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|Duke of Braganza (more...)|
|The Duke of Braganza in 2011|
|Tenure||24 December 1976 – present|
|Heir apparent||Afonso, Prince of Beira|
|Spouse||Isabel Curvelo de Herédia|
|Afonso, Prince of Beira|
Infanta Maria Francisca
Infante Dinis, Duke of Porto
|Duarte Pio João Miguel Gabriel Rafael|
|House||House of Braganza|
|Father||Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza|
|Mother||Francisca of Orléans-Braganza|
|Born|| 15 May 1945 |
D. Duarte Pio, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [duˈaɾtɨ]; born 15 May 1945), is the pretender to the former Portuguese throne and the head of the House of Braganza. The Miguelist Braganzas, of whom Duarte Pio is a part of as great-grandson of King Miguel I, were originally just a cadet branch of the House of Braganza. With the extinction of the Legitimist Braganzas, the descendants of Queen Maria II, in 1932, the Miguelist Braganzas became the only Bragantine branch left, as the Brazilian Braganzas, junior descendants of King Pedro IV, had gone extinct in 1921, and thus the closest heirs to the Portuguese throne.
The Duke often represents Portugal in cultural matters outside of the country, and has been received by foreign heads of state. Duarte Pio is also a figure within the European network of royal houses, often being invited to various foreign royal events. Despite his support for a monarchical government and widespread recognition as heir to the throne, there are no serious movements or parties that support restoration of the monarchy.
Duarte Pio João Miguel Gabriel Rafael was born on 15 May 1945, in Bern, Switzerland, as the eldest son of D. Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, the Miguelist Braganza grandson of King Miguel I and his wife, Francisca of Orléans-Braganza, the Brazilian Braganza great-granddaughter of King Pedro IV (Emperor Pedro I of Brazil). Through his father, he is a member of the Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza and has been referred to using the honorific "Dom" (Lord) from birth. D. Duarte's godparents were Pope Pius XII and Queen Amélie, the mother of King Manuel II, the last monarch of Portugal.
The Duke and his household state that his birthplace, in Bern, was in the Portuguese Embassy, because his parents wanted to be born on Portuguese soil, so that there were no questions in his legitimacy of succession. In 2006, the Portuguese Civil Registry Conservatory stated that it had no records nor reports stating that Duarte Pio was born in the Portuguese Embassy or on any Portuguese extraterritory in Switzerland, stating that the Duke's submission on his birth was fraudulent.
At the time of his birth, Duarte Pio and the rest of the Miguelist Braganzas were banned from entering Portugal, by the laws of exile of 19 December 1834. On 27 May 1950, the Portuguese National Assembly revoked both the laws of exile from 19 December 1834, which banned the Miguelist Braganzas, and the laws of exile from 15 October 1910, which banned the Legitimist Braganzas. In 1951, Dom Duarte visited Portugal for the first time, accompanied by his aunt, Infanta Filipa. In 1952, he moved to Portugal permanently with his parents and brothers.
From 1957 to 1959, Dom Duarte was enrolled in the Colégio Nun'Álvres in Santo Tirso. In 1960, he entered the Colégio Militar in Lisbon. He attended the Instituto Superior de Agronomia (now part of the Technical University of Lisbon) and later the Graduate Institute of Development Studies of the University of Geneva.
From 1968 to 1971, Dom Duarte fulfilled his military service as a helicopter pilot in the Portuguese Air Force in Portuguese Angola at the time of the Portuguese Colonial War. In 1972, he participated with a multi-ethnic Angolan group in the organization of an independent list of candidates to the National Assembly. This resulted in his expulsion from Angola by order of the Prime Minister Marcelo Caetano.
Duarte Pio claims the throne as being the most senior male Braganza and closest male relative to the last monarch, King Manuel II. A small number of Portuguese monarchists do not recognise Duarte as pretender to the throne or as Duke of Braganza. The dispute dates back to 1828 when Duarte Pio's great-grandfather usurped the throne as King Miguel I. Miguel I was eventually exiled by his niece, Queen Maria II. According to the law of banishment (Lei do Banimento) of 1834 and the Constitution of 1838, Miguel I and all his descendants were forever excluded from the succession to the throne. However, in 1842 the Constitutional Charter of 1826 was reinstated, and this constitution (which was in place until 1910 when the monarchy was overthrown) had no bar to the succession by members of family of King Miguel I's family.
In 1912 and 1922, Duarte Pio's grandfather, Miguel, Duke of Braganza, reconciled with King Manuel II, but this reconciliation was not accepted by all of their adherents. There are several monarchist organizations in Portugal which maintain that only the Cortes or the National Assembly could legally determine the rightful claimant if ever Portugal decided to restore the monarchy. One monarchist group in Portugal that did support Miguel, Duke of Braganza, instead of the deposed King Manuel II was the Integralismo Lusitano.
In May 2006, the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement where it referred to Duarte Pio as Duke of Braganza. On 5 July 2006, in response to this statement, Nuno da Câmara Pereira, member of the Portuguese parliament and then leader of the People's Monarchist Party, addressed the President of the Assembly of the Republic, asking for a clarification as to the official recognition of Duarte Pio as pretender to the throne and as Duke of Braganza. In its official response on 11 July 2006, the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs restated the fact that the Portuguese constitution guarantees the republican regime.
The Duke often interacts with both national and international political and cultural institutions, by which he represents the Portuguese people and their culture. Though not a head of state or official representative of the Portuguese state, Duarte Pio has been received with such honours by various foreign heads of state, government, and organizations.
Dom Duarte was a major campaigner for the independence of Timor-Leste, a former Portuguese colony which was forcibly annexed by Indonesia in 1975. Before the issue's global popularity from the 1990s onward, the Duke contributed with several national and international campaigns for the political self-determination of the territory, including Timor 87 Vamos Ajudar and Lusitânia Expresso. In 1997, Dom Duarte also suggested a referendum on the independence of East Timor to the Indonesian Vice-President Jusuf Habibie. After Habibie became president of Indonesia in 1999, a referendum was held that resulted in the independence of the country. In December 2010, Timor-Leste President José Ramos-Horta expressed his interest in making Duarte Pio a Timorese citizen, by which the Duke accepted, because of the "profound and spiritual relations of the Timorese people with Portugal", continuing by saying that the symbols of the House of Braganza have a "great significance" in Timor-Leste. In February 2012, with final approval and support of Timor-Leste parliament, President Ramos-Horta conferred Timorese citizenship unto Duarte Pio, along with the Order of Merit. President Ramos-Horta stated that these honours were given because of Duarte Pio's "dedication of a large part of his life to defending justice and liberty for the Timorese people".
In his capacity as the President of the King Manuel II Foundation, Duarte Pio is often involved with the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, intergovernmental organization for economic, political, and cultural friendship between Portugal and many of its former colonies. In 2009, the Duke petitioned for the King Manuel II Foundation to become an consultative observer within the CPLP, but with no success. In 2012, Duarte Pio petitioned, with Maria Hermínia Cabral, Director of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, for their respective organizations to become CPLP consultative observers, to which both succeeded in their endeavor. In November 2012, for a meeting of the consultative observers of the CPLP the Duke visited Mindelo, Cabo Verde. While there, the Duke visited various locations within Cabo Verde, and was received by President Jorge Carlos Fonseca. During the visit, Duarte Pio decorated President Fonseca with the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa.
Duarte Pio often visits various municipalities around the country, in an official charge, for economic and political events. On 14 November 2007, the Duke visited the Santiago do Cacém Municipality and was received with honours by the President of the Municipality, in the Palace of the Concelho. On 11 October 2011, Duarte Pio visited the freguesia of São Pedro de Oliveira, in Braga, and was received with honours by the President of the Freguesia Augusto de Carvalho. On 28 March 2012, the Duke and his son, Afonso, Prince of Beira, were guests of honour at the XII Exposition of Folar and Products of the Earth, an exposition staged for the purpose of economic promotion of products from the Valpaços Municipality.
Duarte Pio often travels and visits various places, in an official charge, for matters concerning cultural affairs, both in Portugal and overseas. From 24 until 25 May 2009, the Duke visited Terceira Island, in the Azores Autonomous Region, as a guest of honour of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia, for the presentation of Mendo Castro Henriques's book, Dom Duarte e a Democracia – Uma Biografia Portuguesa. While in Terceira, Duarte Pio was received with honours by the President of the Municipality of Praia da Vitória and attended and visited various cultural and religious institutions and events, including a dinner at the Santa Casa da Misericórdia and assisting in a Portuguese bullfight.
On 12 September 2011, the Duke, as President of the Henry the Navigator Award, a partner award of the Duke of Edinburgh's Award, visited Funchal, in the Madeira Autonomous Region, for an official visit. While there, the Duke was received with honours by Miguel Albuquerque, President of the Municipality of Funchal, visited the Municipal Gardens of Funchal and held a ceremony for the presentation of the Henry the Navigator Award. On 30 September 2011, Duarte Pio visited Vila Franca de Xira, as a guest of honour for the Royal Tourada, and visited various cultural institutions of the municipality, including the Museum of Neo-Realism and the Celeiro da Patriarcal. On 8 January 2012, the Duke visited the Vila Verde Municipality, as a special guest of the Association for Regional Development of Minho, where he attended an exhibition on regional culture and products and was presented an traditional Lenço de Namorados, made in 1912.
Every year, on 1 December, Restoration Day, the Duke gives his annual speech in honour of the Portuguese Restoration at the dinner of the Forty Conspirators. It was on 1 December 1640 that João II, Duke of Braganza, an ancestor of Duarte Pio, deposed the House of Habsburg, installed the House of Braganza as the reigning house of Portugal, and restored sovereign rule to the Portugal. In his speeches, the Duke reflects on the historical significance of the date, events of the previous year, and the road ahead for both Portugal in general and the monarchist cause. In 2012, Restoration Day ceased to be an official holiday of the Portuguese state, prompting Duarte Pio to speak out against the action, stating that extinction of the official holiday "devalues the day which should unite the Portuguese".
On 13 May 1995, Dom Duarte Pio married Isabel Inês de Castro Curvelo de Herédia, a Portuguese businesswoman and descendant of nobility. This was the first marriage of a member of the Portuguese royal family to take place in Portugal since the marriage of King Carlos I in 1886. The ceremony was celebrated in the Monastery of Jerónimos in Lisbon and presided over by Cardinal António Ribeiro, Patriarch of Lisbon. It was attended by the principal Portuguese political figures, including the President of the Republic Mário Soares, the President of the Assembly of the Republic, and the Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva. Representatives of most of the European royal houses were also present.
|Royal styles of|
Duarte Pio of Braganza
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Duarte Pio's styling as Duke of Braganza:
By the Grace of God, Duarte Pio, 24th Duke of Braganza, 8th Prince Royal of Portugal, 22nd Duke of Guimarães, 24th Marquis of Vila Viçosa, 29th Count of Ourém, 26th Count of Arraiolos, 26th Count of Neiva, 26th Count of Faria, 22nd Count of Guimarães, Grand Master of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa, and Sovereign of the Order of Saint Isabel
As Head of the House of Braganza, Duarte Pio holds the following positions:
Duarte Pio has also been decorated with a number of other honours:
|Relation of Duarte Pio to King Manuel II|
|Ancestors of Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza|
|By Isabel Inês de Castro Curvelo de Herédia (22 November 1966 – present; married 13 May 1995)|
|Afonso, Prince of Beira||25 March 1996||16th Prince of Beira, 18th Duke of Barcelos; 1st in line of succession|
|Infanta Maria Francisca||3 March 1997||Infanta of Portugal; 3rd in line of succession|
|Infante Dinis, Duke of Porto||25 November 1999||4th Duke of Porto, Infante of Portugal; 2nd in line of succession|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza|
Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 15 May 1945
|Prince Royal of Portugal|
Duke of Braganza
24 December 1976 – present
Afonso de Santa Maria
Prince of Beira
Title last held byLuís Filipe
|Prince of Beira|
Duke of Barcelos
15 May 1945 — 24 December 1976
Afonso de Santa Maria
|Titles in pretence|
|— TITULAR —|
King of Portugal and the Algarves
24 December 1976 – present
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1910
Afonso de Santa Maria
Prince of Beira