Demographics of Australia

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Demographics of Australia Flag of Australia.svg
IndicatorRankMeasure
Population
Population52nd23,625,600[1]
Economy
GDP (PPP) per capita10th$40,073
GDP12th$1.56 trillion
Unemployment rate↓ 57th6.40%
CO2 emissions11th18.3 t
Electricity consumption16th200.70 TWh
Economic freedom3rd82.5
Politics
Human Development Index2nd0.937
Political freedom1st (equal)*1
Corruption (A higher score means less (perceived) corruption.)↓ 8th8.7
Press freedom18th5.38
Society
Literacy Rate21st99%
Broadband uptake17th13.8%
Beer consumption20th[2]4.49 L
Health
Life Expectancy5th81.2
Birth rate148th13.8
Fertility rate137th1.969††
Infant mortality202nd4.57‡‡
Death rate122nd7.56
Suicide Rate50th♂ 14.9†‡
♀ 4.4†‡
HIV/AIDS rate108th0.10%
Notes
↓ indicates rank is in reverse order
   (e.g. 1st is lowest)
per capita
per 1000 people
†† per woman
‡‡ per 1000 live births
†‡ 100,000 people per year
♂ indicates males, ♀ indicates females

The demographics of Australia covers basic statistics, most populous cities, ethnicity and religion. The population of Australia is estimated to be 23,625,600 as of 10 October 2014.[1] Australia is the 52nd most populous country in the world. Its population is concentrated mainly in urban areas and is expected to exceed 28 million by 2030.[3]

Australia's population has grown from an estimated population of about 350,000 at the time of British settlement in 1788 due to numerous waves of immigration during the period since. Also due to immigration, the European component of the population is declining as a percentage, as it is in many other Western countries.

Australia has fewer than three persons per square kilometre of total land area. With 89% of its population living in urban areas, Australia is one of the world's most urbanised countries.[4] The life expectancy of Australia in 1999–2001 was 79.7 years, among the highest in the world.

Indigenous population[edit]

Indigenous Australians as a percentage of the population as of the 2011 census

The earliest accepted timeline for the first arrivals of indigenous Australians to the continent of Australia places this human migration to at least 40,000 years ago most probably from the islands of Indonesia and New Guinea.[5]

These first inhabitants of Australia were originally hunter-gatherers, who over the course of many succeeding generations diversified widely throughout the continent and its nearby islands. Although their technical culture remained static—depending on wood, bone, and stone tools and weapons—their spiritual and social life was highly complex. Most spoke several languages, and confederacies sometimes linked widely scattered tribal groups. Aboriginal population density ranged from approximately one person per 3 km2 (1 sq mi) along the coasts to one person per 90 km2 (35 sq mi) in the arid interior. Food procurement was usually a matter for the nuclear family, requiring an estimated 3 days of work per week. There was little large game, and outside of some communities in the more fertile south-east, they had no agriculture.

Dutch navigators landed on the coasts of modern Western Australia and Queensland several times during the 17th century. Captain James Cook claimed the east coast for Great Britain in 1770, the west coast was later settled by Britain also. At that time, the indigenous population was estimated to have been between 315,000 and 750,000,[6] divided into as many as 500 tribes[citation needed] speaking many different languages. In the 2011 Census, 495,757 respondents declared they were Aboriginal, 31,407 declared they were Torres Strait Islander, and a further 21,206 declared they were both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.[7]

Since the end of World War II, efforts have been made both by the government and by the public to be more responsive to Aboriginal rights and needs. Today, many tribal Aborigines lead a settled traditional life in remote areas of northern, central and western Australia. In the south, where most Aborigines are of mixed descent, most Aboriginal people live in the cities.[citation needed]

Cities[edit]

Australia contains five cities that consist of over one million people. Most of Australia's population live close to coastlines.[8]

Population density[edit]

The population density in Australia was last reported as 2.91 /km2 (7.5 /sq mi). The density was 2.8 /km2 (7.3 /sq mi) in 2008 and 2.86 /km2 (7.4 /sq mi) in 2009. That made Australia the 3rd least densely populated country in the world, after Namibia and Mongolia.

General demographic statistics[edit]

Much of the data that follows has been derived from the CIA World Factbook and the Australian Bureau of Statistics, through censuses.

Population[edit]

Estimated resident population of Australia since 1981

The following figures are ABS estimates for the resident population of Australia, based on the 2001 and 2006 Censuses and other data.

23,625,600 (as of 10 October 2014)[1]
21,262,641 (July 2009 – CIA World Factbook)
21,180,632 (end December 2007 – preliminary)
20,848,760 (end December 2006 – preliminary)
20,544,064 (end December 2005)
20,252,132 (end December 2004)
20,011,882 (end December 2003)
19,770,963 (end December 2002)
19,533,972 (end December 2001)[10]

States and territories[edit]

State/territoryLand area
(km²)
Population
(2011 census)
Population density
(/km²)
 % of population
in capital
 Australian Capital Territory2,358357,222[11]151.4999.6%
 New South Wales800,6426,917,658[12]8.6463%
 Victoria227,4165,354,042[13]23.5471%
 Queensland1,730,6484,332,739[14]2.5046%
 South Australia983,4821,596,572[15]1.6273.5%
 Western Australia2,529,8752,239,170[16]0.8973.4%
 Tasmania68,401495,354[17]7.2441%
 Northern Territory1,349,129211,945[18]0.1654%

Age structure[edit]

Australia's age and gender structure in 2005, illustrated in a population pyramid.[19]
Australian population by age and sex (demographic pyramid) as of 01 July 2013
0–14 years – 18.2%
15–65 years – 67.5%
15-24 years – 13.5%
25-54 years – 42.2%
55–64 years – 11.8%
65 years and over – 14.4% (2012 estimate)[20]

Median age[edit]

Map of the median age of Australians by Statistical Local Area in the 2011 census
Total: 37.3 years
Male: 36.6 years
Female: 38.1 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

As of the end of September 2012, the population growth rate was 1.7%.[21] This rate was based on estimates of:[22]

In 2009, the estimated rates were:

At the time of Australian Federation in 1901, the rate of natural increase was 14.9 persons per 1,000 population. The rate increased to a peak of 17.4 per thousand population in the years 1912, 1913 and 1914. During the Great Depression, the rate declined to a low of 7.1 per thousand population in 1934 and 1935. Immediately after World War II, the rate increased sharply as a result of the start of the post–World War II baby boom and the immigration of many young people who then had children in Australia. A rate plateau of over 13.0 persons per 1,000 population occurred for every year from 1946 to 1962.

There has been a fall in the rate of natural increase since 1962 due to falling fertility. In 1971, the rate of natural increase was 12.7 persons per 1,000 population; a decade later it had fallen to 8.5. In 1996 the rate of natural increase fell below seven for the first time, with the downward trend continuing in the late 1990s. Population projections by the Australian Bureau of Statistics indicate that continued low fertility, combined with the increase in deaths from an ageing population, will result in natural increase falling below zero sometime in the mid-2030s. However, in 2006 the fertility rate rose to 1.81, one of the highest rate in the OECD.

Since 1901, the crude death rate has fallen from about 12.2 deaths per 1,000 population, to 6.4 deaths per 1,000 population in 2006.[23]

Vital statistics since 1900[edit]

Source:[24]

Average population (x 1,000)Live birthsDeathsNatural changeCrude birth rate (per 1,000)Crude death rate (per 1,000)Natural change (per 1,000)Fertility ratesNet overseas migration[25]
19003,715102,22144,06058,16127.311.815.5
19013,765102,94546,33056,61527.112.214.9
19023,824102,77648,07854,69826.712.514.2
19033,87598,44347,29351,15025.312.113.2
19043,916104,11343,57260,54126.411.015.4
19053,974104,94143,51461,42726.210.915.3
19064,032107,89044,33363,55726.610.915.7
19074,091110,34745,30555,04226.711.015.7
19084,161111,54546,42655,11926.611.115.5
19094,232114,07144,17259,89926.710.316.4
19104,323116,80145,59061,21126.710.416.3
19114,425122,19347,86974,32427.210.616.6
19124,573133,08852,17780,91128.611.217.4
19134,746135,71451,78983,92528.210.717.5
19144,893137,98351,72086,26328.010.517.5
19154,971134,87152,78282,08927.110.616.5
19164,969131,42654,19777,21926.611.015.6
19174,917129,96548,02981,93626.39.716.6
19184,982125,73950,24975,49025.010.015.0
19195,080122,29065,93056,36023.612.710.9
19205,303136,40656,28980,11725.510.515.5
19215,411136,19854,07682,12224.99.915.03.12
19225,510137,49651,31186,18524.79.215.53.11
19235,637135,22256,23678,98623.79.913.83.02
19245,755134,92754,98079,95323.29.413.82.97
19255,882135,79254,65881,13422.99.213.72.95
19266,000133,16256,95276,21022.09.412.62.85
19276,124133,69858,28275,71621.69.412.22.80
19286,251134,07859,37874,70021.39.411.92.77
19296,355129,48060,85768,62320.29.510.72.64
19306,436128,39955,33173,06819.88.611.22.58
19316,500118,50956,56061,94918.28.79.52.36
19326,552110,93356,75754,17616.98.68.32.19
19336,603111,26959,11752,15216.88.97.92.17
19346,656109,47562,22947,24616.49.37.12.11
19356,707111,32563,59947,72616.59.47.12.12
19366,755116,07363,93252,14117.19.47.72.18
19376,810119,13164,49654,63517.49.48.02.21
19386,871120,41566,45153,96417.49.67.82.21
19396,935122,89169,14753,74417.69.97.72.22
19407,004126,34768,38457,96317.99.78.22.26
19417,077134,52571,17663,34918.910.08.92.36
19427,143136,70875,19161,51719.110.58.62.38
19437,201149,29574,48674,80920.610.310.32.57
19447,269153,34469,59683,74821.09.511.52.63
19457,347160,56070,23190,22921.79.512.22.74
19467,430176,37974,661101,71823.610.013.62.99
19477,517182,38473,468108,91624.19.714.43.08
19487,637177,97676,839101,13723.110.013.12.99
19497,792181,26175,260106,00122.99.513.43.03
19508,045190,59178,187112,40423.39.613.73.07
19518,307193,29881,788111,51023.09.713.33.06
19528,527201,65081,597120,05323.49.513.93.18
19538,739202,23580,188122,04722.99.113.83.19
19548,902202,25681,805120,45122.59.113.43.20
19559,089207,67782,036125,64122.68.913.73.28
19569,311212,63386,088126,54522.59.113.43.33
19579,530220,35884,953135,40522.98.814.13.42
19589,744222,50483,723138,48122.68.514.13.42
19599,947226,97689,212137,76522.68.913.73.44
196010,160230,32688,464141,86222.48.613.83.45
196110,391239,98688,961151,02522.88.514.33.55
196210,642237,08193,163143,91822.18.713.43.43
196310,846235,68994,894140,79521.58.712,83.34
196411,055229,149100,594128,55520.58.711.83.15
196511,280222,85499,715123,13919.68.810.82.97
196611,505223,731103,929119,80219.39.010.32.89
196711,704229,796102,703127,09319.48.710.72.85
196811,912240,906109,547131,35920.09.110.92.89
196912,145250,175106,496143,68120.48.711.72.93
197012,407257,516113,048144,46820.59.010.52.94
197112,663276,361110,650165,71121.58.612.92.98
197213,067271,960110,191161,76920.68.412.22.74
197313,303255,848111,336144,51219.18.310.82.49
197413,504243,658110,179133,47917.98.19.82.32
197513,722239,794114,501125,29317.48.39.12.15
197613,892231,135110,610120,52516.67.98.72.06
197714,033226,954111,490115,46416.17.98.22.01
197814,192226,359108,059118,30015.97.68.31.95
197914,359223,370108,315115,05515.57.58.01.91
198014,515223,664106,654117,01015.37.38.01.89
198114,695230,920109,429121,49115.67.48.21.94
198214,923237,076110,990116,08615.77.48.31.93128,100
198315,184241,764112,918128,84615.87.48.41.9273,300
198415,393240,544110,887129,65715.57.28.31.8449,100
198515,579241,814114,197127,61715.47.38.11.9273,800
198615,788239,115116,069123,04615.07.37.71.87100,500
198716,018242,977116,139126,83815.07.27.81.85125,800
198816,263246,200120,463125,73715.07.37.71.83149,400
198916,532250,155118,767131,38815.17.18.01.84157,500
199016,814257,521125,112132,40915.37.47.91.90124,700
199117,065261,158119,572141,58615.27.08.21.8586,500
199217,284259,186120,836138,35014.96.98.01.8968,600
199317,494259,959121,338138,62114.86.97.91.8630,100
199417,667258,314123,496134,81814.57.07.51.8446,600
199517,854258,210126,232131,97814.47.07.41.8280,200
199618,071250,438126,400124,03813.86.96.91.80104,000
199718,310253,660127,298126,36213.76.96.81.7887,200
199818,517249,105129,255119,85013.46.96.51.7579,100
199918,711249,965128,278121,48713.36.86.51.7596,500
200018,925249,310128,392120,91813.16.76.41.75107,200
200119,153247,500128,913118,58712.86.76.11.73135,700
200219,413250,988133,707117,28112.96.96.01.771110,600
200319,651246,663132,239114,42412.56.75.81.75116,500
200419,895249,082133,231115,85112.46.75.71.76100,000
200520,127255,934131,354124,58012.66.56.11.79123,800
200620,394263,540134,041129,49912.86.56.31.82146,700
200720,697274,330134,785139,54513.26.46.81.87232,700
200821,015302,3002.02277,400
200921,262295,700140,800154,90013.96.67.31.90299,800
201022,183297,900143,500157,97813.46.47.01.89172,038
201122,340301,617146,932156,05013.56.66.91.917205,679
201222,723309,582147,098161,78213.66.57.11.933241,151
2013160,357235,797

In 2012, the total fertility rate of Australian born women was 1.95, while for overseas born women, it was 1.88.[26]

Urbanisation[edit]

Urbanisation population: 89% of total population (2008)
Rate of urbanisation: 1.2% annual rate of change (2005–2010)

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
Total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total: 80.62 years
country comparison to the world: 70
Male: 79.99 years
Female: 84.15 years

Total fertility rate[edit]

1.969 children born/woman (2008)[27]

For more detailed regionwise TFR details see Birth rate and fertility rate in Australia.

country comparison to the world: 159

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: 0.2% (2007 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 18,000 (2007 est.)
Deaths: fewer than 200 (2003 est.)[28]

Country of birth[edit]

Countries of birth of Australian estimated resident population, 2006.
Source:Australian Bureau of Statistics[29]

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, in mid-2011 there were 6,018,180 residents who were born outside Australia, representing 27% of the total population.[29] The Australian-resident population consists of people who were born in these countries:

Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics[29]
Country of BirthEstimated Resident Population
 United Kingdom1,196,000
 New Zealand543,950
 People's Republic of China (Excluding SARs and Taiwan Province)387,420
 India337,120
 Vietnam207,620
 Italy201,680
 Philippines193,030
 South Africa161,590
 Malaysia134,140
 Germany125,750
 Greece121,180
 Sri Lanka99,740
 United States90,090
 Lebanon90,030
 Netherlands87,660
 Hong Kong (SAR of China)85,990
 South Korea85,930
 Ireland78,620
 Indonesia73,060
 Croatia67,580
 Fiji65,470
 Poland57,900
 Singapore55,820
 Iraq54,980
 Thailand52,990
 Macedonia51,140
 Malta47,960
 Canada46,230
 Egypt42,080
 Japan41,390
 Turkey39,980
 Iran39,640
 Bosnia and Herzegovina39,440
 Serbia34,850
 Zimbabwe34,610
 Pakistan34,150
 Taiwan33,450
 Afghanistan32,970
 Cambodia32,510
 Bangladesh31,620
 Papua New Guinea30,650
 France29,770
 Sudan29,282
 Chile28,520
   Nepal27,810
 Mauritius26,780
 Burma24,430
 Hungary23,065
 Samoa21,820
 Russia21,500
 Cyprus21,150

For more information about immigration see Immigration to Australia.

Ancestry of Australian population[edit]

Main article: Australians


Indigenous[edit]

Indigenous Australians are descendants of the original inhabitants of the Australian continent.[30] Indigenous Australians migrated from Africa to Asia around 70,000 years ago[31] and arrived in Australia around 50,000 years ago.[32][33] The Torres Strait Islanders are indigenous to the Torres Strait Islands, which are at the northernmost tip of Queensland near Papua New Guinea. The term "Aboriginal" is traditionally applied to only the indigenous inhabitants of mainland Australia and Tasmania, along with some of the adjacent islands, i.e.: the "first peoples". Indigenous Australians is an inclusive term used when referring to both Aboriginal and Torres Strait islanders.

Dispersing across the Australian continent over time, the ancient peoples expanded and differentiated into hundreds of distinct groups, each with its own language and culture.[34] More than 400 distinct Australian Aboriginal peoples have been identified across the continent, distinguished by unique names designating their ancestral languages, dialects, or distinctive speech patterns.[35]

James Cook claimed the east coast for Great Britain in 1770; also the west coast was later settled by Britain. At that time, the indigenous population was estimated to have been between 315,000 and 750,000,[6] divided into as many as 500 tribes[citation needed] speaking many different languages. In the 2006 Census, 407,700 respondents declared they were Aboriginal, 29,512 declared they were Torres Strait Islanders, and a further 17,811 declared they were both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander.[36] After adjustments for undercount, the indigenous population as of end June 2006 was estimated to be 517,200, representing about 2.5% of the population.[6]

Modern era[edit]

Although some observers stress Australia's convict history, the vast majority of early settlers came of their own free will.[37] Far more Australians are descended from assisted immigrants than from convicts, the majority were British and Irish.[38] About 20% of Australians are descendants of convicts.[39] Most of the first Australian settlers came from London, the Midlands and the North of England, and Ireland.[40][41][42] Settlers that arrived throughout the 19th century were from all parts of the United Kingdom and Ireland, a significant proportion of settlers came from the Southwest and Southeast of England, from Ireland and from Scotland.[43] Anglo-Celtic Australians (Northern European settlers from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland) have been highly influential in shaping the nation's culture. By the mid-1840's, the numbers of freeborn settlers had overtaken the convict population. In 1888, 60 percent of the Australian population had been born in Australia, and almost all had British ancestral origins. Out of the remaining 40 percent, 34 percent had been born in the British Isles, and 6 percent were of European origin, mainly from Germany and Scandinavia.[44] In the 1840's, Scots-born immigrants constituted 12 percent of the Australian population. There were 1.3 million British migrants to Australia in the period from 1861–1914, of which 13.5 percent were Scots. 5.3 percent of the convicts transported to Eastern Australia between 1789 and 1852 were Scots.[45] By 1850, there were 290,000 Aboriginal Australians. The European population grew from 0.3 percent of the population of the continent at 1800 to 58.6 percent at 1850.[46] Germans formed the largest non-British community for most of the 19th century.[47] The census of 1901 showed that 98 percent of Australians had British ancestral origins, which was considered as "more British than Britain itself".[48] Between 1901 and 1940, 140,000 non-British European immigrants arrived in Australia (about 16 percent of the total intake).[49] Before World War II, 13.6 percent were born overseas, and 80 percent of those were British.[50] In 1939 and 1945, still 98 percent of Australians had British/Anglo-Celtic ancestral origins.[51] Until 1947, the vast majority of the population were of British origin.[52] During the 1950's, Australia was the destination of 30 per cent of Dutch emigrants and the Netherlands-born became numerically the second largest non-British group in Australia.[53] In 1971, 70 percent of the foreign born were of European origin. Abolition of the White Australia Policy in the mid-1970s led to a significant increase in non-European immigration, mostly from Asia and the Middle East.

Almost one Australian in four was born elsewhere. In 1981, around 50 percent of immigrants were from Europe, and 2.7 percent were from Asia.[54] In 1998 about 40 percent of all immigrants to Australia had been born in Asia.[55] People from the United Kingdom remain the largest group amongst those born aboard.[56] In 2001 were 51 percent from Europe, 29 percent from Asia, 11 percent from Oceania, and 4 percent came from the Americas.[57]

In 1996, over 8 million Australians had at least three ancestries, and over 3 million had four or more.[58]

By 2000, a majority of Australia's population was native born, and over 90 percent were descended from people from the British Isles.[59] In 2007, more than 92 percent of all Australians descended from Europeans.[60]

In the 2006 Census 455,026 people (or 2.3% of the total Australian population) reported they were of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin.[36]

Religion[edit]

Main article: Religion in Australia

Australia is a religiously diverse country and it has no official religion.

Christianity is the predominant faith of Australia, although its popularity is diminishing. According to the 2011 census, 61.1% of the population classified themselves as being affiliated with a Christian faith, down from 67.3% ten years earlier at the 2001 census.[61] The largest religious denomination was Roman Catholicism, with 25.3% of the population. The next largest Christian denomination was Anglican at 17.1%, and all other Christian denominations accounted for a further 18.7% of the population.[62]

The second-largest group, and the one which had grown the fastest, was the 22.3% who claimed to have no religion. Over the ten years since the 2001 census, this group grew from 15.3% to 22.3% of the population; an increase of 7%, which was the largest change of any religious classification in that period.[61][62]

Minority religions practiced in Australia include Buddhism (2.5% of the population), Islam (2.2%), Hinduism (1.3%) and Judaism (0.5%). The Census question about religion is optional, and 8.6% of people did not respond.[62]

The Australian Bureau of Statistics 2001 Census Dictionary statement on religious affiliation states the purpose for gathering such information:

Data on religious affiliation are used for such purposes as planning educational facilities, aged persons' care and other social services provided by religion-based organisations; the location of church buildings; the assigning of chaplains to hospitals, prisons, armed services and universities; the allocation of time on public radio and other media; and sociological research.

As in many Western countries, the level of active participation in religious services is lower than would be indicated by the proportion of the population identifying themselves as affiliated with a religion; weekly attendance at Christian church services is about 1.5 million, or about 7.5% of the population.[63] Christian charitable organisations, hospitals and schools play a prominent role in welfare and education services. The Catholic education system is the second biggest sector after government schools, with more than 650,000 students (and around 21 per cent of all secondary school enrolments).

Languages[edit]

English is the national language of Australia and is spoken by the vast majority of the population.[64]

The most commonly spoken languages other than English are Italian, Greek, German, Spanish, Vietnamese, Filipino, Chinese languages, Indian languages, Arabic and Macedonian, as well as numerous Australian Aboriginal languages.[65] Australia's hearing-impaired community uses Australian Deaf Sign Language. As of February 2012, more than 15 per cent of Australians speak non-English languages at home and more than 200 languages are practised.[64]

LanguageSpeakers
Only English15,581,333
Italian316,895
Greek252,226
Cantonese244,553
Arabic243,662
Mandarin220,600
Vietnamese194,863
Spanish98,001
Filipino92,331
German75,634
Hindi70,011
Macedonian67,835
Croatian63,612
Australian Aboriginal Languages55,705
Korean54,623
Turkish53,857
Polish53,389
Serbian52,534
French43,216
Indonesian42,036
Maltese36,514
Russian36,502
Dutch36,183
Japanese35,111
Tamil32,700
Sinhalese29,055
Samoan28,525
Portuguese25,779
Khmer24,715
Assyrian (Aramaic)23,526
Punjabi23,164
Persian22,841
Hungarian21,565
Bengali20,223
Urdu19,288
Afrikaans16,806
Bosnian15,743

Literacy[edit]

Definition: aged 15 years and over can read and write
Total population: 99%
Male: 99%
Female: 99% (2003 est.)

Education expenditure[edit]

4.5% of GDP (2005)
country comparison to the world: 55

Nationality[edit]

Historical population estimates[edit]

Note that population estimates in the table below do not include the Aboriginal population before 1961. Estimates of Aboriginal population prior to European settlement range from 300,000 to one million, with archaeological finds indicating a sustainable population of around 750,000.[66]

Historic population (Estimated) [67][68]
YearIndigenous population
pre 1788750,000 to 1,000,000 [69]
YearNon-Indigenous population
17888590
17984,5880
180810,2630
181825,8590
182858,1970
1838151,8680
1848332,3280
18581,050,8280
18681,539,5520
18782,092,1640
18882,981,6770
18983,664,7150
YearTotal population
19013,788,1230
19064,059,0830
19114,489,5450
19164,943,1730
19215,455,1360
19266,056,3600
19316,526,4850
19366,778,3720
19417,109,8980
19467,465,1570
19518,421,7750
19569,425,5630
196110,548,2670
196611,599,4980
197113,067,2650
197614,033,0830
198114,923,2600
198616,018,3500
199117,284,0360
199618,310,7140
200119,413,2400
200620,848,7600
201121,507,7170

See also[edit]

Ethnicities[edit]

References[edit]

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General references

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]