), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1919 to 1921 and again from 1923 to 1925.
- Annie Oakley (1860–1926) and her husband Frank E. Butler (1852–1926) lived at 22 Eppirt Street between 1905 and 1908
- Naughty by Nature members Treach, Vin Rock, and Kay Gee.
- Naturi Naughton (born 1984), singer and actress who was a member of the early 2000s group, 3LW.
- Jonathan M. Parisen (born 1971), filmmaker.
- Eddie Rabbitt (1941–1998), singer-songwriter.
- Shareefa (born 1984), R&B singer.
- Albert L. Vreeland (1901–1975), United States Representative from New Jersey.
- Dionne Warwick (born 1940), singer.
- Valerie Wilson Wesley (born 1947), mystery writer.
- George Whitman (1913–2011), proprietor of the Paris bookstore Shakespeare and Company.
- William H. Wiley (1842–1925), served on the East Orange township committee from 1886 to 1888, and was president for one year. He represented New Jersey's 8th congressional district from 1903 to 1907 and from 1909 to 1911, and was a co-founder and former president of the publishing company John Wiley & Sons.
- Bruce Williams (born 1932), radio host.
- ^ 2012 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, dated August 9, 2012. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- ^ City Administrator, City of East orange. Accessed September 19, 2012.
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- ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for East Orange city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ "2010 Census Populations", Asbury Park Press. Accessed September 11, 2011.
- ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- ^ orange&state=NJ Look Up a ZIP Code for east Orange, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
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- ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- ^ a b The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 11, 2011.
- ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 127. Accessed March 8, 2012.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- ^ a b Ward Boundaries, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.; 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 148.
- ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2012.
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- ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for East Orange city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for East Orange city, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for East Orange city, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 8, 2012.
- ^ African American Communities, EPodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
- ^ Guyanese Communities, EPodunk. Accessed August 21, 2006.
- ^ Office of the City Council, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ Mayor Robert L. Bowser, City of East Orange. Accessed March 8, 2012.
- ^ "Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members". http://www.mayorsagainstillegalguns.org/html/about/members.shtml.
- ^ Office of the City Council, City of East Orange. Accessed March 8, 2012.
- ^ Municipal Officials in Essex County As of January 2012, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed March 8, 2012.
- ^ Council Members First Ward, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ Council Members Second Ward, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ Council Members Third Ward, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ Council Members Fourth Ward, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ Council Members Fifth Ward, City of East Orange. Accessed December 17, 2011.
- ^ Herbers, John. "VOTERS IGNORING THE PARTY LABEL; Elections Indicate Decline in Organizations' Stability -- Polarization Grows Returns Across Country", The New York Times, November 6, 1969. Accessed December 17, 2011. "For example, William S. Hart, a Democrat, was elected the first Negro Mayor of a major New Jersey municipality, East Orange."
- ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- ^ a b General Information, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013. "The Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, five of whom are elected from districts and four of whom are elected at-large. They are elected for three-year concurrent terms and may be re-elected to successive terms at the annual election in November."
- ^ Essex County Executive, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ a b Essex County Elected Officials, Essex County Clerk, as of February 2012. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Definition of a Freeholder, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Blonnie R. Watson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Patricia Sebold, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Rufus I. Johnson, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Lee, Eunice. "Labor leader from South Orange tapped as new Essex County freeholder", The Star-Ledger, December 19, 2012. Accessed January 9, 2013. "A longtime labor union leader from South Orange was sworn in this afternoon as the newest Essex County freeholder.Gerald Owens, 74, is a general organizer for the International Longshoremen's Association.... Owens is filling the seat vacated by former at-large freeholder Donald Payne Jr., who stepped down from the post last month after securing the 10th Congressional District seat left open by his late father."
- ^ Rolando Bobadilla, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ D. Bilal Beasley, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Carol Y. Clark, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Leonard M. Luciano, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Brendan W. Gill, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ The Board of Chosen Freeholders, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Breakdown of Freeholder Districts, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ About Christopher J. Durkin, Essex County Clerk. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Armando B. Fontoura - Essex County Sheriff, Essex County Sheriff's Office. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Office of Surrogate, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ County Directory, Essex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2013.
- ^ Voter Registration Summary - Essex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- ^ 2009 Governor: Essex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 5, 2012.
- ^ Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archiveas of May 15, 2009. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- ^ What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts.... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state's new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
- ^ SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- ^ School Profile, East Orange Community Charter School. Accessed March 8, 2012.
- ^ "East Orange Public Library". librarytechnology.org. September 2011. http://www.librarytechnology.org/libraries.pl?Institution=East%20Orange,%20NJ. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- ^ East Orange Public Library
- ^ Ahlus Sunnah School, Accessed April 11, 2012.
- ^ Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed September 11, 2011.
- ^ Essex County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed September 11, 2011.
- ^ Online Directory: New Jersey, USA, Sister Cities International. Accessed November 8, 2007.
- ^ via Associated Press. "'Roots' Lead Man Waiting For Windfall", Ocala Star-Banner, February 14, 1977. Accessed January 23, 2011.
- ^ Celebrity Rap Superstar | Jamal Anderson (Contestant), MTV. Accessed September 18, 2007.
- ^ Bloom, Harold. "James Blish: 1921-1975", Science fiction writers of the golden age, p. 63. Chelsea House, 1995. ISBN 0-7910-2199-8. "James Blish 1921-1975 James Benjamin Blish was born on May 23, 1921, in East Orange, New Jersey, the only child of Asa Rhodes Blish and Dorothea Schneewind Blish."
- ^ Schwaneberg, Robert. "Education building honors a champion: Rights lawyer Carter argued Brown case", copy of article from The Star-Ledger, November 21, 2006, at the Warren County Education Association. Accessed March 5, 2012. "Almost 54 years ago, Robert L. Carter stood before the U.S. Supreme Court and argued that segregated schools can never be equal.... Yesterday, the Trenton building that houses the state Department of Education was dedicated in honor of Carter, who grew up in Newark and East Orange and is now a federal judge in New York.... Born in Florida, Carter was 6 weeks old when his family moved to Newark. He attended Barringer High School in Newark and East Orange High School, graduating at age 16 after skipping two grades."
- ^ Pareles, Jon. "Shooting for Excess", The New York Times, September 9, 1996. Accessed January 23, 2011. "Sharing the bill was Chino XL, a fast-talking rapper from East Orange, NJ, who respects no one."
- ^ Troy CLE, Tavis Smiley, September 7, 2007. Accessed November 29, 2007. "A native of East Orange, NJ, CLE has worked as a student teacher in the NYC public school system and as a hip-hop producer."
- ^ Shanker, Thom. "Adm. William J. Fallon: An Experienced Naval Officer, and a Diplomat", The New York Times, January 8, 2007. Accessed December 10, 2007. "William Joseph Fallon was born Dec. 30, 1944, in East Orange, N.J., and raised in Merchantville."
- ^ Franklin William Fort, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22, 2007.
- ^ "FLIGHT LEADER DIES IN FLAMING CRASH; Major Geiger, Commander of Aberdeen (Md.) Field, Is Burned to Death. FAILS IN DESPERATE JUMP Accident Occurs at Olmstead Field, Pa. – Was a Native of East Orange, N.J.", The New York Times, May 18, 1927. Accessed July 14, 2008.
- ^ Magee, Jerry. Tennis pioneer Althea Gibson dies at 76: U.S., Wimbledon champ paved the way for blacks", The San Diego Union-Tribune, September 29, 2003. Accessed January 23, 2011. "No player of either gender in any sport arguably overcame more in becoming a champion than Gibson, who died yesterday in East Orange, N.J., where she was a semi-recluse."
- ^ AFC honors go to three first-time winners, NFL.com, December 6, 2006. "The East Orange, N.J., native directed the club on two drives of more than 90 yards, both resulting in touchdowns."
- ^ The State of Jazz: Meet 40 More Jersey Greats, The Star-Ledger, September 28, 2004.
- ^ MccFadden, Robert D. "Carolyn Heilbrun, Pioneering Feminist Scholar, Dies at 77", The New York Times, October 11, 2003. Accessed March 1, 2012. "Carolyn Gold Heilbrun was born on Jan. 13, 1926, in East Orange, N.J., the only child of Archibald Gold, an accountant, and Estelle Roemer Gold, who, her daughter would recall, 'sat at home and was bored out of her mind.' The family moved to Manhattan when Ms. Heilbrun was 6, and she became a voracious reader, devouring Nancy Drew and Judy Bolton mysteries and, as a teenager, the novels of Virginia Woolf and Willa Cather."
- ^ Farrell, Mary D.. "France Cox Henderson". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/fhe59. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- ^ "Back to the Magic: Hill Returns to Orlando", Orlando Magic. Accessed March 6, 2008.
- ^ Stetler, Carrie. "What happened to Whitney?", The Seattle Times, March 22, 2004. Accessed January 23, 2011. "Houston was born in Newark, N.J., and reared in East Orange, the daughter of acclaimed gospel/soul singer Cissy Houston, who sang backup for everyone from Aretha Franklin to Elvis Presley."
- ^ Houlihan, Mary. "Ian has learned the truth from controversies", Chicago Sun-Times, April 23, 2004. Accessed December 18, 2007. "Ian grew up in East Orange, N.J., in a musical family."
- ^ The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures, Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999.
- ^ Reinhard, Paul. "Anything Is Possible For Jarrod", The Morning Call, July 30, 1991. Accessed October 24, 2011. "Well, by the time he graduated from Seton Hall Prep in West Orange, N.J., Johnson had blossomed into a 243-pound center. 'It's good I didn't gain another 100 pounds between my freshman and senior years in college,' he quipped yesterday during a telephone conversation. Johnson, an East Orange, N.J., native who as a young boy rooted for the Pittsburgh Steelers after watching them win Super Bowl IX, became an outstanding center at Lehigh University."
- ^ Colonel E. Lester Jones, NOAA. Accessed December 20, 2007. " Ernest Lester Jones, the son of Charles Hopkins and Ida (Lester) Jones was born in East Orange, New Jersey on April 14, 1876."
- ^ Assemblyman LeRoy J. Jones, Jr., New Jersey Legislature backed up as of February 25, 1998. Accessed June 7, 2010.
- ^ "The Robertson Treatment Vol. 6.7; Queen Latifah holding court in Hollywood!", Baltimore Afro-American, March 28, 2003. Accessed December 11, 2007. "'I've always loved musicals,' admits the actress who was born Dana Owens and was raised in the East Orange, NJ area and who presently lives in Rumson, NJ."
- ^ Clara Louise Maass, Find A Grave. Accessed August 23, 2007.
- ^ Parker, Ev. "Parker's Pen: ‘I Surrender Dear’", Napa Valley Register, January 3, 2011. Accessed January 23, 2011. "MacRae, once a kid from East Orange, N.J., sang 'Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin from the musical 'Oklahoma'."
- ^ Durso, Joseph. "3 Starters Typify Mets' New Deal; Three New Pets Which Hot Dog Is First?", The New York Times, March 7, 1978. Accessed January 23, 2011.
- ^ Pilgrim Journey, Wayne State University Press. Accessed September 24, 2007. "The daughter of a Baptist pastor, Madgett was born in Virginia and moved with her family to East Orange, New Jersey as a toddler."
- ^ Daniel F. Minahan, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
- ^ Shirl Kasper: Annie Oakley (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992), 189
- ^ Norris, Chris. "Pop Goes the Ghetto", New York (magazine), June 19, 1995. Accessed September 11, 2011. "Treach - Naughty's machete-wielding, padlock-and-chain-wearing lead rapper - was drawing lines in his lyrics between Them and Us, set in a musical backdrop that erased them. And with that - and two more giant-selling singles - three kids from the slums of East Orange, New Jersey, became a pop band."
- ^ Newman, Melinda. "Naturi's a Natural", New Jersey Monthly, December 8, 2008. Accessed September 19, 2012. "East Orange native Naturi Naughton plays rapper Lil' Kim in a film about the life of hip-hop artist Notorious B.I.G., which opens Jan. 16."
- ^ Connor, Tracy; Parascandola, Rocco; Andrade, Joaquim; and Paddock, Barry. "Jonathan Parisen faces rap in boozy S.I. train dodge ", daily News (New York), January 9, 2012. Accessed May 24, 2012. "Parisen, who recently moved to East Orange, N.J., from Staten Island, has directed little-seen films about 9/11 and the TWA Flight 800 crash and launched a bunch of oddball art projects."
- ^ "Eddie Rabbitt, 56, Whose Songs Zigzagged From Pop to Country", The New York Times, May 9, 1998. Accessed May 24, 2012. "The son of Irish immigrants, he was born in Brooklyn and raised in East Orange, N.J."
- ^ Staff. "Shareefa's 'Point of No Return' Hits Stores October 24", Starpulse.com, October 8, 2006. Accessed September 11, 2011. "Raised between Brick City (Newark) and East Orange, young Shareefa was a fan of legendary singers from the time she was a child."
- ^ Albert Lincoln Vreeland, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16, 2007.
- ^ Hu, Winnie. "For a Singer’s 1940s Alma Mater, a 21st-Century Gift", The New York Times, September 21, 2010. Accessed September 11, 2011. "Once a neighborhood school called Lincoln, it was renamed for Ms. Warwick, a winner of five Grammy awards, in 1996 after becoming a theme school for business. Ms. Warwick attended the school, which now draws students from across the district, in the late 1940s."
- ^ Staff. "Mystery Plot: Whodunit in Newark?", The New York Times, August 26, 1994. Accessed February 6, 2012. "Ms. Wilson Wesley grew up in Ashford, Conn., and now lives in Montclair, N.J., with her husband and two daughters. But she lived in nearby East Orange in the early 1970's, and Tamara's yellow-and-green Cape Cod is modeled on her old house."
- ^ Simons, Marlise. "George Whitman, Paris Bookseller and Cultural Beacon, Is Dead at 98", The New York Times, December 14, 2011. Accessed December 18, 2011."George Whitman was born on Dec. 12, 1913, in East Orange, N.J., and grew up in Salem, Mass."
- ^ William Halsted Wiley, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 11, 2007.
- ^ Eftimiades, Maria. "Radio Personality Without Limits", The New York Times, July 2, 1989. Accessed May 24, 2012. "From his early days, growing up in East Orange, Mr. Williams has always had a passion for radio talk shows."
- William Hart, East Orange. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2006.
- Mark A. Stuart, A Centennial History of East Orange. East Orange, NJ: East Orange Centennial Committee, 1964.