eMusic

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eMusic
OpenedJanuary, 1998
Pricing model30-day subscription
PlatformsMP3s downloadable in any platform; open-source clients available for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X and Linux
FormatMP3 (.mp3)
RestrictionsNone
Catalogue19,000,000+ [1] tracks, 16,000+ audiobooks [2]
Preview30 seconds
Streamingm3u
Trial7 days music, 14 days audiobooks, [1]
ProtocolHypertext Transfer Protocol (http://)
AvailabilityUnited States, Canada, European Union, Norway, Switzerland [3]
FeaturesBooster packs
Websitewww.emusic.com
Alexa ranknegative increase 12,698 (April 2014)[4]
 
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eMusic
OpenedJanuary, 1998
Pricing model30-day subscription
PlatformsMP3s downloadable in any platform; open-source clients available for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X and Linux
FormatMP3 (.mp3)
RestrictionsNone
Catalogue19,000,000+ [1] tracks, 16,000+ audiobooks [2]
Preview30 seconds
Streamingm3u
Trial7 days music, 14 days audiobooks, [1]
ProtocolHypertext Transfer Protocol (http://)
AvailabilityUnited States, Canada, European Union, Norway, Switzerland [3]
FeaturesBooster packs
Websitewww.emusic.com
Alexa ranknegative increase 12,698 (April 2014)[4]

eMusic is an online music and audiobook store that operates by subscription. In exchange for a monthly subscription eMusic users can download a fixed number of tracks to their MP3 players per month. It was established in 1998, is headquartered in New York City with an office in London and is owned by Dimensional Associates.[1]

Features[edit]

eMusic is a digital music store, founded in 1998 as one of the first sites to sell DRM-free MP3s.[1] The site also features original editorial content, which was expanded in March 2014 to include Wondering Sound, an online music publication which includes eMusic's archived music features, interviews, news and photography, in addition to new long-form articles and interviews.[5][6]

eMusic's music store, as of March 2011, has more than 12 million tracks up from 9 million tracks in September 2010.[7] New subscribers can take out a 7-day trial before taking a full subscription.[8] The trial account turns into a billable subscription account after seven days. Refunds are possible under certain circumstances by contacting eMusic customer support. Subscriptions allow users to download a number of tracks per 30-day period.

eMusic currently offers a number of Membership plans, including Basic, Plus, Premium and Fan in exchange for a monthly fee.[9] Every 30 days the download limit is reset (regardless of how many songs were downloaded). eMusic also offers "booster packs" to subscribers, which expire after 90 days rather than after a month, and are consumed when subscribers download tracks beyond their monthly allotments. Earlier business models prior to Dimensional Associates' ownership supported an "all-you-can-eat" download subscription. For a monthly fee, customers were able to download as many tracks as they wished from the service.

eMusic was one of the first sites to sell music in the MP3 format, beginning in 1998.[1] It differs from other well-known music download services (such as the iTunes Store and Amazon MP3) in that it is a download-to-own subscription service. However, in 2011 eMusic took its first, limited step into streaming in an effort to help users discover unfamiliar tracks and artists more easily.[10]

In 2006, eMusic added two European versions of its online store: 'eMusic UK' and 'eMusic Europe'. Current subscribers to the global site that were within the European Union had their membership transferred to the appropriate European store. eMusic UK and eMusic Europe have higher prices compared to their North American counterpart, partially due to the extra sales taxes which these stores are now subject to. However, the changeover also included access to labels previously unavailable to non-European customers, notably London-based Domino Records and artists such as The White Stripes and Mogwai. It is also notable that the European version of the store is for customers within the European Union, not customers within Europe.

eMusic's early growth may have been due to its early support of the MP3 format, lack of digital rights management (DRM) encoding and low prices; all concepts advocated by the Open Music Model.[11] Devin Leonard of CNN attributed eMusic's growth to its being the only online music store aside from iTunes that sold tracks that could be played on an iPod.[12] In 2009, eMusic changed its pricing structure, raising prices for new users and most existing users.[13] The move was unpopular with some,[14] but tracks from the Sony catalogue over two years old were then made available to eMusic customers. Prior to July 2009, eMusic mainly sold music from independent labels.[13]

eMusic shares the revenue with artists who have submitted music via digital distribution service providers such as CD Baby, TuneCore, Nimbit, State 51 and EmuBands. eMusic has not had significant growth in subscribers - maintaining over 400,000 subscribers since 2007.[15]

eMusic was the first digital retailer to sell DRM-free downloadable audiobooks in the MP3 format beginning in 2007.[16][17] Audible.com, its largest competitor, offers audiobooks with digital rights management in the .aa format.

eMusic launched a Canadian version of its store in 2008.

File Format Support[edit]

Due to the contentious nature of DRM encoding that was initially used by competing download services, eMusic won early praise for not including any in their own files, despite the fact that it cost them contracts with the major record labels. eMusic openly stated that this was a business move that has greatly aided the site's popularity.[18] While the site currently sells music from the four major record labels, the company has stated that it will remain true to its independent roots and build new product features that are geared towards members who are independent-minded, not mainstream pop-culturists.[19]

eMusic stores a record of user purchases on its internal servers, but does not place any purchaser information inside the tracks that are sold.[20] The service uses the LAME mp3 encoder to produce variable bit rate MP3 files. Analysis on the files show that the preset used is alt-preset-standard, a high quality VBR preset aiming at an average bit rate around 192kbit/s.[21] However, and contrary to the information published on the web site,[22] files can sometimes be found in lower quality bit rates, including for recent releases. The preview streams provided for each song match the bit rate quality of the full download files.

Music Catalogue[edit]

eMusic has contracts with both the independent labels and the four major music labels in the United States.[23] Most of eMusic's contracts are with independent labels, giving the service a reputation for primarily offering indie rock, indie pop, heavy metal, punk rock, jazz and classical music. eMusic highlights its offerings through a host of exclusive editorial content, along the lines of monthly "editor's picks", columns and guides.

The site's alternative (or "indie") rock selection has also been aided by the rise in widely distributed but privately owned labels such as Kill Rock Stars and Matador Records, who have a fair amount of big-name talent on their rolls (e.g. Cat Power, The Decemberists, Interpol and Sleater-Kinney, who have been among eMusic's top-sellers). Music from other popular indie labels includes Merge Records (Spoon, Arcade Fire, Lambchop), K Records (Modest Mouse, Built to Spill), Touch and Go Records (Mekons, Girls Against Boys), and TVT Records (Lil Jon, Ying Yang Twins, Guided By Voices).

In 1999, eMusic made headlines by releasing Long Tall Weekend by They Might Be Giants, the first internet-only distributed album by a major artist.[24] The band also went on to release a series of monthly, exclusive rarities collections (known as "TMBG Unlimited") through the service in 2001 and 2002.[25] John Flansburgh said that "Getting a half dozen or dozen unreleased songs out each month provides an ‘ultimate fan club’ experience."[25]

In 2004, with the change from an unlimited download subscription model to a set-track subscription download model,[26][27] eMusic increased their catalogue content over the next few years, particularly in the Indian soundtrack and Indian classical genres and in the classical music genre and added such labels as Saregama, Naxos, BIS, Chandos, Harmonia Mundi and Telarc.

In June 2006, eMusic added new music from V2 Records in the U.S. The label is one of eMusic's highest-profile additions thus far, with multi-platinum acts Moby and The White Stripes and critical favorites including Grandaddy.[28] However, this music is not available to eMusic users in many other countries and while Moby is still available at present, The White Stripes' catalog was removed until Warner Bros. was brought on.

In June 2007, eMusic added perhaps its biggest star yet to its lineup: Paul McCartney of The Beatles. His album, Memory Almost Full, is also the first release on Starbucks' Hear Music label.[29][30]

The eMusicLive Venue Network is 22 independent clubs in the US where live shows are recorded and offered to eMusic subscribers. Numerous shows are recorded every week. In addition to subscription sales, recorded CDs are offered for sale at the venue immediately after the event. eMusic plans to establish kiosks where the music can be delivered directly to MP3 players or flash drives.[31]

Beginning September 18, 2007, eMusic began to offer audiobooks in MP3 format.[32]

On April 2, 2008, eMusic added The Rolling Stones when they were on their ABKCO label. This includes their music from 1964 to 1970, plus any compilations made thereafter by ABKCO. The availability of The Rolling Stones' catalog ended on May 3, 2008.

On June 1, 2009, eMusic struck a deal with Sony Music Entertainment to sell music released two years ago or earlier.[33]

On January 12, 2010, eMusic struck a deal with Warner Music to sell music from its catalog, including music from the Warner Brothers, Atlantic, and Rhino labels, making them the second of the Big Four to enter an agreement with eMusic.[34]

In November, 2010, eMusic expanded its catalog to include Universal Music. With the massive expansion, eMusic will also introduce a new pricing schedule that will set individual song prices based upon the song's popularity. Song credits will no longer be used for subscribers. Instead, eMusic subscribers will be given dollar for dollar credits to spend at the site.[35] The labels Beggars Group, Domino, and Merge will no longer be on eMusic.[36] In addition, eMusic changed its policy on redownloading so that customers can no longer go to their download history and redownload tracks or albums.[37]

By spring 2011, eMusic had deals with all four major record companies: Universal Music, Warner Music Group, Sony Music Entertainment and EMI Music. Its May 2011 agreement with EMI also included the jazz label Blue Note.[38] Despite the expansion of its catalogue, the company claims to maintain strong connections with independent music labels.[39]

At the end of September 2014, eMusic announced on its website that going forward, in a return to its indie music roots it would focus on independent labels, and exit the mainstream music business. The New York Times reported that eMusic had confirmed that it would no longer carry recordings from Sony, Universal and Warner. According to the article, independent musicians and labels often have complicated arrangements with major labels for their music to be distributed, and that an eMusic spokesperson had stated, “the independent labels that use major label distribution resources have been removed from the site.” [40]

Company Ownership History[edit]

The original eMusic was started in March 1995 by Mark Chasan[41] as the fourth online CD retailer. eMusic and Nordic Music (owned by Kent Kiefer) formed a joint venture in February 1998 to become the first digital media retailer and sold the first MP3 players on the internet. eMusic, then headed by Chasan and Kiefer, purchased Guy Giuliano's internet radio service GBS Radio Networks. The new consortium launched the first online radio network LoudRadio, to broadcast over a terrestrial radio station via KLOD-FM in Flagstaff, Arizona.

The company now known as eMusic was founded by Gene Hoffman, Bob Kohn and Gary Culpepper on January 8, 1998, and originally named GoodNoise Records. In October 1998, GoodNoise acquired eMusic.com[42] along with on-line music pioneer Internet Underground Music Archive (IUMA). In November 1999, eMusic acquired main rival Cductive[43] and in December 1999 acquired Tunes.com, which operated Rollingstone.com and DownBeatJazz.com. Then in 2001, the major label Universal Music (then a division of Vivendi Universal) bought eMusic.com for USD 24.6 million.[44]

In November 2003, the service was purchased from VU Net USA by a New York-based private equity arm of JDS Capital Management, Inc.[45] Following a contentious period during which information disseminated by the company was limited[citation needed], it was relaunched in 2004. Relaunch was soon followed by a new format for the eMusic site, significant increase in both editorial and music content and an eventual price increase for most subscription levels. Commensurate with this relaunch, David B. Pakman became the CEO of the company until leaving in November 2008.[46]

Executive Staff[edit]

The current management team for eMusic[47] consists of:

Cductive[edit]

Cductive was a pioneering online music store founded in 1996 by Thomas V. Ryan, John Rigos, and Alan Manuel. It sold 99 cent mp3 downloads and custom CD compilations from a selection of several hundred independent record labels.[48] In December 1999, the company was acquired by main rival eMusic[49] and most of Cductive's artists and labels are still available via the eMusic service.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "eMusic charts". Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Browse Audiobooks". Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "eMusic Releases Digital Music Consumer Survey on Ownership and Streaming". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  4. ^ "Emusic.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  5. ^ "Introducing Wondering Sound". eMusic Spotlight. eMusic.com. March 3, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-09-05. 
  6. ^ Keyes, J. Edward (March 3, 2014). "What is "Wondering Sound"?". Wondering Sound. Archived from the original on 2014-09-05. 
  7. ^ Matthew Flamm, "eMusic revamps to stay in tune", "Crain's New York Business", March 20, 2011
  8. ^ "Emusic Trial Page". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  9. ^ eMusic Membership Plans
  10. ^ Healey, Jon (30 August 2011). "Technology". Los Angelese Times. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  11. ^ Anderson, Nate. "Making money selling music without DRM: the rise of eMusic". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  12. ^ Leonard, Devin (2007-02-02). "Rockin' along in the shadow of iTunes". CNN. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Healey, Jon (2 June 2009). "Is the great eMusic pricing experiment over?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 14 March 2012. 
  14. ^ http://readwrite.com/2009/07/02/latest_changes_at_emusic_leave_users_wanting_for_m#awesm=~od25qJvEFbHgFl
  15. ^ resnikoff. "eMusic Subscriber Growth Since 2007: Still 0%...". Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "eMusic Introduces World's First Audiobooks Catalogue in MP3". Retrieved 13 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "EMusic, a Song-Download Site, to Offer Audiobooks". The New York Times. 2007-09-17. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  18. ^ Anderson, Nate (2006-05-22). "Making money selling music without DRM: the rise of eMusic". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  19. ^ Ben Sisario, "An Indie Music Retailer Embraces the Mainstream", "The New York Times", May 19, 2011
  20. ^ Calore, Michael (2007-06-01). "Wired Listening Post". Retrieved 2007-06-01. 
  21. ^ "Emusic Technical Help". Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  22. ^ "Emusic Technical Help". Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  23. ^ "An Indie Music Retailer Embraces the Mainstream". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  24. ^ "EMUSIC.COM & YAHOO! TO HOST EXCLUSIVE WEB-LAUNCH OF 'THEY MIGHT BE GIANTS' NEW MP3-ONLY ALBUM JULY 19". 1999-07-19. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  25. ^ a b Viveiros, Beth Negus (2001-09-01). "Finely TUNED". DIRECT magazine. 
  26. ^ http://news.cnet.com/eMusic-to-relaunch-MP3-subscription-service/2100-1025_3-5372121.html
  27. ^ "eMusic to relaunch MP3 subscription service". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "eMUSIC ADDS V2 MUSIC, PALM PICTURES AND VELOUR MUSIC". eMusic. 2006-06-15. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  29. ^ "eMusic adds Paul McCartney". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  30. ^ "eMusic Grabs Paul McCartney Release". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  31. ^ "eMusic venues". Archived from the original on 2007-03-20. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  32. ^ "eMUSIC INTRODUCES WORLD'S FIRST AUDIOBOOKS CATALOGUE IN MP3". Retrieved 2007-10-01. 
  33. ^ "Springsteen, Dylan come to eMusic as labels open up". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  34. ^ "eMusic And Warner Music Group Announce Agreement". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  35. ^ "eMusic gets Universal Music catalog, overhauls song pricing". Reuters. 2010-10-12. 
  36. ^ "Only 2 More Days to Get Music from Domino, Merge and Beggars". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  37. ^ "No more re-downloading". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  38. ^ "EMI makes back-catalog deal with eMusic". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  39. ^ Ben Sisario, "An Indie Music Retailer Embraces the Mainstream", The New York Times, 19 May 2011.
  40. ^ Ben Sisario, "EMusic Returns to Indie Roots", The New York Times, 29 September, 2014.
  41. ^ "Music to their Ears: Virtual CD Stores". BusinessTown.com. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  42. ^ "Goodnoise Completes Acquisition of Emusic.com". eMusic. 1999-02-09. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  43. ^ "eMusic.com to Acquire Cductive.com". eMusic. 1999-11-22. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  44. ^ Evans, James (2001-04-09). "eMusic Bought by Universal for $24.6 Million". PC World. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  45. ^ "New York-Based Private Equity Firm Finalizes Purchase of eMusic". eMusic. 2003-11-04. Retrieved 2006-09-04. 
  46. ^ "eMusic CEO leaves for venture capital firm". CNET News.com. 2008-09-29. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  47. ^ "Executive Team". Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  48. ^ Cox, W. Michael; Alm, Richard (June 1999), The Right Stuff: America’s Move to Mass Customization, Policy Report No. 225, Dallas, Texas: National Center for Policy Analysis, p. 8, ISBN 1-56808-048-4, Music buffs who wanted to hear their favorite songs once had to buy dozens of compact discs. Now, CDuctive, a New York company, maintains an Internet site with sound bites from about 10,000 titles. Customers select a dozen cuts to be burned onto a CD and shipped to their door. 
  49. ^ "EMusic.com Completes Acquisition of Cductive.com.". PR Newswire. 13 December 1999. EMusic.com Inc. (Nasdaq: EMUS), the Internet's leading seller of downloadable music, today announced the completion of its acquisition of privately-held Cductive.com. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]