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Disability living allowance (DLA) is a non-means-tested, non-contributory benefit in the United Kingdom introduced in 1992 and scheduled for phase-out between 2013 and 2016, in relation to adults only, for whom it is to be replaced by a new Personal Independence Payment.
DLA can be claimed by a UK resident aged under 65 years who has personal care and/or mobility needs as a result of a mental or physical disability. It is tax free.
DLA is restricted to people who fall into all of the in the following categories:
Individuals can qualify for DLA whether or not they are working. Earnings do not affect the amount of DLA received. People who are terminally ill typically qualify for the highest rate of Care component of DLA under what is termed "special rules".
DLA Care component is paid at one of three rates: lowest, middle and highest. From April 2013 the rates are:
|Care component||Weekly rate|
Individuals are entitled to the lowest rate care component if they are so severely disabled that they:
Individuals are entitled to the middle rate care component if they are so severely disabled that they:
Individuals are entitled to the highest rate care component if they meet one of the day conditions and one of the night conditions for the middle rate care component.
DLA Mobility component is paid at one of two rates: lower and higher. From April 2013 the rates are:
|Mobility component||Weekly rate|
Individuals are entitled to the lower rate mobility component if they are so severely mentally or physically disabled that they cannot walk outdoors on an unfamiliar route without guidance or supervision from another person most of the time.
Individuals are entitled to the higher rate mobility component if they:-