Drug cartel

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A drug cartel is a criminal organization developed with the primary purpose of promoting and controlling drug trafficking operations. They range from loosely managed agreements among various drug traffickers to formalized commercial enterprises. The term was applied when the largest trafficking organizations reached an agreement to coordinate the production and distribution of cocaine. Since that agreement was broken up, drug cartels are no longer actually cartels, but the term stuck and it is now popularly used to refer to any criminal narcotics related organization, such as those in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, South Korea, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Japan, Italy, United States, Colombia, Russia, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Below is the basic structure of the drug cartels in Mexico:

It is worth noting that there are other operating groups within the drug cartels. For example, the drug producers and suppliers,[6] although not considered in the basic structure, are critical operators of any drug cartel, along with the financers and money launderers.[7][8][9] In addition, the arms suppliers operate in a completely different circle,[10] and are technically not considered part of the cartel’s logistics.

United States[edit]

Map of violent crime per 100,000 people in the USA by state in 2004.

The United States of America is the world's largest consumer of illegal drugs.[citation needed] This is a list of American criminal organizations involved in illegal drug traffic, drug trade and other related crimes in the United States:

Other American organizations involved (or that have been involved) in drug trade or traffic. It is worth mentioning, however, that this does not necessarily imply for the whole institutions mentioned below, just a selected few within it:

Mexico[edit]

The Mérida Initiative, a U.S. Counter-Narcotics Assistance to Mexico

Mexican cartels (also known in Mexico as: La Mafia (the mafia or the mob), La Maña (the bad manners),[22] Narcotraficantes (Narco-Traffickers), or simply as Narcos) is a generic term that usually refers to several, usually rival, criminal organizations involved in the Mexican Drug War:[23]

Several other are lesser-known small-criminal organizations:

Other organizations involved (or have been involved) in the drug trade in Mexico. It is worth mentioning, however, that this does not necessarily imply for the whole institutions mentioned below, just a selected few within it:

[43] [44]

Colombia[edit]

Colombia, with a strong anti-narcotic strategy, has fought against groups responsible for the production of cocaine, achieving a great decrease in cocaine production. Thanks to this, White House drug czar R. Gil Kerlikowske announced that Colombia is no longer the world's biggest producer of cocaine. The production of cocaine continues to decline in this country.[54]

Colombian Cartels is a generic term that usually refers to various criminal organizations involved in Illegal drug trade in Colombia:

Other organizations in Colombia involved in drug trafficking include:

Historical actors in the drug trade were:

Italy[edit]

Russia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Other parts of the world[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]