Radio Disney

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Radio Disney
TypeRadio network
CountryUnited States
AvailabilityNational, through broadcast stations and satellite radio
SloganYour Music, Your Way
HeadquartersBurbank, California
ParentDisney Channels Worldwide
(Disney–ABC TV Group)
Launch date
November 18, 1996 (1996-11-18)
AffiliatesSee list
Official website
www.radiodisney.com
 
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Radio Disney
TypeRadio network
CountryUnited States
AvailabilityNational, through broadcast stations and satellite radio
SloganYour Music, Your Way
HeadquartersBurbank, California
ParentDisney Channels Worldwide
(Disney–ABC TV Group)
Launch date
November 18, 1996 (1996-11-18)
AffiliatesSee list
Official website
www.radiodisney.com

Radio Disney is an American radio network that is owned by The Walt Disney Company, under the Disney–ABC Television Group operating subsidiary Disney Channels Worldwide. It broadcasts music and other content aimed at preteens and young teenagers under 16 years of age; it can be described as a youth-targeted contemporary hit radio format with heavy emphasis on teen idols. Recently Radio Disney has become a Mainstream Top 40 Indicator reporter on Nielsen-BDS, and a monitored reporter on the Mediabase 24/7 Top 40 panel. The network is headquartered in Burbank, California.

Radio Disney is formatted like a traditional radio station, featuring prize giveaways (in which listeners can enter via telephone, the internet and since 2008, text messaging) and occasional in-studio interviews called "Takeovers," which usually occur during the weekday late-afternoon timeslot. Radio Disney is Disney's second foray into radio; in late 1955, Walt Disney started The Magic Kingdom radio show—running Monday through Fridays and [1] which was heard on ABC Radio from 11:35 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. The broadcasts originated from the new Disneyland Park in Anaheim.

For many years Radio Disney affiliated with stations in markets of varying size, mainly large and mid-sized markets; however, since the early 2010s, it has started to withdraw from areas located outside of the 25 largest radio markets, owing to those listeners tuning in via either their website or mobile phone/tablet applications, along with the low adoption rate of HD Radio, which many Radio Disney stations have on their AM signals to match FM audio quality. On August 13, 2014, Disney announced that it would sell its remaining Radio Disney stations, with the exception of KDIS in Los Angeles.[2]

History[edit]

1996–2001: The beginning[edit]

Radio Disney was launched on November 18, 1996 (coinciding with the 68th anniversary of the debut of Steamboat Willie) at 5:58 a.m. Eastern Time; the first song ever played on the network was "Get Ready For This" by 2 Unlimited. The initial studio was Studio #8 at the now former ABC Radio Networks location in Dallas, Texas. The network's initial slogan was "We're All Ears", that was used heavily in on-air jingles. Radio Disney started with songs that were played on Top-40 stations, as well as popular oldies and songs from various cartoon series and movies. Some media analysts likened the Radio Disney product to a mix of child-friendly artists and contests with music, formatics and pacing borrowed from legendary ABC-owned Top-40 stations of the past like WABC or WLS, which had long abandoned their younger audiences for adult-oriented talk formats.

Artists featured on the network in its early years included 98 Degrees, Backstreet Boys, Bowling For Soup, Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera, Destiny's Child, Hanson, Mandy Moore, 'N Sync, A-Teens, Aaron Carter, Dream Street, Hoku, Eiffel 65, Jump5, 3LW, and the Spice Girls. The station became popular amongst children, teens and tweens. In 2000, music artists like Lil' Romeo, No Secrets, Play, and others became popular because of their airplay on the network. The network's new (but short-lived) slogan around this time was changed to "Music and Prizes That Rock!" Later in 2000, Radio Disney raised its age limit for eligibility to win prizes and sweepstakes from 12 to 14-years-old.

2001–2007: Era of Disney Channel stars[edit]

Former Radio Disney logo, used from 2001-2007.

Near the end of 2001, Radio Disney's playlist began to be closely tied with singer/actors from original programs seen on co-owned cable network Disney Channel, starting with Hilary Duff and Raven-Symoné. This was followed later in the decade by Miley Cyrus, Mitchel Musso, and more recently with the Jonas Brothers, Demi Lovato, Bridgit Mendler and others. This has caused a bit of controversy[citation needed] as some[who?] feel that most actors from Disney Channel are simply trying to start a singing career.

Around this time, Radio Disney unveiled its current slogan, "Your Music, Your Way". In 2002, the network launch its inaugural Radio Disney Music Awards, a music awards ceremony that has been held every year since.

In 2004, Disney paid the former Children's Broadcasting Corporation (which operated fellow children's radio network Radio Aahs) $12.4 million in a lawsuit settlement. Disney had collaborated with Radio Aahs for a time prior to the launch of Radio Disney as a direct competitor to the Minneapolis-based company, which reached about 30 stations at its height; Aahs' former owners sued for damages on claims of a breach of contract.

2006 marked the network's 10th anniversary; Radio Disney rebroadcast its first hour of programming from November 18, 1996 on June 6, 2006 at around 4:58 p.m. ET on stations in select markets such as WQEW. Also, as part of the 10th anniversary, Radio Disney held the "Totally 10 Birthday Concert" on July 22, 2006 at the Arrowhead Pond in Anaheim, California.[3] It also included a simultaneous live webcast on the Radio Disney website. A second concert was held in Dallas, Texas on November 18, 2006 at the Dallas Convention Center.[4]

In February 2006, The Walt Disney Company announced the divestiture of much of its radio holdings to Citadel Broadcasting, although Disney chose to retain ownership of Radio Disney, ESPN Radio and their respective owned-and-operated stations. Operational duties of Radio Disney were transferred to the company's Disney–ABC Cable Networks Group division, which otherwise operates Disney's cable television properties, except for ESPN (Disney's broadcast and cable properties were later folded into the Disney–ABC Television Group).

2007–2014[edit]

Former Radio Disney logo, used from 2008-2010.

Since the network's debut, Radio Disney was part of the ABC Radio Networks' satellite music group. This changed in June 2007, when Disney retained the network and ESPN Radio in the sale of the ABC Radio division to Citadel Broadcasting. In November 2008, Radio Disney relocated its main operations from Dallas, Texas to Burbank, California.

Radio Disney added more songs from Disney Channel original programs as well as music produced from other teen music groups to its playlist rotation in recent years, several of which are associated with Disney Music Group labels Walt Disney Records, Buena Vista Records and Hollywood Records. The Playhouse Disney preschool music block was also cut back from two hours to one, with the block being renamed Radio Disney Junior in 2011 in accordance with the launch of the Disney Channel preschool block and standalone cable channel.

In January 2010, Radio Disney requested permission from the FCC to "silence" five of its owned-and-operated stations (along with a sixth station operating under a local marketing agreement with another company) while the stations were being sold.[5] On January 28, 2010, sale agreements were announced for two of the stations.

In June 2013, Disney announced the sale of seven owned-and-operated stations in medium-sized markets, in order to refocus Radio Disney's broadcast distribution on the top-25 radio markets.[6] By February 2014, it had terminated its affiliation agreements with stations not owned by Disney-ABC.

2014–present: Downsizing, focus on digital[edit]

On April 10, 2014, it was announced that Radio Disney's Top 30 Countdown would become a syndicated radio show, distributed by Rick Dees' Dees Entertainment.[7]

On August 13, 2014, Radio Disney's general manager Phil Guerini announced plans to sell all but one of its remaining Radio Disney stations on or before September 26, 2014, in order to focus more on the network's programming, co-branded events, and digital outlets; listenership reports indicated that the majority of Radio Disney's audience listened to the network via satellite radio and other digital platforms, and only 18% via terrestrial AM/FM radio. KDIS will remain operational to serve as the originating station for the Radio Disney network.[2][8] While the stations were, originally, to sign off on September 26, the stations will remain on the air and continue carrying Radio Disney programming until they are sold.[9]

Programming[edit]

Radio Disney plays a large selection of songs from stars and programs on Disney Channel, along with popular songs from mainstream pop and R&B artists that are found on conventional radio stations. The network airs edited versions of some Top 40 songs (which remove profanity and any other suggestive content) to make them appropriate for younger listeners.

List of programs broadcast by Radio Disney[edit]

Current programs[edit]

Radio Disney Junior logo.

Former programs[edit]

Serial radio[edit]

In July 2010, Radio Disney debuted its first scripted serial called My Dream, a contemporary story ulitizing a format reminiscent of serials from the 1940s. Unlike Depression-era radio serials that typically featured episodes lasting 15 to 30 minutes, episodes of My Dream runs for only 90 seconds and play multiple times throughout the day.[13] My Dream stars Daphne Blunt as a 14-year-old girl trying to make a name for herself in the music industry while dealing with the usual struggles, responsibilities and emotional ups and downs of an everyday teen.[14]

Radio Disney Music Awards[edit]

Since 2002, Radio Disney has held an annual awards ceremony, the Radio Disney Music Awards, to honor popular music artists featured on the network. Similar to the Nickelodeon Kids Choice Awards, children vote to select the winner of each category including "They're The One" (Best Music Group), "Ultimate Breakout Star" (Biggest Viral Artist), "The Bestest" (Song of the Year) and Funniest Celebrity Take (celebrity interview) and "So FANtastic" (Fiercest Fans). Artists who have won awards in past ceremonies include Hilary Duff, Miley Cyrus, Selena Gomez, One Direction, Taylor Swift and Justin Bieber.

Features and contests[edit]

Radio Disney carries a number of features from interactive contests to informational programs.

Current features[edit]

Former features[edit]

Greyson Chance being interviewed during "Celebrity Take with Jake".

DJs[edit]

Radio Disney has had a number of different DJs since its launch in 1996. Below are a number of DJs along with their years of employment. Many Radio Disney DJs left the network around 2008, when Radio Disney moved its broadcasts and operations to Burbank, California.

Former DJs[edit]

Radio Disney World Tours[edit]

In 2000 and 2001, Radio Disney launched two separate "world tours" that traveled to major U.S. cities including Atlanta, New York City, Boston, Dallas, Chicago, Houston, Phoenix, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle. In 2000, the tour featured up-and-coming talent (No Authority, Myra) and then Radio Disney DJs, Mark and Zippy. The tour played in theatrical venues and had audiences of up to 2,000 people per show (there were four shows each weekend in each city).

Availability[edit]

Online stream[edit]

A live stream of Radio Disney's programming is available at RadioDisney.com and is also available under the Pop/Top 40 section of the iTunes radio tuner. Streams are also available via the Radio Disney mobile app for Apple iOS devices and on Xbox 360 consoles via the iHeartRadio application.

Radio Disney was also made available as a special feature on the Blu-ray release of Hannah Montana: The Movie via Disney BD-Live as well as the PSP game, Hannah Montana: Rock Out the Show.

From 1997 to 1999, the network was streamed digitally in RealAudio format on the Disney.com website. The service was discontinued in 1999, only to resurface a short time later as a pre-installed streaming channel on QuickTime 4's streaming media list. The service disappeared again around 2000 in concurrence with the release of Quicktime 5. In March 2006, the stream resurfaced again in a Windows Media Player format as Radio Disney 2.0. It was then later revamped in a Flash format complete with lyrics and previously played songs. In October 2011, a stream of Radio Disney was made available in Canada on Family.ca, the website of cable network Family Channel (which coincidentally receives much of its U.S. programming from Radio Disney's sister cable television network Disney Channel).

Subscription radio and television[edit]

Radio Disney is available on Sirius XM Radio in digital audio in both the United States and Canada on channel 79. It was carried previously on Music Choice on the digital cable tiers of most television providers. Music Choice replaced Radio Disney on September 18, 2007, with its own channel, Kidz Only!, which is similar in format to Radio Disney, but with a less interrupted music format.[15][16] Radio Disney could be heard previously on DirecTV channel 867, until the satellite provider switched its digital music programming from XM Radio to Sonic Tap on February 9, 2010. A few digital cable providers with radio services offer Radio Disney as a live radio broadcast selection, although other providers (like Dish Network) do not.

Stations[edit]

Despite being music-oriented, the network is primarily carried on AM stations, with only one FM station as an affiliate. The list below is accurate as of March 2014. Despite their current standing, many of these stations have diverse histories. Many of the current call signs of Radio Disney stations (particularly those owned by The Walt Disney Company) are variations on the Disney name and that of Mickey and Minnie Mouse; at least one appears to be named for Goofy, and another is named for Walt Disney World (WDW).

The Walt Disney Company owns all of the network's affiliates; in the past, some stations were operated through local marketing agreements that had varying degrees of local management, but the last separately-owned Radio Disney affiliate, WOLF in Syracuse, New York, left the network in 2014.

WQEW, Radio Disney's New York City station, is a clear channel station that is audible throughout most of the eastern and midwestern United States and much of eastern Canada at night.

On August 13, 2014, it was revealed that all of Radio Disney's remaining stations, excluding KDIS, were to be sold in an effort to focus more on digital distribution of the Radio Disney network. KDIS will be retained to serve as the originator of Radio Disney's programming, and its operations will be assumed by the network's national staff.[2][8]

Owned and operated stations
CallsignFrequencyLocationHD Radio[17]
KMIK21580Phoenix, ArizonaYesY
KMKY21310San Francisco, CaliforniaGreen tickY
KIID21470Sacramento, CaliforniaYesY
KDIS1110Los Angeles, California (flagship)Green tickY
KDDZ21690Denver, ColoradoGreen tickY
WDYZ2990Orlando, FloridaYesY
WMYM2990Miami, FloridaYesY
WWMI21380Tampa, FloridaYesY
WDWD2590Atlanta, GeorgiaRed XN
WRDZ21300Chicago, IllinoisYesY
WRDZ-FM298.3Indianapolis, IndianaGreen tickY
WMKI21260Boston, MassachusettsYesY
WFDF2910Farmington Hills/Detroit, MichiganYesY
KDIZ21440Minneapolis/St. Paul, MinnesotaGreen tickY
WQEW1 21560New York City, New YorkGreen tickY
WSDZ21260St. Louis, MissouriGreen tickY
WGFY21480Charlotte, North CarolinaGreen tickY
WWMK21260Cleveland, OhioYesY
KDZR21640Portland, Oregon/Vancouver, WashingtonGreen tickY
WWJZ2640Mount Holly, New Jersey/Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaRed XN
WDDZ21250Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaYesY
KMIC21590Houston, TexasYesY
KMKI2620Dallas/Fort Worth, TexasGreen tickY
KKDZ21250Seattle, WashingtonGreen tickY
HD Radio notes:
Green tickY Authorized and operating.
YesY Authorized but currently turned off.
Red XN Without authorization.

Notes:

1 Indicates a clear channel station
2 Sale pending
Former Radio Disney stations
CallsignFrequencyLocationYears of affiliationComments
KADZ1550Arvada/Denver, Colorado–2003Station was shut down in 2003.
KALY1240Albuquerque, New MexicoSold in 2010; later carried similarly-formatted JENNiRADIO but now has an oldies format
KBEE860Salt Lake City, Utah–2001Affiliation moved to KWDZ in 2001
KDEF1150Albuquerque, New MexicoAffiliation moved to KALY
KDIS710Los Angeles, California–2003Swapped with then ESPN Radio 1110 in 2003.
KDIS-FM99.5Little Rock, Arkansas–2013Sold in 2013; format changed to religious programming in 2014.
KEBC1560Oklahoma City, Oklahoma2004–2013Dropped Radio Disney for a comedy format in March 2013.
KDYS1520Lafayette, Louisiana1997-2004Originally a Radio Aahs affiliate; dropped Radio Disney upon station sale in 2004.
KKDD1290San Bernardino/Riverside, California–2012Changed to Contemporary Christian music format in April 3, 2012.
KMAP1050Bakersfield, California
KMUS1380Tulsa, Oklahoma–2010Sold in 2011; changed to Spanish.
KOIL1020Omaha, Nebraska
KORL690Honolulu, HawaiiAffiliate originally operated under the call letters KQMQ
KPHN1190Kansas City, Missouri–2013Sold in 2014; format changed to religious programming.
KQAM1480Wichita, Kansas–2009Sold in 2009; format changed to talk radio.
KRDY1160San Antonio, Texas–2013Sold in 2013; format changed to Spanish religious programming in 2014.
KRNN1380Little Rock, ArkansasAffiliation moved to FM dial KDIS-FM
KRYS1360Corpus Christi, Texas
KSON1240San Diego, CaliforniaStation became a Vietnamese/ethnic station in 2004
KWDZ910Salt Lake City, Utah2001–2013Dropped Radio Disney on August 17, 2013 to remain silent.[18] The station resumed operations on August 14, 2014,[19] but still for sale.[6]
KWTX1230Waco, Texas
KXTP970Duluth, Minnesota
KYDZ1180Omaha, NebraskaOriginally used the KOIL call sign; affiliation moved to (and KOIL reused on) 1020 AM
WAJD1390Gainesville, Florida–2010
WALL1340Middletown, New York–2010Format changed to oldies.
WAMF1300Fulton, Oswego County, New York–2012Dropped WOLF simulcast, in favor of classic country in October 2012.
WBWL600Jacksonville, Florida–2010Sold in 2010; format changed to talk radio.
WBBQ1340Augusta, Georgia
WBHR660Sauk Rapids/St. Cloud, Minnesota
WBVA1450Norfolk/Virginia Beach, VirginiaDisaffiliated from Radio Disney due to contractual issues.
WBYU1450New Orleans, Louisiana2003–2011Closed down September 26, 2011.[20]
WCHY1290Savannah, Georgia
WCOG1320Greensboro, North Carolina–2010Sold in 2010; format changed to sports radio.
WDDY1460Albany, New York–2013Sold in 2013; format changed to religious programming in 2014.
WDDZ550Providence, Rhode Island–2010Sold in 2010, format changed to business radio. Call letters reused for Pittsburgh affiliate.
WDDZ1500Zion, Illinois1998–2000Former simulcast of WRDZ; call letters reused for Providence affiliate.
WDRD680Louisville, Kentucky–2010Sold in 2010; before to the sale, the station flipped to the sports radio format as an ESPN Radio Owned-and-operated station.
WDZK1550Hartford, Connecticut–2011Sold in 2010; format changed to religious programming in 2011.
WDZN100.1Cumberland, Maryland–2011Changed to rock format in July 2011.
WDZY1290Richmond, Virginia–2013Sold in 2013; format changed to religious programming in 2014.
WDSS1680Grand Rapids, Michigan–2008Disaffiliated from Radio Disney on August 7, 2008.
WEOK1390Poughkeepsie, New York–2010Format changed to oldies.
WGSM740Long Island, New York1996–1998Disaffiliated from the network when WQEW became the market's Radio Disney affiliate in late December 1998.
WHKT1650Norfolk, Virginia–2010Sold in 2010; format changed to talk radio.
WHRC1450Providence, Rhode IslandOriginally known as WDYZ (reused for Orlando affiliate). Sold in 2001; affiliation moved to WDDZ.
WJDY1470Salisbury, Maryland
WKEW1400Greensboro, North CarolinaAffiliation moved to WCOG in 2001
WKSH1640Milwaukee, Wisconsin–2013Sold in 2014; format changed to religious programming.
WKYG1230Parkersburg, West Virginia
WMBO1340Auburn, New York2000s–2013Former simulcast of WOLF; previously known as WKGJ and WWLF before reverting to its original WMBO call sign. The station flipped to oldies.
WMKI850Birmingham, Alabama1997–1999Call letters reused for Boston affiliate and call letters reverted to WYDE
WMNE1600West Palm Beach, Florida–2009After sale to Travis Media, resumed broadcasting on May 6, 2010[21] as an ethnic radio station, and changed call letters to WHTY as of June 2.
WMYR1410Fort Myers, Florida
WNEX1400Macon, Georgia
WOLF1490Syracuse, New York2000s–2014The station went silent in anticipation of a change in format.
WOLF-FM96.7Oswego, New YorkFormer simulcast of WOLF; now WWLF-FM, a simulcast of (the current) WOLF-FM
WOWW1430Memphis, Tennessee–2012Format changed to news/talk in March 2012.
WPGA980Macon, Georgia
WQUA102.1Mobile, Alabama-2005Sold in 2005.
WWCS540Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania–2010Affiliation moved to WDDZ.
WWLF-FM100.3Sylvan Beach, New YorkFormer simulcast of WOLF; originally known as WBGJ. Now known as MOViN' FM
WYNK1380Baton Rouge, Louisiana
WVOA-FM105.1DeRuyter, New YorkAugust 14–28, 2009WOLF (AM) simulcast was during 2 weeks;[22] format changed to country music.

Albums[edit]

The Radio Disney Jams series CDs are various artists compilations of music featured on Radio Disney.

International[edit]

Internationally, there are Radio Disney stations in Australia, Chile, Japan, Poland, Argentina, Paraguay, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Panama, the Dominican Republic and Mexico. There are plans to resume broadcasting of a Disney-branded radio station in the United Kingdom, but this time under the 'Radio Disney' brand, aimed at a younger audience than its predecessor in the UK. On October 21, 2010, Radio Disney launched in Brazil. Since October 1, 2013, Radio Disney is available in Russia via Disney.ru.[23] It plans to broadcast in the Philippines and Sweden in the near future.

Latin America[edit]

Radio Disney is available in Latin America via terrestrial broadcast. Similar to Radio Disney in the U.S., it broadcasts in Spanish to Argentina,[24] Chile,[25] Nicaragua,[26] Ecuador,[27] Guatemala, Paraguay,[28] Uruguay,[29] Dominican Republic, Panama, Costa Rica[30] and Mexico.[31][32]

Europe[edit]

Radio Disney planned to begin broadcasting on the digital radio platform in the United Kingdom by the end of 2008.[33] On July 6, 2007, Ofcom, the communications regulator of the United Kingdom, announced that the 4 Digital Group, a consortium headed by Channel 4 and featuring Emap, UTV, British Sky Broadcasting, Global Radio, Carphone Warehouse and UBC, had been awarded a license to run a new digital radio multiplex which would include Radio Disney as one of ten new national radio stations. On October 10, 2008, Channel 4 withdrew plans to launch 4 Digital, ending the probability of Radio Disney launching on the service.[34]

A similar station, Capital Disney began broadcasting in 2002 on the DAB digital radio network, on Sky Digital (Digital Satellite) and various digital cable television providers in the UK. The station was a joint venture between the UK's Capital Radio Group and Disney. The idea being to use Capital Radio's programming experience to assist Disney in launching a radio station in the UK. In early 2007, both Capital Radio (by now called GCap Media) and Disney agreed to pursue different goals, and as a result, Capital Disney closed down on June 29, 2007.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Magic Kingdom Radio
  2. ^ a b c Lafayette, Jon (August 13, 2014). "Exclusive: Radio Disney Moving Off Air to Digital". Retrieved August 13, 2014. 
  3. ^ Booth, William (August 6, 2006). "In the Concert Hall, It Smells Like Tween Spirit". The Washington Post. 
  4. ^ Radio.disney.go.com
  5. ^ Radio Disney Takes Six Stations Silent
  6. ^ a b Graser, Marc (June 4, 2013). "Radio Disney Stations Up for Sale (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved June 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Rick Dees to Syndicate Radio Disney Top 30 (Exclusive)". Billboard.biz. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Radio Disney to Sell the Majority of Its Stations". Billboard. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  9. ^ "NERW Extra: No Signoffs for Disney AMs". Northeast Radio Watch. Retrieved 27 September 2014.  (subscription required)
  10. ^ "Radio Disney Announces New Morning Show, Programming Shifts". The Hollywood Reporter. April 8, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Radio Disney Junior To Launch February 14". Disney Channel. February 9, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2011. 
  12. ^ "What relation does Playhouse Disney have to Radio Disney?". 
  13. ^ ABC News
  14. ^ The Hollywood Reporter
  15. ^ Music Choice channel
  16. ^ Music Choice lineup change
  17. ^ AM IBOC Stations on the Air
  18. ^ "Notification of Suspension of Operations". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. August 22, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Resumption of Operations - KWDZ". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Notification of Suspension of Operations / Request for Silent STA". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. September 29, 2011. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 
  21. ^ Tillotson, David (June 21, 2010). "Resumption of Operations". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved September 25, 2010. 
  22. ^ "WVOA Flips to Radio Disney". CNYRadio.com. 2009-08-19. 
  23. ^ Радио Disney - Disney.ru (Russian)
  24. ^ Radiodisney.disneylatino.com
  25. ^ Radiodisney.cl
  26. ^ Radiodisney.com.ni
  27. ^ Radiodisney.com.ed
  28. ^ Radiodisney.disneylatino.com
  29. ^ Radiodisney.com.uy
  30. ^ Radiodisney.co.cr
  31. ^ Radio Disney ya tiene presencia en México - El Universal (Spanish)
  32. ^ Radio Disney transmitirá en México - Azteca Noticias (Spanish)
  33. ^ Channel4.com
  34. ^ Guardian.co.uk

External links[edit]