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"Do not go gentle into that good night" is a villanelle written by Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914–1953), considered to be one of his finest works. Originally published in the journal Botteghe Oscure in 1951, it also appeared as part of his 1952 collection In Country Sleep and other poems.
Written for his dying father, it is one of Thomas's most popular and accessible poems. The poem has no title other than its first line, "Do not go gentle into that good night", a line which appears as a refrain throughout. The poem's other equally famous refrain is "Rage, rage against the dying of the light".
The poem is recited by the character Thornton Melon, played by Rodney Dangerfield, in the 1986 film Back to School where his English professor has him recite the poem to inspire him to complete an exam.
This poem provides inspiration and motivation to Cassia Reyes, the main character of Ally Condie's dystopia novel titled, Matched. In the novel, Cassia's grandfather reveals that Cassia's compact, an artifact from her grandmother, contains a forbidden scrap of paper that holds two old poems, one by Lord Alfred Tennyson and this poem by Dylan Thomas.
The Doctor, played by David Tennant, quotes the famous line "Rage, rage against the dying light" in the BBC television show Doctor Who. The quote appears in Series 3, Episode 2, entitled "The Shakespeare Code". 
Part of the poem's title is referenced in the title of a mission in the video game Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag.[clarification needed] The leitmotif lines from the poem were quoted in the song "Somebody to Die For" by British synthpop duo Hurts.
A modified version of the titular line is used in the climactic presidential speech from the 1996 film Independence Day, "We will not go quietly into the night."
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