Denpasar

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Denpasar
City
From top left, clockwise: Puputan Monument, Bajra Sandhi Monument, Sanur Beach, Pura Jagatnatha

Seal
Motto: Puradhipa Bhara Bhavana
(The Capital Supports The Country)
Location in Bali
Denpasar is located in Indonesia
Denpasar
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 8°39′S 115°13′E / 8.650°S 115.217°E / -8.650; 115.217Coordinates: 8°39′S 115°13′E / 8.650°S 115.217°E / -8.650; 115.217
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceBali
Government
 • MayorI.B. Rai Dharmawijaya Mantra
Area
 • Total123.98 km2 (47.87 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total834,881
 • Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneWITA (UTC+8)
Area code(s)+62 361
License plateDK
Websitedenpasarkota.go.id
 
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Denpasar
City
From top left, clockwise: Puputan Monument, Bajra Sandhi Monument, Sanur Beach, Pura Jagatnatha

Seal
Motto: Puradhipa Bhara Bhavana
(The Capital Supports The Country)
Location in Bali
Denpasar is located in Indonesia
Denpasar
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 8°39′S 115°13′E / 8.650°S 115.217°E / -8.650; 115.217Coordinates: 8°39′S 115°13′E / 8.650°S 115.217°E / -8.650; 115.217
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceBali
Government
 • MayorI.B. Rai Dharmawijaya Mantra
Area
 • Total123.98 km2 (47.87 sq mi)
Elevation4 m (13 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total834,881
 • Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneWITA (UTC+8)
Area code(s)+62 361
License plateDK
Websitedenpasarkota.go.id

Denpasar (Indonesian: Kota Denpasar, Indonesian pronunciation: [dənˈpasar]) is the capital and the most populous city of the Indonesian province of Bali. Situated on the island of Bali, it is known worldwide as a major tourist destination, and is the main gateway to Bali. The city is also a hub for other cities in the Lesser Sunda Islands.

With the rapid growth of the tourism industry in Bali, Denpasar has encouraged and promoted business activities and ventures, contributing it to having the highest growth rate in Bali Province. The population of Denpasar was 834,881 in 2012,[1] up from 788,445 at the 2010 Census. The surrounding metropolitan area has roughly 2 million residents. The municipality's area extent, population, and density are similar to San Francisco.

Etymology[edit]

The name of Denpasar is etymologically comes from the Balinese word "den" meaning north and "pasar" meaning market. This name is come because Denpasar is originally located in the north of "Peken Payuk" that now known as the Kumbasari Market.[2]

History[edit]

Colonial era[edit]

Denpasar was the capital of the Kingdom of Badung. It was conquered by the Dutch during the Dutch intervention in Bali (1906). The royal palace was looted and razed by the Dutch. On central square "Taman Puputan" stands a statue to the 1906 Puputan.[3]

Independence era[edit]

Denpasar in 1949

In 1958 Denpasar became the seat of government for the Province of Bali. It also remains the administrative centre of both the Regency of Badung and the City of Denpasar.[4]

Both Denpasar and Badung Regency have experienced rapid growth both in terms of physical, economic, social and cultural rights.[4]

The physical state of Denpasar and the surrounding area has been developed in such a life of its people and also have a lot of shows characteristics and urban properties. Denpasar has become not only the seat of government, but also the centre of commerce, education, industry and tourism.[4]

Seeing the development of the Administrative City of Denpasar in various sectors rapidly, then it may just be handled by the Government Administrative City status. Therefore, it's time to set up the city government has the authority to regulate and manage autonomous urban cities so that the problem can be handled more quickly and precisely and services in urban communities more quickly.[4]

As with other cities in Indonesia, Denpasar is the provincial capital growth and population growth as well as its speed of development in all sectors continues to increase, providing a huge influence on the city itself.[4]

The average population growth of 4.05% per annum and also accompanied the speed of growth in various sectors of development, thus providing a huge influence on the city of Denpasar, which ultimately led to a variety of urban problems to be solved and addressed by giving the City independence from Badung Regency, both in meeting the needs and demands of urban communities such increase.[4]

Based on objective conditions and other considerations, agreement was reached to raise the status of Denpasar to that of an autonomous City, and finally, on 15 January 1992, Act No. 1 of 1992 on the establishment of the city of Denpasar born and was inaugurated by the Minister of Home Affairs, on 27 February 1992 that a new chapter for the implementation of Regional Government of Bali, for Badung Regency and also for the city of Denpasar.[4]

Geography[edit]

Denpasar is located at a height of 0-75 mdpl. While the total area of 127.78 km² or 2.18% of the total area of Bali Province. From the use of land, 2768 hectares of land are paddy, 10,001 hectares is dry land and the remaining land area of 9 hectares is another.

Badung River is one river that divides Denpasar, the river empties into the Gulf of Benoa.[5]

Climate[edit]

Denpasar, located just south of the equator, has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen climate classification Aw), with hot and humid weather. Due to this there is little temperature change throughout the year. Unlike many cities outside Indonesia with this climate, there is very little seasonal temperature change, with temperatures averaging about 28 degrees Celsius. The year is divided into two seasons: wet and dry. The wet season lasts roughly from November to April, while the dry season lasts from May to October. The temperatures are not extreme, but the heat, combined with the oppressive humidity and copious precipitation, makes the climate very uncomfortable at times.

Climate data for Denpasar
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)33.0
(91.4)
33.4
(92.1)
33.6
(92.5)
34.4
(93.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.4
(88.5)
30.4
(86.7)
29.6
(85.3)
31.4
(88.5)
33.6
(92.5)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
32.47
(90.44)
Average low °C (°F)24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.5
(72.5)
22.9
(73.2)
23.7
(74.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.65
(74.58)
Precipitation mm (inches)345
(13.58)
274
(10.79)
234
(9.21)
88
(3.46)
93
(3.66)
53
(2.09)
55
(2.17)
25
(0.98)
47
(1.85)
63
(2.48)
179
(7.05)
276
(10.87)
1,732
(68.19)
Source: World Meteorological Organisation[6]

Demography[edit]

The city's population was counted as 788,445 in 2010, up from 533,252 in the previous decade. The provincial website lists the June 2012 population at 834,881.[1]

Denpasar's population grew about 4% per year in the period from 2000 to 2010, Denpasar grew much faster from 2005 to 2010 than in the previous five years. The lingering effects of a nightclub bombing had a major depressive effect on tourism, jobs, immigration from other islands, and traffic. However, Denpasar is expected to easily surpass a million residents by the next census if trends continue. There are about 4.57% more men than women in Denpasar.

Approximately 68.4% of the population are Hindus, while Islam is the largest minority religion followed by Christianity, Buddhism and Confucianism.[7]

Administration[edit]

Administratively, the city government consists of 4 districts, subdivided into 43 sub-districts with 209 villages. Currently the City of Denpasar has developed numerous innovations to improve service to the people,[8] in the residence administration began to fix the system.

Districts[edit]

Denpasar is divided into 4 districts (kecamatan), listed below with their 2010 Census populations:[9]

Greater Denpasar[edit]

Greater Denpasar spills out into the tourist regions, including Kuta and Ubud. The continuous built-up area includes nearly all of Badung Regency (except Petang District), all but one of Gianyar Regency (Payangan District). Indonesia defined Metropolitan Denpasar as Sarbagita an acronym for Denpa"Sar"+"BA"dung+"GI"anyar+"TA"banan, with Presidential Regulation Number 45 Year 2011,[10] despite Tabanan just beginning to succumb to urban sprawl. See also List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia.

Administrative divisionArea
(in km²)
Population
(2010 Census)
Population
density (per km2)
Denpasar Municipality123.98788,4456,359.45
Badung Regency418.52543,3321,293.37
Gianyar Regency368.00470,3801,278.21
Denpasar
Metropolitan Area
910.501,802,1571,979.30
Tabanan Regency839.33420,913501.49
Denpasar Extended
Metropolitan Area
(Sarbagita)
1,749.832,223,0701,270.45

Economy[edit]

Badung Market in Denpasar.

Strong influence on tourism development and structural changes in the economy increased in Denpasar. However, the economic structure of the city of Denpasar slightly different when compared to the structure of the economy of Bali in general, by placing sectors trade, hotels and restaurants dominate the formation of the gross regional domestic product of Denpasar.[11]

Were also boost the economy of Denpasar is the production of craft items such as handicrafts for souvenirs, such as carving and sculpture. But this craft industry is experiencing stress, in addition to the impact of the crisis and competition between regions, other pressures from competition among other Asian developing countries such as Vietnam, Thailand, India, Malaysia and China . These competitor countries maximize the scale of production by utilizing industrial technology, while at Denpasar craft industry is still maintaining skills (hand made) so that the constraints on the fulfillment of the quantity of production.

Tourism[edit]

Denpasar has various attractions. The white sandy beaches are well-known all over the island. The surfing beach is Serangan Island. Sanur beach has calmer waters and is excellent for sunbathing and kitesurfing.

Ten minutes from the Ngurah Rai International Airport lies the town of Kuta. Kuta is where most of the hotels, restaurants, malls, cafes, marketplaces, and spas that cater to tourists are located. In the Denpasar area, all kinds of Balinese handicrafts are represented in local shops. These include artwork, pottery, textiles, and silver.

Batik cloth is sold all over Denpasar. Sometimes batik cloth is made into wearable clothing such as a sarong or men's shirts.

Education[edit]

Denpasar has several major universities and institutions. Some of them are

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The city is served by Ngurah Rai International Airport. Ngurah Rai International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in Indonesia.[13]

Sea[edit]

Benoa Harbour is the entrance to the City of Denpasar by sea and is currently managed by PT Pelindo III.[14] The port is located about 10 km from the city center, and has been operating since 1924.

Land[edit]

Means of transport in the city of Denpasar, especially for urban transportation is starting to be ineffective and inefficient,[15] until the year 2010 only 30% are still in operation, along with the lack of interest people to use public transport services, which estimated that only about 3% of the total population.[16] While the growth of private vehicle ownership continues to increase to 11% per year, and is not comparable with the construction of new roads. So there is congestion in the city of Denpasar is unavoidable.

Since August 2011 a bus system is launched step by step. Up to date two main routes and some feeder lines are operated daily from 5 a.m. til 9 p.m. The service has no own tracks and is stuck in the same congestions it should ease. In 2012 an average 2.800 passengers per day used the service.[17]

Within a few weeks two mayor improvements of the road system were accomplished recently. In August 2013 the underpass at the Dewa Ruci intersection was opened. Its slightly beyond the bounds of Denpasar but was co-financed by the town because of the expected positive effects on traffic in Denpasar.[18]
Then a four track toll road was opened on 1 October 2013, connecting Benoa Harbor, Ngurah Rai Airport and Nusa Dua.

Sport[edit]

Denpasar was the venue for 2008 Asian Beach Games in Bali. Denpasar also held 2009 Asian Archery Championships.

In football, Denpasar has a club named Perseden Denpasar.[19] Ngurah Rai Stadium is their venue for home games.

Culture[edit]

While arts and culture in the city of Denpasar largely synonymous with art and culture in general, although here there has been a mix of interaction with other cultures along with the arrival of tourists from all walks of life. But traditional values inspired by Hindu religious rituals still strong coloring of this city.[20]

Role of Traditional Bali is still rooted in the city of Denpasar, Bali Adat may include, values, norms and behavior in society in general on kinship systems patrilineal . However, over time some of the customary laws began disputed by the people, especially in matters of gender and inheritance.[21]

Museum[edit]

The Bali Museum features Balinese art and history. It is located near the location of the former royal palace of Denpasar, which was destroyed in a fire during the Dutch intervention in Bali (1906). The museum is built in Balinese house style. There are four main buildings inside the museum, with their specialization in each building.[22]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://bali.bps.go.id/tabel_detail.php?ed=604005&od=4&id=4
  2. ^ "Gambaran Umum Kota Denpasar dan Pemertahanan Bahasa Bali". Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Bali History from 1846 to 1949 - Bali Historical Guide, The Dutch Occupation in Bali". Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Sejarah Kota Denpasar". Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  5. ^ I.B. Kade Sugirawan, Kondisi Ekologi Perairan Muara Sungai Badung di Teluk Benoa Ditinjau dari Parameter Fisika, Kimia, dan Biologi, Skripsi, Institut Pertanian Bogor, 1992.
  6. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Denpasar". June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Sensus penduduk 2010 Kota Denpasar". BPS. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Djojosoekarto, A., Siahaan, H.M.P., Setiyawati, N.H., (2008), Pelayanan publik dalam persepsi masyarakat: hasil survei persepsi masyarakat dengan metode citizen report card di daerah, Kemitraan Partnership, ISBN 979-26-9631-8
  9. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  10. ^ "Kerja Sama Kunci Terwujudnya Perpres Rencana Tata Ruang Kawasan Perkotaan". BKPRN. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Motivasi Kerja Perempuan Bali pada Hotel Berbintang di Kota Denpasar". LIPI. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  12. ^ http://www.unmas.ac.id/content_menu.asp?menu=1079&idlang=en
  13. ^ Anjaiah, Veeramalla. "Indian firm to manage Bali airport operations". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Benoa - Bali". PT Pelabuhan Indonesia III (PERSERO). Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  15. ^ Ni Nyoman Murniasih, Evaluasi Kinerja Pelayanan Aangkutan Kota Denpasar Ditinjau Dari Pihak Operator, Skripsi, Institut Teknologi Bandung, 2005
  16. ^ "Angkot di Denpasar Mati Suri". Bali Post. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  17. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/bali-daily/2013-03-19/trans-sarbagita-buses-claimed-ease-traffic.html
  18. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/bali-daily/2013-08-16/dewa-ruci-underpass-officially-opened.html
  19. ^ "Perseden Denpasar Tembus Babak Semifinal". KONI. Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  20. ^ Profil daerah kabupaten dan kota, Volume 2, Penerbit Buku Kompas, 2001, ISBN 979-709-054-X.
  21. ^ Mery Wanyi Rihi, Kedudukan Anak Angkat Menurut Hukum Waris Adat Bali (Studi Kasus Di Kelurahan Sesetan, Kecamatan Denpasar Selatan, Kota Denpasar dan Pengadilan Negeri Denpasar), Tesis, Universitas Diponegoro, 2006
  22. ^ Bali and Lombok, pp. 62–62.
  23. ^ "Denpasar to ink sister city pact with Haikou". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 4 November 2012. 

External links[edit]