Walt Disney World

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Walt Disney World Resort
IndustryAmusement parks and resorts
FoundedOctober 1, 1971 (1971-10-01)
Founder(s)Roy Disney
HeadquartersLake Buena Vista, Florida, U.S.
Key peopleGeorge Kalogridis (President)
Owner(s)Walt Disney Parks and Resorts
(The Walt Disney Company)
Websitedisneyworld.disney.go.com
 
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Not to be confused with Disneyland Resort.

Coordinates: 28°25′7″N 81°34′52″W / 28.41861°N 81.58111°W / 28.41861; -81.58111

Walt Disney World Resort
IndustryAmusement parks and resorts
FoundedOctober 1, 1971 (1971-10-01)
Founder(s)Roy Disney
HeadquartersLake Buena Vista, Florida, U.S.
Key peopleGeorge Kalogridis (President)
Owner(s)Walt Disney Parks and Resorts
(The Walt Disney Company)
Websitedisneyworld.disney.go.com

The Walt Disney World Resort, informally known as Walt Disney World or simply Disney World, is an entertainment complex in Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando, and is the flagship of Disney's worldwide theme park empire. The resort opened on October 1, 1971 and, according to Forbes, is the most visited vacation resort in the world, with an attendance of 52.5 million annually. It is owned and operated by Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, a division of The Walt Disney Company. The property covers 27,258 acres (11,031 ha; 43 sq mi), in which it houses 27 themed resort hotels, four theme parks, two water parks, four golf courses, one camping resort, one residential area and additional recreational and entertainment venues. Magic Kingdom was the first and original theme park to open in the complex followed by Epcot, Disney's Hollywood Studios, and Disney's Animal Kingdom which opened later throughout the 1980s and 1990s.

Designed to supplement Disneyland in Anaheim, California, which had opened in 1955, the complex was developed by Walt Disney in the 1960s, though he died in 1966 before construction on "The Florida Project" began. After extensive lobbying, the Government of Florida created the Reedy Creek Improvement District, a special government district that essentially gave The Walt Disney Company the standard powers and autonomy of an incorporated city. Original plans called for the inclusion of an "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow", a planned city that would serve as a test bed for new innovations for city living.

History[edit]

Spaceship Earth, the icon of Epcot
The Tree of Life, the icon of Disney's Animal Kingdom

In 1959, Walt Disney Productions began looking for land for a second park to supplement Disneyland, which opened in Anaheim, California, in 1955. Market surveys revealed that only 5% of Disneyland's visitors came from east of the Mississippi River, where 75% of the population of the United States lived. Additionally, Walt Disney disliked the businesses that had sprung up around Disneyland and wanted control of a much larger area of land for the new project.[1]

Walt Disney flew over the Orlando-area site (one of many) in November 1963. Seeing the well-developed network of roads, including the planned Interstate 4 and Florida's Turnpike, with McCoy Air Force Base (later Orlando International Airport) to the east, Disney selected a centrally located site near Bay Lake.[2]

To avoid a burst of land speculation, Disney used various dummy corporations to acquire 27,443 acres (11,106 ha) of land.[2] In May 1965, some of these major land transactions were recorded a few miles southwest of Orlando in Osceola County. Also, two large tracts totaling $1.5 million were sold, and smaller tracts of flatlands and cattle pastures were purchased by exotic-sounding companies such as the Latin-American Development and Management Corporation and the Reedy Creek Ranch Corporation (some of these names are now memorialized on a window above Main Street, U.S.A. in the Magic Kingdom). In addition to three huge parcels of land were many smaller parcels, referred to as "outs".

Much of the land acquired had been platted into 5-acre (2 ha) lots in 1912 by the Munger Land Company and sold to investors. Most owners were happy to get rid of the land, which was mostly swamp. Another issue was the mineral rights to the land, which were owned by Tufts University. Without the transfer of these rights, Tufts could come in at any time and demand the removal of buildings to obtain minerals. Eventually, Disney's team negotiated a deal with Tufts to buy the mineral rights for $15,000.[3]

After most of the land had been bought, the truth of the property's owner was leaked to the Orlando Sentinel newspaper on October 20, 1965. A press conference was organized for November 15, when Walt Disney explained the plans for the site, including EPCOT, the Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, which was to be a futuristic planned city (and which was also known as Progress City). He envisioned a working city with commercial and residential areas that also continued to showcase and test new ideas and concepts for urban living.

Walt Disney died from lung cancer on December 15, 1966, before his vision was realized. His brother and business partner, Roy O. Disney, postponed his retirement to oversee construction of the resort's first phase.

On February 2, 1967, Roy O. Disney held a press conference at the Park Theatres in Winter Park, Florida. The role of EPCOT was emphasized in the film that was played, the last one recorded by Walt Disney before his death. After the film, it was explained that for Disney World, including EPCOT, to succeed, a special district would have to be formed: the Reedy Creek Improvement District with two cities inside it, Bay Lake and Reedy Creek (now Lake Buena Vista). In addition to the standard powers of an incorporated city, which include the issuance of tax-free bonds, the district would have immunity from any current or future county or state land-use laws. The only areas where the district had to submit to the county and state would be property taxes and elevator inspections.[1]

The legislation forming the district and the two cities was signed into law by Florida Governor Claude R. Kirk, Jr. on May 12, 1967. The Florida Supreme Court then ruled in 1968 that the district was allowed to issue tax-exempt bonds for public projects within the district despite the sole beneficiary being Walt Disney Productions.

The district soon began construction of drainage canals, and Disney built the first roads and Magic Kingdom. The Contemporary Resort Hotel, the Polynesian Village, and Fort Wilderness were also completed in time for the park's opening on October 1, 1971. The Palm and Magnolia golf courses near Magic Kingdom had opened a few weeks before. At the park's opening, Roy O. Disney dedicated the property and declared that it would be known as "Walt Disney World" in his brother's honor. In his own words: "Everyone has heard of Ford cars. But have they all heard of Henry Ford, who started it all? Walt Disney World is in memory of the man who started it all, so people will know his name as long as Walt Disney World is here." After the dedication, Roy Disney asked Walt's widow, Lillian, what she thought of Walt Disney World. According to biographer Bob Thomas, she responded, "I think Walt would have approved." Roy O. Disney died on December 20, 1971, less than three months after the property opened.

Much of Walt Disney's plans for his Progress City were abandoned after his death, after the company board decided that it did not want to be in the business of running a city. The concept evolved into the resort's second theme park, EPCOT Center (renamed Epcot in 1996), which opened in 1982. While still emulating Walt Disney's original idea of showcasing new technology, it is closer to a world's fair than a "community of tomorrow". Some of the urban planning concepts from the original idea of EPCOT would instead be integrated into the community of Celebration much later. The resort's third theme park, Disney-MGM Studios (renamed Disney's Hollywood Studios in 2008), opened in 1989, and is inspired by show business. The resort's fourth theme park, Disney's Animal Kingdom, opened in 1998.

George Kalogridis was named president of the resort in December 2012, replacing Meg Crofton, who had overseen the site since 2006.

Timeline[edit]

Walt Disney (left) with his brother Roy O. Disney (right) and then-governor of Florida W. Haydon Burns (center) on November 15, 1965, publicly announcing the creation of Walt Disney World.
1965Walt Disney announces Florida Project
1966Walt Disney dies of lung cancer at age 65
1967Construction of Walt Disney World Resort begins
1971Magic Kingdom
Palm and Magnolia Golf Courses
Disney's Contemporary Resort
Disney's Polynesian Resort
Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort & Campground
Roy O. Disney dies at age 78
1972Disney's Village Resort
1973The Golf Resort
1974Discovery Island
1975Walt Disney Village Marketplace
1976Disney's River Country
1980Walt Disney World Conference Center
1982Epcot
1986The Disney Inn
1988Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa
Disney's Caribbean Beach Resort
1989Disney-MGM Studios
Disney's Typhoon Lagoon
Pleasure Island
1990Disney's Yacht and Beach Club Resort
Walt Disney World Swan
Walt Disney World Dolphin
1991Disney's Port Orleans Resort French Quarter
Disney Vacation Club
Disney's Old Key West Resort
1992Disney's Port Orleans Resort Riverside (Dixie Landings)
Bonnet Creek Golf Club
1994Disney's All-Star Sports Resort
Disney's Wilderness Lodge
Shades of Green
1995Disney's All-Star Music Resort
Disney's Blizzard Beach
Disney's Fairy Tale Wedding Pavilion
Walt Disney World Speedway
1996Disney Institute
Disney's BoardWalk Inn and BoardWalk Villas
1997Disney's Coronado Springs Resort
Disney's Wide World of Sports Complex
Downtown Disney West Side
1998Disney's Animal Kingdom
DisneyQuest
1999Disney's All-Star Movies Resort
2000The Villas at Disney's Wilderness Lodge
2001Disney's Animal Kingdom Lodge
2002Disney's Beach Club Villas
2003Disney's Pop Century Resort
2004Disney's Saratoga Springs Resort & Spa
2007Disney's Animal Kingdom Villas
2008Disney-MGM Studios is renamed Disney's Hollywood Studios
2009Bay Lake Tower at Disney's Contemporary Resort
Treehouse Villas
2011Golden Oak at Walt Disney World Resort
2012Disney's Art of Animation Resort
Phase 1 of New Fantasyland
2013The Villas at Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa
2014Phase 2 of New Fantasyland

Location[edit]

Map showing the Magic Kingdom portion of the park.
One of four arches welcoming guests to the resort.

Despite marketing claims and popular misconceptions, the Florida resort is not within Orlando city limits, but is actually about 21 miles (34 km) southwest of downtown Orlando, much of it in southwestern Orange County, with the remainder in adjacent Osceola County. The property includes the cities of Lake Buena Vista and Bay Lake which are governed by the Reedy Creek Improvement District. The 27,258 acres (11,031 ha; 43 sq mi)[4] site is accessible from Central Florida's Interstate 4 via Exits 62B (World Drive), 64B (US 192 West), 65B (Osceola Parkway West), 67B (SR 536 West), and 68 (SR 535 North), and Exit 8 on State Road 429 (Florida), the Western Expressway. At its founding the park occupied approximately 30,500 acres (12,343 ha; 48 sq mi). Portions of the property have since been sold or de-annexed, including land now occupied by the Disney-built community of Celebration. Now the park occupies 27,258 acres (11,031 ha; 43 sq mi),[4] about the size of San Francisco, or twice the size of Manhattan.

Attractions[edit]

Germany pavilion at Epcot's World Showcase (one of 11 country pavilions)
Typhoon Lagoon, one of two waterparks at the resort
View of Downtown Disney and Characters in Flight

Theme parks[edit]

Water parks[edit]

There are also many beaches around the area

Other attractions[edit]

Golf and recreation[edit]

Disney's property includes five golf courses. The four 18-hole golf courses are the Palm (4½ Stars), the Magnolia (4 Stars), Lake Buena Vista (4 Stars) and Osprey Ridge (4½ Stars). There is also a nine-hole walking course (no electric carts allowed) called Oak Trail, designed for young golfers. The Magnolia and Palm courses play home to the PGA Tour's Children's Miracle Network Hospitals Classic. Arnold Palmer Golf Management manages the Disney golf courses.[5] Additionally, there are two themed miniature golf complexes, each with two courses, Fantasia Gardens and Winter Summerland.

Catch-and-release fishing excursions are offered daily on the resort's lakes. A Florida fishing license is not required because it occurs on private property. Cane-pole fishing is offered from the docks at Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort & Campground and Disney's Port Orleans Resort.

Additional recreational activities include watercraft rentals, surrey bike rentals, and firework cruises that launch from several resort marinas.

Former attractions[edit]

Resorts[edit]

Of the thirty-four resorts and hotels on the Walt Disney World property, twenty-eight are owned and operated by Walt Disney Parks and Resorts. These are classified into four categories: Deluxe, Moderate, Value, and Disney Vacation Club Villas, and are located in one of five resort areas: the Magic Kingdom, Epcot, Wide World of Sports, Animal Kingdom, or Downtown Disney resort areas.

While all of the Deluxe resort hotels have achieved a AAA Four Diamond rating, Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa is considered the highest tier flagship luxury resort on the Walt Disney World Resort complex.[6]

On-site Disney resorts[edit]

NameOpening DateThemeNumber of RoomsArea
Deluxe resorts
Disney's Animal Kingdom LodgeApril 16, 2001African Wildlife preserve1,307Animal Kingdom
Disney's Beach Club ResortNovember 19, 1990Newport Beach cottage576Epcot
Disney's BoardWalk InnJuly 1, 1996Early 20th Century Atlantic and Ocean City378
Disney's Contemporary ResortOctober 1, 1971Modern655Magic Kingdom
Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & SpaJuly 1, 1988Victorian seaside resort867
Disney's Polynesian Village ResortOctober 1, 1971South Seas847
Disney's Wilderness LodgeMay 28, 1994Pacific Northwest, National Park Service Rustic729
Disney's Yacht Club ResortNovember 5, 1990Martha's Vineyard Resort621Epcot
Walt Disney World Swan
(partnership: operated with Westin Hotels)
January 13, 1990Underwater & Seashore756
Walt Disney World Dolphin
(partnership: operated with Sheraton Hotels)
January 1, 19901,509
Moderate resorts
Disney's Caribbean Beach ResortOctober 1, 1988Tropical Islands2,112Epcot
Disney's Coronado Springs ResortAugust 1, 1997Mexico, American Southwest1,915Animal Kingdom
Disney's Port Orleans Resort - French QuarterMay 17, 1991New Orleans French Quarter1,008Downtown Disney
Disney's Port Orleans Resort - RiversideFebruary 2, 1992Antebellum South2,048
Value resorts
Disney's All-Star Movies ResortJanuary 15, 1999Disney films1,920Animal Kingdom
Disney's All-Star Music ResortNovember 22, 1994Music1,604
Disney's All-Star Sports ResortApril 24, 1994Sports1,920
Disney's Art of Animation ResortMay 31, 2012Disney and Pixar animated films1,984Wide World of Sports
Disney's Pop Century ResortDecember 14, 200320th century American pop culture2,880
Disney Vacation Club
Disney's Old Key West ResortDecember 20, 1991Early 20th Century Key West761Downtown Disney
Disney's BoardWalk VillasJuly 1, 1996Early 20th Century Atlantic City530Epcot
The Villas at Disney's Wilderness LodgeNovember 15, 2000Pacific Northwest181Magic Kingdom
Disney's Beach Club VillasJuly 1, 2002Newport resort282Epcot
Disney's Saratoga Springs Resort & SpaMay 17, 20041880s Upstate New York resort1,320Downtown Disney
Disney's Animal Kingdom VillasAugust 15, 2007African safari lodge708Animal Kingdom
Bay Lake Tower at Disney's Contemporary ResortAugust 4, 2009Modern428Magic Kingdom
The Villas at Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & SpaOctober 23, 2013Victorian Seaside Resort147
Cabins and campgrounds
Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort and CampgroundNovember 19, 1971Rustic Woods Camping800 campsites
409 cabins
Magic Kingdom
Residential areas
Golden Oak at Walt Disney World ResortFall 2011Varies450 homesMagic Kingdom

On-site non-Disney hotels[edit]

Hotel NameOpening DateThemeNumber of RoomsOwnerArea
Best Western Lake Buena Vista Resort HotelNovember 21, 1972None325Best WesternDowntown Disney
Doubletree Guest Suite ResortMarch 15, 1987229Hilton Hotels Corporation
Wyndham Lake Buena VistaOctober 15, 1972626Wyndham Hotels & Resorts
Hilton Walt Disney WorldNovember 23, 1983787Hilton Hotels Corporation
Holiday Inn in the Walt Disney World ResortFebruary 8, 1973323InterContinental Hotels Group
Royal PlazaOctober 1, 1972394N/A
Buena Vista Palace Resort & SpaMarch 10, 19831,014Blackstone Group
Shades of Green a Walt Disney World ResortFebruary 1, 1994Upscale Country Club586United States Department of DefenseMagic Kingdom
Bonnet Creek ResortVariousNoneVarious, 3,000 totalHilton Worldwide, Wyndham WorldwideEpcot

Former resorts[edit]

Proposed resorts[edit]

Disney's Magical Express[edit]

Disney's Magical Express logo.

Guests with a Disney Resort reservation arriving at Orlando International Airport can be transported to their resort from the airport using the complimentary Disney Magical Express service, which is operated by Mears Destination Services as Walt Disney World is not allowed to transport guests off resort property. Guests can also have their bags picked up and transported for them through a contract with BAGS Incorporated. Mears operates custom motor coaches and luggage is delivered to the guests' rooms by BAGS. Disney Cruise Line buses are also operated by Mears.

Executive management[edit]

Former executive management[edit]

Attendance[edit]

Magic Kingdom, the world's most visited theme park
YearMagic KingdomEpcotDisney's Hollywood StudiosDisney's Animal Kingdom
2008[8]17,063,00010,935,0009,608,0009,540,000
2009[9]17,233,00010,990,0009,700,0009,590,000
2010[10]16,972,00010,825,0009,603,0009,686,000
2011[11]17,142,00010,826,0009,699,0009,783,000
2012[12]17,536,00011,063,0009,912,0009,998,000
2013[13]18,588,00011,229,00010,110,00010,198,000

Employment[edit]

When the Magic Kingdom opened in 1971, the site employed about 5,500 "cast members". Today Walt Disney World employs more than 66,000 cast members, spending more than $1.2 billion on payroll and $474 million on benefits each year. The largest single-site employer in the United States,[14] Walt Disney World has more than 3,700 job classifications. The resort also sponsors and operates the Walt Disney World College Program, an internship program that offers American college students (CP's) the opportunity to live about 15 miles (24 km) off-site in four Disney-owned apartment complexes and work at the resort, and thereby provides much of the theme park and resort "front line" cast members. There is also the Walt Disney World International College Program, an internship program that offers international college students (ICP's) from all over the world the same opportunity.

Corporate culture[edit]

Walt Disney World's corporate culture is based in some respects on that of its older sibling Disneyland, of which the most interesting is the use of a unique jargon based on theatrical terminology. This phenomenon is so well known that travel guidebooks have to include lists of common terms and abbreviations.[15][16] For example, park visitors are always "guests", employees are "cast members," rides are "attractions" or "adventures", cast members costumed as famous Disney characters in a way that does not cover their faces are known as "face characters", jobs are "roles", and public and nonpublic areas are respectively labeled "onstage" and "backstage".[15][16]

Maintenance[edit]

In a March 30, 2004 article in The Orlando Sentinel, then-Walt Disney World president Al Weiss gave some insight into how the parks are maintained:

Transportation[edit]

A Disney bus, one of the transportation modes within Walt Disney World

A fleet of Disney-operated buses on property, branded Disney Transport, is complimentary for guests. In 2007, Disney Transport started a guest services upgrade to the buses. SatellGPS systems controlling new public address systems on the buses give safety information, park tips and other general announcements, with music. They are not to be confused with the Disney Cruise Line and Disney's Magical Express buses, which are operated by Mears Transportation. The Walt Disney World Monorail System also provides transportation at Walt Disney World. They operate on three routes that interconnect at the Transportation and Ticket Center (TTC), adjacent to the Magic Kingdom's parking lot. One line provides an express non-stop link from the TTC to the Magic Kingdom, while a second line provides a link from the TTC to Epcot. The third line links the TTC and the Magic Kingdom to the Contemporary, Polynesian, and Grand Floridian resorts. Disney Transport also operates a fleet of watercraft, ranging in size from water taxis up to the ferries that connect the Magic Kingdom to the Transportation and Ticket Center. Additionally, it is also responsible for maintaining the fleet of parking lot trams used for shuttling visitors between the various theme park parking lots and their respective main entrances.

The major roads within the resort (World Drive, Osceola Parkway and Epcot Center Drive) have segments that are built as freeways with full grade-separated interchanges. World Drive enters Walt Disney World from U.S. Route 192 and heads north to the Magic Kingdom Resort Area. Osceola Parkway heads east from the Animal Kingdom Resort Area to Interstate 4. Epcot Center Drive is a freeway for most of its route, running east from World Drive, past the Epcot parking lot to Interstate 4. Buena Vista Drive is a major surface street, running east from the Animal Kingdom Resort Area to Disney's Hollywood Studios, the Epcot Resort Area, and Downtown Disney.

[edit]

During the resort's early planning stages, Walt Disney referred to the project as Project X, The Florida Project, Disney World, and The Disney World. Early visual references used the same medieval font as Disneyland. Walt Disney was very involved in the site selection and project planning in the years before his death. The secretive names were chosen because of the high confidentiality of the project during the initial planning. After Walt Disney's death, Roy O. Disney added the name Walt to Disney World as a permanent tribute to his brother.

The original Walt Disney World logo featured an over-sized "D" with a Mickey Mouse-shaped globe containing latitude and longitude lines, with the property's name presented in a blocky, modern, sans-serif font. The original logo was retired during the resort's 25th anniversary celebration in 1996 and was replaced with the current logo, which features the "Walt Disney" portion of the logo in the typical Disney corporate signature font and "World" in Times New Roman font. Remnants of the original logo can still be found in many places throughout the resort, including the SpectroMagic title float, on the front car of each monorail, manhole covers, survey markers, and flags flown at several sites across the property. During the resort's 40th anniversary celebration in 2011, the original logo began to reappear on merchandise sold at the resort and can still be found on select items sold at various gift shops and stores at Walt Disney World.

Twin town[edit]

As part of a competition run by Disney for 2010, Walt Disney World has an unofficial twinning (sister city) with Swindon, England, since 2009.[17][18] Rebecca Warren's submission to the competition granted Swindon to be the twin town of Walt Disney World, which is famous for its intersection with six roundabouts. Warren and the mayor of Swindon were invited to a "twinning" ceremony, where a plaque revealing the connection will be placed.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fogleson, Richard E. (2003). Married to the Mouse. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 274. ISBN 978-0-300-09828-0. 
  2. ^ a b Mannheim, Steve (2002). Walt Disney and the Quest for Community. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited. pp. 68–70. ISBN 0-7546-1974-5. 
  3. ^ Koenig, David (2007). Realityland: True-Life Adventures at Walt Disney World. Irvine, CA: Bonaventure Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-0-9640605-2-4. 
  4. ^ a b Walt Disney World News[dead link] Press Release on Resort Landscape Facts (2008)
  5. ^ Jason Garcia (August 24, 2011). "Disney golf: Disney World to turn its golf courses over to Arnold Palmer - Orlando Sentinel". Orlando Sentinel. Articles.orlandosentinel.com. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Grand Floridian Construction Project". Laughing Place. 
  7. ^ "Treehouse Villas To Be Replaced By New Treehouses At Walt Disney World". Netcot.com. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  8. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2008 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2008. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  9. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2009 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2009. Archived from the original on June 2, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  10. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2010 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2010. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  11. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2011 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2012 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2012. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  13. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2013 Global Attractions Report". Themed Entertainment Association. 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Disney Profile". Hospitality Online. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-07. 
  15. ^ a b Bob Sehlinger; Len Testa (2014). The Unofficial Guide to Walt Disney World 2014. Birmingham, AL: Keen Communications. pp. 14–15. ISBN 9781628090000. 
  16. ^ a b Mohney, Chris (2006). Frommer's Irreverent Guide to Walt Disney World. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc. p. 115. ISBN 9780470089880. 
  17. ^ "Walt Disney World to become twin town of Swindon". BBC News Online. December 7, 2009. Retrieved May 27, 2010. 
  18. ^ Gammell, Caroline (2009-12-07). "Swindon twinned with Disney World". London: Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved May 27, 2010. 
  19. ^ Dewayne Bevil (December 9, 2009). "Disney World taps "twin town"". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 8 March 2012. 

External links[edit]