Dogo Argentino

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Dogo Argentino
Other namesArgentine Dogo
Argentine Mastiff
NicknamesDogo
Country of originArgentina
Traits
Weight90–120 lb (41–54 kg)
HeightMale25–29 in (64–74 cm)
Female24–27 in (61–69 cm)
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)
 
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Dogo Argentino
Other namesArgentine Dogo
Argentine Mastiff
NicknamesDogo
Country of originArgentina
Traits
Weight90–120 lb (41–54 kg)
HeightMale25–29 in (64–74 cm)
Female24–27 in (61–69 cm)
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Dogo Argentino (also known as the Argentine Mastiff) is a large, white, muscular dog that was developed in Argentina primarily for the purpose of big-game hunting, including wild boar and puma; the breeder, Antonio Nores Martínez, also wanted a dog that would exhibit steadfast bravery and willingly protect its human companion to the death. It was first bred in 1928, from the Cordoba Fighting Dog along with a wide array of other breeds including, but not limited to, the Great Dane.

Contents

Appearance

The Dogo Argentino is a large white short-coated dog with very muscular and strong body that rarely has any markings (any type of marking or spot on the coat is considered a flaw.[1]

Height: From 60cm to 65cm (females) or 60cm to 68cm (males), measured at the withers. Weight: From 42 to 45 kg. The length of the body is just slightly longer than the height, but female dogs may be somewhat longer in body than male dogs. The length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) is approximately equal to one-half of the dog's height at the withers. The head has a broad, slightly domed skull and the muzzle is slightly higher at the nose than the stop, when viewed in profile. The tail is set low, thick at the base and tapers to a point. It has been described as looking similar to the American Bulldog but very tall with a solid white coat. The breed has also been described as looking similar to the American Pit Bull Terrier, even though the American Pit Bull Terrier is far smaller (30 to 60 pounds).[2]

Health

As in the Dalmatian, white Boxer, and the white Bull Terrier, the dogo may experience pigment-related deafness. There is possibility of an approximate 10% deafness rate overall with some dogos afflicted unilaterally (one deaf ear) and some bilaterally (deaf in both ears). Studies have shown that the incidence of deafness is drastically reduced when the only breeding stock used is that with bilaterally normal hearing.[3][4][5] Hip dysplasia is also a common health concern.

Temperament

A Dogo Argentino with uncropped ears.
Kumelen - female Dogo Argentino

Dogos are big-game hunters and are sometimes trained for search and rescue, police assistance, service dogs, and military work.[1]

As with all breeds the Dogo Argentino can be good with children if properly socialized at early age.

Dogo Argentinos have been bred specifically to allow better socialization with other dogs and are well suited for group environments. They get along with other pets in most rural and urban settings ranging from a complete outdoor farm dog to urban housing with a small yard, to crowded apartment buildings. Because aggressive traits are purposely bred out, attacks on humans or other pets are extremely rare. The Dogo has a life expectancy of nine to twenty years.

Hunting and legality

While the Dogo Argentino was bred primarily from the extinct Cordoba Fighting Dog, it was bred to be a cooperative hunter; to accompany other catch dogs and bay dogs on the hunt without fighting with the other dogs. Aggressive traits inherent in the Cordoban Dog were specifically bred out; to enable a stable cooperative nature in a pack. However, in areas where dog fighting continues, Dogos Argentinos have rarely been used for fighting although they have aggressive nature. This is because aggressive nature is not considered a good thing in fighting dogs[clarification needed]

In the United Kingdom, it is illegal to own a Dogo Argentino without lawful authority, under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991,[6] and dogs of the breed may be seized by the police.[7] The maximum penalty for illegal possession of a Dogo Argentino is a fine of £5,000 and/or up to six months' imprisonment.[6] Breed-specific legislation varies in the United States, with bans on the breed enacted in Aurora, Colorado and New York City public housing.[8][9] The Australian government has banned the importation of this dog.[10] The dog is also illegal in New Zealand,[11] Norway,[12] Denmark,[13] Iceland,|accessdate=2009-11-16}}</ref> Singapore,[14] and Ukraineand Israe.[15] The ban in the UK has received criticism with a spokesperson from the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals stating that the law must "focus back on the real problem ... the owner".[16]

History

In the 1928, Antonio Nores Martinez. a medical doctor, professor and surgeon, set out to breed a big game hunting dog that was also capable of being a loyal pet and guard dog. Antonio Martinez picked the Cordoba Fighting Dog to be the base for the breed.[17] This breed is extinct today but was described as a large and ferocious dog that was a great hunter. He crossed it with the Great Dane, Boxer, Spanish Mastiff, Old English Bulldog, Bull Terrier, Great Pyrenees, Pointer, Irish Wolfhound and Dogue de Bordeaux.[17] Nores Martinez continued to develop the breed via selective breeding to introduce the desired traits. Dr. Raul Zeballos introduced the Dogo Argentino to the United States in 1970.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Rice, Dan (1 March 2001). Big Dog Breeds. Barron's Educational Series. pp. 152–153. ISBN 978-0-7641-1649-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=SEefckvpnbUC&pg=PT172&dq=Dogo+Argentino&cd=4#v=onepage&q=Dogo%20Argentino&f=false. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
  2. ^ Stahlkuppe, Joe (1 April 2000). American Pit Bull Terrier Handbook. Barron's Educational Series. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-7641-1233-1. http://books.google.com/books?id=sYLARINQPkUC&pg=PA19&dq=dogo+argentino&lr=&cd=19#v=onepage&q=dogo%20argentino&f=false. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  3. ^ Deafness assessment services by means of the brainstem auditory-evoked response. Strain GM. J Vet Intern Med. 1993 Mar-Apr;7(2):104-5.
  4. ^ Heritability and segregation analysis of deafness in U.S. Dalmatians. Cargill EJ, Famula TR, Strain GM, Murphy KE. Genetics. 2004 Mar;166(3):1385-93.
  5. ^ Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in veterinary medicine. Strain GM. Br Vet J. 1992 Jul-Aug;148(4):275-8.
  6. ^ a b "Inside Out: North West: Dangerous dogs". BBC.co.uk. http://www.bbc.co.uk/insideout/content/articles/2008/08/29/north_west_dangerous_dogs_s14_w1_feature.shtml. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  7. ^ "Dogo Argentino puppy seized in Bradford under Dangerous Dogs Act". Halifax Evening Courier. 20 January 2010. http://www.halifaxcourier.co.uk/news/Dogo-Argentino-puppy-seized-in.5996415.jp. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  8. ^ "City Code of the City of Aurora, Colorado". City of Aurora, Colorado. 2009-01-12. http://www.municode.com/resources/gateway.asp?pid=10331&sid=6. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
  9. ^ "Changes to NYCHA's Pet Policy". New York City Housing Authority Journal 39 (4). April 2009. http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycha/downloads/pdf/j09apre.pdf.
  10. ^ "Customs (Prohibited Imports) Regulations 1956 No. 90, as amended - Schedule 1". Commonwealth of Australia. 2009-07-06. http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_reg/cir1956432/sch1.html. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
  11. ^ "Dog Control Amendment Act of 2003". New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs. 2009-07-02. http://www.dia.govt.nz/diawebsite.nsf/wpg_URL/Resource-material-Dog-Control-Dog-Control-Amendment-Act-2003?OpenDocument&ExpandView. Retrieved 2009-08-02.
  12. ^ "FOR 2004-08-20 nr 1204: Forskrift om hunder." (in Norwegian). Government of Norway. http://www.lovdata.no/for/sf/jd/xd-20040820-1204.html#map0. Retrieved 2009-10-02.
  13. ^ "Vejledning om hundelovens forbudsordning" (in Danish). Justitsministeriet. http://www.justitsministeriet.dk/hunde.html. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
  14. ^ "Veterinary Conditions for the importation of dogs/cats for countries under Category A (1/4)". Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore. 2008-08-04. http://www.ava.gov.sg/NR/rdonlyres/A17F6A0D-7A46-497E-B0CB-CDBD8C325B52/24663/VetConditionsCatA.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-04.
  15. ^ "Justice had be blind". Mir Sobak. 2006-03. http://ms.petsinform.com/ms3-06/zakon.html. Retrieved 2009-11-14.
  16. ^ "RSPCA urges dog fight law change". BBC News. 3 October 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/8288182.stm. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  17. ^ a b Marien-de Luca, Catherine. "Dogo Argentino blood lines". http://www.bulldoginformation.com/dogo-argentino-bloodlines.html.

External links