Dyslipidemia

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Dyslipidemia
Classification and external resources
ICD-10E78
ICD-9272
DiseasesDB33452
MeSHD050171
 
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Not to be confused with lipedema.
Dyslipidemia
Classification and external resources
ICD-10E78
ICD-9272
DiseasesDB33452
MeSHD050171

Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids (e.g. cholesterol and/or fat) in the blood. In developed countries, most dyslipidemias are hyperlipidemias; that is, an elevation of lipids in the blood. This is often due to diet and lifestyle. Prolonged elevation of insulin levels can also lead to dyslipidemia. Likewise, increased levels of O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) may cause dyslipidemia.

Classification[edit]

Physicians and basic researchers classify dyslipidemias in two distinct ways:

Fredrickson Classification:[1]

For more a detailed version, see Hyperlipidemia#Classification.
PhenotypeIIIaIIbIIIIVV
Elevated LipoproteinChylomicronLDLLDL and VLDLIDLVLDLVLDL and chylomicrons

1

Types[edit]

IncreasesDecreases
Lipid
Lipoprotein
Both

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fredrickson DS, Lees RS. A system for phenotyping hyperlipoproteinemia. Circulation 1965;31:321-327.