Washington Dulles International Airport

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Washington Dulles International Airport
IATA: IADICAO: KIADFAA LID: IAD
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerMetropolitan Washington Airports Authority
OperatorMetropolitan Washington Airports Authority
ServesWashington Metropolitan Area
LocationDulles, Virginia
Hub forUnited Airlines
Elevation AMSL313 ft / 95 m
Coordinates38°56′40″N 077°27′21″W / 38.94444°N 77.45583°W / 38.94444; -77.45583Coordinates: 38°56′40″N 077°27′21″W / 38.94444°N 77.45583°W / 38.94444; -77.45583
Websitemwaa.com/dulles
Map
IAD is located in Virginia
IAD
Location in Virginia
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
1L/19R9,4002,865Concrete
1C/19C11,5003,505Concrete
1R/19L11,5003,505Concrete
12/3010,5003,200Concrete
12R/30L10,5003,200Planned
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]
 
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Washington Dulles International Airport
IATA: IADICAO: KIADFAA LID: IAD
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerMetropolitan Washington Airports Authority
OperatorMetropolitan Washington Airports Authority
ServesWashington Metropolitan Area
LocationDulles, Virginia
Hub forUnited Airlines
Elevation AMSL313 ft / 95 m
Coordinates38°56′40″N 077°27′21″W / 38.94444°N 77.45583°W / 38.94444; -77.45583Coordinates: 38°56′40″N 077°27′21″W / 38.94444°N 77.45583°W / 38.94444; -77.45583
Websitemwaa.com/dulles
Map
IAD is located in Virginia
IAD
Location in Virginia
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
1L/19R9,4002,865Concrete
1C/19C11,5003,505Concrete
1R/19L11,5003,505Concrete
12/3010,5003,200Concrete
12R/30L10,5003,200Planned
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]

Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IADICAO: KIADFAA LID: IAD) is a public airport in Dulles, Virginia, 26 miles (41.6 km) west of downtown Washington, D.C.[2] The airport serves the Baltimore-Washington-Northern Virginia metropolitan area centered on the District of Columbia. It is named after John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State under Dwight D. Eisenhower. The Dulles main terminal is a well-known landmark designed by Eero Saarinen. Operated by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority, Dulles Airport occupies 11,830 acres (47.9 km2)[3] straddling the border of Fairfax County and Loudoun County, Virginia.[1]

Dulles lies in two unincorporated communities, Chantilly and Dulles, west of Herndon and southwest of Sterling. Washington Dulles Airport is the largest airport in the Washington Metropolitan Area and is one of the country's busiest airports with over 23 million passengers a year. On a typical day, more than 60,000 passengers depart Washington Dulles to more than 125 destinations around the world.[4][5]

Contents

History

Origins

At the end of World War II, growth in aviation and in the Washington metropolitan area led Congress to pass the Washington Airport Act of 1950, providing federal backing for a second airport. After preliminary proposals failed, including one to establish an international airport at what is now Burke Lake Park, the current site was selected by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1958. As a result of the selection, the former unincorporated community of Willard, which once stood in the airport's current footprint, was demolished.[6]

Design and original construction

View of IAD from an airplane

The civil engineering firm Ammann and Whitney was named lead contractor. The airport was dedicated by President John F. Kennedy on November 17, 1962. Its original name, Dulles International Airport, was changed in 1984 to Washington Dulles International Airport.[7] The main terminal was designed in 1958 by famed Finnish architect Eero Saarinen and it is highly regarded for its graceful beauty, suggestive of flight. In the 1990s, the main terminal at Dulles was reconfigured to allow more space between the front of the building and the ticket counters. Additions at both ends of the main terminal more than doubled the structure's length. The original terminal at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in Taoyuan, Taiwan was modeled after the Saarinen terminal at Dulles.

The design included a landscaped man-made lake to collect rainwater, a low-rise hotel, and a row of office buildings along the north side of the main parking lot. The design also included a two-level road in front of the terminal to separate arrival and departure traffic and a federally owned limited access highway connecting the terminal to the Capital Beltway (I-495) about 17 miles (27 km) to the east. (Eventually, the highway system grew to include a parallel toll road to handle commuter traffic and an extension to connect to I-66). The access road had a wide median strip to allow the construction of a passenger rail line, which will be in the form of an extension of the Washington Metro and is expected to be completed in 2018.

Notable operations and milestones

Air France's Airbus A380, which is operated on the Washington Dulles to Paris-Charles de Gaulle route, taxiing at Dulles Airport.

Planned development

Main Terminal Station of Aerotrain

Since the 1980s, the original design, which had mobile lounges meet each plane, was not well-suited to Dulles' role as a hub airport. Instead, midfield concourses were added to allow passengers to walk between connecting flights without visiting the main terminal. Mobile lounges were still used for international flights and to transport passengers between the midfield concourses and the main terminal. An underground tunnel (consisting of a passenger walkway and moving sidewalks) which links the main terminal and concourse B was opened in 2004.[14] The Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) began a renovation program for the airport including a new security mezzanine with more room for lines.[15]

A new train system, dubbed AeroTrain and developed by Mitsubishi, began in 2010 to transport passengers between the concourses and the main terminal.[16] The system, which uses rubber tires and travels along a fixed underground guideway,[16] is similar to the people mover systems at Singapore Changi Airport,[16] Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, and Denver International Airport. The train is intended to replace the mobile lounges, which many passengers found crowded and inconvenient. The initial phase includes the main terminal station, a permanent Concourse A station, a permanent Concourse B station, a permanent midfield concourse station (with access to the current temporary C concourse via a tunnel with moving walkways), and a maintenance facility.[16] Mobile lounges continue to service the D Concourse from both the main terminal and the A Concourse. Mobile lounges will continue to transport international arrivals to the IAB facility. Dulles has stated that the wait time for a train does not exceed four minutes, compared to the average 15-minute wait and travel time for mobile lounges.

Under the development plan, future phases would see the addition of several new midfield concourses and a new south terminal.[17] A fourth runway (parallel to the existing runways 1 and 19 L&R) opened in 2008,[18] and development plans include a fifth runway to parallel the existing runway 12–30.[19] An expansion of the B concourse, used by many low cost airlines as well as international arrivals, has been completed, and the Midfield Concourses C and D mainly house United Airlines, and will eventually be knocked down to make room for a more ergonomic building. Because Concourses C and D are temporary concourses, the only way to get to those concourses is via moving walkway from the Concourse C station which is built in the location of the future gates and Concourse D by mobile lounge from the main terminal.[20]

Statistics

United Airlines operates one of its East Coast hubs at Dulles Airport.

In 2010, United Airlines maintained its East Coast hub at Dulles and handled 56.7% of scheduled air carrier passengers at the airport.[21] JetBlue handled 6.8% of scheduled air carrier passengers, and American Airlines is the airport's third largest carrier in terms of tickets sold and handled 5.4%.[21] In addition, 23 foreign carriers have service in and out of Washington Dulles. On a typical day, Dulles averages 1,000 to 1,200 flight operations.[22] Dulles International served 23.3 million passengers in 2011, a 2.2% decrease over 2010. However international passenger traffic has increased by 1.6% during the same time frame.[23]

More international and low-cost airlines are commencing service at Washington Dulles, and traffic in 2010 is rebounding from the loss in passengers due to the late-2000s recession and the September 11, 2001 attacks. In summer 2010 Washington Dulles served 49,000 more passengers than for the same month of the previous year. Nonetheless, even before the United States economic recession started, international passengers have continued to grow, which prompted the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority to expand the international arrivals building to handle 2,400 passengers per hour.[24][25]

Busiest International Routes from Dulles (2009–2010)[26]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London (Heathrow), United Kingdom907,207British Airways, United, Virgin Atlantic
2Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt, Germany660,833Lufthansa, United
3Flag of France.svg Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France480,008Air France, United
4Flag of Japan.svg Tokyo (Narita), Japan298,607All Nippon, United
5Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam, Netherlands283,801KLM, United
6Flag of Germany.svg Munich, Germany235,759Lufthansa, United
7Flag of El Salvador.svg San Salvador, El Salvador175,135TACA Airlines
8Flag of Qatar.svg Doha, Qatar172,384Qatar Airways
9Flag of Canada.svg Toronto (Pearson), Canada162,610United
10Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo (Guarulhos), Brazil145,714United
Busiest Domestic Routes from Dulles (November 2011 – October 2012)[27]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1Los Angeles, California648,000American, United, Virgin America
2San Francisco, California630,000United, Virgin America
3Denver, Colorado452,000Southwest, United
4Atlanta, Georgia389,000AirTran, Delta, United
5Boston, Massachusetts294,000JetBlue, United
6Chicago (O'Hare), Illinois278,000United
7Orlando, Florida273,000Jetblue, United
8Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas228,000American, United
9Chicago (Midway), Illinois201,000Southwest
10Charlotte, North Carolina187,000United, US Airways
Largest Carriers at Dulles (December 2011 to November 2012)[28]
RankAirlinePassengers
1United Airlines8,939,961
2ExpressJet Airlines (Delta Connection, United Express)2,144,664
3Mesa Airlines (United Express, US Airways Express)1,080,831
4Colgan Air (Continental Connection, United Express)861,507
5American Airlines786,170
6JetBlue Airways694,483
7Southwest Airlines619,105
8Trans States Airlines (United Express)578,521
9Delta Air Lines552,263
10Virgin America494,117
Traffic by calendar year
YearPassengersChange from
previous year
Aircraft operationsCargo
(pounds)[29]
199919,797,329465,195791,961,200
200020,104,693Increase1.55%456,436846,393,600
200118,002,319Decrease10.46%396,886729,665,700
200217,235,163Decrease4.26%372,636716,342,400
200316,950,381Decrease1.65%335,397629,201,400
200422,868,852Increase34.92%469,634685,041,900
200527,052,118Increase18.29%509,652668,141,900
200623,020,362Decrease14.90%379,571773,570,100
200724,737,528Increase7.46%382,943790,754,500
200823,876,780Decrease3.48%360,292736,127,500
200923,213,341Decrease2.78%340,367645,556,000
201023,741,603Increase2.28%336,531732,666,900
201123,211,856Decrease2.22%327,493667,367,000
Source: Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority[4]

Terminals

The distinctive Mobile lounge at Dulles

The main terminal houses ticketing, baggage claim, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, the Z gates, and other support facilities. From here, passengers can take the Aerotrain or mobile lounges to their concourses, Mobile lounges directly to their airplanes, or take the underground passenger walkway to concourse A/B. The plane mates/mobile lounges are also used to transport passengers arriving on international flights directly to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection inspection center located in the International Arrivals Building adjacent to the west side of the main terminal. The entire terminal complex has 123 gates and 16 hardstand locations[30] from which passengers can board or disembark using the airport's plane mate vehicles.[3]

Dulles is one of the few remaining airports to use the mobile lounge (also known as "plane mates" or "people movers") for boarding and disembarkation from aircraft, to transfer passengers between the midfield concourses and to and from the main terminal building. They have all been given names based on the postal abbreviations of 50 states, e.g.: VA, MD, AK. The Airport Authority has begun to gradually phase out the mobile lounge system for inter-terminal passenger movements in favor of the underground people mover, which currently operates to concourses A, B and C and pedestrian walkway system (now in service to concourse A/B). The plane mates are still used to transport passengers to the D terminal. Plane mates will also remain in use to disembark international passengers and carry them to the International Arrivals Building, as well as to convey passengers to and from aircraft on hard stand (i.e., those parked remotely on the apron without access to jet bridges).[31][32]

Main terminal

The terminal ceiling is suspended in a catenary curve above the luggage check-in area.

The main terminal was recognized by the American Institute of Architects in 1966 for its design concept; its roof is a suspended catenary providing a wide enclosed area unimpeded by any columns. It houses ticketing, baggage claim, and information facilities, as well as the International Arrivals Building for passenger processing.

The main terminal was extended in 1996 to 1,240 feet (380 m) — Saarinen's original design length – which was slightly more than double its originally constructed length of 600 feet (180 m).[33] In addition, an extension for international arrivals was added to the west of the main terminal in 1991. On September 22, 2009, an expansion of the international arrivals building opened which includes a 41,400 square feet (3,850 m2) arrival hall for customs and immigration processing. The new facility has the capacity to process 2,400 arriving passengers per hour.[34]

In September 2009, a 121,700 square feet (11,310 m2) central Transportation Security Administration checkpoint was added on a new security mezzanine level of the main terminal. This checkpoint replaced previous checkpoints located behind the ticketing areas.[35] A separate security checkpoint is available on the baggage claim level. Both security checkpoints connect to the new AeroTrain, which links the main terminal with the A, B, and C concourses.

There are two sets of gates in the main terminal: waiting areas for airlines which lack permanent physical gates and therefore use plane mates to reach planes parked at hard-stand locations, which are referred to as the "H" Gates, and the "Z" Gates, which provide service for US Airways.

Midfield terminals

Aerotrain station

There are two midfield terminal buildings at Washington Dulles: one contains the A and B midfield concourses, the other the C and D midfield concourses. The C and D concourses, completed in 1983 and designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum,[36] were originally designed as a temporary base for United Airlines, which began hub operations at the airport in 1985.[37] The C/D terminal was given a face lift in 2006 which included light fixture upgrades, new paint finishes, new ceiling grids and tiles, heating and air conditioning replacement, and complete restroom renovations.[37] This terminal also has a dedicated Federal Inspection Station ("FIS") for arriving United and certain Star Alliance-member airlines' international passengers to clear U.S. Customs prior to connecting to subsequent flights. Since this immigration facility is only for connecting passengers on United and its partners' flights, it has shorter lines and passengers don't have to clear security at the massive TSA checkpoint in the main terminal. A new and permanent C/D terminal (also called "Tier 2") is planned as part of the D2 Dulles Development Project. The new terminal is to include a three-level structure with 44 airline gates and similar amenities to Concourse B.[37] The concourse plan includes a dedicated mezzanine corridor with moving sidewalks to serve international passengers. The design and construction of the new C/D terminal has not been scheduled.[37] The A Concourse consists of a permanent ground level set of gates designed for small planes such as regional jets and some former B concourse gates.[38] The B Concourse is the first of the permanent elevated midfield concourses. Originally constructed in 1998 and designed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill and Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum, the B concourse contained 20 gates. In 2003, 4 additional gates were added to concourse B, followed by a 15-gate expansion in 2008.[39] It is connected to the main terminal by an underground walkway in addition to the AeroTrain.

Airlines and destinations

Nonstop domestic and nonstop or direct international service from Dulles
AirlinesDestinationsConcourse
AeroflotMoscow-SheremetyevoA
AeroméxicoMexico CityA
Air FranceParis-Charles de GaulleA
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo-NaritaB
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, MiamiB
Austrian Airlines operated by Tyrolean AirwaysViennaB
AviancaBogotá, La PazA
British AirwaysLondon-HeathrowB
Brussels AirlinesBrussels (begins June 18, 2013)[40]B
Cayman AirwaysSeasonal: Grand CaymanB
Copa AirlinesPanama CityA
Delta Air LinesAtlanta
Seasonal: Cancún, Minneapolis/St. Paul
B
Delta Connection operated by Chautauqua AirlinesNew York-LaGuardiaB
Delta Connection operated by Compass AirlinesMinneapolis/St. PaulB
Delta Connection operated by ExpressJetAtlanta, DetroitB
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle AirlinesDetroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardiaB
EmiratesDubaiA
Ethiopian AirlinesAddis AbabaB
Etihad AirwaysAbu Dhabi (begins March 31, 2013)[41]A
IcelandairSeasonal: Reykjavík-KeflavíkA
JetBlue AirwaysBoston, Long Beach, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Oakland
B
KLMAmsterdamA
Korean AirSeoul-IncheonA
LufthansaFrankfurt, MunichB
Porter AirlinesToronto-Billy BishopA
Qatar AirwaysDohaA
SaudiaJeddah, RiyadhA
Scandinavian AirlinesCopenhagenB
South African AirwaysDakar, JohannesburgB
Southwest AirlinesChicago-Midway, DenverB
Sun Air InternationalHagerstown, LancasterB
TACA AirlinesSan SalvadorB
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-AtatürkB
United AirlinesAlbuquerque, Amsterdam, Aruba, Austin, Bahrain, Beijing-Capital, Boston, Brussels, Cancún, Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Doha, Dubai, Dublin, Fort Lauderdale, Frankfurt, Geneva, Grand Cayman, Guatemala City (begins April 13, 2013),[42] Honolulu, Houston-Intercontinental, Kuwait, Las Vegas, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Munich, New Orleans, Orlando, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Portland (OR), Raleigh/Durham, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica (resumes April 13, 2013),[43] San Juan, San Salvador, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, Tampa, Tokyo-Narita, Zürich
Seasonal: Hartford, Miami, Montego Bay, Punta Cana, Vancouver (begins June 8, 2013)[44]
C,D
United Express operated by CommutAirAllentown/Bethlehem, Binghamton, Charleston (WV), Charlottesville, Cleveland, Fayetteville (NC), Newark, Norfolk, State College (PA), SyracuseA
United Express operated by ExpressJetAllentown/Bethlehem, Atlanta, Buffalo, Burlington, Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Detroit, Grand Rapids (begins May 1, 2013),[45] Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Hartford, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Knoxville, Louisville, Montréal-Trudeau, Nashville, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Norfolk, Ottawa, Pensacola (ends April 7, 2013), Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Roanoke, Rochester (NY), Savannah, Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, Tulsa
Seasonal: Quebec City
A,C,& D
United Express operated by GoJet AirlinesAlbany, Austin, Detroit, Hartford, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Montréal-Trudeau, New Orleans, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Portland (ME), Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, San Antonio, Syracuse, Toronto-Pearson, TulsaA,C,& D
United Express operated by Mesa AirlinesAlbany, Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Manchester (NH) (ends April 7, 2013), Miami, Nashville, New York-LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), Savannah, SyracuseA,C,& D
United Express operated by Republic AirlinesCleveland, Newark, Norfolk, ProvidenceA,C,& D
United Express operated by Shuttle AmericaAtlanta, Austin, Boston, Buffalo, Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Hartford, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montréal-Trudeau, Newark, New Orleans, New York-LaGuardia, Norfolk, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester (NY), San Antonio, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Fort Myers, Halifax
A,C,& D
United Express operated by Silver AirwaysAltoona, Beckley, Clarksburg, Johnstown, Lewisburg (WV), Morgantown, Shenandoah ValleyA,C,& D
United Express operated by SkyWest AirlinesAtlanta, Austin, Colorado Springs, Houston-Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kansas City, New Orleans, New York-LaGuardia, Norfolk, San Antonio, Syracuse, Toronto-PearsonA,C,& D
United Express operated by Trans States AirlinesBoston, Charleston (SC), Cincinnati, Columbus (OH), Dayton, Detroit, Greenville/Spartanburg, Harrisburg, Hartford, Huntsville, Knoxville, Manchester (NH), Nashville, Norfolk, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Richmond, Roanoke, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, Savannah, Syracuse
Seasonal: Myrtle Beach
A,C,& D
US AirwaysSeasonal: CharlotteZ
US Airways Express operated by Air WisconsinCharlotteZ
US Airways Express operated by Mesa AirlinesCharlotteZ
US Airways Express operated by Piedmont AirlinesCharlotteZ
US Airways Express operated by PSA AirlinesCharlotteZ
Virgin AmericaLos Angeles, San FranciscoB
Virgin Atlantic AirwaysLondon-HeathrowA

Airline lounges

Since many major domestic and international airlines have a large presence at Washington Dulles, there are several airline lounges in active operation there.

Ground transportation

Roads

Dulles is accessible via the Dulles Access Road/Dulles Greenway (State Route 267) and State Route 28. The Dulles Airport Access Highway (DAAH) is a toll-free, limited access, highway owned by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority (MWAA) to facilitate car access to Dulles from the Washington Capital Beltway and Interstate 66.[48] After it opened, non-airport traffic between Washington and Reston became so heavy that a parallel set of toll lanes were added on the same right-of-way to accommodate non-airport traffic (Dulles Toll Road). However, the airport-only lanes are both less congested as well as toll-free. As of November 1, 2008, MWAA assumed responsibility from the Virginia Department of Transportation both for operating the Dulles Toll Road and for the construction of a rapid transit rail line down its median. Route 28, which runs north–south along the eastern edge of the airport, has been upgraded to a limited access highway, with the interchanges financed through a property tax surcharge on nearby business properties. The Dulles Toll Road has been extended to the west to Leesburg as the Dulles Greenway.

Mass transportation

Loudoun County Transit provides bus service which runs from the Dulles Town Center shopping center, to the airport, then to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Air and Space Museum.

Passengers connecting to the Shenandoah Valley can use the Shenandoah Valley Commuter Bus, which connects to the Vienna and Rosslyn Metro station. Taxis and SuperShuttle ride sharing vans are also available.

Fairfax Connector service to Dulles is through via route 981; from Tysons Corner to Reston then to Herndon.

As of 2012, the only Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority service to Dulles is the "Express" 5A Metrobus route. The 5A express bus makes two stops on its way from the airport to downtown Washington. Stops include the Herndon–Monroe park & ride lot in Herndon and the Rosslyn Metro station in Arlington. It terminates at the L'Enfant Plaza Metro station in Southwest DC. Both metro stations can be accessed by the Orange and Blue lines, while the latter can also be accessed by the Yellow and Green lines. The 950 Fairfax Connector bus brings passengers from Reston to the Herndon–Monroe transfer station, where they can switch to the 5A bus to the airport. The RIBS 2 Fairfax Connector bus also connects Reston passengers to the Herndon–Monroe transfer point. An alternative (but slightly more expensive)[49] way of reaching Dulles is the Washington Flyer Coach bus service that operates roughly every thirty minutes between the airport and the West Falls Church Metro station.[50]

Planned

Construction is now underway to connect the airport to Washington via the Silver Line of the Washington Metro.[51] Initial plans called for completion in 2016, however officials now expect to complete construction in 2018.[52][53]

Accidents and Incidents

Accidents

Control Tower view of IAD in 1961.

Incidents

In fiction

Dulles has been the backdrop for many Washington based movies, starting shortly after the airport opened with the 1964 film Seven Days in May.

The 1983 comedy film D.C. Cab, starring Mr. T, Adam Baldwin and Gary Busey showed scenes outside of the main terminal at Dulles Airport.

The action film Die Hard 2 is set primarily at Dulles. The plot of the film involves the takeover of the airport's tower and communication systems by terrorists working out of a fictitious church on the west side of the airport (in the space north of Runway 12–30 and west of Runway 1L-19R). The film was not shot at Dulles; the stand-ins were Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) and the now-closed Stapleton International Airport in Denver. An often-noted inconsistency is the existence of Pacific Bell pay phones in the main terminal (the telephone company that served Dulles at the time was GTE and the nearest PacBell territory was thousands of miles away). Other inconsistencies include the fact that Dulles appears to have its own airport police, when the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority had provided police service at Dulles for two years when the movie had been made; and the fact that there is no church anywhere close enough to be sitting on top of underground airport utility lines.

Part of the thriller The Package (starring Gene Hackman and Tommy Lee Jones) took place at Dulles. However, the Dulles stand-in this time was Chicago's O'Hare International Airport.

Dulles airport's terminal exterior

Portions of all three sequels to the disaster film Airport were filmed at Dulles: Airport 1975, with Charlton Heston, Karen Black and George Kennedy; Airport '77, with Jack Lemmon, Christopher Lee and George Kennedy; and The Concorde ... Airport '79.

Dulles has also served as a stand-in for a New York City airport, in the 1999 comedy, Forces of Nature. While set in a New York airport, the main terminal is recognizable.

Dulles is featured in several episodes of the television series The X-Files.[63]

The airport is also shown momentarily in the film Body of Lies.[64] In the scene, Leonardo DiCaprio mentions he is in "Dubai International" on the phone, although one can clearly see the iconic curved roof and concave entry windows on the upper deck of the Dulles departures area in the background behind him.

The terminal can also be seen in In the Line of Fire starring Clint Eastwood.

In the 2004 video game Need for Speed Underground 2, Bayview International Airport has a similar layout to Dulles Airport.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for IAD (Form 5010 PDF)
  2. ^ "Dulles International Airport". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. http://www.metwashairports.com/dulles/208.htm. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d "Facts About Washington Dulles International Airport". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. http://www.metwashairports.com/dulles/663.htm. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD) Air Traffic Statistics". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2011. http://www.mwaa.com/dulles/653.htm. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Air Service Maps – IAD". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. http://mwaa.com/dulles/872.htm. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
  6. ^ Scheel, Eugene. "History of Dulles Airport". http://www.loudounhistory.org/history/dulles-airport-history.htm. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
  7. ^ "History of Washington Dulles International Airport". Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. http://www.metwashairports.com/dulles/661.htm. Retrieved December 4, 2010.
  8. ^ http://www.intrepidmuseum.org/shuttle/
  9. ^ Reuters (January 25, 1990). "Tribute to Eisenhower". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1990/01/25/us/tribute-to-eisenhower.html. Retrieved June 3, 2011.see also, 101st Congress, S.J.RES.239.
  10. ^ "Blackbird Records". SR-71 Online. http://www.sr-71.org/blackbird/records.php. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
  11. ^ "United Airlines". Century-of-flight.net. http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/coming%20of%20age/usairlines/United%20Airlines.htm. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
  12. ^ "United Express moves to Concourse A at Dulles International Airport". United.com. http://www.united.com/page/article/0,6722,51639,00.html. Retrieved June 3, 2011.
  13. ^ Coombs, Joe (February 7, 2008). "Passenger numbers up at Dulles International, Reagan National airports". Washington Business Journal. http://www.bizjournals.com/washington/stories/2008/02/04/daily46.html. Retrieved April 6, 2008.
  14. ^ "Passenger Walkway to Concourses A and B Fact Sheet" (PDF). Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2009. http://www.mwaa.com/File/WalkwaytoAandB.pdf. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  15. ^ "Dulles Development: Main Terminal Improvement Fact Sheet" (PDF). Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2009. http://www.mwaa.com/File/MainTerminal.pdf. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  16. ^ a b c d "Aerotrain – Dulles Train System Fact Sheet" (PDF). Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. 2009. http://www.mwaa.com/File/AeroTrainSystem.pdf. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  17. ^ Weiss, Eric M. (August 19, 2008). "Dulles Updates Its People Movers". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/18/AR2008081801349.html. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  18. ^ "D2 Projects: Fourth Runway". Metropolitan Washington Airport Authority. 2009. http://www.mwaa.com/dulles/773.htm. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
  19. ^ "D2 Projects: Future Fifth Runway". Metropolitan Washington Airport Authority. 2009. http://www.mwaa.com/dulles/771.htm. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
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