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Dhu al-Qa'dah, Dhu'l-Qadah, Thu-l-Qicda, or Dhu al-Qi'dah (Arabic: ذو القعدة, also transliterated Ḏū l-Qaʿdah, IPA: [ðʊlˈqɑʕda]) is the eleventh month in the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months in Islam during which warfare is prohibited, hence the name ‘Master of Truce’.
The most correct and most traditionally widespread transliteration of the month according to the 13th century Syrian Jurist, Al-Nawawi is Dhu'l Qa'dah. Al-Nawawi also mentions that a smaller group of linguists allow the transliteration Dhu'l Qi'dah however. In modern times, it is most commonly referred to as Dhu'l Qi'dah although this is neither linguistically nor historically the strongest position.
The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 11 to 12 days shorter than the solar year, Dhu al-Qa'dah migrates throughout the seasons. For example, some estimated start and end dates for Dhu al-Qa'dah are as follows:
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