East Brunswick, New Jersey

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East Brunswick Township, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Location of East Brunswick Township in Middlesex County.
Census Bureau map of East Brunswick, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°25′34″N 74°25′06″W / 40.426247°N 74.418244°W / 40.426247; -74.418244Coordinates: 40°25′34″N 74°25′06″W / 40.426247°N 74.418244°W / 40.426247; -74.418244
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyMiddlesex
IncorporatedFebruary 28, 1860
Government[1]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • MayorDavid Stahl (D, [2]
 • AdministratorJames White[3]
 • ClerkNennette Perry[4]
Area[5]
 • Total22.270 sq mi (57.679 km2)
 • Land21.699 sq mi (56.200 km2)
 • Water0.571 sq mi (1.479 km2)  2.56%
Area rank122nd of 566 in state
6th of 25 in county[5]
Elevation[6]121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total47,512
 • Rank38th of 566 in state
7th of 25 in county
 • Density2,189.6/sq mi (845.4/km2)
 • Density rank276th of 566 in state
20th of 25 in county
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code08816[10]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3402319000[11][5][12]
GNIS feature ID0882163[13][5]
Websitehttp://www.eastbrunswick.com/
 
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East Brunswick Township, New Jersey
—  Township  —
Location of East Brunswick Township in Middlesex County.
Census Bureau map of East Brunswick, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°25′34″N 74°25′06″W / 40.426247°N 74.418244°W / 40.426247; -74.418244Coordinates: 40°25′34″N 74°25′06″W / 40.426247°N 74.418244°W / 40.426247; -74.418244
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyMiddlesex
IncorporatedFebruary 28, 1860
Government[1]
 • TypeFaulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • MayorDavid Stahl (D, [2]
 • AdministratorJames White[3]
 • ClerkNennette Perry[4]
Area[5]
 • Total22.270 sq mi (57.679 km2)
 • Land21.699 sq mi (56.200 km2)
 • Water0.571 sq mi (1.479 km2)  2.56%
Area rank122nd of 566 in state
6th of 25 in county[5]
Elevation[6]121 ft (37 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total47,512
 • Rank38th of 566 in state
7th of 25 in county
 • Density2,189.6/sq mi (845.4/km2)
 • Density rank276th of 566 in state
20th of 25 in county
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code08816[10]
Area code(s)732/848
FIPS code3402319000[11][5][12]
GNIS feature ID0882163[13][5]
Websitehttp://www.eastbrunswick.com/
This article is about the township in New Jersey, for the suburb in Melbourne, Victoria see; Brunswick East, Victoria

East Brunswick is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey on the southern shores of the Raritan River, that is a suburb of New York City and Philadelphia. According to the 2010 United States Census, the township population was 47,512,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 756 (+1.6%) from the 46,756 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 3,208 (+7.4%) from the 43,548 counted in the 1990 Census.[14]

East Brunswick was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 28, 1860, from portions of both Monroe Township and North Brunswick Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Washington town within the township (February 23, 1870; became independent as South River on February 28, 1898), Helmetta (March 20, 1888), Milltown (January 29, 1889) and Spotswood (April 15, 1908).[15]

As of the 2010 Census, the Census Bureau calculated that New Jersey's center of population was located a few hundred feet east off of Nenninger Lane, near the New Jersey Turnpike.[16] Based on the results of the 2000 Census, the state's center of population was located on Milltown Road in East Brunswick.[17]

Contents

History

The general area of central New Jersey was once occupied by the Lenape Native Americans.

According to a 1677 bill of sale now in the New Jersey State Museum in Trenton, New Jersey, Thomas Lawrence, a New York baker, purchased thousands of acres of land from local Native Americans named Querameck, Kesyacs, Isarick, Metapis, Peckawan, and Turantecas. In this document, the area is called Piscopeek, which later become known as Lawrence Brook, after its purchaser. Around the late 17th century, settlers began arriving in the northern part of East Brunswick, and by the mid-19th century, a small village had formed in the southeastern part, known as the Old Bridge section of the town, an area that was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.[18][19]

The area today known as East Brunswick was incorporated in 1860 from parts of North Brunswick and Monroe townships, including the community of Old Bridge.[15] Originally a farming community, suburban settlement started in the 1930s with improved road access. Large scale housing and road construction, especially after World War II, transformed East Brunswick into a more suburban community. The extension of the New Jersey Turnpike to East Brunswick in 1952 led to a sharp spike in population growth, with the 1950 Census population of 5,699 more than tripling to 19,965 as of the 1960 enumeration.[19]

In the early 1970s a citizens group Concerned Citizens of East Brunswick sued the New Jersey Turnpike Authority over a proposed major widening project. The citizens group effectively won this case gaining concessions in turnpike design, scale and mitigation measures for noise and air quality. The citizens group presented technical data from their own experts and prevailed in what was one of the earliest technical confrontations regarding urban highway design related to environmental factors in U.S. history.[20]

East Brunswick was also the site of the gunfight at Turnpike Exit 9 shortly after midnight on May 2, 1973, in which a car being driven by Zayd Malik Shakur (born James F. Costan), with Assata Shakur (formerly JoAnne Chesimard) and Sundiata Acoli (born Clark Squire) as passengers, was stopped on the New Jersey Turnpike State Trooper James Harper, backed up by Trooper Werner Foerster in a second patrol vehicle. After Zayd Shakur was asked to step out of the car to address a discrepancy in his identification, a shootout ensued in which Trooper Foerster was shot twice in the head with his own gun and killed, Zayd Shakur was killed, and both Assata Shakur and Trooper Harper were wounded.[21]

Geography

East Brunswick is located at 40°25′34″N 74°25′06″W / 40.426247°N 74.418244°W / 40.426247; -74.418244 (40.426247,-74.418244). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 22.270 square miles (57.679 km2), of which, 21.699 square miles (56.200 km2) of it is land and 0.571 square miles (1.479 km2) of it (2.56%) is water.[22][5]

The township lies on Exit 9 of the New Jersey Turnpike. Its Municipal Building, named for 1970s Mayor Jean Walling, is located 31 miles (50 km) southwest of New York's Times Square and 49 miles (79 km) northeast of Center City, Philadelphia. It takes approximately 45-60 minutes to reach New York City, depending on traffic and destination within the city. Route 18 runs through the eastern part of the township.

Lawrence Brook, a tributary of the Raritan River, runs along the western border of the township. Farrington Lake and Westons Mill Pond are sections of the Lawrence Brook that have been widened by the presence of man-made dams.

Climate

Climate data for East Brunswick, 1979-2003
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)71
(22)
75
(24)
88
(31)
95
(35)
95
(35)
97
(36)
103
(39)
101
(38)
98
(37)
88
(31)
82
(28)
76
(24)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C)38
(3)
41
(5)
50
(10)
61
(16)
72
(22)
80
(27)
85
(29)
84
(29)
77
(25)
65
(18)
54
(12)
43
(6)
62.5
(16.9)
Daily mean °F (°C)30
(−1)
32
(0)
41
(5)
50
(10)
61
(16)
70
(21)
75
(24)
73
(23)
66
(19)
54
(12)
45
(7)
35
(2)
53
(11.5)
Average low °F (°C)21
(−6)
23
(−5)
31
(−1)
40
(4)
50
(10)
59
(15)
64
(18)
63
(17)
55
(13)
43
(6)
35
(2)
27
(−3)
42.6
(5.9)
Record low °F (°C)−13
(−25)
−7
(−22)
6
(−14)
16
(−9)
30
(−1)
40
(4)
45
(7)
40
(4)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
13
(−11)
−7
(−22)
−13
(−25)
Precipitation inches (mm)4.10
(104.1)
2.98
(75.7)
4.11
(104.4)
4.08
(103.6)
4.57
(116.1)
3.86
(98)
4.97
(126.2)
4.46
(113.3)
4.38
(111.3)
3.39
(86.1)
3.95
(100.3)
3.93
(99.8)
48.78
(1,239)
[citation needed]

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18902,642
19002,423−8.3%
19101,602−33.9%
19201,85715.9%
19302,71146.0%
19403,70636.7%
19505,69953.8%
196019,965250.3%
197034,16671.1%
198037,71110.4%
199043,54815.5%
200046,7567.4%
201047,5121.6%
Est. 201147,774[23]0.6%
Population sources:
1890-1910[24] 1910-1930[25]
1930-1990[26] 2000[27] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,512 people, 16,810 households, and 13,179 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,189.6 inhabitants per square mile (845.4 /km2). There were 17,367 housing units at an average density of 800.4 per square mile (309.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 69.36% (32,954) White, 3.98% (1,890) African American, 0.10% (48) Native American, 22.80% (10,835) Asian, 0.01% (6) Pacific Islander, 1.68% (798) from other races, and 2.06% (981) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.70% (3,184) of the population.[7]

There were 16,810 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.23.[7]

In the township the age distribution of the population shows 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.4 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $100,655 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,929) and the median family income was $110,948 (+/- $3,838). Males had a median income of $80,527 (+/- $3,109) versus $54,162 (+/- $2,066) for females. The per capita income for the township was $41,518 (+/- $1,366). About 3.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[28]

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 46,756 people, 16,372 households, and 13,081 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,129.7/mi2 (822.4/km2). There were 16,640 housing units at an average density of 758.0/mi2 (292.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 77.56% White, 2.83% African American, 0.09% Native American, 16.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. 4.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[27][29]

Of the 16,372 households, 40.5% included children under the age of 18, 68.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.1% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.23.[27]

In the township the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.[27]

The median income for a household in the township was $75,956, and the median income for a family was $86,863. Males had a median income of $60,790 versus $38,534 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,286. 2.8% of the population and 2.1% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.1% of those under the age of 18 and 5.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[27]

Ancestries included Italian (15.0%), Irish (13.8%), Polish (11.5%), German (10.6%), Russian (7.8%), United States (4.2%).[30]

Government

Local government

The Township of East Brunswick was established in 1860. Since January 1, 1965, the Township has operated under the Mayor-Council Plan E form of government pursuant to the Faulkner Act, Chapter 69A of Title 40 of the New Jersey Statutes.[1][31]

The Mayor serves part-time as the chief executive of the community who is chosen for a four-year term in an election at the same time as the regular Presidential election in November. The Mayor votes only in the case of a tie on a vote by the Township Council. The Mayor can veto ordinances, but vetoes can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of the Council. The five-member Township Council is the legislative body. There are five members elected at large for staggered four-year terms at the general election held in even-numbered years. The Council adopts ordinances; adopts a budget after review and revisions; makes appropriations; sets taxes and bond issues; creates and abolishes jobs via ordinance; sets salaries and establishes municipal policy. The Council has the authority to initiate hearings for the purposes of gathering information for ordinance making, airing public problems and supervising the spending of its appropriations.

As of 2012, the Mayor of East Brunswick Township is David Stahl (D).[3] Members of the Township Council are Council President Michael Hughes, Council Vice President James Wendell, Denise Contrino, Camille Ferraro and Nancy Pinkin.[32]

Republicans took the Town Council for the first time in 14 years in 2010, as Camille Ferraro, Mike Hughes and James Wendell swept the three seats that were up for election. Voter sentiment focused on controversy over a redevelopment plan for a parcel of land known as the "Golden Triangle". Hughes, the youngest council member ever elected, said the stalled project was keeping property taxes disproportionately high on residents and called for revitalization of business.[33][34]

Federal, state and county representation

East Brunswick Township is in the 12th Congressional district[35] and is part of New Jersey's 18th state legislative district.[8][36]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[37] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

The 18th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Barbara Buono (D, Metuchen) and in the General Assembly by Peter J. Barnes III (D, Edison) and Patrick J. Diegnan (D, South Plainfield).[38] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[39] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[40]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2012, Middlesex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Christopher D. Rafano (South River, term ends December 31, 2013), Freeholder Deputy Director Ronald G. Rios (Carteret, 2012), Carol Barrett Bellante (Monmouth Junction, 2014), Stephen J. "Pete" Dalina (Fords, 2013), H. James Polos (Highland Park, 2012), Charles E. Tomaro (Edison, 2014) and Blanquita B. Valenti (New Brunswick, 2013). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (New Brunswick).[41][42][43][44]

Education

The East Brunswick Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2009-10 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[45]) are Bowne-Munro (grades K-5; 286 students), Central (PreK-5; 449), Murray A. Chittick (K-5; 489), Frost (K-5; 502), Irwin (PreK-5; 435), Lawrence Brook (PreK-5; 547), Memorial (354) and Warnsdorfer (562). All students in kindergarten through grade 5 attend the elementary school closest to them; There are two middle-level schools; Hammarskjold Middle School for grades 6 and 7 (1,452) and Churchill Junior High School for grades eight and nine (1,465). East Brunswick High School serves grades 10-12 (2,309).

Hatikvah International Academy Charter School, a Hebrew language charter school that will offer an International Baccalaureate program opened in September 2010 for grades K-2, with plans to add a new grade each year until an eight grade is offered. A lottery is held each year, with separate draws for residents of East Brunswick Township and non-residents, to allocate the limited number of positions available for each class.[46] The school plans to build a permanent structure as part of the Campus for Jewish Life (formerly known as the YM-YWHA of Raritan Valley) to replace its current facility the school has rented located near Trinity Presbyterian Church.[47] Concerns have been raised regarding the funding for the school, which will come from the East Brunswick Board of Education budget, including $1.34 million for the 2010-11 school year, and that the district will not be able to reduce expenses by the amount that will be paid to the charter school. Hatikvah school officials emphasize that charter schools can often educate students at a lower cost than traditional public schools and that "taxpayers do not pay an extra penny for having a charter school in town, period".[48] The school received $75,000 in grants from foundations to cover the costs of applying for a charter and for getting the school operational.[49] Hatikvah budgeted $11,033 per student for the 2010-11 school year,[50] while the East Brunswick Public Schools budgeted $12,782 per pupil for that same year.[51]

Transportation

Route 18 passes through East Brunswick, and is an important artery connecting not only to New Brunswick/U.S. Route 1 to the Jersey Shore, but also to the New Jersey Turnpike, Interstate 95 (which also passes through the township). Route 18 connects with Exit 9 of the Turnpike around mile marker 83.43. Currently, there are 15 lanes at the 9 toll gate. The Turnpike's Joyce Kilmer service area is located between Interchanges 8A and 9 northbound at milepost 78.7.[52] Major county roads that pass thru include CR 527 and CR 535. Other limited access roads are accessible outside the township, such as the Garden State Parkway in neighboring Sayreville and Old Bridge, and Interstate 287 in neighboring Edison Township.

East Brunswick is 22 miles (35 km) from Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark / Elizabeth, via the New Jersey Turnpike. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens is 33.7 miles (54.2 km) away, traveling via the Belt Parkway after crossing through Staten Island. LaGuardia Airport is 34.3 miles (55.2 km) miles away.

New Jersey Transit bus service is provided on the 134 and 138 routes to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 68 to Jersey City, and on the 811, 815 and 818 local routes.[53]

Suburban Transit operates to New York City every 10–15 minutes from both the Transportation Center and Tower Center; it takes about 30–50 minutes depending on traffic. Service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal is available on Line 100 from Princeton and on Line 400 from the Transportation Center, to 59th Street and Madison Avenue on Line 300, to the United Nations on Line 500 and to Wall Street on Line 600.[54]

Driving into Manhattan takes approximately 30–40 minutes on average.[citation needed]

The turnpike's dual-dual setup was extended from Exit 10 in Edison Township to just south of Exit 9 in 1973. It wasn't until 1990 that the turnpike was further widened south of Exit 9 to Exit 8A.[55]

There are plans to widen the Turnpike between Exit 9 in East Brunswick Township to Exit 8A in Monroe Township. This would change the turnpike's dual-dual configuration to "3-3-3-3" (as opposed to 2-3-3-2). East Brunswick currently houses the section of the turnpike where an extra lane in the outer truck lanes begins/merges (which is located south of Exit 9). This project is anticipated to be completed by 2014 when the "dual-dual" setup is further extended to Exit 6 in Mansfield Township.[56]

The Raritan River Railroad runs through the town, where two businesses still receive weekly freight shipments of plastic. There have been proposals to turn the line into a light rail corridor.

Tourism

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of East Brunswick Township include:

References

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 84.
  2. ^ 2012 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, dated August 9, 2012. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Mayor & Administrator, Township of East Brunswick. Accessed June 9, 2012.
  4. ^ Township Clerk, Township of East Brunswick. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 4, 2012.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of East Brunswick, Geographic Names Information System, accessed April 16, 2007.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for East Brunswick township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for East Brunswick township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  10. ^ brunswick&state=NJ Look Up a ZIP Code for east Brunswick, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed January 4, 2012.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  12. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed May 21, 2012.
  13. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  14. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  15. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 170. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  16. ^ Stirling, Stephen. "U.S. Census shows East Brunswick as statistical center of N.J.", The Star-Ledger, March 31, 2011. Accessed July 14, 2011. "For any of you who have ever lain awake at night asking: Where, oh where is the statistical center of New Jersey, there really is an answer. Nenninger Lane, East Brunswick. A few hundred feet into the woods along tiny Nenninger, a dead-end road beside the New Jersey Turnpike, sits the heart of the Garden State in terms of population, according to the U.S. Census Bureau."
  17. ^ "East Brunswick, N.J., Represents State's Population Center.", The Star-Ledger, March 27, 2001. Accessed September 17, 2007. "And the center of New Jersey, according to 2000 census data, is a litter-strewn patch of woods on Milltown Road in East Brunswick. Demographers call it the center of population, the place that would require the least amount of travel if all the state's 8.4 million residents were to converge on one spot.
  18. ^ Cheslow, Jerry. "If You're Thinking of Living in: East Brunswick", The New York Times, December 2, 1990. Accessed January 4, 2012. "The first settlers -- Dutch, English, Scots and Germans -- arrived in the 16th century, according to the East Brunswick Historical Society. One of them, Thomas Lawrence, bought several thousand acres from the Leni Lenape Indians to create a plantation in an area now known as Lawrence Brook, which is within walking distance of the park-and-ride operation at the Tower Center. The oldest homes are in a 126-acre historic district called Old Bridge, which is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Not to be confused with the nearby town of Old Bridge, the district arose next to the first bridge across the South River, which was used by early settlers to ship fruit and vegetables to New York City and Philadelphia."
  19. ^ a b History of East Brunswick, East Brunswick Historical Society / Township of East Brunswick. Accessed January 4, 2012.
  20. ^ Ladeda, James. "COMPROMISE SETTLES SUIT OVER WIDENING OF TURNPIKE", copy of article from The Star-Ledger at the New Jersey Historical Society, January 29, 1972. Accessed January 4, 2012.
  21. ^ via Associated Press. "Man Arrested In Slaying of Trooper", The Morning Record, May 4, 1973. Accessed January 4, 2012.
  22. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  23. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  24. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  25. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed January 23, 2012.
  26. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed January 23, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for East Brunswick township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 4, 2012.
  28. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for East Brunswick township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 23, 2012.
  29. ^ DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for East Brunswick township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 29, 2012.
  30. ^ City Data for East Brunswick, New Jersey, City-Data. Accessed January 1, 2011.
  31. ^ History of the Council, East Brunswick Township. Accessed June 9, 2012.
  32. ^ Township Council Members, East Brunswick Township. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  33. ^ Haydon, Tom (6 February 2011). "Youngest-ever East Brunswick council member shows savvy beyond his 21 years". NJ.com. The Star-Ledger. http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2011/02/youngest-ever_east_brunswick_c.html. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  34. ^ Lee, Eunice (4 November 2010). "Anger, economy cited as voters put Republican majority on East Brunswick Council". The Star-Ledger. http://www.nj.com/news/local/index.ssf/2010/11/anger_economy_cited_as_voters.html. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  35. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen’s Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed June 11, 2012.
  37. ^ Municipalities, Congressman Rush D. Holt, Jr. Accessed April 2, 2012.
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  39. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
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