Dinar

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For other uses, see Dinar (disambiguation).
Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.

The dinar or denar is a main currency unit in modern circulation in nine mostly-Islamic countries, and has historic use in several more.

The history of the dinar dates to the gold dinar, an early Islamic coin corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri. The modern gold dinar is a modern bullion gold coin.

Etymology[edit]

Serbian silver Dinar during the reign of Stephen Uroš I of Serbia in the 13th century

The word "dinar" in English is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which in turn was borrowed from the Greek δηνάριον (dénarion), itself from the Latin dēnārius (q.v.).[1]

Legal tender[edit]

100 Serbian dinars bearing the likeness of Nikola Tesla.

Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar[edit]

CountriesCurrencyISO 4217 code
 AlgeriaAlgerian dinarDZD
 BahrainBahraini dinarBHD
 IraqIraqi dinarIQD
 JordanJordanian dinarJOD
 KuwaitKuwaiti dinarKWD
 LibyaLibyan dinarLYD
 MacedoniaMacedonian denarMKN (1992–1993)
MKD (1993− )
 SerbiaSerbian dinarRSD
 TunisiaTunisian dinarTND

Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"[edit]

A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum)
CountriesCurrencyISO 4217 codeUsedReplaced by
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina dinarBAD1992–1998Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
 CroatiaCroatian dinarHRD1991–1994Croatian kuna
 IranIranian rial was divided into at first 1250 and then 100 dinars
 Republika SrpskaRepublika Srpska dinarn/a1992–1998Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark
 South YemenSouth Yemeni dinarYDD1965–1990Yemeni rial
 SudanSudanese dinarSDD1992–2007Sudanese pound
 Kingdom of Yugoslavia
 SFR Yugoslavia
 FR Yugoslavia
Yugoslav dinarYUD (1965–1989)
YUN (1990–1992)
YUR (1992–1993)
YUO (1993)
YUG (1994)
YUM (1994–2003)
1918–2003n/a

The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse.[2][3] The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced for trade with Islamic Spain.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second edition, 1989, s.v. dinar; online version November 2010
  2. ^ British Museum
  3. ^ Medieval European Coinage By Philip Grierson p.330