Dewey County, South Dakota

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Dewey County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Dewey County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded1883
Named forWilliam P. Dewey
SeatTimber Lake
Largest communityNorth Eagle Butte
Area
 • Total2,446 sq mi (6,334 km2)
 • Land2,303 sq mi (5,964 km2)
 • Water143 sq mi (370 km2), 2.07%
Population
 • (2010)5,301
 • Density3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/-6
 
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This article is about the county in South Dakota. For the unincorporated town of Dewey, South Dakota, in Custer County, see Dewey, South Dakota .
Dewey County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Dewey County
Location in the state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded1883
Named forWilliam P. Dewey
SeatTimber Lake
Largest communityNorth Eagle Butte
Area
 • Total2,446 sq mi (6,334 km2)
 • Land2,303 sq mi (5,964 km2)
 • Water143 sq mi (370 km2), 2.07%
Population
 • (2010)5,301
 • Density3/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC-7/-6

Dewey County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,301.[1] Its county seat is Timber Lake.[2]

History[edit]

Dewey County was created in 1883 and was named for William P. Dewey,[3] Territorial surveyor-general from 1873 to 1877.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,445 square miles (6,330 km2), of which 2,302 square miles (5,960 km2) is land and 143 square miles (370 km2) (5.8%) is water.[4] Almost the entire county lies in the Cheyenne River Indian Reservation. The balance of the county, along its extreme northern county line, lies in the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. It is one of five South Dakota counties that lie entirely on Indian reservations.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
19101,145
19204,802319.4%
19306,47634.9%
19405,709−11.8%
19504,916−13.9%
19605,2576.9%
19705,170−1.7%
19805,3663.8%
19905,5232.9%
20005,9728.1%
20105,301−11.2%
Est. 20135,5865.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2013 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 5,972 people, 1,863 households, and 1,386 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 2,133 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.16% Native American, 24.15% White, 0.03% Black or African American, 0.12% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 0.85% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 14.2% were of German ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.6% spoke English and 14.4% Dakota as their first language.

There were 1,863 households out of which 43.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.90% were married couples living together, 22.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.66.

In the county, the population was spread out with 38.90% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 16.60% from 45 to 64, and 8.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,272, and the median income for a family was $24,917. Males had a median income of $21,522 versus $18,777 for females. The per capita income for the county was $9,251. About 29.80% of families and 33.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.70% of those under age 18 and 28.50% of those age 65 or over. The county's per-capita income makes it one of the poorest counties in the United States.

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

2010 United States Census population[7]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into two areas of unorganized territory: North Dewey and South Dewey.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 105. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved March 28, 2014. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: South Dakota". Population Census. 2010 United States Census. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 

Coordinates: 45°10′N 100°53′W / 45.16°N 100.88°W / 45.16; -100.88