Embraer ERJ 145 family

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ERJ 145 family
ERJ 135/ERJ 140/ERJ 145
RAEerj145.jpg
An ERJ-145 of Air France Régional
RoleRegional airliner
National originBrazil
ManufacturerEmbraer
First flightAugust 11, 1995
IntroductionDecember 1996
StatusIn Service
Primary usersExpressJet Airlines (As United Express)
Envoy Air
Produced1989-present
Number built890 as of January 2012[1]
Developed fromEmbraer EMB 120 Brasilia
VariantsR-99 and P-99
Embraer Legacy 600
 
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ERJ 145 family
ERJ 135/ERJ 140/ERJ 145
RAEerj145.jpg
An ERJ-145 of Air France Régional
RoleRegional airliner
National originBrazil
ManufacturerEmbraer
First flightAugust 11, 1995
IntroductionDecember 1996
StatusIn Service
Primary usersExpressJet Airlines (As United Express)
Envoy Air
Produced1989-present
Number built890 as of January 2012[1]
Developed fromEmbraer EMB 120 Brasilia
VariantsR-99 and P-99
Embraer Legacy 600

The Embraer ERJ 145 family is a series of regional jets produced by Embraer, a Brazilian aerospace company. Family members include the ERJ 135 (37 passengers), ERJ 140 (44 passengers), and ERJ 145 (50 passengers), as well as the Legacy business jet and the R-99 family of military aircraft. The ERJ 145 is the largest of the group. Each jet in the series is powered by two turbofan engines. The family's primary competition comes from the Bombardier CRJ regional jets.

Development[edit]

Early design[edit]

The ERJ 145 was launched at the Paris Airshow in 1989 as a stretched and turbofan-powered modification of the EMB 120 Brasilia. Key components of this design included:

Interim design[edit]

Flight deck of an ERJ 135
Embraer ERJ 145 of BMI in planform view
Embraer ERJ 145XR wing with winglet detail

By 1990, Embraer engineers found that results from wind-tunnel testing were less than satisfactory, and began considering a significantly different design from the EMB 120. The proposed modified design included a slightly (22.3°) swept wing with winglets, as well as engines mounted in underwing nacelles. This second design showed markedly better aerodynamic performance, but the combination of swept wings and wing-mounted engines required an unusually high (and therefore heavy) undercarriage.[2]

Production design[edit]

The design evolved until late 1991, at which time it was frozen. Though the aircraft went through many alterations before it was finalized, it did retain a few of the original influences of the EMB 120 such as the three abreast seating (2+1) configuration which was a similar configuration used for the Embraer/FMA CBA 123 Vector design which never reached production. The key features of the production design included:

The first design was intended to retain as much commonality as possible with the EMB 120. However, the aircraft has sold well thus overcoming the initial setbacks. Embraer delivered 892 units of all variants through 2006, and predicted that another 102 units would be delivered in the 2007-2016 time period.[3]

Derivatives[edit]

The ERJ 140 is based on the ERJ 145 with 96% parts commonality and the same crew type rating. The only significant changes are a shorter fuselage, a slightly derated engine and an increased range. At launch, Embraer estimated the cost of an ERJ 140 to be approximately US$15.2 million. The estimated cost of development of the ERJ 140 was US$45 million. The ERJ 135, with a service entry date of 1999, has 95% parts commonality with the ERJ 145, but is 11.7 feet (3.6 m) shorter.

The ERJ 145 seats 50 passengers, the ERJ 140 seats 44, and the ERJ 135 seats 37. The ERJ 140 was designed with fewer seats in order to meet the needs of some major United States airlines, which have an agreement with the pilots' union to limit the number of 50-seat aircraft that can be flown by their affiliates.

In 2003, Embraer entered a partnership with the Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation of Harbin, China. The resulting company, Harbin Embraer, began producing the ERJ 145 for the Chinese market by assembling complete knock down kits premanufactured by other worldwide Embraer operations.

Operations[edit]

The first flight of the ERJ 145 was on August 11, 1995, with the first delivery in December 1996 to ExpressJet Airlines (then the regional division of Continental Airlines flying as Continental Express). ExpressJet is the largest operator of the ERJ 145, with 270 of the nearly 1000 ERJ 145s in service. The second largest operator is American Eagle, with 206 ERJ 145 aircraft. Chautauqua Airlines also operates 95 ERJ 145s through its alliances with American Connection, Delta Connection, US Airways Express, and United Express.

NovoAir Embraer ERJ 145 preparing to take off from its hub Shahjalal International Airport in Bangladesh.

By some accounts, the ERJ 145 has a cost of ownership of about $2,500,000 per year.

In March 2007 ExpressJet entered into a short-term agreement to operate some regional routes for JetBlue Airways using its ERJ 145 aircraft.

The ERJ 140 was introduced in September 1999, first flew on June 27, 2000 and entered commercial service in July 2001. Envoy Air, the regional jet subsidiary of American Airlines flying as American Eagle, operates the majority of the ERJ 140s built, including the first to be delivered, N800AE. Chautauqua Airlines also operate the ERJ 140.

As of early 2005, 74 ERJ 140s had been delivered.

This version is marketed as ERJ 140, but on the company's internal documents and on Federal Aviation Administration certification, the version is designated EMB 135KL.

Variants[edit]

Civilian models[edit]

City Airline Embraer ERJ 135.
Embraer ERJ 145 of the Brazilian Federal Police.

The physical engines are the same (Rolls-Royce AE 3007), however, the FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine/Electronic Control) logic is what differs between the various models in regards to total thrust capability.

The extended range version, the ERJ 145ER, has Rolls Royce AE 3007A engines rated at 31.3 kN(7036 lb) thrust, with the option of more powerful AE 3007A1 engines. A, A1, A1P models are mechanically identical but differ in thrust due to variations in FADEC software. The A1E engine, however, has not only new software, but significantly upgraded mechanical components.

The long-range ERJ 145LR aircraft is equipped with Rolls Royce AE 3007A1 engines which provide 15% more power. The engines are flat rated at 33.1 kN (7440 lb) thrust to provide improved climb characteristics and improved cruise performance in high ambient temperatures.

The extra-long-range ERJ 145XR aircraft is equipped with Rolls-Royce AE 3007A1E engines. The high performance engines provide lower specific fuel consumption (SFC) and improved performance in hot and high conditions. The engines also yield a higher altitude for one-engine-inoperable conditions."[1] ExpressJet is the sole operator of the ERJ 145XR. February 2011 Embraer presented its new EMB-145 AEW&C for India.

Luxair Embraer ERJ 135LR

Despite the multiple variants, pilots need only one type rating to fly any variant of the ERJ aircraft. Companies like American Eagle and ExpressJet Airlines utilize this benefit with their mixed fleet of ERJ135ER/LR and ERJ145EP/LR/XR. Shared type ratings allows operators to utilize a single pilot pool for any ERJ aircraft.

Military models[edit]

Operators[edit]

Civilian operators[edit]

In May 2011 a total of 990 ERJ 135/140/145 remain in service, with 5 further firm orders.[6][7]

Current major civilian operators include :

bmi ERJ 145EP at Bristol Filton Airport.

Some 26 other airlines also operate the aircraft in smaller numbers.

Military operators[edit]

Belgian Air Force ERJ 135LR in 2010.
 Angola
 Belgium
 Brazil
 Colombia
 Ecuador
 Greece
 India
 Mexico
 Panama
 Thailand

Notable accidents[edit]

The ERJ 145 family of aircraft has no reported crashes or fatalities due to mechanical malfunction in over 15 million hours (as of June 2009) of flight time for the fleet.[10]

Specifications[edit]

Line drawings of ERJ 135 & 145
VariantERJ135 ER[14]ERJ135 LR[14]ERJ140 ER[15]ERJ140 LR[15]ERJ145 LR[16]ERJ145 XR[17]
Crew3 (2 pilots + flight attendant)
Seating capacity374450
Length
Wing span
Height
26.33 m (86 ft 5 in)
20.04 m (65 ft 9 in)
6.76 m (22 ft 2 in)
28.45 m (93 ft 4 in)
20.04 m (65 ft 9 in)
6.76 m (22 ft 2 in)
29.87 m (98 ft 0 in)
20.04 m (65 ft 9 in)
6.76 m (22 ft 2 in)
Engines (2x)Rolls-Royce AE 3007-A1 (7800 lb thrust) or Rolls-Royce AE 3007-A1P (8300 lb thrust)Rolls-Royce AE 3007-A1E (8700 lb thrust)
Max Zero Fuel Weight (MZFW)15,600 kg (34,392 lb)16,000 kg (35,273 lb)17,100 kg (37,699 lb)17,900 kg (39,462 lb)18,500 kg (40,785 lb)
Max payload weight4,198 kg (9,255 lb)4,499 kg (9,918 lb)5,284 kg (11,649 lb)5,292 kg (11,666 lb)5,786 kg (12,755 lb)5,909 kg (13,027 lb)
Max Take Off Weight19,000 kg (41,887 lb)20,000 kg (44,092 lb)20,100 kg (44,312 lb)21,100 kg (46,517 lb)22,000 kg (48,501 lb)24,100 kg (53,131 lb)
Maximum range2,409 km (1,300 nmi)3,243 km (1,750 nmi)2,317 km (1,250 nmi)3,058 km (1,650 nmi)2,873 km (1,550 nmi)3,706 km (2,000 nmi)
Basic cruising speedMach .78, 447 kts, 515 mph, 828 km/hMach .80, 470 kts, 530 mph, 851 km/h
Service ceiling11,278 m (37,000 ft)

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ 001-Embraer Deliveries 4Q11-Ins-VPF-I-12. Retrieved January 11th, 2012.
  2. ^ ERJ 145 information at Airliners.net. Retrieved September 3, 2009.
  3. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, 29 October 2007 issue, p. 66
  4. ^ MTOW - Maximum TakeOff Weight
  5. ^ MZFW - Maximum Zero Fuel Weight
  6. ^ Airfleets.net
  7. ^ Embraer.com.br
  8. ^ ExcelAire Jet Charters
  9. ^ Embraer Press Release Embraer sign contracts with the Royal Thai Army and the Royal Thai Navy
  10. ^ Embraer.com
  11. ^ Flight recorder video of Rio-Sul incident YouTube. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
  12. ^ Aviation Safety Accident Description
  13. ^ "Accident: Passaredo E145 at Vitoria da Conquista on Aug 25th 2010, landed short of runway". The Aviation Herald. 26 August 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010. 
  14. ^ a b E135 Specifications
  15. ^ a b E140 Specifications
  16. ^ E145 LR Specifications
  17. ^ E145 XR Specifications
Bibliography

External links[edit]