Dundee United F.C.

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Dundee United
Dundee United FC logo.svg
Full nameDundee United Football Club
Nickname(s)The Terrors, Arabs (Supporters)
Founded24 May 1909; 105 years ago (1909-05-24)
(as Dundee Hibernian)
GroundTannadice Park, Dundee
Ground Capacity14,229[1]
ChairmanStephen Thompson
ManagerJackie McNamara
LeagueScottish Premiership
2013–14Scottish Premiership, 4th
Current season
 
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This article is about the Scottish Premiership side formed in 1909. For the similarly named club formed in 1893 also playing in the Scottish Premiership, see Dundee F.C..
Dundee United
Dundee United FC logo.svg
Full nameDundee United Football Club
Nickname(s)The Terrors, Arabs (Supporters)
Founded24 May 1909; 105 years ago (1909-05-24)
(as Dundee Hibernian)
GroundTannadice Park, Dundee
Ground Capacity14,229[1]
ChairmanStephen Thompson
ManagerJackie McNamara
LeagueScottish Premiership
2013–14Scottish Premiership, 4th
Current season

Dundee United Football Club is a Scottish professional football club located in the city of Dundee. Formed in 1909, originally as Dundee Hibernian,[2] the club changed to the present name in 1923.[3] United are nicknamed The Terrors[4] or The Tangerines and the supporters are known as Arabs.[5]

The club has played in tangerine kits since the 1960s and have played at the present ground, Tannadice Park, since their foundation in 1909. United were founder members of the Scottish Premier League (SPL) in 1998 and were ever-present in the competition until it was abolished in 2013 to make way for the new Scottish Premiership which is the top division of the current SPFL structure.

Domestically, the club has won the Scottish Premier Division on one occasion (1982–83), the Scottish Cup twice (1994 and 2010) and the Scottish League Cup twice (1980 & 1981). United appeared in European competition for the first time in the 1966–67 season, going on to appear in Europe in 14 successive seasons from 1976. They also reached the European Cup semi-finals in 1984 and the UEFA Cup final in 1987. The club has a 100% record in four matches against Barcelona in competitive European ties.

History[edit]

Beginning (1909–1971)[edit]

Inspired by the example of Hibernian in Edinburgh the Irish Catholic community in Dundee formed a new football club in 1909, following the demise of Dundee Harp. Originally called Dundee Hibernian, the club took over Clepington Park (renamed Tannadice Park) from Dundee Wanderers and played its inaugural game on 18 August 1909 against Edinburgh Hibernian, a match which ended in a 1–1 draw.[6] The following year, the club was voted into the Scottish Football League. The club was saved from going out of business in October 1923 by a group of Dundee businessmen who then decided to change the club's name to Dundee United in order to attract a wider appeal; the name Dundee City was considered but was objected to by long standing city rivals Dundee F.C..

Chart of historic performance of Dundee United in the League.

United won promotion to the First Division for the first time in 1924–25 when they won the Second Division title, although they were relegated back down within two seasons.[7] Despite another title win (and immediate relegation), for many years, the club languished in the lower reaches of the Scottish league, competing in the top division for only four seasons, until the appointment of Jerry Kerr as manager in 1959. Kerr ended the club's 28-year absence from the First Division in his first season in charge, winning promotion by finishing second in the Second Division. Some notable players from this period include forwards Dennis Gillespie and Jim Irvine, and defenders Doug Smith and Ron Yeats (who went on to captain Liverpool in the 1960s).[8]

In the following season, United finished in the top half of the league (one place above city rivals Dundee), where the club stayed with few exceptions for the next 35 years. A strengthened playing squad during the 1960s, which included imports from Scandinavia such as Örjan Persson, Finn Seemann, Lennart Wing, Finn Døssing and Mogens Berg,[8] gave United their first taste of European football. On 25 August 1966 Dundee United eliminated Barcelona, then holders of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (now known as the Europa League), beating them 2–1 in Spain, the first Scottish club to win in that country.

Jim McLean era[edit]

Jim McLean, who was a coach at rival Dundee at the time, took over from Jerry Kerr in 1971 and the most successful era in the club's history began. Until then, United was the smaller and less successful of the two Dundee-based football clubs, but McLean took United to their first ever Scottish Cup final in 1973–74. They achieved a record high of third place in the Scottish Premier Division in 1977–78 then again in 1978–79, before guiding the side to several major honours; the first by winning the Scottish League Cup in 1979–80, retaining the trophy in the following season. McLean's use of youth was seen as key in the club's success for the next two decades.[9]

Matchday at Tannadice Park

Dundee United won the Scottish Premier Division title for the first time in the club's history in the 1982–83 season, with what was then a record number of points and record number of goals scored. By then, United had already established a strong reputation in Europe with wins over sides like AS Monaco, Borussia Mönchengladbach, PSV Eindhoven, Anderlecht and Werder Bremen. In the resulting European Cup, United reached the semi-final stage in their first run, only to be narrowly eliminated by AS Roma. After winning the first leg 2–0, United lost 3–0 away, although the Italian side was later fined for attempting to bribe the referee.[10] In 1986, a year's suspension was imposed by UEFA on the Italians alongside a four-year ban for president Dino Viola, due to the bribery attempt.[11]

The pinnacle of Dundee United's achievements in Europe came later in 1986–87, when United became the first Scottish club to reach the final of the UEFA Cup.[9] Along the way, United repeated their 1966 feat of eliminating Barcelona, this time managed by Terry Venables and featuring British players Gary Lineker, Mark Hughes, and Steve Archibald. United defeated Barcelona home and away; they remain the only British side to date to achieve this in any European competition, with a record of four wins from four games.[12] Although they failed to beat IFK Gothenburg in the two-legged final, there was glory in defeat as FIFA awarded a first-ever Fair Play Award to the club for the sporting behaviour of the United fans on a memorable night at Tannadice Park. This marked the end of Dundee United as a European force.[13]

During those years, Dundee United and Aberdeen broke the traditional dominance of the Old Firm in Scottish football, and the two clubs became known in the press as the New Firm,[14] or sometimes, with the inclusion of Hearts, the Small Firm.[15] As Dundee F.C. were not always in the top flight at that time, the New Firm derby superseded the Dundee derby. Dundee United had come a long way under McLean, progressing from comparative obscurity to become one of Scotland's foremost clubs. In June 1993, after nearly 22 years at the helm, McLean relinquished his position as manager, remaining as club chairman, having combined both roles since 1989.[16]

For his remarkable achievements with Dundee United, Jim McLean was awarded an honorary degree by Dundee University in 2011.[17]

Recent years[edit]

Peter Houston lifting the tangerine & black-draped Scottish Cup in 2010 following their 3–0 victory over Ross County.

After McLean's retirement the club went into a yo-yo existence for the next few years; they won the Scottish Cup in 1994, got relegated in 1995, bounced back in 1996, and then finished in third place in 1997 after a dismal start to that season. Their third place finish was achieved under the management of Jim McLean's younger brother, Tommy McLean, which led to hopes that the club's success could continue under a new member of the family, but their subsequent form did not match up to this achievement, and Tommy left the club 18 months later. This led to a miserable few years under the management of Paul Sturrock, Alex Smith and then Paul Hegarty, during which the club constantly struggled to stay in the Scottish Premier League. Things initially seemed to improve when Eddie Thompson purchased the club and installed Ian McCall as manager, leading to their first top-half finish for seven years in 2004, but their form slumped again the following year, leading to McCall's dismissal and two more fruitless reigns under Gordon Chisholm and former club hero Craig Brewster.

Progress finally began to occur with the arrival of Craig Levein as manager in 2006. The club had largely been without direction since Jim McLean stood down as manager, but Levein began restructuring the club, overhauling its youth system and bringing a new generation of young talent into the first team. The club comfortably avoided relegation in Levein's first season in charge, and then managed two successive fifth place finishes, the first time they had managed successive top-half finishes since the days of Jim McLean. By late 2009 the club were in second place in the table, and looking to have an outside chance of mounting a title challenge.

Levein's achievements had not gone unnoticed however, and in November 2009 he accepted the job of the Scotland national team manager. After an abortive attempt to install Pat Fenlon as manager, the club replaced Levein with his assistant, Peter Houston, and their good form continued with the season ending in a third-place finish, and their second Scottish Cup victory. The following season didn't quite measure up to their success the previous year, but still saw a very respectable fourth place finish. The season later was similar to the season before with a poor start, but good form from rising stars such as Gary Mackay-Steven and Johnny Russell, helped United reach another top six finish for the fifth consecutive season. A solid period of league success confirmed the club qualified for the UEFA Europa League for three successive seasons, however they went out at the first hurdle in each campaign to AEK Athens, Śląsk Wrocław & Dynamo Moscow respectively.

It was announced on 17 January 2013, that manager Peter Houston was to leave Dundee United at the end of his contract in May 2013. However on 28 January it was announced Houston had left the club by mutual consent. He was replaced two days later by Jackie McNamara. McNamara's first game in charge of Dundee United was a Scottish Cup tie against Rangers. United won the game 3–0 and McNamara began to turn the club's fortunes around, securing a top six place over New Firm rivals Aberdeen. In his first full season, McNamara took United to fourth in the Premiership and the 2014 Scottish Cup Final.

Colours and badge[edit]

Pre-1993 lion rampant design
For a complete pictorial history of playing kit, see the Historical Football Kits site.

United's playing kit consists of tangerine shirts and black shorts, first used when the team played under the Dallas Tornado moniker in the United Soccer Association competition of 1967, which they were invited to participate in after their first European excursion had created many headlines in the football world.[18] After persuasion by the wife of manager Jerry Kerr, the colour would soon be adopted as the club's own in 1969 to give the club a brighter, more modern image. The new colour was paraded for the first time in a pre-season friendly against Everton in August.

When originally founded as Dundee Hibernian, they had followed the example of other clubs of similar heritage by adopting the traditionally Irish colours of green shirts and white shorts. By the time the club became Dundee United in 1923, the colours had been changed to white shirts and black shorts as they sought to appeal to a wider cross-section of the community. These colours persisted in various forms up until 1969, sometimes using plain shirts, but also at various times including Celtic-style broad hoops, Queen's Park-style narrow hoops and an Airdrie-style "V" motif.


The present club badge was introduced in 1993, and saw the previous lion rampant design rebranded in a new circular logo incorporating the club colours.[19] To mark the club's centenary in 2009, a special version of the badge with an added "1909 2009 Centenary" logo has been introduced for the duration of the 2009–10 season, along with additional green trim on the badge, representing Dundee Hibernian's colours.

Previously, the lion had been represented on a simpler shield design. Although this "classic" version had been used as the club crest on the cover of the matchday programme as early as 1956, it had never appeared on the players' strip prior to 1983. Since 1959, various other designs had been worn on the shirts, incorporating either the lion rampant or the letters DUFC, often on a circular badge.

The club first introduced shirt sponsorship in the 1985–86 season when future chairman Eddie Thompson's VG chain sponsored the club in the first of a two-year deal. A six-year association with Belhaven then ensued with a sponsorless 1993–94 season. Rover began a two-year deal early in time for the 1994 Scottish Cup final, sponsoring the club until the end of the 1995–96 season. Telewest took over sponsorship from 1996 for six years until Eddie Thompson's Morning, Noon and Night started sponsoring the club in 2002. This association continued until 2006 when Anglian Home Improvements began a two-year deal with an optional third year. At the same time, Ole International became the first shorts sponsors. JD Sports' Carbrini Sportswear brand sponsored the club in the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons. United's shirt sponsor since the 2010–11 season has been Calor Gas.

United have had a number of official kit suppliers, including Adidas, Hummel and, from June 2009, Nike.

Historical kits[edit]

Dundee Hibernian home kit (c. 1909)
United home kit (c.1929–30)
United home kit design (c. 1934–58)
2013–14 Nike Home kit

Stadium[edit]

Main article: Tannadice Park

Dundee United's home ground throughout their history has been Tannadice Park, located on Tannadice Street in the Clepington area of the city. It is situated a mere 170 yards (160 m) away from Dens Park, home of rivals Dundee;[20] The club has only ever played one home fixture at another venue. This was a League Cup tie against Rangers in March 1947, when despite snow rendering Tannadice Park unplayable, the match was able to go ahead across the road at Dens Park.

Tannadice is currently an all-seater with a capacity of 14,229.[1] The Main Stand, built in 1962, was the first cantilever to be constructed at a Scottish football ground.[6] For long periods of its history, only a small proportion of the ground contained seated accommodation. In the late 1980s the ground had 2,252 seats out of a total capacity of 22,310.[6]

The comparative age and proximity of their stadiums has led to various discussions about the possibility of both Dundee clubs moving to a new, purpose-built shared stadium. The most recent proposal was put forward as part of Scotland's bid to jointly host the UEFA Euro 2008 championship,[21] with several clubs seeking to benefit from a new stadium.[22] With planning permission given to a proposed site at Caird Park,[23] special dispensation was requested to proceed with the proposal,[24] as rules at the time forbade SPL teams from groundsharing. Following Scotland's failed bid to host the tournament, the scheme was shelved,[25] although it was resurrected in June 2008, following doubts about joint-host Ukraine's ability to stage Euro 2012, and the SFA's keenness to act as an alternative host.[26]

A panoramic view of 'The Shed', The George Fox Stand and the Eddie Thompson Stand.

Achievements[edit]

League[edit]

Dundee United's first trophy came in 1925, when they won the 1924–25 Division Two championship. After two seasons in the top tier, they were relegated, but they won the Division Two title for a second time in 1928–29. Immediate relegation followed and the club finished runners-up in 1931–32.[7] Another runners-up spot was claimed in 1959–60, in manager Jerry Kerr's first season, and from then club remained in the top division for the next thirty-five years.[8] Under Jim McLean's management, the club won the Premier Division title for the only time, in 1982–83, resulting in European Cup football the following season. The title win was United's last league success, although they finished runners-up in the First Division in 1995–96, after nearly avoiding relegation the previous season, and in third place in their first season back in the Premier Division.[16]


Cups[edit]

The club had to wait several decades before their first realistic chance at cup silverware, when they began the first of a six-game losing streak of Scottish Cup Final appearances in 1974, losing 3–0 to Celtic. Towards the end of the 1970s, things began to change, with three successive appearances in the League Cup Final. United won their first major trophy with a 3–0 replay victory over Aberdeen in the 1979–80 Scottish League Cup Final.[27] The club reached both cup finals in the following season; while they retained the League Cup by winning 3–0 against rivals Dundee,[27] United lost out again in the Scottish Cup with a replay defeat to Rangers. United reached a third consecutive League Cup Final in 1981–82, but failed to make it a hat-trick of wins as they lost 2–1 to Rangers.[27]

United then suffered the agony of reaching three out of four Scottish Cup finals in the mid-1980s, only to lose them all by a single goal. First came a 2–1 defeat to Celtic in 1984–85, compounded by a 1–0 League Cup final loss to Rangers in the same season; then a 1–0 defeat in extra time to St. Mirren in 1986–87; and finally, a last-minute 2–1 loss against Celtic the following year, despite being a goal ahead.[9] A three-year gap ensued before the 1990–91 Scottish Cup final, which pitted Jim McLean against his brother Tommy, at Motherwell. The final was won 4–3 by 'Well, with United again losing in extra time.[16] The sixth Cup Final loss was also the club's fifth final appearance in eleven years.

These defeats in cup finals at Hampden Park led to the Scottish football media claiming that United suffered from a Hampden hoodoo, as they had failed to win ten cup finals played at the ground between 1974 and 1991.[28] When the club reached the 1994 Scottish Cup Final, manager Ivan Golac dismissed talk of the hoodoo, even though opponents Rangers were strong favourites to complete a domestic treble in the 1993–94 season.[28] United broke the supposed hoodoo and won the Scottish Cup for the first time when Craig Brewster's goal gave them a 1–0 win.[16][28]

Eleven years passed until the next Scottish Cup final appearance, when United lost 1–0 to Celtic in 2005. Sandwiched in the middle of these appearances was a defeat on penalties to Stenhousemuir in the Scottish Challenge Cup (when United failed to concede a goal in the whole competition) and a 3–0 defeat to Celtic in the 1997 Scottish League Cup Final. United then lost the 2008 Scottish League Cup Final on penalties to Rangers after the match had finished 2–2 after extra time. Dundee United won their next major trophy in 2010, under the guidance of manager Peter Houston, when First Division side Ross County were defeated 3–0 in the 2010 Scottish Cup Final.[29] David Goodwillie scored the first goal and Craig Conway scored the second and third goals.[29] United qualified for the 2014 Scottish Cup Final, their 10th Scottish Cup Final but went onto lose 2–0 to St. Johnstone at Celtic Park.

Europe[edit]

The club's first experience of Europe came in 1966–67 when, helped by a clutch of Scandinavian players, United defeated Fairs Cup holders F.C. Barcelona both home and away. Although Juventus proved too strong in the next round with a 3–1 aggregate victory, United made headlines and were asked to compete as Dallas Tornado in the United Soccer Association league in North America during the summer of 1967.[8] After their only Premier Division championship win, the team reached the resulting semi-final of the European Cup in 1984, losing 3–2 on aggregate to Roma. In 1987, the club went one better, reaching the final of the UEFA Cup. Despite the 2–1 aggregate loss to IFK Gothenburg, the Arabs won the first-ever FIFA Fair Play Award for their sporting behaviour after the final defeat.[13]

United for Kids[edit]

Dundee United have received national and international acclaim for their "United for Kids" (or UfK) scheme, which began in 2005 following a suggestion from an exiled supporter. The club accepts charitable donations from fans, sponsors and other donors and matches all donations before using the funds to supply free season tickets to under-privileged and disadvantaged children from Dundee and the surrounding area. These kids, who can be accompanied by their carers free-of-charge, would otherwise be unable to attend football matches. Since the scheme began, several hundred children and their carers have received free season tickets. Dundee Council's social work department have stated that the scheme has brought joy to the lives of many orphans, abused and battered children and others from disadvantaged backgrounds. All donations to UfK are now handled by Dundee United's "United for All" official charity – a secure link to make donations can be found on the club's website.[30]

Rivalries[edit]

Facade of the Jerry Kerr stand of Tannadice with Dens Park, home of neighbours Dundee in the distance

Dundee United's traditional rivals are Dundee, with whom they compete in the Dundee derby. The fixture was lacking a competitive element for a number of years until Dundee's return to the top flight of the Scottish game in 2012. A unique element of the rivalry lies in the fact that both clubs' stadiums are located within 100 yards of one another.

In spite of their rivalry, the two sides previously contemplated ground-sharing as part of the SFA's unsuccessful bid to host Euro 2008. Perhaps one of their most notable meetings was in the 1980 Scottish League Cup Final played at Dens Park when United won 3–0 to claim their second League Cup in successive seasons.

Another intense fixture is that of the New Firm derby between United and North-East rivals Aberdeen F.C.. The match itself itself became one of fierce competition due to the domestic and European success the two sides achieved in the late 1970s and 1980s under the stewardship of United's Jim McLean and Aberdeen's Alex Ferguson. Despite the relative lack of trophies in the years ahead, the derby has endured and continues to be one of the most eagerly awaited fixtures of the Scottish season.

United also share a rivalry with St Johnstone F.C. due to the relatively close proximity of Dundee and Perth, known as the Tayside derby. The most notable meeting between the two sides was in the 2014 Scottish Cup Final, when Saints came out on top after a 2–0 victory at Celtic Park in the Tangerines' tenth final appearance.

Honours[edit]

League[edit]

Cups[edit]

Europe[edit]

Other[edit]

Current squad[edit]

First-team squad[edit]

Up to date as of 15 November 2014

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
1PolandGKRadosław Cierzniak
2Republic of IrelandDFSeán Dillon (captain)
3EnglandDFConor Townsend (on loan from Hull City)
4ScotlandDFJohn Souttar
5PolandDFJarosław Fojut
6Northern IrelandMFPaul Paton
7TurkeyFWNadir Çiftçi
8ScotlandMFJohn Rankin
10ScotlandMFStuart Armstrong
11ScotlandMFGary Mackay-Steven
12ScotlandDFKeith Watson
14Northern IrelandDFCallum Morris
No.PositionPlayer
16ScotlandDFMark Wilson
17ScotlandMFChris Erskine
18ScotlandFWRyan Dow
19NetherlandsFWMario Bilate
20EnglandDFCalum Butcher
21ScotlandMFCharlie Telfer
22ScotlandFWAidan Connolly
24ScotlandMFBlair Spittal
25ScotlandFWJordan Moore
26PolandGKMichał Szromnik
29ScotlandMFDarren Petrie

Under 20s squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
31ScotlandGKRyan Booth
33ScotlandDFEuan Spark
35ScotlandMFJamie Montgomery
36ScotlandFWReghan Tumilty
37ScotlandMFBrad Smith
38ScotlandDFCameron Ballantyne
39ScotlandFWJordan Garden
40ScotlandMFChris McLaughlin
41SpainFWRafa Malaga
42ScotlandDFHarry Souttar
No.PositionPlayer
43ScotlandFWAli Coote
44ScotlandDFGreg McNaughton
45ScotlandMFJamie Robson
46ScotlandFWScott Allardyce
47ScotlandDFMatty Smith
48Northern IrelandFWAaron Duke
49EnglandFWOla Adeyemo
50ScotlandMFEvan Horne
51GermanyGKLuis Zwick
52ScotlandMFScott Lochhead

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
9ScotlandFWBrian Graham (at St. Johnstone)
13ScotlandGKMarc McCallum (at Arbroath)
15ScotlandFWMichael Gardyne (at Ross County)
23ScotlandMFScott Smith (at Forfar Athletic)
No.PositionPlayer
27ScotlandMFScott Fraser (at Airdrieonians)
28EnglandFWKudus Oyenuga (at Cowdenbeath)
32Northern IrelandGKJoe McGovern (at Montrose)
34Northern IrelandDFAdam Harwood (at Montrose)
For recent transfers, see List of Scottish football transfers summer 2014

Noted players[edit]

For a full list of current and former players with articles, see Category:Dundee United F.C. players. For a list of players who have played 100 or more matches in major competitions for the club, see list of Dundee United F.C. players.

International Players[edit]

This is a list of former and current players who have played at full international level while with the club. They are ordered by nationality and year of United debut below. Additionally, two goalkeepers – Pat Onstad (Canada) and Kémoko Camara (Guinea) – were both capped while at Tannadice yet never played a first-team game for United.

Hall of Fame[edit]

The club launched its official Hall of Fame in 2008, with seven inaugural members. A further six players were inducted in January 2009[32] and seven more in January 2010. Since then six players have been inducted each year.

Managers[edit]

List of prominent and recent managers, with respective records, as of 5 December 2014. Only competitive matches are counted.[34][35][36]

FromToNamePWDLFAWin %Unbeaten %
19591971Scotland Kerr, JerryJerry Kerr568247124197106095043.565.3
19711993Scotland McLean, JimJim McLean11125352703071779116048.172.4
19931995Serbia Golac, IvanIvan Golac9431342911411333.069.1
19951996Scotland Kirkwood, BillyBilly Kirkwood612914181066347.570.5
19961998Scotland McLean, TommyTommy McLean9336273013410738.767.7
19982000Scotland Sturrock, PaulPaul Sturrock852719399711931.854.1
20002002Scotland Smith, AlexAlex Smith9931234510914931.354.5
20022003Scotland Hegarty, PaulPaul Hegarty18459203422.250.0
20032005Scotland McCall, IanIan McCall9128234011614930.856.0
20052006Scotland Chisholm, GordonGordon Chisholm36101016405427.855.6
20062006Scotland Brewster, CraigCraig Brewster3031116285910.046.7
20062009Scotland Levein, CraigCraig Levein13655404118516040.469.9
20092013Scotland Houston, PeterPeter Houston15063444323220542.071.3
2013PresentScotland McNamara, JackieJackie McNamara8140172414410849.470.4

Kit manufacturers & sponsors[edit]

PeriodKit manufacturerShirt sponsor
1973–76Buktanone
1976–85Adidas
1985–87VG
1987–89Belhaven
1989–91Asics
1991–92Bukta
1992–93Loki
1993–94none
1994–96PonyRover
1996–98Telewest
1998–2000Olympic Sports
2000–03TFG Sports
2003–06Morning, Noon and Night
2006–08HummelAnglian Home Improvements
2008–09Carbrini Sportswear
2009–10Nike
2010–presentCalor

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dundee United Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Civic reception ‘great honour’ for Dundee United centenary". The Courier. 2 September 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  3. ^ "Dundee United – Beginnings". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  4. ^ "Dundee United A – Z ( T )". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  5. ^ "Dundee United A-Z (A)". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 28 June 2008. 
  6. ^ a b c Inglis, Simon (1987). The Football Grounds of Great Britain (2nd ed.). London: Collins Willow. p. 328. ISBN 0-00-218249-1. 
  7. ^ a b "History – The Early Days". Dundee United FC. 
  8. ^ a b c d "History – 50s & 60s". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c "History". Dundee United FC. 
  10. ^ "Dundee United A – Z (I)". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 26 September 2006. 
  11. ^ Keir Radnedge. "A potted guide to corruption in football". Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  12. ^ Moffat, Colin (24 July 2007). "Barca out to end Dundee Utd jinx". BBC Sport website. 
  13. ^ a b "Fair Play Awards". FIFA. Archived from the original on 11 June 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  14. ^ "The New Firm and the Dons' Cup-Winners' Cup glory in 1983". A Sporting Nation. The BBC. Retrieved 29 September 2006. 
  15. ^ Goldblatt, David (2007). The Ball is Round: A Global History of Football. London: Penguin. p. 567. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8. 
  16. ^ a b c d "History – 90s". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  17. ^ "Tannadice hero Jim McLean among Dundee University graduands". 
  18. ^ "Dundee United A – Z (D)". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 26 September 2006. 
  19. ^ "Dundee United A-Z (C)". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 28 September 2006. 
  20. ^ Phil Gordon (1 September 2002). "Smart adds spice to Duffy's return". The Independent (Online Edition). 
  21. ^ "Dundee clubs plan stadium share". BBC Sport website. 29 June 2001. 
  22. ^ "Deadline day for new stadia". BBC Sport website. 31 July 2001. 
  23. ^ "Dundee clubs get stadium boost". BBC Sport website. 30 April 2002. 
  24. ^ "Dundee rivals request groundshare". BBC Sport website. 17 September 2002. 
  25. ^ "Dundee rivals to rethink stadia plans". BBC Sport website. 12 December 2002. 
  26. ^ "North east trio unite on Euro bid". BBC Sport website. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008. 
  27. ^ a b c "Dundee United A – Z ( L )". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  28. ^ a b c "Dundee United A – Z ( H )". Dundee United FC. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  29. ^ a b McGuigan, Thomas (15 May 2010). "Dundee Utd 3 – 0 Ross County". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  30. ^ "United for Kids". Dundee United FC. 
  31. ^ a b c d e "Dundee United Football Club Team Honours". SPL. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 
  32. ^ "Scottish Football Podcast". BBC Scotland. 21 November 2008. 
  33. ^ "GALLERY: Dundee United Hall of Fame". Evening Telegraph. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014. 
  34. ^ Steve Gracie. A Passion for Survival. Arabest Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9558341-0-3. 
  35. ^ Steve Gracie. The Rise of the Terrors. Arabest Publishing. 
  36. ^ http://www.arabarchive.co.uk/managers.php

External links[edit]