East Midlands Airport

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East Midlands Airport
Castle Donington Airport
East Midlands Airport logo.png
East Midlands2.JPG
The runway at East Midlands Airport
IATA: EMAICAO: EGNX
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorManchester Airports Group
ServesEast Midlands
LocationCastle Donington, Leicestershire
Elevation AMSL306 ft / 93 m
Coordinates52°49′52″N 001°19′41″W / 52.83111°N 1.32806°W / 52.83111; -1.32806Coordinates: 52°49′52″N 001°19′41″W / 52.83111°N 1.32806°W / 52.83111; -1.32806
Websitewww.eastmidlandsairport.com
Map
EGNX is located in Leicestershire
EGNX
Location in Leicestershire
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
09/272,8939,491Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers4,076,178
Passenger change 11-12Decrease3.3%
Aircraft movements74,602
Movements change 11-12Decrease0.7%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]
 
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East Midlands Airport
Castle Donington Airport
East Midlands Airport logo.png
East Midlands2.JPG
The runway at East Midlands Airport
IATA: EMAICAO: EGNX
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorManchester Airports Group
ServesEast Midlands
LocationCastle Donington, Leicestershire
Elevation AMSL306 ft / 93 m
Coordinates52°49′52″N 001°19′41″W / 52.83111°N 1.32806°W / 52.83111; -1.32806Coordinates: 52°49′52″N 001°19′41″W / 52.83111°N 1.32806°W / 52.83111; -1.32806
Websitewww.eastmidlandsairport.com
Map
EGNX is located in Leicestershire
EGNX
Location in Leicestershire
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
09/272,8939,491Asphalt
Statistics (2012)
Passengers4,076,178
Passenger change 11-12Decrease3.3%
Aircraft movements74,602
Movements change 11-12Decrease0.7%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

East Midlands Airport (IATA: EMAICAO: EGNX) is an airport in the East Midlands of England, located at Castle Donington in North West Leicestershire. It lies between the cities of Derby 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) southeast,[1] Leicester and Nottingham, which are all within a 20 mi (30 km) radius of the airfield. It mainly serves the counties of Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Staffordshire and South Yorkshire. Passenger numbers peaked in 2008 at 5.6 million, but declined by 25% to 4.1 million in 2012 making it the 13th busiest airport in the UK by passenger traffic. A major cargo hub, it was the second busiest UK airport for freight traffic in 2012.[2]

EMA has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P520) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The airport is owned by the Manchester Airports Group (MAG), the largest British-owned airport operator which is controlled by the ten metropolitan boroughs of Greater Manchester with Manchester retaining the controlling stake.

History[edit source | edit]

The airport was originally a Royal Air Force station, RAF Castle Donington, which was decommissioned in 1946. The site was purchased by a consortium of local government authorities in 1964, when a major programme of building work and runway investment was begun. The airfield was renamed East Midlands Airport to reflect the area it served, and it opened for passengers in April 1965.

EMA replaced the smaller pre-war grass airfield at Derby Burnaston, and the base's light aircraft later moved to a new site at Derby Egginton Airfield near Hilton. The original Derby Airport site at Burnaston has since been redeveloped as a Toyota car factory.

Derby Airways, which was in the process of being renamed British Midland Airways, moved its operations to the new airport and established its headquarters in nearby Donington Hall in Castle Donington, operating a network of domestic and international scheduled and charter flights at East Midlands. The airfield was established with basic requirements of a 5,850 ft (1,780 m) runway, a 60 ft (18 m) taxiway, a new hangar floor and aprons, and parking for 850 cars. Financially, it was not an instant success. However, the picture quickly changed, with the increased volume of cargo traffic soon demanding further development. In 1970, an agreement was reached on creating a new freight complex, and both the runway and the terminal were extended.

Expansion was swift, with a further runway extension to 2,283 m (7,490 ft) and terminal upgrade in the late 1970s. During 1985, one million passengers used the airport for the first time, which necessitated yet another terminal extension. Following government legislation, the airport became a public limited company in 1987, distancing it from all-out control by the local authorities.

With growing passenger and cargo traffic, further expansion was proposed for the airport in 1992. However, despite the enthusiasm of the local authorities who owned the airport, the funds necessary were not raised, so in 1993 East Midlands became the first major regional airport in the UK to be privatised. National Express Group purchased the airfield for £24.3m and began to invest in airport facilities. A £20m, 610 m (2,000 ft) extension to the runway was added to enable the airport to handle long-haul flights, and a new air traffic control tower was constructed, the second tallest in the UK at the time. National Express investment would eventually total over £77m over an eight-year period.

Britannia Airways Boeing 737 operating holiday charters in 1982

DHL Aviation opened a new £35m cargo facility on site in 2000, and in the same year a business park was constructed next to the airport. However, National Express Group announced its intention to concentrate on bus and rail provision, and sold East Midlands Airport, together with Bournemouth Airport, in March 2001 to Manchester Airports Group for £241m.

The arrival of low-cost carriers in 2002 resulted in a sharp jump in passenger numbers, rising 36% in that year to 3.23 million. Go Fly established a hub at East Midlands, and the operation has been strengthened since the airline's absorption by easyJet. The majority of BMI operations were ceded to a new low cost subsidiary, bmibaby, in 2002.

The DEMAND Campaign was formed in 2004 to campaign against night flights at the airport and against increasing levels of noise generally.[3]

By 2006, annual passengers had reached 4.72 million, twelfth highest in the UK. The five million mark was passed during April 2007.

In September 2006 Plane Stupid blocked a taxiway at the airport for four hours. Their spokesman Leo Murray said, "The people of the past didn't know what the problem was. For the people of the future it's going to be too late. People in developing countries are powerless to do anything about it. If we don't do this, it's not going to get done."[4]

Following increasing overcrowding at the terminal building, the airport facilities have been extended and remodelled. There are new short-stay car parks, but there are charges for drop-off outside the terminals. The arrivals hall has been extended, a new transport interchange has been created, and a new pier has been built to reduce 'across tarmac' walking to aircraft. A major extension is being created airside.[citation needed]

Operations[edit source | edit]

The air traffic control tower at East Midlands airport, located at the south of the airfield, next to the terminal.

East Midlands Airport has established itself as a hub for low fare airlines such as, Jet2.com and Ryanair and tour operarors like Thomson Airways which serve a range of domestic and European short-haul destinations. It is also a base for BMI Regional, Flybe, Monarch and Thomas Cook Airlines. EasyJet ceased operating from the airport on 5 January 2010.[5] As a result of this redeployment, Bmibaby announced plans to expand its operation by 40% by basing three more aircraft at the airport by summer 2010.

A major development towards the long-haul programme came in 2005 with the introduction of holiday flights to the Dominican Republic, Orlando, and Cancún by First Choice Airways. The Indian resort of Goa has since been added.

On 28 August 2009, low fares airline Jet2.com announced that it's seventh base would be at East Midlands Airport, starting with seven routes across Europe from May 2010 and two new winter routes from 20 December 2010 and have grown further since.

BMI has its maintenance base at the airport.

Other airlines operating from the airport include, Aurigny Air Services, Eastern Airways and summer holiday charters by Freebird Airlines and Onur Air, both Turkish companies.

Until 1982, when the head office moved to Donington Hall,[6] British Midland had its head office on the airport property.[7]

It was announced on 13 April 2011 that Bmibaby would close its Manchester and Cardiff bases, moving an additional service to East Midlands Airport with increased frequencies and new routes for summer 2012.

It was announced only just over a year later, on 3 May 2012, that Bmibaby would be closed down and cease all operations in September 2012 with a number of services being dropped from June. The parent company, International Airlines Group, cited heavy losses and the failure to find a suitable buyer as the reasons for the decision.[8] In light of the announcement, Flybe and Monarch announced they would establish a base at the airport, and low-cost airline Jet2.com confirmed they would also expand their operations from the airport with new routes and an additional aircraft from Summer 2013.

Ryanair has also expanded its East Midlands base with a series of new routes and frequency increases on existing routes. They will now serve the airport with 7 based aircraft, 40 destinations, over 320 weekly flights and roughly 2.3 million passengers a year, making it the largest airline at the airport, accounting for about 50% of passenger traffic with East Midlands now being Ryanair's third largest UK airport after London-Stansted and Manchester, both now also owned by MAG.

Airlines and destinations[edit source | edit]

Passenger[edit source | edit]

The passenger apron at East Midlands Airport. Bmibaby, First Choice and Ryanair jets can be seen. Ryanair is the largest airline at the airport.
AirlinesDestinations
Aegean AirlinesCharter Seasonal: Heraklion
Aurigny Air ServicesGuernsey
BH AirCharter Seasonal: Bourgas, Varna
BMI RegionalBrussels, Frankfurt (ends 1 September 2013)
Eastern AirwaysAberdeen
FlybeAmsterdam, Belfast-City, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Jersey, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Chambéry
Freebird AirlinesCharter Seasonal: Dalaman
Jet2.comAlicante, Budapest (begins 8 November 2013), Lanzarote, Málaga, Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 3 April 2014), Prague (begins 7 November 2013), Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Bodrum, Chambéry, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Funchal (begins 8 April 2014), Geneva, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza, Larnaca (ends 2 November 2013), Minorca, Murcia, Nice (ends 22 September 2013), Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Rhodes, Zakynthos (begins 28 May 2014)
Monarch AirlinesAlicante, Faro, Lanzarote (resumes 4 November 2013), Malaga, Malta, Tenerife-South (resumes 5 November 2013)
Seasonal: Ibiza, Palma de Mallorca
Onur AirCharter Seasonal: Dalaman
RyanairAlicante, Berlin-Schönefeld, Cork (resumes 6 November 2013), Dinard, Dublin, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Knock, Kraków, Lanzarote, Limoges, Łódź, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Riga, Rzeszow, Tenerife-South, Venice-Treviso, Warsaw-Modlin, Wrocław
Seasonal: Almeria, Barcelona, Bergerac, Carcassonne, Corfu, Chania, Girona, Ibiza, La Rochelle, Marseille, Milan-Bergamo, Minorca , Murcia, Poznań, Pisa, Reus, Rhodes, Rome-Ciampino, Valencia, Zadar
Thomas Cook AirlinesBourgas, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Izmir, Lanzarote, Monastir, Paphos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Alicante, Antalya, Bodrum, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Malta, Minorca, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Skiathos, Zakynthos
Thomson AirwaysAlicante, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Antalya, Boa Vista, Bodrum, Barbados, Burgas, Cancún, Chambéry, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Enfidha, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Minorca, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Paphos, Rhodes, Salzburg, Skiathos, Thessaloniki, Zakynthos

Cargo[edit source | edit]

The DHL cargo centre at East Midlands airport located at the south west of the airfield.
AirlinesDestinations
AerologicLeipzig/Halle, Frankfurt
Atlantic AirlinesJersey, Basel/Mulhouse Airport
DHL AviationBelfast-International, Brussels-International, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, Copenhagen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Frankfurt, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Milan-Orio al Serio, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Vitoria
DHL Air UK
operated by Atlantic Airlines
Aberdeen, Cologne/Bonn
DHL Air UK
operated by Swiftair
Milan-Bergamo
Icelandair CargoReykjavik-Keflavík, Liege
Royal Mail
operated by Atlantic Airlines
Aberdeen, Belfast-International, Cardiff, Isle of Man, Edinburgh, Bournemouth
Royal Mail
operated by Jet2.com
Belfast-International, Edinburgh, Exeter, Newcastle uponTyne
Royal Mail
operated by Loganair
Aberdeen
Royal Mail
operated by Titan Airways
Bournemouth
RVL GroupDublin, Guernsey, Isle of Man
TNT AirwaysBelfast-International, Liège
UPS AirlinesCologne/Bonn, Louisville, Philadelphia
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air (Maersk Air)
Cologne/Bonn, Belfast-International, Edinburgh

Busiest routes[edit source | edit]

Busiest routes to and from East Midlands Airport (2010)[2]
RankAirportPassengers handled % Change
2009 / 10
1 Spain, Málaga228,463Decrease26
2 Spain, Palma de Mallorca218,037Decrease16
3 Spain, Alicante209,373Decrease22
4 Ireland, Dublin188,740Decrease13
5 Spain, Tenerife South151,100Increase9
6 Portugal, Faro146,291Decrease20
7 United Kingdom, Edinburgh108,700Decrease17
8 Turkey, Dalaman102,501Increase34
9 Netherlands, Amsterdam101,119Decrease3
10 United Kingdom, Glasgow International99,740Decrease13
11 France, Paris Charles de Gaulle91,572Decrease11
12 Spain, Murcia85,698Decrease20
13 Egypt, Sharm el-Sheikh83,703Increase76
14 Spain, Gran Canaria74,927Increase12
15 Germany, Berlin Schönefeld74,826Decrease7
16 Spain, Fuerteventura69,537Increase16
17 Spain, Girona64,466Decrease30
18 Poland, Wrocław63,726Increase5
19 Spain, Ibiza61,474Decrease22
20 Cyprus, Paphos58,089Increase33

Air cargo[edit source | edit]

East Midlands Airport is the second largest cargo airport in the United Kingdom after London Heathrow. In 2012 Heathrow handled 1.56 million tonnes of freight & mail compared with 300,000 tonnes at East Midlands.[2] DHL Aviation have a large purpose-built facility at EMA, and courier companies United Parcel Service (UPS) and TNT also use the airport as a base to import/export freight to Belfast and Liege.

Transport links[edit source | edit]

Motorway[edit source | edit]

The airport has excellent connections to the motorway network as it is near the M1 and M42, bringing the airfield within easy reach of the major population centres of the Midlands.

Railway[edit source | edit]

The nearest railway station is East Midlands Parkway, which is 4 miles (6.4 km) away. The shuttle bus service linking the station and the airport has ceased but one can take a taxi at a reduced fare if it is booked at least 12 hours in advance.[9]

Although very much still in the initial stages of planning, a proposed route for the High Speed 2 rail line from London Euston to the north of England via Birmingham could bring the Leeds branch very close to East Midlands Airport with proposals for a station to serve the airport and the Nottingham and Derby catchment areas.[10]

Bus[edit source | edit]

There are frequent Skylink services operated by Kinchbus and Trent Barton. Kinchbus run buses from Leicester to Derby via Loughborough and Trent Barton operate a route from Nottingham to Loughborough via Beeston and Long Eaton. Both services operate every 30 minutes during the day and hourly throughout the night, seven days a week.[11]

East Midlands Aeropark[edit source | edit]

The Aeropark at East Midlands Airport.

The East Midlands Aeropark to the north west corner of the airport has a large number of static aircraft on public display.

The museum and its exhibits are managed and maintained by the Aeropark Volunteers Association (AVA). It also offers two excellent viewing mounds for watching aircraft arriving and departing from the main runway. AVA Members are allowed free access to the Aeropark. Exhibits include:

Accidents and incidents[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ a b "East Midlands – EGNX". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "CAA: UK Annual Airport Statistics". UK Civil Aviation Authority. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "Campaign News". DEMAND Campaign. Retrieved 7 October 2008. 
  4. ^ Alice O'Keeffe (6 November 2006). "Planet saved?: Why the green movement is taking to the streets". New Statesman. Retrieved 14 January 2008. 
  5. ^ "easyJet announces network redeployments". Corporate.easyjet.com. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "the eighties." British Midland International. Retrieved on 28 December 2011.
  7. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 July 1980. 295. "Head Office: East Midlands Airport, Castle Donington, Derby, Great Britain. 37172."
  8. ^ "BMI Baby has delivered high levels of operational performance and customer service, but has continued to struggle financially, losing more than £100m in the last four years,"
  9. ^ "Train services to and from East Midlands Parkway – East Midlands Trains". East Midlands Trains. Retrieved 19 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Department for Transport Report on HS2 - see paragraph 4.26
  11. ^ "Skylink". Skylink. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 October 2009. 
  13. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Shorts 360-100 EI-BEM East Midlands Airport (EMA)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  14. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 200 G-BMAU East Midlands Airport (EMA)". Aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 
  15. ^ "Terrorist Bombers May Have Targeted Aircraft". Fox News. 7 April 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  16. ^ "How many more bombs out there?: Device found in Dubai had been on two PASSENGER flights, airline reveals". Daily Mail. 1 November 2010. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  17. ^ Rayner, Gordon (31 October 2010). "Cargo plane bomb plot: al-Qaeda terrorists 'threatened another Lockerbie'". Telegraph. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  18. ^ Updated 23 minutes ago 11/8/2010 12:24:00 PM +00:00. "Al-Qaida claims responsibility for cargo bombs - World news - Mideast/N. Africa - msnbc.com". MSNBC. Retrieved 8 November 2010. 

External links[edit source | edit]