Earl Russell

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Earl Russell
Arms of the Earl Russell
BlazonArgent, a lion rampant gules on a chief sable three escallops of the first, the escallop in middle chief charged with a mullet sable
(Arms of the Duke of Bedford differenced in the manner appropriate to a third son)
Creation date1861
Created byQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderJohn Russell, 1st Earl Russell
Present holderNicholas Russell, 6th Earl Russell
Heir apparentHon. John Francis Russell
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten.
Subsidiary titlesViscount Amberley
 
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Earl Russell
Arms of the Earl Russell
BlazonArgent, a lion rampant gules on a chief sable three escallops of the first, the escallop in middle chief charged with a mullet sable
(Arms of the Duke of Bedford differenced in the manner appropriate to a third son)
Creation date1861
Created byQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderJohn Russell, 1st Earl Russell
Present holderNicholas Russell, 6th Earl Russell
Heir apparentHon. John Francis Russell
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten.
Subsidiary titlesViscount Amberley
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

Earl Russell, of Kingston Russell in the County of Dorset, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 30 July 1861 for the prominent Liberal politician Lord John Russell. He was Home Secretary from 1835 to 1839, Foreign Secretary from 1852 to 1853 and 1859 to 1865 and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1846 to 1852 and 1865 to 1866. At the same time he was given the earldom Russell was made Viscount Amberley, of Amberley in the County of Gloucester and of Ardsalla in the County of Meath. A member of the prominent Russell family, he was the third son of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.

The first Earl was succeeded by his grandson the second Earl, the eldest son of John Russell, Viscount Amberley. He was one of the first peers to join the Labour Party and he held office under Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald as Under-Secretary of State for India from 1929 to 1931. He was childless and was succeeded in 1931 by his younger brother, the third Earl, the famous philosopher and Nobel Prize winner universally known as Bertrand Russell. When he died in 1970 his eldest son, the fourth Earl held the title until his half-brother, the fifth Earl inherited it in 1987. He was a noted historian of 17th century England. Russell also sat on the Liberal Democrat benches in the House of Lords and was one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that were allowed to remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999. As of 2014 the titles are held by his son, the sixth Earl, who succeeded in 2004.

As descendants of the sixth Duke of Bedford, Earls Russell are also in remainder to this peerage and its subsidiary titles.

Earls Russell (1861)[edit]

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother Hon. John Francis Russell (b. 1971)

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