Dum Dum

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Dum Dum
দমদম
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Railway Station, Dum Dum
Railway Station, Dum Dum
Dum Dum is located in Kolkata
Dum Dum
Dum Dum
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42
CountryIndia
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata
Elevation11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total117,637
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDum Dum
 
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For other uses, see Dum Dum (disambiguation).
Dum Dum
দমদম
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Railway Station, Dum Dum
Railway Station, Dum Dum
Dum Dum is located in Kolkata
Dum Dum
Dum Dum
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42Coordinates: 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42
CountryIndia
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata
Elevation11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total117,637
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Dum Dum Metro station
The busy bazaar area at Dum Dum road near the railway station.

Dum Dum (Bengali দমদম Dômdôm) is a populated municipality near north Kolkata. It comes under Barrackpore sub-division and North 24 Parganas district of the state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority.[2] It is one of the main entry points to the city of Kolkata, providing a number of transportation facilities into that city from the northwest, such as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, formerly Dum Dum Airport, which offers domestic and international flights. Dum Dum has developed into a modern commercial centre and also hosts the Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC) of the Ordnance Factories Board, which manufactures armaments and other equipment for the Indian Armed Forces. Dum Dum region is about 10 km from the city centre, defined as the Esplanade, Kolkata. The nearby localities include Nager Bazar, Motijheel, Ghughu Danga, Private Road, Chatakal, Jawpur, Rajbari and Lal Bagan.

Geography[edit]

Dum Dum is located at 22°37′N 88°25′E / 22.62°N 88.42°E / 22.62; 88.42.[3] It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 feet).

History[edit]

During the 19th century the area was home to a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow point bullet), known informally as a dum-dum,[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] or more correctly as an expanding bullet. The previous name of Dumdum was "Domdoma".

Demographics[edit]

The 2011 India census reported that Dum Dum had a population of 117,637.[1] The gender ratio was 927 females per 1000 males and 5.7 percent of the population was under six years of age.[1] Effective literacy was 93.51 percent; male literacy was 94.09 percent and female literacy was 92.88 percent.[1]

Accessibility[edit]

By metro[edit]

The Kolkata Metro previously terminated at Dum Dum metro station on the boundary of Dum Dum, with Dum Dum Road leading to the city and areas beyond.

By air[edit]

The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, or Kolkata Airport, is located on the periphery of Dum Dum and is therefore also called the Dum Dum Airport. There are flights to all major cities in India, as well as international flights to Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, Doha, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Kathmandu, Dhaka, Chittagong, Yangon, and Paro.

By rail[edit]

Dum Dum railway station is on the Sealdah-Ranaghat line. The railway station and the metro station are in the same complex. The Circular Railway also terminates at the same station. The other stations in Dum Dum are located at Dum Dum Cantonment and Patipukur (on the Circular Railway line) and Airport Gate No 1 (on the single Airport line). Travel to airport by rail is inconvenient, as there are only a few trains at odd hours.

By road[edit]

NH 34 starts from Dalkhola and ends at Dum Dum Road, one of the prime routes into the city of Dum Dum. Buses ply both arterial roads: the Jessore Road and the Dum Dum Road.

On Dum Dum Road the bus routes are 30B, 202, DN9, Airport-Babughat Mini, Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini, Dankuni-Nagerbazar, Dum Dum Station-Ruby Hospital WBSTC Mini, Dankuni-Saltlake Sector 5 WBSTC Mini. On Jessore road there are more routes: 3C/2, 30, 30C, 30D, 30E, 45, 45A, 45B, 47, 47A, 47B, 79B, 91, 91A, 91B, 93, 211A, 215, 219, 221, 223, 237, DN8, DN18, Central Jail-Heritage WBSTC Mini. The minor roads on which buses ply are R.N. Guha Road (30B/1), Birati-Nimta road (237), Laketown connector (221, 223, 30C, 211A, 47, 47A), and Gorabazar-Cantonment Road (30D).

Distances[edit]

Travel within Dum Dum[edit]

There are a plenty of blue private and mini-buses buses available, as well as a few CSTC or WBSTC or CTC buses. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches, for example to travel from Dum Dum Station to Nagerbazar, or Dum Dum Station to Chiriamore. In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar and Airport being the largest taxi stands; others are in Birati, Central Jail, Laketown, Bangur, and Kalindi. The Dum Dum Station area does not have many taxis as the area is extremely crowded. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw.

Historically important places in the locality include:

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Sodepur, Birati, Sarat Coloney, Bangur Avenue, Lake Town, Tetultola, Patipukur, Paikpara, Dakhshindari, Dum Dum Park, Dakshin Para, Shyamnagar, Baguiati, Keshtopur, Teghoria, Nager Bazaar, Satgachi, Amarpalli, Kshudiram Colony, Nayapatti, Gora Bazaar, Durganagar, Padmapukur, Motijheel, Devinibash, Telipukur, M.M. Ghosh Road, Durgabati, Ajay Nagar, Kalindi, Greenpark, Lichubagan, Laxminagar, Subhas Nagar, Seth Bagan, Lal Bagan, Ghosh Para, Purba Sinthee, Madhugar and Nalta, Private Road, Chatakol, Hanuman Mandir, Fari, Jawpur,Baguiati, Deshbandhunagar and Rajarhat

Education[edit]

There are four government general colleges in Dum Dum.

There is also a private engineering college: Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College in Surer Math.

Dum Dum Krishna Kumar Hindu Academy at Motijheel.

There are many government sponsored schools, including:

Private schools

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata Metroploitan area". Kolkata Metroploitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dum Dum
  4. ^ First world War
  5. ^ India 9
  6. ^ Encyclopedia
  7. ^ Specialist Ammunition Types
  8. ^ 303 British
  9. ^ BBC News
  10. ^ "Dum Dum". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  11. ^ Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship

External links[edit]