Demographics of the Philippines

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Demographics of Philippines
Population

92,337,852 (2010 census)

99,250,600 today
Growth rate2.04% (2011 est.)
Birth rate24.62 births/1,000 population
(2013 est.)
Death rate4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Life expectancy71.66 years
 • male68.72 years
 • female74.74 years (2011 est.)
Fertility rate3.19 children born/woman (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate19.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate-1.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years0-14 years: 34.6%
(male 17,999,279/female 17,285,040)
65 and over4.3%
(male 1,876,805/female 2,471,644) (2011 est.)
Sex ratio
Total1 male(s)/female
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.04 male(s)/female
15–64 years1 male(s)/female
65 and over0.76 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityFilipinos
Major ethnicTagalog 28.1% (2000 census)
Minor ethnicVisayan (Cebuano, Waray, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Karay-a, Aklanon, Masbatenyo, Romblomanon) 31.6%, Ilocano 9%, Bikol 6%, Kapampangan 3%, Zamboangueño 1.5% & others 25.3% (2000 census)
Language
OfficialTagalog and English[1]
Spokentwelve auxiliary regional languages - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, Bikolano, Waray, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Mëranao, Maguindanao, Zamboangueño Chavacano and Tausug
 
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Demographics of Philippines
Population

92,337,852 (2010 census)

99,250,600 today
Growth rate2.04% (2011 est.)
Birth rate24.62 births/1,000 population
(2013 est.)
Death rate4.95 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Life expectancy71.66 years
 • male68.72 years
 • female74.74 years (2011 est.)
Fertility rate3.19 children born/woman (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate19.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate-1.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years0-14 years: 34.6%
(male 17,999,279/female 17,285,040)
65 and over4.3%
(male 1,876,805/female 2,471,644) (2011 est.)
Sex ratio
Total1 male(s)/female
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.04 male(s)/female
15–64 years1 male(s)/female
65 and over0.76 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityFilipinos
Major ethnicTagalog 28.1% (2000 census)
Minor ethnicVisayan (Cebuano, Waray, Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Karay-a, Aklanon, Masbatenyo, Romblomanon) 31.6%, Ilocano 9%, Bikol 6%, Kapampangan 3%, Zamboangueño 1.5% & others 25.3% (2000 census)
Language
OfficialTagalog and English[1]
Spokentwelve auxiliary regional languages - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilokano, Hiligaynon, Bikolano, Waray, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Mëranao, Maguindanao, Zamboangueño Chavacano and Tausug

Demographics of the Philippines are records of human population in the country, including its population density, ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population. The Philippines has a population growth rate of 2.04%, one of the highest in Asia.[2] According to the 2010 Census, the population of the Philippines was 92,337,852.[3][dead link]

The majority of Filipinos are made up of various ethnolinguistic Austronesian ethnic groups, while the Agtas, an indigenous dark-skinned people form a minority. The indigenous population is closely related to indigenous Malaysians and Indonesians. Ethnic groups that have been in the Philippines for centuries before European and American colonial rule have assimilated, such as various Japanese people, Han Chinese, Indian people, etc., and form a large part of the population.[4][5] [6]

The most commonly spoken language is Filipino, which is based on the Tagalog language. Filipino and English are the official languages. Additionally, there are between 120 to 170 distinct indigenous Philippine languages (depending on their classification), a dozen of which have over one million speakers and are recognized as official regional languages. Spanish and Arabic are recognized as voluntary and optional languages in the Philippine constitution.[1] Christianity is the main religion, with Roman Catholicism making up the majority of the population. Other religions include Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and those with no religion.[7] The people of the Philippines are known as Filipinos.

Population history[edit]

Philippines population density Map per province as of 2009 per square kilometer:
  0-50
  51-100
  101-200
  201-300
  301-400
  401-800
  801-1600

The first census in the Philippines was founded in 1591, based on tributes collected. Based on this tribute counting, there were about 666,712 people in the islands. In 1600, this method was revamped by the Spanish officials, who then based the counting of the population through church records. In 1799, Friar Manuel Buzeta estimated the population count as 1,502,574. However, the first official census was conducted only in 1878, when the population as of midnight on December 31, 1877 was counted. This was followed by two more censuses, namely, the 1887 census, and the 1898 census. The 1887 census yielded a count of 6,984,727,[8] while that of 1898 yielded 7,832,719 inhabitants.[9]

1903 census[edit]

In 1903 the population of the Philippines was recounted by American authorities to fulfill Act 467. The survey yielded 7,635,426 people, including 56,138 who were foreign-born.

Between 1903 and 1941[edit]

1939 This census was undertaken in conformity with Section 1 of C. A. 170. It was the first taken under the Commonwealth government with Census day on January 1. The Philippine population figure was 16,000,303.

1941[edit]

In 1941 the estimated population of the Philippines reached 17,000,000. Manila's population was 684,000.

By then, some 27% of the population could speak English as a second language, while the number of Spanish speakers as first language had further fallen to 3% from 10-14% at the beginning of the century. However, Spanish as a second language continued to be spoken and understood at varying levels of expertise, far more than English. In 1936, Tagalog was selected to be the basis for a national language.[8] In 1987, the Tagalog-based Filipino language was designated the national language.[10]

Philippine census surveys[edit]

In 1960, the government of the Philippines conducted a survey on both population, and housing. The population was pegged at 27,087,685. Successive surveys were again conducted on 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1990, which gave the population as 36,684,948, 42,070,660, 48,098,460, and 60,703,206 respectively. On 1995, the POPCEN was launched, undertaken at the month of September, The data provided the bases for the Internal Revenue Allocation to local government units, and for the creation of new legislative areas. The count was made official by then President Fidel Ramos by Proclamation No, 849 on August 14, 1995, The population was 68,616,536.

According to the executive director of the Commission on Population Tomas Osias, the population of the Philippines may reach 101.2 million by 2014. Attempts to introduce a reproductive health law to bring down the population growth rate has been consistently opposed by the Catholic Church, the dominant religion of the country.[2]

196019701975198019901995200020072010
27,087,68536,684,94842,070,66048,098,46060,703,20668,616,53676,504,07788,574,61492,337,852

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[edit]

World Population Prospects, 2010[11]
PeriodLive births per yearDeaths per yearNatural change per yearCBR1CDR1NC1TFR1IMR1
1950-1955981 000269 000712 00048.613.335.37.4296.8
1955-19601 095 000285 000810 00045.711.933.87.2786.5
1960-19651 218 000299 000919 00043.010.632.56.9877.4
1965-19701 334 000311 0001 023 00040.49.431.06.5467.8
1970-19751 461 000326 0001 136 00038.38.529.85.9859.3
1975-19801 643 000346 0001 297 00037.47.929.55.4651.8
1980-19851 801 000368 0001 433 00035.67.328.34.9245.2
1985-19901 968 000393 0001 575 00034.06.827.24.5339.5
1990-19952 084 000419 0001 664 00031.86.425.44.1434.5
1995-20002 216 000450 0001 766 00030.26.124.13.9030.1
2000-20052 360 000487 0001 873 00029.06.023.03.7026.3
2005-20102 318 000528 0001 790 00025.95.920.03.2723.0
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Ethnic groups[edit]

The majority of the people in the Philippines are of Austronesian descent. The largest of these groups are the Visayan, Tagalog, Ilocano, Bicolano, Moro, the Kapampangan, Zamboangueño and among others. The indigenous peoples of the Philippines form a minority of the population. Other ethnic groups include the Spaniard, Indian, Chinese, American, Japanese, Arab, Korean, and other ethnic groups from other countries.

Languages[edit]

There are between 120 and 170 languages spoken in the country. Most of them have several varieties (dialects), totaling over 300 across the archipelago. Since the 1930s the government has promoted the use of the national language, Filipino, based on Tagalog.[10][12] Visayan languages (also called Bisaya or Binisaya) are widely spoken throughout the Visayas and in some parts of Mindanao. Ilokano is the lingua franca of Northern Luzon.

English is considered an official language for purposes of communication and instruction.[1] Consequently, it is widely spoken and understood. The other non-indigenous language with a certain degree of acknowledgement is Spanish.

Religion[edit]

About 80% of Filipinos are Roman Catholics,[13] 15% are Protestant Christians and, according to the "World Values Survey" conducted in the year 2000, 10.9% were then irreligious.[14] Other Christian denominations include the Iglesia ni Cristo (one of a number of separate Churches of Christ generally not affiliated with one another), Philippine Independent Church (more commonly called the Aglipayan Church), Members Church of God International, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon). Minority religions include Buddhism, Hinduism, and Judaism.

Roman Catholics and Protestants were converted during the four centuries of Western influence by Spain, and the United States. Under Spanish rule, much of the population was converted to Christianity.

Orthodox Christians also live in Philippines. Protestant Christianity arrived in the Philippines during the 20th century, introduced by American missionaries.

Other religions include Judaism, Mahayana Buddhism, often mixed with Taoist beliefs, Hinduism, and Sikhism. Animism and Paganism are also followed.

Education[edit]

Education in the Philippines is based on both Western and Eastern ideology and philosophy influenced by the United States, Spain, and its neighbouring Asian countries. Philippine students enter public school at about age four, starting from nursery school up to kindergarten. At about seven years of age, students enter elementary school (6 to 7 years). This is followed by high school (4 years) and senior high school (2 years). Students then take the college entrance examinations (CEE), after which they enter university (3 to 5 years). Other types of schools include private school, preparatory school, international school, laboratory high school, and science high school. School year in the Philippines starts from June, and ends in March with a two-month summer break from April to May, one week of semestral break in October, and a week or two during Christmas and New Year holidays.

Starting on in SY 2011–2012 there will be a phased implementation of a new program. The K to 12 Program covers kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of junior high school, and two years of senior high school [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship.[15]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Constitution of the Philippines: Article XIV Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture, and Sports". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Philippine population to reach 97.6 M, Manila Bulletin, December 31, 2011, retrieved January 1, 2012
  3. ^ "The 2010 Census of Population and Housing Reveals the Philippine Population at 92.34 Million". National Statistics Office of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Tamil Cultural Association - Tamil Language
  5. ^ Philippine History: Impluwensya ng mga Hindu sa mga Pilipino - YouTube
  6. ^ The Cultural Influences of India, China, Arabia, and Japan | Philippine Almanac
  7. ^ "The World Factbook - Philippines". U.S. Central Intelligence Angency. Retrieved 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Jan Lahmeyer (1996). "The Philippines: historical demographical data of the whole country". Retrieved 2003-07-19. 
  9. ^ Voz de Galicia (1898). "CENSOS DE CUBA,PUERTO RICO , FILIPINAS Y ESPAÑA .ESTUDIO DE SU RELACION". Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  10. ^ a b Andrew Gonzalez (1998). "The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 19 (5, 6): 487–488. doi:10.1080/01434639808666365. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  11. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  12. ^ Thompson, Roger M. (2003). "3. Nationalism and the rise of Tagalog 1936-1973". Filipino English and Taglish. John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. 27–29. ISBN 978-90-272-4891-6 , ISBN 90-272-4891-5, ISBN 978-90-272-4891-6.
  13. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2010 : Philippines, U.S. Department of State.
  14. ^ Dentsu Communication Institute Inc., Research Centre for Japan (2006)(Japanese)
  15. ^ "The K to 12 Program". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved August 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2011 edition".