# Divorce demography

A number of countries have collected data about divorces. Such collection of data is often regarded as divorce demography.

## Methodology

One measure of divorces is the crude divorce rate, which is the number of divorces per 1,000 population.[1] It can give a general overview of marriage in an area, but it does not take people who cannot marry into account. For example, it would include young children who are clearly not of marriageable age in its sample. A related measure is the refined divorce rate which measures the number of divorces per 1,000 women married to men, so that non-married persons, e.g. young children are left out of the rate.[1]

Another measure of divorces is the divorce to marriage ratio, which is the number of divorces to the number of marriages in a given year (the ratio of the crude divorce rate to the crude marriage rate).[1] For example, if there are 500 divorces and 1,000 marriages in a given year in a given area, the ratio would be one divorce for every two marriages, e.g. a ratio of 0.5 (50%). However, this measurement compares two unlike populations, those who can marry and those who can divorce.

Say there exists a community with 100,000 married couples, and very few people capable of marriage, for reasons such as age. If 1,000 people obtain divorces and 1,000 people get married in the same year, the ratio is one divorce for every marriage, which may lead people to think that the community's relationships are extremely unstable, despite the number of married people not changing. This is also true in reverse: a community with very many people of marriageable age may have 10,000 marriages and 1,000 divorces, leading people to believe that it has very stable relationships.

Furthermore, these two rates are not directly comparable since the marriage rate only examines the current year, while the divorce rate examines the outcomes of marriages for many years previous. This does not equate to the proportion of marriages in a given single-year cohort that will ultimately end in divorce.

## Countries

CountryCrude marriage rateCrude divorce rate % Divorce:marriage ratioData Source Year
Albania8.91.719(2011)[2][3]
Armenia6.01.017(2011)[2][3]
Australia5.42.343(2010)[2][3]
Austria4.52.147(2010)[4]
Azerbaijan9.71.212(2011)[2][3]
Bahamas6.10.35(2007)[2][3]
Belarus9.24.145(2011)[2][3]
Belgium4.203.071(2010)[4]
Bermuda10.62.725(2009)[2][3]
Bosnia and Herzegovina5.10.48(2010)[2][3]
Brazil6.61.421(2009)[5]
Bulgaria3.21.547(2010)[4]
Chile3.30.13(2009)[2][3]
China9.32.022(2010)[2][3]
Colombia2.30.29(2007)[6]
Costa Rica5.32.547(2010)[2][3]
Croatia4.81.123(2010)[4]
Cuba5.22.956(2010)[2][3]
Cyprus7.92.228(2009)[4]
Czech Republic4.42.966(2010)[4]
Denmark5.62.646(2010)[4]
Dominican Republic4.41.841(2010)[2][3]
Egypt11.01.917(2010)[2][3]
Estonia3.82.258(2010)[4]
European Union4.52.044(2010)[4]
Finland5.62.545(2010)[4]
France3.82.155(2010)[4]
Georgia6.91.319(2011)[2][3]
Germany4.72.349(2010)[4]
Gibraltar6.73.248(2010)[2][3]
Greece4.81.225(2008)[2][3]
Guatemala3.80.25(2008)[2][3]
Hungary3.62.467(2010)[4]
Iceland4.91.837(2010)[4]
Iran12.21.714(2009)[2][3]
Ireland4.60.715(2010)[4]
Israel6.51.828(2009)[2][3]
Italy3.60.925(2010)[4]
Jamaica7.50.79(2011)[2][3]
Japan5.52.036(2010)[2][3]
Jordan10.22.625(2010)[2][3]
Kazakhstan8.62.327(2008)[2][3]
Kuwait5.22.242(2010)[2][3]
Kyrgyzstan9.71.616(2010)[2][3]
Latvia4.22.252(2010)[4]
Lebanon9.51.617(2007)[2][3]
Libya6.00.35(2002)[6]
Liechtenstein5.02.448(2010)[4]
Lithuania5.73.053(2010)[4]
Luxembourg3.52.160(2010)[4]
Mauritius8.21.417(2010)[2][3]
Mexico5.20.815(2009)[2][3]
Moldova7.33.142(2011)[2][3]
Mongolia3.41.132(2010)[2][3]
Montenegro5.70.814(2011)[2][3]
Netherlands4.41.943(2009)[4]
New Zealand4.82.042(2008)[2][3]
Nicaragua4.50.818(2005)[6]
Norway4.82.144(2010)[4]
Panama3.71.027(2010)[2][3]
Poland6.01.627(2010)[4]
Portugal3.72.568(2010)[4]
Qatar3.31.133(2011)[2][3]
Republic of Macedonia7.20.811(2011)[2][3]
Romania5.41.528(2010)[4]
Russia9.24.851(2011)[2][3]
Saint Lucia2.80.725(2004)[6]
San Marino6.12.541(2011)[2][3]
Saudi Arabia5.21.121(2005)[6]
Serbia4.91.122(2011)[2][3]
Seychelles17.41.911(2011)[2][3]
Singapore5.31.528(2011)[2][3]
Slovakia4.72.247(2010)[4]
Slovenia3.21.238(2010)[4]
South Africa3.50.617(2009)[5]
South Korea6.42.336(2013)[7]
Spain3.62.261(2010)[4]
Sri Lanka0.15[8]
Suriname4.21.331(2007)[2][3]
Sweden5.32.547(2010)[4]
Switzerland5.52.851(2010)[4]
Syria10.61.09(2006)[6]
Tajikistan13.50.86(2009)[2][3]
Thailand5.51.425(2005)[6]
Tonga7.11.014(2003)[6]
Turkey8.01.620(2011)[2][3]
Ukraine6.72.842(2010)[2][3]
United Kingdom4.32.047(2009)[4]
United States6.83.653(2011)[10]
Uruguay3.2(2010)[2]
Uzbekistan7.80.68(2006)[11][12]
Venezuela3.30.927(2006)[2]
Vietnam5.70.24(2007)[2][3]

## References

1. ^ a b c England, J. Lynn; Kunz, Phillip R. (February 1975), "The Application of Age-Specific Rates to Divorce", Journal of Marriage and the Family (Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 37, No. 1) 37 (1): 40–46, doi:10.2307/351029, JSTOR 351029
2. "Marriages and crude marriage rates". United Nations Statistical Division (UNSTAT) 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
3. "Divorces and crude divorce rates". United Nations Statistical Division (UNSTAT) 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
4. "Marriage and divorce statistics". Eurostat 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
5. ^ a b
6. "World Marriage Data 2008". United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2009). Retrieved 19 January 2013.