Eleven people have won all four major annual American entertainment awards: the Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony. Doing so may be abbreviated EGOT, or sometimes GATE ("A" for "Academy"). These awards honor outstanding achievements in, respectively, television, music (or other audio recording), film, and theater. Winning all four awards has been referred to as winning the Grand Slam of Show Business. The acronym EGOT was invented by actor Philip Michael Thomas.
Three other performers, Liza Minnelli, James Earl Jones and Barbra Streisand, have also won all four awards, although one of the awards was non-competitive, i.e. special or honorary in nature (Streisand's Tony, Minnelli's Grammy, and Jones' Oscar).
The 11 individuals who have won competitive awards are listed below.
1979: Special Tony Award, Lawrence Langner Memorial Award for Distinguished Lifetime Achievement in the American Theatre
Helen Hayes became the second person and first woman to win all four awards in 1976.
Helen Hayes (1900–1993), an actress, received her fourth distinct award in 1976. Between 1932 and 1980, Hayes received a total of 7 awards. She was the first woman to win all four. Counting only the first award of each type, she also has the distinction of the longest timespan (45 years) between her first and fourth award of any showbiz Grand Slam winner.
Rita Moreno became the third person and first Hispanic person to win all four awards in 1977.
Rita Moreno (born 1931), an actress, received her fourth distinct award in 1977. Between 1961 and 1978, Moreno received a total of five awards. She is also the first Hispanic winner, the first winner to have won a Grammy in a singing category, and the first winner to win a Grammy as their second award (both previous winners won Tonys as their second award).
In 1991, John Gielgud became the fourth person and, at age 87, the oldest person to ever win all four awards.
John Gielgud (1904–2000), an actor, received his fourth distinct award in 1991. Between 1948 and 1991, Gielgud received a total of six awards. Gielgud was the first winner to win any award other than the Oscar as their first award (his first award was a Tony). At age 87 when he won his Emmy, he was also the oldest winner.
1959: Special Tony Award "for contribution to theatre for his extraordinary insight into the writings of Shakespeare as demonstrated in his one-man play Ages of Man"
Audrey Hepburn became the fifth person to win all four awards, and the first to receive her fourth distinct award posthumously in 1994.
Audrey Hepburn (1929–1993), an actress, received her fourth distinct award posthumously in 1994. Between 1953 and 1994, Hepburn received a total of six awards. She was the fifth person to complete the feat and the first to do so posthumously. She was also the first winner to win two of their awards in consecutive awards shows (the 1994 Grammys were the first Grammys since her win at the 1993 Emmys).
Marvin Hamlisch (shown with his wife Terre Blair) became the sixth person to win all four awards in 1995. He has the most Oscars of any EGOT winners, and he's tied with Barbra Streisand for most Grammys.
Marvin Hamlisch (1944–2012), a composer, received his fourth distinct award in 1995. Between 1973 and 2001, Hamlisch received a total of 12 awards. Hamlisch has the most Oscars of any Grand Slam winners (three). In 1974 he became the first winner to have won a "General Field" Grammy – taking Song of the Year and Best New Artist. He was also the only Grand Slam winner to have won multiple legs of the feat for the same work – an Oscar and a Grammy for song "The Way We Were".
Jonathan Tunick (born 1938), a composer, conductor, and music arranger, received his fourth distinct award in 1997. Between 1977 and 1997, Tunick received a total of four awards. Tunick is the first Grand Slam winner to have won an Emmy as their second award as well as the first to win the Tony as their fourth award.
Mel Brooks became the eighth person to win all four awards in 2001 as well as the first person to win the Emmy as the first of the four awards.
Mel Brooks (born 1926), a director, writer and actor, received his fourth distinct award in June 2001. Between 1968 and 2002, Brooks received a total of 11 awards. Brooks was the first person to win the Emmy as the first award, and the first winner to have won his Oscar for screenplay writing.
Mike Nichols (born 1931), a director, received his fourth distinct award in November 2001. Between 1961 and 2012, Nichols received a total of 15 awards. Nichols was the first person to complete the Grand Slam in the same year in which another individual (Mel Brooks) had previously completed it. Nichols was also the first slam winner to win the Grammy as their first award, the first winner to have won multiple awards (an Oscar, several Tonys, and two Emmys) for directing, and has the most Tony Awards (9) of any Grand Slam winner. When counting all awards won—not just the first of each type—Nichols has the longest timespan of awards among Grand Slam winners, at 51 years.
Whoopi Goldberg became the tenth winner, first winner to win two of their awards in the same year, and first black winner, in 2002.
Whoopi Goldberg (born 1955), an actress, comedian and talk-show host, received her fourth distinct award in 2002. Between 1985 and 2009, Goldberg received a total of 6 awards. Goldberg is the first African American winner, the first to win the Oscar as their second award, and the first to win two of their awards in the same year (she won both her first Daytime Emmy and her Tony in 2002).
1997: Special Emmy Award, Governors Award, for the seven Comic Relief Benefit Specials
Notes: Although she has never won a competitive Primetime Emmy award, she has been nominated several times. The fact that she does not have a competitive Primetime Emmy Award has led to debate over her inclusion in the "official list." In the 30 Rock episode "Dealbreakers Talk Show #0001", Goldberg (playing herself) addresses this when questioned by character Tracy Jordan about her Daytime Emmy: "It still counts! Girl's got [an] E!"
Scott Rudin (born 1958) received his fourth distinct award in 2012. Between 1984 and 2012, Rudin received a total of 11 awards. Rudin is the most recent winner, and the first winner who was primarily a producer.
Qualifying awards summary (including non-competitive awards)
The following artists have also received all of the four major awards, however in each case one of these awards has been received only in an honorary or other non-competitive category. (Streisand has never received a competitive Tony, Minnelli has never received a competitive Grammy and Jones has never received a competitive Oscar.)
Barbra Streisand became the youngest winner in 1970 at the age of 28. With just seven years elapsing between her first Grammy and her Tony, she also completed the feat in the shortest amount of time of any winner. However her Tony is a non-competitive award.
Barbra Streisand (born 1942), a singer and actress, received her fourth distinct award in 1970. Between 1963 and 2001, Streisand received a total of 18 awards. Streisand has the highest number of awards (18) of any grand slam winner, as well as the highest number of Grammy wins by a grand slam winner (9), which is also the highest number of wins for any grand slam winner for a specific one of the four awards. Having completed the showbiz Grand Slam at age 28, she is the youngest winner, and with just seven years elapsing between her first award (a 1963 Grammy) and her final award (a 1970 Special Tony), Streisand also completed the Grand Slam in the shortest amount of time. She is also the only winner to have won an Oscar in both a music and an acting category. Barbra is also the only winner to have won all of her competitive awards for her debut performances (her first musical album, feature film and television special, respectively).
The following people have each won three out of the four major entertainment awards in competitive categories. Winning three of the four awards has been called a 3GOT (a play on the term EGOT), with the four combinations referred to as EGO, TOE, GOT, and GET.
TC — Person joins EGOT winners Hayes and Moreno as winners of the Triple Crown of acting, with singular (non-group/ensemble/company) acting wins in each of the Emmy, Oscar and Tony awards.
^In 1996, Julie Andrews refused a Tony Award nomination for her role in Victor/Victoria in protest that the production received no other nominations. She was also Tony-nominated for My Fair Lady and Camelot
In addition to the above winners, the following people have each won three out of the four major entertainment awards in either competitive categories or noncompetitive special and honorary categories.
Notes: While Judy Garland, Bette Midler and Diana Ross never received any Tony nominations, they have each won a Special Tony Award, in addition to receiving at least one nomination in competitive categories for each of the other three awards. Only one artist, Lynn Redgrave, has been nominated at least once for each of the four awards without winning any.
^VanityFair.com: "The Oscars: Where Is the Love for Philip Michael Thomas?", February 26, 2008 Biggest story from this year's Oscars? To me, it's no contest: once again, the Academy failed to honor Philip Michael Thomas, the actor who played Detective Rico Tubbs on the 80s TV show Miami Vice. At the height of that show's success, Thomas took to wearing a gold medallion emblazoned with the letters "EGOT", which stood for "Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony." As Thomas told an interviewer in 1984, "Hopefully in the next five years I will win all of those awards." As of February 2008, Thomas has won none of those awards. He's never even been nominated for any of them. (To be fair, he did win a People's Choice Award, and was also nominated for two Golden Globes.) In fact, only nine people in history have ever won all four — among them, Mike Nichols, Audrey Hepburn, Rita Moreno, and Marvin Hamlisch — and to my knowledge, none of them has ever trumpeted the achievement through gold jewelry.