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Dysphoria (from Greek: δύσφορος (dysphoros), from δυσ-, difficult, and φέρειν, to bear) is a state of feeling unwell or unhappy; a feeling of emotional and mental discomfort as a symptom of discontentment, restlessness, dissatisfaction, malaise, depression, anxiety or indifference.
Dysphoria (semantically opposite of euphoria) is a medically recognized mental and emotional condition in which a person experiences intense feelings of depression, discontent, and in some cases indifference to the world around them.
Mood disorders can induce dysphoria, often with a heightened risk of suicide, especially in persons with bipolar disorder who are in a depressive phase. As the term refers only to a condition of mood, dysphoria may be experienced in response to ordinary life events, such as great illness or grief and commonly a romantic loss/breakup. Dysphoria can also be chemically induced by some commonly used psychoactive drugs, such as typical and atypical antipsychotics.
The particular term "gender dysphoria" refers to a separate diagnosis made by psychologists and physicians to describe persons who experience significant discontent ("dysphoria") with the sex they were assigned at birth and/or the gender roles associated with that sex. The current edition (DSM-5) of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders uses the term "gender dysphoria" in preference to "gender identity disorder". DSM-5 introduces the term "gender incongruence" as a better identifying and less stigmatising term.
|This section possibly contains original research. (December 2013)|
"Dysphoria" is sometimes referenced in popular culture. The condition is featured in many of the PBR&B Artist Lee Art's songs. Against Me! released the album Transgender Dysphoria Blues in 2014, with lyrical content that touches on lead singer Laura Jane Grace's (née Thomas James Gabel) transgender experience. Another artist who speaks of it is Dellux.
The following conditions may include dysphoria as a symptom: