Dubois County, Indiana

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Dubois County, Indiana
Jasper indiana square.jpg
The Dubois County courthouse in Jasper, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Dubois County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 20, 1818
Named forToussaint Dubois
SeatJasper
Largest cityJasper
Area
 • Total435.33 sq mi (1,127 km2)
 • Land427.27 sq mi (1,107 km2)
 • Water8.06 sq mi (21 km2), 1.85%
Population
 • (2010)41,889
 • Density97/sq mi (37.61/km²)
Congressional district8th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 19
 
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Dubois County, Indiana
Jasper indiana square.jpg
The Dubois County courthouse in Jasper, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Dubois County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 20, 1818
Named forToussaint Dubois
SeatJasper
Largest cityJasper
Area
 • Total435.33 sq mi (1,127 km2)
 • Land427.27 sq mi (1,107 km2)
 • Water8.06 sq mi (21 km2), 1.85%
Population
 • (2010)41,889
 • Density97/sq mi (37.61/km²)
Congressional district8th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 19

Dubois County (/dˈbɔɪz/ doo-BOYZ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 41,889.[1] The county seat is Jasper.[2]

Dubois County is part of the Jasper Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Dubois County was formed on December 20, 1818, from Orange, Pike and Perry counties. It is named for Toussaint Dubois,[3] a Frenchman who fought in the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812. DuBois was a merchant who lived mainly in Vincennes. He drowned in 1816 while crossing the Little Wabash River near Lawrenceville, Illinois.[4]

In 1818, as many as half of the residents of the county died of milk sickness.[5] There is one view that the mother of Abraham Lincoln, Nancy Hanks died of this disease at that time.[6] It was caused by settlers drinking the milk or eating the meat of cows that had eaten the white snakeroot. The plant contains the potent toxin temetrol, which is passed through the milk.[7] The migrants from the East were unfamiliar with the Midwestern plant and its effects.[8]

Dubois County switched to the Central Time Zone on April 2, 2006, and returned to the Eastern Time Zone on November 4, 2007; both changes were controversial.[9][10]

The original county seat was Portersville. In 1830 the county seat was moved south to Jasper.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 435.33 square miles (1,127.5 km2), of which 427.27 square miles (1,106.6 km2) (or 98.15%) is land and 8.06 square miles (20.9 km2) (or 1.85%) is water.[11]

Cities and towns[edit]

[clarification needed]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Jasper, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
3
 
38
20
 
 
2.8
 
44
24
 
 
4.1
 
54
33
 
 
4.7
 
65
43
 
 
5.3
 
74
52
 
 
4.7
 
82
61
 
 
4.4
 
86
66
 
 
4.1
 
85
63
 
 
3.6
 
79
56
 
 
3.2
 
67
44
 
 
4.3
 
55
35
 
 
3.5
 
43
25
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[12]

In recent years, average temperatures in Jasper have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.81 inches (71 mm) in February to 5.29 inches (134 mm) in May.[12]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[13][14]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[13][14]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[14]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[14]

Dubois County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Todd Young. It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 47 and 48,[15] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 63, 73 and 74.[16]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18201,168
18301,77852.2%
18403,632104.3%
18506,32174.0%
186010,39464.4%
187012,59721.2%
188015,99227.0%
189020,25326.6%
190020,3570.5%
191019,843−2.5%
192019,9150.4%
193020,5533.2%
194022,5799.9%
195023,7855.3%
196027,46315.5%
197030,93412.6%
198034,23810.7%
199036,6166.9%
200039,6748.4%
201041,8895.6%
Est. 201342,3611.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
1790-1960[18] 1900-1990[19]
1990-2000[20] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[21] of 2000, there were 39,674 people, 14,813 households, and 10,739 families residing in the county. The population density was 92 people per square mile (36/km²). There were 15,511 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.54% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.51% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 2.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 64.7% were of German and 15.8% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 14,813 households out of which 37.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.80% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

Economy[edit]

Personal income[edit]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,169, and the median income for a family was $50,342. Males had a median income of $32,484 versus $23,526 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,225. About 2.90% of families and 6.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.30% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism[edit]

Patoka Lake is located along the county's eastern borders with both Crawford and Orange Counties. Several annual national tournaments are held there.[citation needed]

The Hoosier National Forest is located in the county. Part of it is protected.

Education[edit]

Public education in Dubois County is administered through four school corporations:

High Schools

Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dubois County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 109. 
  4. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 556. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ "Abraham Lincoln Research Site", Roger J. Norton Website, accessed 1 July 2011
  7. ^ "Abraham Lincoln Biography". Biography.com. Retrieved 28 April 2010. 
  8. ^ Walter J. Daly, "'The Slows', The Torment of Milk Sickness on the Midwest Frontier", Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. 102, No. 1, March 2006
  9. ^ http://www.indystar.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070921/LOCAL/709210491/-1/LOCAL17
  10. ^ DOT Moves Five Indiana Counties from Central to Eastern Time
  11. ^ "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-10-10. 
  12. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Jasper, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  13. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  14. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  15. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  16. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  17. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  21. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°22′N 86°53′W / 38.36°N 86.88°W / 38.36; -86.88