Dolomites

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Dolomites
Italian: Dolomiti
German: Dolomiten
Dolomites cablecar view 2009.JPG
View from Pordoi
Highest point
PeakMarmolada
Elevation3,343 m (10,968 ft)
Coordinates46°26′N 11°51′E / 46.433°N 11.850°E / 46.433; 11.850Coordinates: 46°26′N 11°51′E / 46.433°N 11.850°E / 46.433; 11.850
Geography
Dolomites is located in Alps
Location of the Dolomites in the Alps
CountryItaly
ProvinceBelluno, South Tyrol and Trentino
Geology
OrogenyAlpine orogeny
PeriodMostly Triassic
Type of rockSedimentary rocks,
including dolomite, and volcanics
 
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Dolomites
Italian: Dolomiti
German: Dolomiten
Dolomites cablecar view 2009.JPG
View from Pordoi
Highest point
PeakMarmolada
Elevation3,343 m (10,968 ft)
Coordinates46°26′N 11°51′E / 46.433°N 11.850°E / 46.433; 11.850Coordinates: 46°26′N 11°51′E / 46.433°N 11.850°E / 46.433; 11.850
Geography
Dolomites is located in Alps
Location of the Dolomites in the Alps
CountryItaly
ProvinceBelluno, South Tyrol and Trentino
Geology
OrogenyAlpine orogeny
PeriodMostly Triassic
Type of rockSedimentary rocks,
including dolomite, and volcanics
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Dolomites
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Criteriavii, viii
Reference1237
UNESCO regionEurope
Inscription history
Inscription2009 (33rd Session)
Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi
IUCN category II (national park)
Dolomites.jpg
View of the Dolomites
LocationVeneto
Nearest cityVenice
Area315.12 km2 (121.67 sq mi)
Established1990
Governing bodyMinistero dell'Ambiente
Official website

The Dolomites (Italian: Dolomiti; Ladin: Dolomites; German: Dolomiten; Venetian: Dołomiti: Friulian: Dolomitis) are a mountain range located in northeastern Italy. They form a part of Southern Limestone Alps and extend from the River Adige in the west to the Piave Valley (Pieve di Cadore) in the east. The northern and southern borders are defined by the Puster Valley and the Sugana Valley (Val Sugana). The Dolomites are nearly equally shared between the provinces of Belluno, South Tyrol and Trentino.

There are also mountain groups of similar geological structure that spread over the River Piave to the east – Dolomiti d'Oltrepiave; and far away over the Adige River to the west – Dolomiti di Brenta (Western Dolomites). There is also another smaller group called Piccole Dolomiti (Little Dolomites) located between the provinces of Trentino, Verona and Vicenza (see the map).

One national park and many other regional parks are located in the Dolomites. In August 2009, the Dolomites were declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Etymology[edit]

The name "Dolomites" is derived from the famous French mineralogist Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu who was the first to describe the rock, dolomite, a type of carbonate rock which is responsible for the characteristic shapes and colour of these mountains; previously they were called the "pale mountains," and it was only in the early 19th century that the name was Gallicized.

History[edit]

During the First World War, the line between the Italian and Austro-Hungarian forces ran through the Dolomites. There are now open-air war museums at Cinque Torri (Five Towers) and Mount Lagazuoi. Many people visit the Dolomites to climb the vie ferrate, protected paths created during the First World War. A number of long distance footpaths run across the Dolomites, which are called "alte vie" (i.e., high paths). Such long trails, which are numbered from 1 to 8, require at least a week to be walked through and are served by numerous "Rifugi" (huts). The first and, perhaps, most renowned is the Alta Via 1.

Geography[edit]

The region is commonly divided into the Western and Eastern Dolomites, separated by a line following the Val Badia – Campolongo Pass – Cordevole Valley (Agordino) axis.

Current classification[edit]

Based on current classifications, the Dolomites may be divided into the following ranges:

Tourism[edit]

A tourist mecca, the Dolomites are famous for skiing in the winter months and mountain climbing, hiking, climbing and Base Jumping, as well as paragliding and hang gliding in summer and late spring/early autumn.[citation needed] Free climbing has been a tradition in the Dolomites since 1887, when 17-year-old Georg Winkler soloed the first ascent of the pinnacle Die Vajolettürme.[1] The main centres include: Rocca Pietore alongside the Marmolada Glacier, which lies on the border of Trentino and Veneto, the small towns of Alleghe, Falcade, Auronzo, Cortina d'Ampezzo and the villages of Arabba, Urtijëi and San Martino di Castrozza, as well as the whole of the Fassa, Gardena and Badia valleys.

The Maratona dles Dolomites, an annual single-day road bicycle racing race covering seven mountain passes of the Dolomites, occurs in the first week of July.

Other characteristic places are:

Major peaks[edit]

Tofana Group
Winter view of the Sella Group
NamemetresfeetNamemetresfeet
Marmolada3,34310,968Pala di San Martino2,9829,831
Antelao3,26410,706Rosengartenspitze / Catinaccio2,9819,781
Tofana di Mezzo3,24110,633Marmarole2,9619,715
Punta Sorapis3,22910,594Cima di Fradusta2,9419,649
Monte Civetta3,22010,564Monte Agner2,8729,416
Vernel3,14510,319Fermedaturm2,8679,407
Cristallo3,22110,568Cima d'Asta2,8489,344
Cima di Vezzana3,19210,470Cima di Canali2,8469,338
Cimon della Pala3,18410,453Croda Grande2,8399,315
Langkofel / Sassolungo3,18110,427Vajoletturm / Torri del Vajolet (highest)2,8219,256
Pelmo3,16910,397Sass Maor2,8169,239
Dreischusterspitze3,16210,375Cima di Ball2,7839,131
Boespitze / Piz Boè (Sella group)3,15210,342Cima della Madonna (Sass Maor)2,7519,026
Croda Rossa (Hohe Gaisl)3,14810,329Rosetta2,7418,993
Piz Popena3,14310,312Croda da Lago2,7168,911
Grohmannspitze (Langkofel)3,12610,256Central Grasleitenspitze2,7058,875
Zwölferkofel3,09410,151Schlern2,5628,406
Elferkofel3,09210,144Sasso di Mur2,5548,380
Sass Rigais (Geislerspitzen)3,0259,925Cima delle Dodici2,3387,671
Kesselkogel (Rosengarten)3,0049,856Monte Pavione2,3367,664
Tre Cime di Lavaredo (Drei Zinnen)2,9999,839Cima di Posta2,2357,333
Fünffingerspitze2,9979,833Monte Pasubio2,2327,323

Major passes[edit]

Namemetresfeet
Ombretta Pass (Campitello to Caprile), foot path2,7388,983
Langkofeljoch (Gröden Valley to Campitello), foot path2,6838,803
Tschagerjoch (Karersee to the Vajolet Glen), foot path2,6448,675
Grasleiten Pass (Vajolet Glen to the Grasleiten Glen), foot path2,5978,521
Pravitale Pass (Rosetta Plateau to the Pravitale Glen), foot path2,5808,465
Comelle Pass (same to Cencenighe), foot path2,5798,462
Rosetta Pass (San Martino di Castrozza to the great limestone Rosetta plateau), foot path2,5738,442
Vajolet Pass (Tiers to the Vajolet Glen), foot path2,5498,363
Canali Pass (Primiero to Agordo), foot path2,4978,193
Tierseralpljoch (Campitello to Tiers), foot path2,4558,055
Ball Pass (San Martino di Castrozza to the Pravitale Glen), foot path2,4508,038
Forcella di Giralba (Sexten to Auronzo), foot path2,4367,992
Col dei Bos (Falzarego Glen to the Travernanzes Glen), foot path2,3137,589
Forcella Grande (San Vito to Auronzo), foot path2,2627,422
Pordoi Pass (Arabba to Val di Fassa), road2,2507,382
Sella Pass (Gröden Valley to Val di Fassa), road2,2447,362
Giau Pass (Cortina to Val Fiorentina), road2,2367,336
Tre Sassi Pass (Cortina to St Cassian), foot path2,1997,215
Valparola Pass (Cortina to St Cassian), road2,1687,113
Mahlknechtjoch (Upper Duron Glen to the Seiser Alp), foot path2,1687,113
Gardena Pass (Gröden Valley to Colfuschg), road2,1216,959
Falzarego Pass (Caprile to Cortina), road2,1176,946
Fedaja Pass (Val di Fassa to Caprile), bridle path2,0466,713
Valles Pass (Paneveggio to Falcade), road2,0326,667
Würzjoch (Eisacktal to Val Badia), road2,0036,572
Rolle Pass (Predazzo to San Martino di Castrozza and Primiero), road1,9846,509
Forcella Forada (Caprile to San Vito), bridle path1,9756,480
San Pellegrino Pass (Moena to Cencenighe), road1,9106,267
Campolongo Pass (Corvara to Arabba), road1,8756,152
Forcella d'Alleghe (Alleghe to the Zoldo Glen), foot path1,8205,971
Tre Croci Pass (Cortina to Auronzo), road1,8085,932
Furkel Pass (Mareo to Olang), road1,7595,771
Karerpass or Costalunga Pass (Welschnofen to Vigo di Fassa), road1,7535,751
Kreuzbergpass or Monte Croce Pass (Innichen and Sexten to the Piave Valley and Belluno), road1,6385,374
Ampezzo Pass (Toblach to Cortina and Belluno), path1,5445,066
Cereda Pass (Primiero to Agordo), road1,3724,501
Toblach Pass (Bruneck to Lienz), railway1,2093,967

Major parks[edit]

  • Dolomiti Bellunesi National Park 77,865 acres (315.11 km2)
  • Parco naturale regionale delle Dolomiti d'Ampezzo 27,675 acres (112.00 km2)
  • Naturpark Fanes-Sennes-Prags 25,680 ha (257 km2)
  • Naturpark Puez-Geisler 10,196 ha (102 km2)
  • Parco naturale provinciale dell' Adamello-Brenta 153,320 acres (620.5 km2)
360° panoramic view from Marmolada, highest peak in the Dolomites

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huber, Alex. "The Perfect Perfume". Rock and Ice Magazine. 

Bibliography[edit]

Maps[edit]