Descendants of Charles II of England

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Charles II.

The descendants of Charles II of England, Stuart monarch of the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland and claimant to the Kingdom of France, are numerous; lines from his many illegitimate children exist to this day. Although Charles's wife Catherine of Braganza was barren, he stayed with her but had numerous mistresses. Some of Charles's illegitimate children were born before his marriage. This article deals with the most senior figures who were descended from Charles's illegitimate sons; the names of his daughters are also mentioned.

Although some of Charles's children made claims to the throne, most notably his first son The Duke of Monmouth, their illegitimacy meant that after Charles's death, his brother James, Duke of York, became king. Over the centuries, several of Charles's descendants have made names for themselves, including Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, who became Prime Minister of Great Britain, the cricket pioneer Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, and the parliamentary reformer Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond.

Diana, Princess of Wales, was descended from two of Charles's illegitimate sons; Henry Fitzroy, 1st Duke of Grafton, and Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond. This means that her son, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, will become the first descendant of Charles II to occupy the British throne, if he succeeds as expected.

Child by Lucy Walter[edit]

James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth[edit]

DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
1649–1685
James9 April 1649[1]
Rotterdam
son of Charles II of England and Lucy Walter
Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch
20 April 1663
7 children
15 July 1685
Tower Hill
aged 36
James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith
1685–1705
James23 May 1674[2]
son of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and Anne Scott, 1st Duchess of Buccleuch
Henrietta Scott, Countess of Dalkeith
2 January 1693
6 children
14 March 1705
London
aged 30
Francis Scott, 2nd Duke of Buccleuch
1705–1751
11 January 1694[3]
son of James Scott, Earl of Dalkeith and Henrietta Scott, Countess of Dalkeith
Lady Jane Douglas
5 April 1720
1 child

Alice Powell
4 September 1744
No children
22 April 1751
aged 57
Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch
1751–1812
Henry2 September 1746[4]
son of Francis Scott, Earl of Dalkeith and Caroline Campbell, Baroness Greenwich
Elizabeth Montagu
2 May 1767
7 children
11 January 1812
aged 65
Charles Montagu-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch
1812–1819
Charles24 May 1772[5]
London
son of Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and Elizabeth Montagu
Harriet Katherine Townshend
24 March 1795
7 children
20 April 1819
Lisbon
aged 46
Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch
1819–1884
Walter25 November 1806[6]
Dalkeith
son of Charles Montagu-Scott, 4th Duke of Buccleuch and Harriet Katherine Townshend
Charlotte Anne Thynne
13 August 1829
7 children
16 April 1884
Bowhill
aged 77
William Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch
1884–1914
William9 September 1831[7]
Montagu House
son of Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch and Charlotte Anne Thynne
Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton
22 November 1859
8 children
5 November 1914
aged 83
John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch
1914–1935
John30 March 1864[8]
son of William Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch and Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton
Lady Margaret Bridgeman
30 January 1893
8 children
19 October 1935
Bowhill
aged 71
Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch
1935–1973
30 December 1894[9]
son of John Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch and Lady Margaret Bridgeman
Vreda Esther Mary Lascelles
21 April 1921
3 children
4 October 1973
aged 78
John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch
1973–2007
John28 September 1923[10]
son of Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 8th Duke of Buccleuch and Vreda Esther Mary Lascelles
Jane McNeill
10 January 1953
5 children
4 September 2007
aged 84
Richard Scott, 10th Duke of Buccleuch
2007–present
Richard14 February 1954[11]
son of John Scott, 9th Duke of Buccleuch and Jane McNeill
Lady Elizabeth Marian Frances Kerr
31 October 1981
4 children

Children by Catherine Pegge[edit]

Catherine Pegge and Charles II also had a daughter together called Catherine FitzCharles but she died young or became a nun.

Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth[edit]

DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Charles FitzCharles, 1st Earl of Plymouth
1657–1680
Charles1657[12]
son of Charles II of England and Catherine Pegge
Bridget Osborne
19 September 1678
No children
17 October 1680
Tangier
aged 23

Children by Barbara Palmer née Villiers[edit]

Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland, was perhaps the most notorious of Charles's mistresses. Some of the children claimed by Palmer as belonging to Charles are in doubt. Anne Lennard, Countess of Sussex, was claimed to be Charles's daughter and he recognised her, though some sources regard Roger Palmer as her father. Palmer claimed Lady Barbara FitzRoy was Charles's daughter, but he never recognised her and most sources consider John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, more likely. Palmer and Charles had another daughter together, Charlotte Lee, Countess of Lichfield, and three sons who were recognised by Charles, their lines are featured below.

Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland[edit]

DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland
1662–1730
Charles18 June 1662[13]
London
son of Charles II of England and Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine
Mary Wood
1671
No children

Anne Pulteney
1694
6 children
9 September 1730
St. James's Square
aged 68
William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Cleveland
1730–1774
19 February 1698[14]
son of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Cleveland and Anne Pulteney
Lady Henrietta Finch
22 January 1731
No children
18 May 1774
Raby Castle
aged 76
Henry Vane, 2nd Earl of Darlington
1774–1792
Henry1726[15]
son of Lady Grace FitzRoy and Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington
Margaret Lowther
22 January 1731
3 children
8 September 1792
Raby Castle
aged 66
William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland
1792–1842
William27 July 1766[15][16]
son of Henry Vane, 2nd Earl of Darlington and Margaret Lowther
Lady Catherine Powlett
17 September 1787
8 children

Elizabeth Russell
27 July 1813
No children
29 January 1842
aged 75
Henry Vane, 2nd Duke of Cleveland
1842–1864
Henry6 August 1788[17][18]
son of William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and Lady Catherine Powlett
Lady Sophia Poulett
16 November 1809
No children
18 January 1864
Raby Castle
aged 75
William John Frederick Vane, 3rd Duke of Cleveland
1864
3 April 1792[19][20]
son of William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and Lady Catherine Powlett
Lady Grace Lowther
3 July 1815
No children
6 September 1864
Raby Castle
aged 72
Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Cleveland
1864–1891
Harry19 April 1803[21][22]
son of William Henry Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland and Lady Catherine Powlett
Lady Catherine Stanhope
2 August 1854
No children
21 August 1891
Cleveland House
aged 88

Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton[edit]

DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
1663–1690
Henry28 September 1663[23]
son of Charles II of England and Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine
Isabella FitzRoy, Duchess of Grafton
1 August 1672
2 children
9 October 1690
aged 27
Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton
1690–1757
Charles25 October 1683[24]
son of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton and Isabella FitzRoy, Duchess of Grafton
Lady Henrietta Somerset
30 April 1713
7 children
6 May 1757
aged 73
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton
1757–1811
Augustus28 September 1735[25]
son of Augustus FitzRoy and Elizabeth Cosby
Anne Liddell
29 January 1756
3 children

Elizabeth Wrottesley
24 June 1769
6 children
14 March 1811
aged 75
George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton
1811–1844
George14 January 1760[26]
son of Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton and Anne Liddell
Charlotte Maria Waldegrave
16 November 1784
1 child
28 September 1844
aged 84
Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton
1844–1863
10 February 1790[27]
son of George FitzRoy, 4th Duke of Grafton and Charlotte Maria Waldegrave
Mary Caroline Berkeley
20 June 1812
5 children
26 March 1863
aged 73
William FitzRoy, 6th Duke of Grafton
1863–1882
5 August 1819[28]
son of Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton and Mary Caroline Berkeley
Marie Anne Baring
10 February 1858
No children
21 May 1882
aged 62
Augustus FitzRoy, 7th Duke of Grafton
1882–1918
Augustus22 June 1821[29]
son of Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton and Mary Caroline Berkeley
Anna Balfour
9 June 1847
4 children
4 December 1918
aged 97
Alfred FitzRoy, 8th Duke of Grafton
1918–1930
3 March 1850[30]
son of Henry FitzRoy, 5th Duke of Grafton and Mary Caroline Berkeley
Margaret Rose Smith
27 April 1875
3 children

Susanna Mary Stewart
8 January 1916
2 children
10 January 1930
aged 79
John FitzRoy, 9th Duke of Grafton
1930–1936
1 August 1914[31]
son of William Henry FitzRoy and Auriol Margaretta Brougham
never married4 August 1936
Euston Hall
aged 22
Charles FitzRoy, 10th Duke of Grafton
1936–1970
4 June 1892[32]
son of Charles Edward FitzRoy and Ismay FitzRoy
Doreen Maria Buxton
24 January 1918
2 children

Lucy Eleanor Barnes
6 October 1924
1 child

Rita Carr-Ellison
18 July 1944
No children
11 November 1970
aged 78
Hugh FitzRoy, 11th Duke of Grafton
1970–2011
Hugh3 April 1919[33]
Cape Town
son of Charles FitzRoy, 10th Duke of Grafton and Doreen Maria Buxton
Fortune FitzRoy, Duchess of Grafton
12 October 1946
5 children
7 April 2011
aged 92
Henry FitzRoy, 12th Duke of Grafton
2011–present
Henry6 April 1978[34]
son of James Oliver Charles FitzRoy, Earl of Euston and Lady Claire Amabel Margaret Kerr
Olivia Margaret Sladen
14 August 2010
1 child

George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland[edit]

See also: Duke of Northumberland, Baron of Pontefract and Viscount Falmouth
DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland
1665–1716
George28 December 1665[35]
Oxford
son of Charles II of England and Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine
Catherine Wheatley
1686
No children

Mary Dutton
1715
No children
28 June 1716
Epsom
aged 50

Child by Nell Gwyn[edit]

Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans[edit]

DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans
1670–1726
Charles8 May 1670[36]
son of Charles II of England and Nell Gwynne
Diana de Vere
13 April 1694
8 children
10 May 1726
aged 56
Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans
1726–1751
6 April 1696[37]
son of Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans and Diana de Vere
Lucy Werden
13 December 1722
2 children
27 July 1751
aged 55
George Beauclerk, 3rd Duke of St Albans
1751–1786
25 June 1730[38]
son of Charles Beauclerk, 2nd Duke of St Albans and Lucy Werden
Jane Roberts
23 December 1752
No children
1 February 1786
aged 55
George Beauclerk, 4th Duke of St Albans
1786–1787
5 December 1758[39]
son of Col. Charles Beuclerk and Elizabeth Jones
never married10 February 1787
aged 28
Aubrey Beauclerk, 5th Duke of St Albans
1787–1789
3 June 1740[40]
son of Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere and Mary Chambers
Catherine Ponsonby
4 May 1763
5 children
4 September 1789
aged 49
Aubrey Beauclerk, 6th Duke of St Albans
1789–1815
21 August 1765[41]
son of Aubrey Beauclerk, 5th Duke of St Albans and Catherine Ponsonby
Mary Moses
9 July 1788
1 child

Louisa Grace Manners
15 August 1802
1 child
12 August 1815
aged 49
Aubrey Beauclerk, 7th Duke of St Albans
1815–1816
7 April 1815[42]
son of Aubrey Beauclerk, 6th Duke of St Albans and Louisa Grace Manners
never married19 February 1816
aged 10 months
William Beauclerk, 8th Duke of St Albans
1816–1825
18 December 1766[43]
son of Aubrey Beauclerk, 5th Duke of St Albans and Catherine Ponsonby
Charlotte Thelwall
20 July 1791
No children

Maria Janetta Nelthorpe
4 March 1799
7 children
17 July 1825
aged 58
William Beauclerk, 9th Duke of St Albans
1825–1849
24 March 1801[44]
son of William Beauclerk, 8th Duke of St Albans and Maria Janetta Nelthorpe
Harriet Mellon
16 June 1827
No children

Elizabeth Catherine Gubbins
29 May 1839
2 children
27 May 1849
aged 48
William Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans
1849–1898
William15 April 1840[45]
son of William Beauclerk, 9th Duke of St Albans and Elizabeth Catherine Gubbins
Sybil Mary Grey
20 June 1867
3 children

Grace Osborne
2 January 1874
5 children
10 May 1898
aged 58
Charles Beauclerk, 11th Duke of St Albans
1898–1934
26 March 1870[46]
son of William Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans and Sybil Mary Grey
never married19 September 1934
aged 64
Osborne Beauclerk, 12th Duke of St Albans
1934–1964
16 October 1874[47]
son of William Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans and Grace Osborne
Beatrix Frances Petty-Fitzmaurice
19 August 1918
No children
2 March 1964
aged 89
Charles Beauclerk, 13th Duke of St Albans
1964–1988
Charles16 August 1915[48]
son of Aubrey Topham Beauclerk and Gwendolen Loftus Hughes
Nathalie Chatham Walker
21 March 1938
1 child

Suzanne Marie Adèle Fesq
19 March 1947
4 children
8 October 1988
aged 73
Murray Beauclerk, 14th Duke of St Albans
1988–present
Murray19 January 1939[49]
son of Charles Beauclerk, 13th Duke of St Albans and Nathalie Chatham Walker
Rosemary Frances Scoones
31 January 1963
2 children

Cynthia Theresa Howard
29 August 1974
No children

Gillian Anita Northam
14 December 2002
No children

Child by Louise de Kérouaille[edit]

Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond[edit]

DescendantPortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
1672–1723
Charles29 July 1672[50]
son of Charles II of England and Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth
Anne Brudenell
10 January 1692
3 children
27 May 1723
aged 50
Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond
1723–1750
Charles18 May 1701
Goodwood[51]
son of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Anne Brudenell
Sarah Cadogan
4 December 1719
3 children
8 August 1750
Godalming
aged 49
Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond
1750–1806
Charles22 February 1735[52]
son of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond and Sarah Cadogan
Mary Bruce
1 April 1757
No children
29 December 1806
aged 71
Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond
1806–1819
Charles9 December 1764[53]
Gordon Castle
son of Lord George Lennox and Lady Louisa Kerr
Charlotte Gordon
20 September 1768
14 children[54]
28 August 1819
Canada
aged 54
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond
1819–1860
Charles3 August 1791[55]
Richmond House
son of Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond and Charlotte Gordon
Lady Caroline Paget
6 June 1817
8 children[56]
21 October 1860
London
aged 69
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond
1860–1903
Charles27 February 1818[57]
Whitehall
son of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 5th Duke of Richmond and Lady Caroline Paget
Frances Harriett Greville
10 April 1817
8 children[58]
27 September 1903
aged 85
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond
1903–1928
Charles27 December 1845[59]
Portland Place
son of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond and Frances Harriett Greville
Amy Mary Ricardo
10 November 1868
5 children

Isabel Sophie Craven
3 July 1882
2 children[60]
18 December 1928
Goodwood
aged 82
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 8th Duke of Richmond
1928–1935
Charles30 December 1870[61]
son of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond and Amy Mary Ricardo
Hilda Madeleine Brassey
8 June 1893
5 children[62]
7 May 1935
aged 64
Frederick Gordon-Lennox, 9th Duke of Richmond
1935–1989
Frederick5 February 1904[63]
son of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 8th Duke of Richmond and Hilda Madeleine Brassey
Elizabeth Grace Hudson
15 December 1927
2 children[64]
2 November 1989
aged 85
Charles Gordon-Lennox, 10th Duke of Richmond
1989–present
Charles19 September 1929[65]
son of Frederick Gordon-Lennox, 9th Duke of Richmond and Elizabeth Grace Hudson
Susan Monica Grenville-Gray
26 May 1951
4 children[66]

Child by Moll Davis[edit]

With Moll Davis Charles had one daughter, Lady Mary Tudor. Mary went on to marry Edward Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Derwentwater. Very soon after his death she married Henry Graham, and within a few months of his death she married James Rooke.

Lady Mary Tudor's sons James Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Derwentwater (1689–1716) and Charles Radclyffe (1693–1746) were both notable Jacobites and both were executed for treason following the Risings of 1715 and 1745 respectively.

Charles II Line of Descent to Prince William and Prince Harry[edit]

It was a well-known fact that Lady Diana Spencer, (later the Princess of Wales), was a direct descendant of Charles II, through two of his illegitimate sons. Diana married The Prince of Wales in 1981, and had two sons, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry. Currently, the Duke is 2nd in the line of Succession, his son Prince George is 3rd and Prince Harry is 4th in line. If any of them succeed to the British throne, they will be the first descendants of Charles II of England to accede to the throne. The following list details the line of descent from Charles II of England to Princes William and Harry.

Other notable descendants[edit]

Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk, through Lady Charlotte Fitzroy
Andrew Russell, 15th Duke of Bedford, through Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
John Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe, through Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
Isabella Calthorpe, daughter of John Anstruther-Gough-Calthorpe
Sarah, Duchess of York, through Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
Ralph Percy, 12th Duke of Northumberland, through Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
Samantha Cameron, wife of Prime Minister David Cameron, through Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, Lady Charlotte Fitzroy and Lady Mary Tudor
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, through Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire, through Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond
David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort, through Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans

References[edit]

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