Deltona, Florida

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Deltona
City
City of Deltona

Seal
Nickname(s): Florida's Bright Spot
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.90500°N 81.21111°W / 28.90500; -81.21111Coordinates: 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.90500°N 81.21111°W / 28.90500; -81.21111
CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
CountyVolusia
OpenedNovember 18, 1962
SettledApril 1963
IncorporatedDecember 31, 1995
Government
 • TypeCommission–Manager
 • MayorJohn Masiarczyk
 • City ManagerDave Denny (acting)
Area[1]
 • City41.1 sq mi (106 km2)
 • Land37.5 sq mi (97 km2)
 • Water3.5 sq mi (9 km2)
Elevation[2]20 to 112 ft (6.1 to 34 m)
Population (2011)[3][4]
 • City85,219
 • Density2,269.6/sq mi (876.3/km2)
 • Urban182,169
 • Metro494,804
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s)32725, 32728, 32738, 32739
Area code(s)386, 407
FIPS code12-17200[3]
GNIS feature ID0281490[2]
Websitewww.deltonafl.gov
 
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Deltona
City
City of Deltona

Seal
Nickname(s): Florida's Bright Spot
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
Coordinates: 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.90500°N 81.21111°W / 28.90500; -81.21111Coordinates: 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.90500°N 81.21111°W / 28.90500; -81.21111
CountryUnited States
StateFlorida
CountyVolusia
OpenedNovember 18, 1962
SettledApril 1963
IncorporatedDecember 31, 1995
Government
 • TypeCommission–Manager
 • MayorJohn Masiarczyk
 • City ManagerDave Denny (acting)
Area[1]
 • City41.1 sq mi (106 km2)
 • Land37.5 sq mi (97 km2)
 • Water3.5 sq mi (9 km2)
Elevation[2]20 to 112 ft (6.1 to 34 m)
Population (2011)[3][4]
 • City85,219
 • Density2,269.6/sq mi (876.3/km2)
 • Urban182,169
 • Metro494,804
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s)32725, 32728, 32738, 32739
Area code(s)386, 407
FIPS code12-17200[3]
GNIS feature ID0281490[2]
Websitewww.deltonafl.gov

Deltona is a city in the U.S. state of Florida, located approximately half way between Orlando and Daytona Beach. It is the largest city in Volusia County, the largest city in the Deltona–Daytona Beach–Ormond Beach metropolitan area, and the second–largest city in Greater Orlando, with a 2011 census–estimated population of 85,219.

The city was founded in 1962 as a retirement community, and was named "Deltona Lakes." It was master-planned and developed by the General Development Corporation and the Mackle Brothers. The rapid development of housing units since its opening in 1962 led to a major population boom, eventually surpassing Daytona Beach as the largest city in Volusia County by the 2000 United States Census. This rapid development has also led to an almost entirely residential cityscape. Consequently, the city primarily functions as a bedroom community, and depends on surrounding communities for employment, shopping and entertainment.

History[edit]

The first inhabitants of southwest Volusia County were nomadic Timucuans, who found fish and fresh water plentiful in the area.[5] After Florida became a state in 1845, steamboats began to make regular trips up the St. Johns River to Lake Monroe.[5] A man named George Sauls, along with his wife Adeline and six children, were the first settlers in the area currently known as Deltona in 1859.[6] The area, called Saulsville at the time, was about three miles (5 km) north of Osteen.[6] Sauls' homestead, which caught on fire in 1970, was on what is now George Sauls Street in Deltona, which was also a historical site until the year 2000.[6]

As visitors and residents continued to populate the state of Florida, a community grew up on the shores of Lake Monroe.[6] The community, named Enterprise, developed a schoolhouse built in 1863, along with two churches.[6]

Deltona was founded in 1962 as the "Deltona Lakes" subdivision, which was developed by the Miami-based Mackle Company as a retirement community. The subdivision, directly north of Enterprise, also included out-parcels for drainage retention, apartments, churches, parks, commercial centers, an industrial area, a community center, and a golf course.[7][8] The name chosen for the community is a portmanteau of the Volusia County cities of DeLand and Daytona Beach. According to the 1970 U.S. Census, the Deltona Lakes CDP had an estimated population of 4,868, and a median age of 62; however, prior to the development of the Walt Disney World Resort, and the growth of the regional population, the subdivision was marketed to broader interests.

In 1974, the Deltona Lakes subdivision was approved as a planned unit development by the Volusia County Council. A housing boom occurred in the 1980s, and by 1990, the average age of the Deltona CDP was 35, and had a population of 51,000.[9] The residents of the Deltona Lakes CDP voted in September 1995 to incorporate it as the city of Deltona, after two previous failed attempts to do so in 1987 and 1990.[10] A city charter was adopted on September 9, 1995, and a seven-member commission was elected, and as of December 31, 1995, the City of Deltona became official.

Geography and climate[edit]

Deltona is located at 28°54′18″N 81°12′40″W / 28.905121°N 81.210978°W / 28.905121; -81.210978.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.1 square miles (106.4 km2), 37.5 square miles (97.1 km2) of which is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) of which is water. Of the total water area, there are over 100 lakes within the city limits.[11]

The city lies on the northern shore of Lake Monroe along the St. Johns River, and is bordered by the following communities:

Topography[edit]

The majority of the land in the city is of karst topography. The St. Johns River runs along west of DeBary, and continues onto Lake Monroe, which is directly south of Deltona. The United States Geological Survey lists the city's elevation at 33 feet (10 m) above sea level at a point near Deltona's geographic center.[12] Elevations range from 20 feet (6.1 m) to 112 feet (34 m) above sea level.

Climate[edit]

Deltona's climate is classified as a humid subtropical climate in the Cfa Köppen climate classification, meaning it typically has hot, humid summers and mild winters. The area benefits from a three-season climate (spring, summer, and fall) with an average annual rainfall of 53 inches (1,300 mm). The record high temperature is 103 °F (39 °C) recorded in July 1998, with a record low of 19 °F (−7 °C) recorded in January 1985.[13]

Climate data for Deltona, Florida
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)89
(32)
89
(32)
92
(33)
96
(36)
100
(38)
102
(39)
103
(39)
100
(38)
98
(37)
96
(36)
92
(33)
88
(31)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C)70
(21)
72
(22)
77
(25)
81
(27)
87
(31)
90
(32)
92
(33)
92
(33)
89
(32)
83
(28)
78
(26)
72
(22)
81.9
(27.7)
Average low °F (°C)47
(8)
49
(9)
54
(12)
57
(14)
63
(17)
69
(21)
71
(22)
71
(22)
70
(21)
64
(18)
57
(14)
50
(10)
60.2
(15.7)
Record low °F (°C)19
(−7)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
45
(7)
52
(11)
60
(16)
64
(18)
52
(11)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
19
(−7)
19
(−7)
Precipitation inches (mm)2.88
(73.2)
2.96
(75.2)
3.80
(96.5)
2.55
(64.8)
3.53
(89.7)
6.41
(162.8)
7.02
(178.3)
7.23
(183.6)
5.88
(149.4)
3.56
(90.4)
2.96
(75.2)
2.53
(64.3)
51.31
(1,303.4)
Source: The Weather Channel[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19704,868
198015,710222.7%
199050,828223.5%
200069,54336.8%
201085,18222.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
Deltona Demographics
2010 U.S. CensusDeltonaVolusia CountyFlorida
Total population85,182494,59318,801,310
Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010+22.5%+11.6%+17.6%
Population density2,269.6/sq mi449.2/sq mi350.6/sq mi
White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)76.7%82.5%75.0%
(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)56.9%75.4%57.9%
Black or African-American10.9%10.5%16.0%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)30.2%11.2%22.5%
Asian1.3%1.5%2.4%
Native American or Native Alaskan0.5%0.4%0.4%
Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian0.1%0.0%0.1%
Two or more races (Multiracial)3.6%2.1%2.5%
Some Other Race6.9%3.0%3.6%

As of the 2010 U.S. Census[3], there were 85,182 people residing within the city. As of 2010, there were 34,089 households out of which 11.3% were vacant. In 2000, 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 26.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.

As of 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $50,058. Males had a median income of $34,478 versus $27,230 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,019. About 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line.

U.S. Census Map of the Deltona Urban Area (in yellow).

Like many cities in the Greater Orlando metropolitan area, Deltona has a significantly high percentage of Hispanic or Latino residents; the 2010 U.S. Census data indicated that 30.2% of the city's population were Hispanic or Latino.[14] The majority of Hispanic residents in Deltona were Puerto Rican, and made up 20.7% of the population, 1.6% of the population were Mexican, 1.8% of the population were Cuban, and 6.1% of the population were of other Hispanic or Latino origin, as of 2010.[3]

Languages[edit]

As of 2000, English spoken as a first language accounted for 81.39% of all residents, while 18.60% spoke other languages as their mother tongue. The most significant were Spanish speakers who made up 15.85% of the population, while Italian came up as the third most spoken language, which made up 0.71%, and French was at fourth, with 0.58% of the population.[15]

Government[edit]

Deltona operates under a commission–manager form of government, consisting of seven elected officials, and an appointed city manager. Residents elect, through non-partisan elections, a mayor who represents the city at-large and six commission members who each represent a specific district of the community. Elected officials serve four-year terms, with a limit of two successive four-year terms. The mayor serves as the presiding officer at official meetings and as the ceremonial head of the city. A vice mayor is elected annually by the city commission from among the commission members. The current mayor is John Masiarczyk, who was elected into office in November 2010.

The United States Postal Service operates two post offices in Deltona at 944 Deltona Blvd and 2048 Howland Blvd.

Education[edit]

According to the 2010 American Community Survey, 14.2% of all adults over the age of 25 in Deltona have obtained a bachelor's degree, which was below the national average of 27.2% of adults over 25, and 84.7% of Deltona residents over the age of 25 have earned a high school diploma, as compared to the national average of 85.0%.[16] Deltona had approximately 15,372 students in 2010.[17] Four charter schools offer both primary and secondary education. Higher education is offered by Daytona State College.

Public primary and secondary education is handled by Volusia County Schools (VCS). VCS operates 2 high schools, 3 middle schools and 7 elementary schools within the city limits.[18] Forest Lake Elementary School is the only public school outside of city limits. In 2011, Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) results for Deltona's public schools were mixed; seven (of eight) elementary schools and all three middle schools received "A" or "B" grades, and Deltona High School received a grade of "B."[19]

Private schools in the city include Trinity Christian Academy.

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Mass transit[edit]

Local bus transportation is provided by the Volusia County Public Transit System (VOTRAN), the county bus system. VOTRAN provides bus routes throughout the entire county, and provides for connections with the Orlando-based public bus system, LYNX, to Downtown Orlando and surrounding areas from a park and ride facility at the Orange City–Deltona city limits.[20]

Media[edit]

Deltona is a part of the OrlandoDaytona BeachMelbourne media market, which is the 34th largest radio market[21] and the nineteenth largest television market[22] in the United States. Its primary daily newspapers are the Orlando Sentinel, The Daytona Beach News-Journal, and The West Volusia Beacon. The city is also served by El Sentinel, the Spanish-language counterpart of the Orlando Sentinel.

WNUE-FM, a radio station broadcasting Spanish Adult Hits, is currently licensed to Deltona, serving the Greater Orlando metropolitan area.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Urbanized Areas, 2010. United States Census Bureau. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2012-03-16.
  5. ^ a b "City of Deltona, Florida: City History". deltonafl.gov. Retrieved 2012-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Volusia County History: City of Deltona. Volusia.org. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
  7. ^ DeLand Chamber of Commerce - Communities of West Volusia. Retrieved 2012-02-17
  8. ^ Mackle Company Home Page. The Mackle Company. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
  9. ^ City of Deltona. City of Deltona Evaluation and Appraisal Report. deltonafl.gov. June 2008. Retrieved 2012-02-18
  10. ^ Oropeza, Lorena (1987-01-28). Legislators Debate Deltona Incorporation Vote. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2012-02-17
  11. ^ Deltona, FL - Forbes. Forbes. Forbes.com. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
  12. ^ Feature Detail Report for: City of Deltona. Geographic Names Information System. U.S. Geological Survey. 2008-03-10. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
  13. ^ a b Average Weather for Deltona, FL. Weather.com. Retrieved 2010-12-19
  14. ^ Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 (Deltona city, Florida). American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
  15. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Deltona, Florida.
  16. ^ "Deltona city, Florida 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-25. 
  17. ^ Deltona, Florida. National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  18. ^ Listing of all VCS Schools. Volusia County Schools. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  19. ^ 2010-2011 School Accountability Reports - All Districts: High Schools. School Accountability Reports. Florida Department of Education. Retrieved 2012-02-03.
  20. ^ http://www.votran.org/WestVolusia2013b.pdf
  21. ^ "Arbitron Radio Market Rankings: Winter 2012". Arbitron. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  22. ^ "Local Television Market Universe Estimates". Nielson Company. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  23. ^ Comas, Martin E. (2012-03-19). "Sanford, Deltona form 'sister city' partnership to share costs, boost development." Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 2012-03-26.

External links[edit]