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The resident population of Wales in 2011 increased by 5% since 2001 to 3,063,456, of whom 1,504,228 are men and 1,559,228 women, according to the 2011 census results. Wales accounted for 4.8% of the UK population in 2011.
The population in 1972 stood at 2.74 million and remained broadly static for the rest of the decade. However, in the early 1980s, the population fell due to net migration out of Wales. Since the 1980s, net migration has generally been positive, and has contributed more to population growth than natural change.
According to the 2011 census 2.2 million (73%) of the usual residents were born in Wales, a reduction of two percent since 2001, attributable to both international and internal migration. In 2001, 590,000 (20%) of the population of Wales was born in England. In 2011, this had increased by one percent.
|Country of birth||2001||2011|
|UK not otherwise specified||715||0.02%|
|Republic of Ireland||12,718||0.44%||12,175||0.40%|
|Other EU Member Countries||23,694||0.82%|
|Other EU Member Countries (joined pre 2001)||26,343||0.86%|
|Other EU Member Countries (joined post 2001)||29,017||0.95%|
According to the 2011 census, some 563,000 of the population were aged 65 and over, an increase of 56,700 or one percent since 2001. As in 2001, six per cent (178,000) of the population in Wales were children under five, an increase of 11,300.
|Population||% of total|
According to the 2011 census, 2.2 million (73%) of usual residents of Wales were born there, two percent less than in 2001. The change can be attributed to both international and internal migration. In 2001, 590,000 (20%) of the population of Wales was born in England. In 2011, this had increased by one percent. Nearly 418,000 people identified themselves as Welsh in 2001.
The 2001 and 2011 census estimated the following ethnic groups:
|Ethnic group||2001 population||2001 percentage||2011 population||2011 percentage|
|White: Irish Traveller/White Gypsy||2,785||0.1|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||8,261||0.3||17,256||0.6|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||8,287||0.3||12,229||0.4|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||5,436||0.2||10,687||0.3|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||6,267||0.2||13,638||0.4|
|Asian or Asian British: Asian Other||3,464||0.1||16,318||0.5|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||31,715||1.1||70,128|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||2,597||0.1||11,887||0.4|
|Black or Black British: African||3,727||0.1||3,809||0.1|
|Black or Black British: Other||745||<0.1||2,580||0.1|
|Black or Black British: Total||7,069||0.2||18,276|
|Mixed: White and Caribbean||5,996||0.2||11,099||0.4|
|Mixed: White and African||2,413||0.1||4,424||0.1|
|Mixed: White and Asian||5,001||0.2||9,019||0.3|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||4,251||0.2||6,979||0.2|
|British Mixed: Total||17,661||0.7||31,521|
|Other: Arab[ethnicity3 1]||9,615||0.3|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||5,135||0.2||5,663||0.2|
Notes for table above
According to the 2011 census, there has been a 14 percent decrease since 2001, when 2.1 million (72% of usual residents) stated their religion as Christian. It is the only group to have experienced a decrease in numbers between 2001 and 2011 despite population growth. The second largest response group for this question in 2011 was no religion. This increased from 538,000 (19%) of residents in 2001 to 983,000 (32%) in 2011, a larger rise than in any region of England.
|Religion not stated||234,143||8.1||233,928||7.6|
The 2011 census collected information about English and Welsh language proficiency. In 2011, 2.9 million (97%) of residents, age three and over, spoke English or Welsh. In a further 18,000 households, at least one adult spoke English or Welsh. In 22,000 households, no resident spoke either language. There were 562,000 (19%) residents, over age three, proficient in at least speaking the Welsh language. This was a reduction of approximately 2 per cent compared to 2001, though the method of analysis differed between the two censuses. There was also a 2% increase in those, over three years of age, who had no Welsh language skills.
|Welsh language skills||2001 number (,000)||2001 %||2011 number (,000)||2011 %||change (,000)||change %|
|No skills in Welsh||2,008||71.6||2,168||73.3||160||1.7|
|Can speak, read and write Welsh||458||16.3||431||14.6||-27||-1.7|
|Can understand spoken Welsh only||138||4.9||158||5.3||19||0.4|
|Can speak but cannot read or write Welsh||79||2.8||80||2.7||1||-0.1|
|Other combination of skills in Welsh||84||3.0||73||2.5||-10||-0.5|
|Can speak and read but cannot write Welsh||38||1.4||46||1.5||7||0.1|
The most common main languages spoken in Wales according to the 2011 census are shown below.
|Language||Usual residents aged 3+||Proportion|
|English or Welsh||2,871,405||97.14%|
|Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya)||5,207||0.18%|
In 2011 those who were married were still the largest marriage / civil partnership status group in Wales for residents aged 16 and over though since 2001 this group has decreased by 37,000 (over 5%). In contrast, single people (i.e. those who have never married or been part of a same sex partnership), have increased by 190,000 (6%) in the ten-year period. Civil partnerships, which were given legal status in 2005, appear for the first time in the census results. The number of widows, widowers and surviving partners is 20,000 lower than in 2001. The final groups, relating to separation and divorce / legal dissolution of civil partnerships, have both seen an increase in both numerical and relative terms since 2001.
|Status||2001 number (,000)||2001 %||2011 number (,000)||2011 %|
|Divorced / legally dissolved||201||8.7||242||9.7|
|Widowed or surviving partner||218||9.4||198||7.9|