Dixie Carter

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Dixie Carter
Dixie Carter 1977.JPG
BornDixie Virginia Carter
(1939-05-25)May 25, 1939
McLemoresville, Tennessee
DiedApril 10, 2010(2010-04-10) (aged 70)
Houston, Texas
Cause of death
Endometrial cancer
Resting place
McLemoresville Cemetery, McLemoresville, Tennessee
ResidenceBeverly Hills, California,
McLemoresville, Tennessee
NationalityAmerican
EducationRhodes College
Alma materUniversity of Tennessee at Knoxville,
University of Memphis
OccupationActress
Years active1960–2010
Known forJulia Sugarbaker,
Randi King,
Gloria Hodge
Home townMcLemoresville, Tennessee
TelevisionDesigning Women,
Family Law,
Desperate Housewives
Political party
Republican
Spouse(s)Arthur L. Carter (m. 1967–77) (divorced; two daughters)
George Hearn (m. 1977–79) (divorced)
Hal Holbrook (m. 1984–2010) (her death)
ChildrenFrom Carter:
Ginna Carter,
Mary Dixie Carter
FamilyMelba Helen Heath (sister)
AwardsSee Awards and Nominations
Website
http://www.dixiecarter.com
 
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This article is about the actress. For the professional wrestling promoter, see Dixie Carter (wrestling).
Dixie Carter
Dixie Carter 1977.JPG
BornDixie Virginia Carter
(1939-05-25)May 25, 1939
McLemoresville, Tennessee
DiedApril 10, 2010(2010-04-10) (aged 70)
Houston, Texas
Cause of death
Endometrial cancer
Resting place
McLemoresville Cemetery, McLemoresville, Tennessee
ResidenceBeverly Hills, California,
McLemoresville, Tennessee
NationalityAmerican
EducationRhodes College
Alma materUniversity of Tennessee at Knoxville,
University of Memphis
OccupationActress
Years active1960–2010
Known forJulia Sugarbaker,
Randi King,
Gloria Hodge
Home townMcLemoresville, Tennessee
TelevisionDesigning Women,
Family Law,
Desperate Housewives
Political party
Republican
Spouse(s)Arthur L. Carter (m. 1967–77) (divorced; two daughters)
George Hearn (m. 1977–79) (divorced)
Hal Holbrook (m. 1984–2010) (her death)
ChildrenFrom Carter:
Ginna Carter,
Mary Dixie Carter
FamilyMelba Helen Heath (sister)
AwardsSee Awards and Nominations
Website
http://www.dixiecarter.com

Dixie Virginia Carter (May 25, 1939 – April 10, 2010) was an American film, television, and stage actress, best known for her role as Julia Sugarbaker in the CBS sitcom Designing Women (1986–1993). She is also known for her roles as Randi King on the CBS legal drama Family Law (1999–2002), Assistant District Attorney Brandy Henderson on the CBS soap The Edge of Night (1974–1976), and as Gloria Hodge on the ABC series Desperate Housewives (2006–2007).

Early life[edit]

Carter was born in McLemoresville, Tennessee, and spent many of her early years in Memphis. She attended college at the University of Memphis and Rhodes College.

In college, she was a member of the Delta Delta Delta sorority. In 1959, Carter competed in the Miss Tennessee pageant, where she placed first runner-up to Mickie Weyland. Carter won the Miss Volunteer beauty pageant at the University of Tennessee in the same year.

Career[edit]

In 1960, Carter made her professional stage debut in a Memphis production of Carousel. She moved to New York City in 1963 and got a part in a production of Shakespeare's The Winter's Tale.

In 1967, she began an eight-year hiatus from acting, to focus on raising her two daughters; she returned to the craft in 1974, when she filled in for actress Nancy Pinkerton as Dorian Cramer on One Life to Live, while Pinkerton was on maternity leave. She subsequently was cast in the role of Assistant D.A. Olivia Brandeis "Brandy" Henderson on the soap opera The Edge of Night, on which she appeared from 1974 to 1976. (She went along with the show when it switched from CBS to ABC.) Carter took the role though some advised her that doing a daytime soap might negatively affect her career. However,she was first noticed in this role, and after leaving Edge of Night in 1976, she relocated from New York to Los Angeles and pursued prime-time television roles. In 1976, she won the Theater World Award for Jesse and The Bandit Queen.

She appeared in series such as Out of the Blue (as Aunt Marion), On Our Own (as April Baxter), Diff'rent Strokes (as the first Maggie McKinney Drummond, Phillip Drummond's second wife), The Greatest American Hero (playing a KGB spy), and as the stuck-up and conniving Carlotta Beck on Filthy Rich (1982).

Carter's appearance in Filthy Rich paved the way for her most notable role, that of sharp-tongued liberal interior decorator Julia Sugarbaker in the 1986–1993 television program Designing Women, set in Atlanta. Filthy Rich was created by Linda Bloodworth Thomason, who also went on to create Designing Women. (In the beginning, without knowing the content of the show, Bloodworth-Thomason's only idea was to create a show starring Carter, and fellow cast mates Delta Burke, Annie Potts, and Jean Smart. Filthy Rich also featured fellow Designing Women cast member Delta Burke in its cast.) After much persuasion from creators Linda Bloodworth-Thomason and her husband, Harry Thomason, Hal Holbrook, Carter's real-life husband, had a recurring role as attorney Reese Watson. Carter's daughters, Ginna and Mary Dixie Carter, also had guest-star roles as Julia Sugarbaker's nieces, Jennifer and Camilla, in the episode "The Naked Truth" in 1989.

Famous for portraying strong-minded Southern women, Carter provided the voice of Necile in Mike Young Productions' direct-to-video 2000 cartoon feature The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus. She was also in the voice cast of My Neighbors the Yamadas, the English-language dub of Studio Ghibli's 1999 anime movie of the same.[1]

From 1999 to 2002, she portrayed Randi King on the legal drama Family Law, portraying a lawyer for the first time since she played Brandy Henderson on The Edge of Night. From 1999 - 2000, she also was a cast member on the short-lived sitcom Ladies Man, appearing as a regular on both Ladies Man and Family Law, simultaneously. In 2004, she made a guest appearance on Law and Order: SVU, playing a defense attorney named Denise Brockmorton in the episode called "Home", in which she defended the paranoid mother of two children (Diane Venora) who had manipulated her older son to kill the younger son, after breaking her home rules.

Carter starred in several Broadway musicals and plays. She appeared on- and off-Broadway, as well, playing the role of Melba Snyder in the 1976 Circle in the Square revival of Pal Joey and diva Maria Callas in Terrence McNally's Master Class, a role created by Zoe Caldwell.

In 2006–07, Carter found a resurgence of fame with a new generation of fans portraying Gloria Hodge, Bree Van de Kamp's disturbed (and scheming) mother in law, on Desperate Housewives. Creator Marc Cherry started out in Hollywood as Carter's assistant on the set of Designing Women. Her first and only Emmy Awards nomination was for the 59th Primetime Emmy Awards under the category of Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her role as Gloria Hodge.

Carter gave an interview in 2006 for the feature-length documentary, That Guy: The Legacy of Dub Taylor, which received support from Taylor's family and many of Dub's previous coworkers, including Bill Cosby, Peter Fonda, Don Collier, Cheryl Rogers-Barnett, and many others. The project was scheduled to have its world premiere at Taylor's childhood hometown of Augusta, Georgia, on April 14, 2007.

Her final film was That Evening Sun, which she filmed on site with her husband Hal Holbrook in East Tennessee in the summer of 2008. The film was produced by Dogwood Entertainment (a subsidiary of DoubleJay Creative) and is based on a short story by William Gay. That Evening Sun premiered at South By Southwest, where it competed for the narrative feature grand jury prize.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Hal Holbrook and Dixie Carter at the 41st Emmy Awards, 1990

In 1967, Carter married businessman Arthur Carter (no relation). They had two daughters (who would later appear in an episode of Designing Women), Mary Dixie and Ginna. Following the birth of her daughters, Carter left acting for eight years to focus on raising her children along with Arthur's three children, Jon, Whendy, and Ellen Carter. Later, she had grandchildren, Jake, Harrison, and Sophia Carter.

She divorced Arthur Carter in 1977, and married Broadway and TV actor George Hearn the same year. Two years later, she divorced Hearn. She was married for the third time on May 27, 1984, to Hal Holbrook (14 years her senior), who is most noted for his appearances as Mark Twain. Carter renovated her old family home in McLemoresville with the designs of architect Hoyte Johnson of Atlanta. She and Holbrook divided their time between their homes in Beverly Hills, California, and McLemoresville, Tennessee, where Carter's elderly father, Halbert, resided until his death in early 2007, at age 96.

In 1996, Carter published a memoir titled Trying to Get to Heaven, in which she talked frankly about her life with Hal Holbrook, Designing Women, and her plastic surgery during the show's run. She acknowledged, along with other celebrities, having used human growth hormone for its antiaging properties.[3]

Political views[edit]

Carter was a registered Republican, who described her political views as libertarian.[4] She was interviewed by Bill O'Reilly along with Pat Boone at the 2000 Republican National Convention. Although her Designing Women character, Julia Sugarbaker, was known for her liberal political views and subsequent monologues, Carter disagreed with many of her character's left-of-center commentaries and made a deal with the producers that for every speech she had to make with which she disagreed, Julia would get to sing a song in a future episode.[5] Carter once jokingly described herself as "the only Republican in show business".[6] She was also a strong supporter of the gay community.[7][8]

Death and legacy[edit]

Carter died on April 10, 2010, in Houston.[9] Her death was announced by her husband, who stated the cause as complications from endometrial cancer which was diagnosed earlier in 2010. In addition to Holbrook, she is survived by her daughters from her first marriage: Ginna Carter (of Los Angeles) and Mary Dixie Carter (of Brooklyn), as well as a sister, Melba Helen Heath (of San Anselmo, California) and several nephews and nieces. In addition to family, her funeral, held on April 15, 2010, was attended by Designing Women co-stars Delta Burke, Annie Potts, and Jean Smart. Dixie Carter was interred in her hometown, McLemoresville, Tennessee.

The Dixie Carter Performing Arts and Academic Enrichment Center (informally called "The Dixie") in Huntingdon, Tennessee, is named in honor of Carter.

A public service announcement made by Carter in 2003 describing and offering outreach to sufferers of spasmodic torticollis / cervical dystonia began appearing in New York and New Jersey, and then across the United States in 2010.[10]

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleRoleOther notes
1963The Doctors
1974One Life to LiveDorian Cramer
1974–1976The Edge of NightA.D.A Olivia Brandeis Henderson
1977The Andros TargetsRita1 episode "The Killing of a Porno Queen"
1977–1978On Our OwnApril Baxter22 episodes
1979Out of the BlueMarion Richards12 episodes
1980OHMSNora Wing
1981The Killing of Randy WebsterBillie Webster
1982Cassie & Co.Evelyn Weller1 episode "The Golden Silence"
Bret MaverickHallie McCulloch1 episode "Hallie"
Best of the WestMae Markham1 episode "The Pretty Prisoner"
Quincy, M.E.Dr. Alicia Ranier1 episode "The Face of Fear"
The Greatest American HeroSamantha O'Neill1 episode " Lilacs, Mr. Maxwell"
Lou GrantJessica Lindner1 episode "Suspect"
1982–1983Filthy RichCarlotta Beck15 episodes
1983Going BerserkAngela
1984–1985Diff'rent StrokesMaggie McKinney28 episodes
1986Crazy Like a Fox1 episode "Fox on the Range"
1986–1993Designing WomenJulia Sugarbaker163 episodes
1994A Perry Mason Mystery: The Case of the Lethal LifestyleLouise Archer
Gambler V: Playing for KeepsLillie Langtry
ChristyJulia Huddleston1 episode "The Sweetest Gift"
1995DazzleLydie Kilkullen
Diagnosis: MurderD.A. Patricia Purcell1 episode "Murder in the Courthouse"
1996Gone in the NightAnn Dowaliby
1997Fired UpRita2 episodes "The Mother of All Gwens" and "Honey, I Shrunk the Turkey"
1999–2000Ladies ManPeaches9 episodes
1999–2002Family LawRandi King68 episodes
1999My Neighbors the Yamadasvoice: English version
2000The Life & Adventures of Santa ClausNecilevoice
2001The Big DayCarol
2003Comfort and JoyFrederica
2004SudburyTV pilot
Law & Order: Special Victims UnitDenise Brockmorton1 episode "Home"
2005Hope & FaithJoyce Shanowski1 episode " A Room of One's Own"
2006–2007Desperate HousewivesGloria Hodge7 episodes
2008Our First ChristmasEvie Baer
2009That Evening SunEllen Meecham

Awards and nominations[edit]

YearAwardCategorySeries or PlayResult
1976Theatre World AwardOutstanding ActressJesse and the Bandit QueenWon
1979Drama Desk AwardDrama Desk Award for Outstanding Actress in a PlayFathers and SonsNominated
1989Los Angeles Women in Film FestivalExcellence in TV Episodic ComedyDesigning WomenWon
2007Emmy AwardsOutstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy SeriesDesperate HousewivesNominated
2009SXSW Film FestivalBest Ensemble CastThat Evening SunWon

References[edit]

External links[edit]