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Dysphoria (from Greek: δύσφορος (dysphoros), δυσ-, difficult, and φέρειν, to bear) is a profound state of unease or dissatisfaction. In a psychiatric context, dysphoria may accompany depression, anxiety, or agitation. Common reactions to dysphoria include emotional distress or indifference. Compare euphoria.
Intense states of distress and unease increase the risk of suicide, as well as being unpleasant in themselves. Relieving dysphoria is therefore a priority of psychiatric treatment. One may treat underlying causes such as depression or bipolar disorder as well as the dysphoric symptoms themselves.
Gender dysphoria is discomfort, unhappiness, or distress due to one's socially expected gender and the social roles associated with that gender. The current edition (DSM-5) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders uses the term "gender dysphoria" in preference to "gender identity disorder". DSM-5 introduces the term "gender incongruence" as a better identifying and less stigmatising term.
The following conditions may include dysphoria as a symptom:
Dysphoria is featured in many songs by PBR&B Artist Lee Art. Against Me! released the album Transgender Dysphoria Blues in which the lead singer Laura Jane Grace's shares her experiences of gender dysphoria.