Duke of Westminster

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Dukedom of Westminster
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Westminster.svg
BlazonArms of Westminster-Grosvenor: Quarterly, first and fourth Azure a portcullis Or on a Chief of the last a pallet Azure thereon a Cross flory between five martlets Or between two Roses Argent upon Gules; second and third Azure, a garb or[1]
Creation date27 February 1874
Created byVictoria of the United Kingdom
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderHugh Grosvenor,
3rd Marquess of Westminster
Present holderGerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke
Heir apparentHugh Grosvenor,
Earl Grosvenor
Remainder toheirs male of the body of the grantee
Subsidiary titlesMarquess of Westminster
Earl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor of Eaton
Baronet of Eaton
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Dukedom of Westminster
Coat of Arms of the Duke of Westminster.svg
BlazonArms of Westminster-Grosvenor: Quarterly, first and fourth Azure a portcullis Or on a Chief of the last a pallet Azure thereon a Cross flory between five martlets Or between two Roses Argent upon Gules; second and third Azure, a garb or[1]
Creation date27 February 1874
Created byVictoria of the United Kingdom
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderHugh Grosvenor,
3rd Marquess of Westminster
Present holderGerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke
Heir apparentHugh Grosvenor,
Earl Grosvenor
Remainder toheirs male of the body of the grantee
Subsidiary titlesMarquess of Westminster
Earl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor of Eaton
Baronet of Eaton
Baronet of Eaton
Creation date1622
Created byJames VI and I
PeeragePeerage of England
First holderSir Richard Grosvenor, 1st Baronet
Present holderGerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster, 15th Baronet
Heir apparentHugh Grosvenor,
Earl Grosvenor
Remainder toheirs male of the body of the grantee

The title Duke of Westminster was created by Queen Victoria in 1874 and bestowed upon Hugh Grosvenor, 3rd Marquess of Westminster. The current holder of the title is Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster. Earl Grosvenor, the eldest son of the Duke, is godfather to Prince George of Cambridge.[2]

The Duke of Westminster's seat is at Eaton Hall, Cheshire. The traditional burial place of the Dukes is St Mary's Church, Eccleston.

History of the Grosvenor family[edit]

Richard Grosvenor was created Baronet of Eaton in January 1622.[3] Sir Richard Grosvenor, the 7th Baronet, was created Baron Grosvenor in 1761 and in 1784 became both Viscount Belgrave and Earl Grosvenor under George III. The title Marquess of Westminster was bestowed upon Robert Grosvenor the 2nd Earl Grosvenor at the coronation of William IV in 1831.

The subsidiary titles are: Marquess of Westminster (created 1831), Earl Grosvenor (1784), Viscount Belgrave, of Belgrave in the County of Chester (1784), and Baron Grosvenor, of Eaton in the County of Chester (1761). The Dukedom and Marquessate are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom; the rest are in the Peerage of Great Britain. The courtesy title of the eldest son and heir to the Duke is Earl Grosvenor.

Grosvenor Baronets, of Eaton (1622)[edit]

Barons Grosvenor (1761)[edit]

Created by George III of Great Britain
#NamePeriodSpouseNotesOther titles
1Richard Grosvenor
(1731–1802)
1761–1802Henrietta VernonLater created Earl Grosvenor

Earls Grosvenor (1784)[edit]

Created by George III of Great Britain
#NamePeriodSpouseNotesOther titles
1Richard Grosvenor
(1731–1802)
1784–1802Henrietta VernonPreviously styled as Baron GrosvenorBaron Grosvenor
2Robert Grosvenor
(1767–1845)
1802–45Lady Eleanor EgertonSon of the preceding, later created Marquess of Westminster

Marquesses of Westminster (1831)[edit]

Created by William IV of the United Kingdom
#NamePeriodSpouseNotesOther titles
1Robert Grosvenor
(1767–1845)
1831–45Lady Eleanor EgertonPreviously styled as Earl GrosvenorEarl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor
2Richard Grosvenor
(1795–1869)
1845–69Lady Elizabeth Leveson-GowerSon of the preceding
3Hugh Grosvenor
(1825–1899)
1869–99Lady Constance Sutherland-Leveson-GowerSon of the preceding, later created Duke of Westminster

Dukes of Westminster (1874)[edit]

Created by Victoria of the United Kingdom
#NamePeriodSpouseNotesOther titles
1Hugh Grosvenor
(1825–1899)
1874–99Lady Constance Sutherland-Leveson-Gower
Katherine Cavendish
Previously styled as Marquess of WestminsterMarquess of Westminster
Earl Grosvenor
Viscount Belgrave
Baron Grosvenor
2Hugh Grosvenor
(1879–1953)
1899–1953Constance Cornwallis-West
Violet Nelson
Loelia Ponsonby
Anne Sullivan
Grandson of the preceding
3William Grosvenor
(1894–1963)
1953–63unmarriedCousin of the preceding
4Gerald Grosvenor
(1907–1967)
1963–67Sally PerryCousin of the preceding
5Robert Grosvenor
(1910–1979)
1967–79Hon Viola LytteltonBrother of the preceding
6Gerald Grosvenor
(b. 1951)
since 1979Natalia PhillipsSon of the preceding

The heir apparent is the present holder's only son, Hugh Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor (b. 29 January 1991). Lord Grosvenor is currently the only person in the line of succession to the dukedom of Westminster. The next in line to the marquessate and the other titles is Francis Grosvenor, 8th Earl of Wilton, who is heir male of Robert Grosvenor, 1st Baron Ebury, himself third and youngest son of the 1st Marquess.

Family tree[edit]

Hugh Grosvenor,
1st Duke of Westminster

1825–1899
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Victor Grosvenor,
Earl Grosvenor

1853–1884
 
Lord Henry Grosvenor
1861–1914
 
Lord Hugh Grosvenor
1884–1914
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hugh Grosvenor,
2nd Duke of Westminster

1879–1953
 
William Grosvenor,
3rd Duke of Westminster

1894–1963
 
Gerald Grosvenor,
4th Duke of Westminster

1907–1967
 
Robert Grosvenor,
5th Duke of Westminster

1910–1979
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gerald Grosvenor,
6th Duke of Westminster

b. 1951
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hugh Grosvenor,
Earl Grosvenor
b. 1991

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duke of Westminster nominations, CVQO. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  2. ^ "Prince George's godparents announced". BBC News. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  3. ^ George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage Volume 1 1900

External links[edit]