Deanna Durbin

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Deanna Durbin
Studio publicity Deanna Durbin.jpg
Publicity photo, c. 1940s
BornEdna Mae Durbin
(1921-12-04)December 4, 1921
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Diedc. April 20, 2013 (aged 91)[Note 1]
Neauphle-le-Château, France
OccupationActress/Singer
Years active1936–1948
Spouse(s)Vaughn Paul
(m.1941–1943; divorced)
Felix Jackson
(m.1945–1949; divorced)
Charles David
(m.1950–1999; his death)
ChildrenJessica Louise Jackson (b. 1946), Peter David (b. 1951)
 
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Deanna Durbin
Studio publicity Deanna Durbin.jpg
Publicity photo, c. 1940s
BornEdna Mae Durbin
(1921-12-04)December 4, 1921
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Diedc. April 20, 2013 (aged 91)[Note 1]
Neauphle-le-Château, France
OccupationActress/Singer
Years active1936–1948
Spouse(s)Vaughn Paul
(m.1941–1943; divorced)
Felix Jackson
(m.1945–1949; divorced)
Charles David
(m.1950–1999; his death)
ChildrenJessica Louise Jackson (b. 1946), Peter David (b. 1951)

Deanna Durbin (born Edna Mae Durbin; December 4, 1921 – c. April 20, 2013)[2] was a Canadian born American singer and actress, who appeared in musical films in the 1930s and 1940s, her singing voice being variously described as being light but full, sweet and unaffected. With the technical skill and vocal range of a legitimate lyric soprano, she performed everything from popular standards to operatic arias.

Durbin made her first film appearance with Judy Garland in Every Sunday (1936), and subsequently signed a contract with Universal Studios. Her success as the ideal teenage daughter in films such as Three Smart Girls (1936) was credited with saving the studio from bankruptcy.[3] In 1938, at the age of 17, Durbin was awarded the Academy Juvenile Award.

As she matured Durbin grew dissatisfied with the girl-next-door roles assigned to her, and attempted to portray a more womanly and sophisticated style. The film noir Christmas Holiday (1944) and the whodunit Lady on a Train (1945) were, however, not as well received as her musical-comedies and romances had been.

Durbin retired from acting and singing in 1949, and withdrew from public life. She married film producer-director Charles Henri David in 1950, and the couple moved to a farmhouse near Paris.

Early life[edit]

Edna Mae Durbin was born on December 4, 1921 at Grace Hospital in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, the daughter of James Allen Durbin and his wife Ada (née Read), who were originally from Manchester, England. In 1923, her family moved from Winnipeg to southern California, and her parents soon become United States citizens. At the age of one, Edna Mae was singing children's songs. By the time she was ten, her parents recognized that she had definite talent and enrolled her in voice lessons at the Ralph Thomas Academy.[4] Durbin soon became Thomas' prize pupil, and he showcased her talent at various local clubs and churches.[4]

In early 1935, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was planning a biographical film on the life of opera star Ernestine Schumann-Heink and were having difficulty finding an actress to play the young opera singer. MGM casting director Rufus LeMaire heard about a talented young soloist performing with the Ralph Thomas Academy, and called her in for an audition. Durbin sang "Il Bianco" for the studio's vocal coach who was stunned by her "mature soprano" voice. She sang the number again for Louis B. Mayer who signed her to a six-month contract.[5]

Career[edit]

Durbin made her first film appearance in a short subject, Every Sunday (1936), with another young contract player, Judy Garland. The film served as an extended screen test for the pair as studio executives were questioning the wisdom of having two female singers on the roster. Ultimately Louis B. Mayer decided that both girls would be kept, but by the time that decision was made, Durbin's contract option had elapsed.[3]

Durbin was quickly signed to a contract with Universal Studios, where she was given the professional name Deanna. She was 14 years old when she made her first feature-length film, Three Smart Girls (1936). When producer Joe Pasternak was casting the film, he wanted to borrow Garland from MGM, but Garland was not available at the time. When Pasternak learned that Durbin was no longer with MGM, he cast her in the film instead. Three Smart Girls was an immediate success and established Durbin as a star. With Pasternak producing for Universal, Durbin went on to star in a string of successful musical films, including One Hundred Men and a Girl (1937), Mad About Music (1938), That Certain Age (1938), Three Smart Girls Grow Up (1939), and First Love (1939)—most of which were directed by Henry Koster.[2]

During the 1930s, Durbin continued to pursue singing projects. In 1936, she auditioned to provide the vocals for Snow White in Disney's animated film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, but was ultimately rejected by Walt Disney, who declared the 15-year-old Durbin's voice "too old" for the part.[6] In late 1936, Cesar Sturani, the General Music Secretary of the Metropolitan Opera, offered Durbin an audition. She turned down his request because she felt she needed more singing lessons. Andrés de Segurola, who was the vocal coach working with Universal Studios—and himself a former Metropolitan Opera singer—believed that Durbin had an excellent opportunity to become an opera star. De Segurola had been commissioned by the Metropolitan Opera to watch her progress carefully and keep them advised. Also in 1936, Durbin started a collaboration with Eddie Cantor, which lasted until 1938 when her heavy workload for Universal forced her to discontinue her weekly radio show appearances.[7]

The huge success of Durbin's films was reported to have saved Universal from bankruptcy.[8] In 1938 she received a special Academy Juvenile Award, along with Mickey Rooney. Her producer, Joe Pasternak, later commented on her extraordinary talent:

Deanna's genius had to be unfolded, but it was hers and hers alone, always has been, always will be, and no one can take credit for discovering her. You can't hide that kind of light under a bushel. You just can't, no matter how hard you try!

Publicity photo, c. 1940s

In the early 1940s, Durbin continued her string of successful films with It's a Date (1940), Spring Parade (1940), Nice Girl? (1941), and It Started with Eve (1941), her last film with Pasternak and director Henry Koster. After Pasternak moved from Universal to MGM, Durbin went on suspension between October 16, 1941 and early February 1942 for refusing to appear in They Lived Alone, scheduled to be directed by Koster. Ultimately, the project was canceled when Durbin and Universal settled their differences. In the agreement, Universal conceded to Durbin the approval of her directors, stories and songs.[9]

Following the two sequels to her first film Three Smart Girls, Durbin issued a press release announcing that she was no longer inclined to participate in these team efforts and was now performing as a solo artist. The Three Smart Girls Join Up title was changed to Hers to Hold (1943). Joseph Cotten, who played alongside Durbin in the film, praised her integrity and character in his autobiography.[10] Also in 1943, Durbin took on a more sophisticated role in the World War II story of refugee children from China, The Amazing Mrs. Holliday, directed in part by Jean Renoir, who left the project before its completion. Additional adult roles followed, including the film noir Christmas Holiday (1944), directed by Robert Siodmak, and the whodunit Lady on a Train (1945).

While these adult dramatic roles may have been more satisfying for Durbin, her substantial fan base preferred her in light musical confections, such as Can't Help Singing (1944), her only Technicolor film, which features some of the last melodies written by Jerome Kern plus lyrics by E. Y. Harburg. A musical comedy in a Western setting, this production was filmed mostly on location in southern Utah and co-starred Robert Paige.[11]

Durbin on the cover of Yank Magazine, January 1945

In 1946, Universal merged with two other companies to create Universal-International. The new regime discontinued much of Universal's familiar product and scheduled only a few musicals. Durbin stayed on for another four pictures: I'll Be Yours (1947), Something in the Wind (1947), Up in Central Park (1948), and For the Love of Mary (1948). In 1946, Durban was the second highest paid woman in the United States, just behind Bette Davis,[2] and in 1947 she was the top-salaried woman in the United States. Her fan club ranked as the world's largest during her active years.[12] By 1948, however, her box-office clout began to diminish. In private life, Durbin continued to use her given name; salary figures printed annually by the Hollywood trade publications listed the actress as "Edna Mae Durbin, player".

On August 22, 1948, two months after completing her final film, Universal-International announced a lawsuit which sought to collect from Durbin $87,083 in wages the studio had paid her in advance.[13] Durbin settled the complaint amicably by agreeing to star in three more pictures, including one to be shot on location in Paris. Ultimately, the studio would allow Deanna's contract to expire on August 31, 1949, so the three films were never made. Durbin, who obtained a $200,000 ($1,982,378 as of 2014),[14] severance payment[15] chose at this point to retire from movies. Her former producer Joe Pasternak tried to dissuade her, but she told him: "I can't run around being a Little Miss Fix-It who bursts into song—the highest-paid star with the poorest material."[16] Durbin had already turned down Bing Crosby's request for her to appear in two of his projects for Paramount Pictures, Top o' the Morning and A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.

Personal life[edit]

Durbin married an assistant director, Vaughn Paul, in 1941; the couple divorced in 1943. Her second marriage, to film writer-producer-actor Felix Jackson in 1945, produced a daughter, Jessica Louise Jackson, but a divorce followed in 1949.

In Paris on December 21, 1950, shortly after her 29th birthday, Deanna Durbin married Charles David, the producer-director of both French and American pictures who had guided her through Lady on a Train (1945). Durbin and David raised two children: Jessica (from her second marriage to Felix Jackson) and Peter (from her union with David).

Over the years, Durbin resisted numerous offers to perform again, including MGM's offer to appear in the film versions of Cole Porter's Kiss Me Kate (1953) and Sigmund Romberg's operetta The Student Prince (1954). In 1951, Durbin was invited to play in London's West End production of Kiss Me Kate, and was reportedly Alan Jay Lerner's first choice to portray Eliza Doolittle in the 1956 Broadway cast of My Fair Lady. Suggestions that Durbin sing at major Las Vegas casinos also went unfulfilled.

In 1983, film historian David Shipman was granted a rare interview by Durbin. In the interview, she steadfastly asserted her right to privacy and maintained it until the end of her life, declining to be profiled on websites.[17]

Durbin made it known that she did not like the Hollywood studio system. She emphasized that she never identified herself with the public image that the media created around her. She spoke of the Deanna "persona" in the third person, and considered the film character "Deanna Durbin" to be a by-product of her youth and not her true identity.[18]

Durbin's husband of more than 48 years, Charles David, died in Paris on March 1, 1999.

On April 30, 2013, a newsletter published by the Deanna Durbin Society reported that Durbin died "in the past few days", quoting her son, Peter H. David, who thanked her admirers for respecting her privacy. No other details were given.[2] According to a family friend, Durbin died on or about April 20 in Neauphle-le-Château, France.[1][19]

Legacy[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Short subjects
YearTitleRoleNotes
1936Every SundayEdnaCo-starring Judy Garland
1939For Auld Lang Syne: No. 4Herself
1941Friend Indeed, AA Friend IndeedHerselfFor the American Red Cross
1943Show Business at WarHerself
1944Road to VictoryHerself
Feature films
YearTitleRoleNotes
1936Three Smart GirlsCraig, Penelope "Penny"Penelope "Penny" Craig
1937One Hundred Men and a GirlCardwell, Patricia "Patsy"Patricia "Patsy" Cardwell
1938Mad About MusicHarkinson, GloriaGloria Harkinson
That Certain AgeFullerton, AliceAlice Fullerton
1939Three Smart Girls Grow UpCraig, Penelope "Penny"Penelope "Penny" Craig
First LoveHarding, Constance "Connie"Constance "Connie" Harding
1940It's a DateDrake, PamelaPamela DrakeA short subject, Gems of Song, was excerpted from this feature in 1949.
Spring ParadeTolnay, IlonkaIlonka Tolnay
1941Nice Girl?Dana, Jane "Pinky"Jane "Pinky" Dana
It Started with EveTerry, AnneAnne Terry
1943Amazing Mrs. Holliday, TheThe Amazing Mrs. HollidayHolliday, Ruth KirkeRuth Kirke Holliday
Hers to HoldCraig, Penelope "Penny"Penelope "Penny" Craig
His Butler's SisterCarter, AnnAnn Carter
1944Christmas HolidayLamont, JackieJackie Lamont / Abigail Martin
Can't Help SingingFrost, CarolineCaroline FrostDurbin's only film in Technicolor
1945Lady on a TrainCollins, NikkiNikki Collins / Margo Martin
1946Because of HimWalker, KimKim Walker
1947I'll Be YoursGinglebusher, LouiseLouise Ginglebusher
Something in the WindCollins, MaryMary Collins
1948Up in Central ParkMoore, RosieRosie Moore
For the Love of MaryPeppertree, MaryMary Peppertree

Discography[edit]

Between December 15, 1936 and July 22, 1947, Deanna Durbin recorded 50 tunes for Decca Records. While often re-creating her movie songs for commercial release, Durbin also covered independent standards, like "Kiss Me Again", "My Hero", "Annie Laurie", "Poor Butterfly", "Love's Old Sweet Song" and "God Bless America".

  • "Alice Blue Gown"
  • "Alleluia" [from 100 Men and a Girl]
  • "Always" [from Christmas Holiday]
  • "Adeste Fideles" ("O Come All Ye Faithful)"
  • "Amapola" [from First Love]
  • "Annie Laurie"
  • "Any Moment Now" [from Can`t Help Singing]
  • "Ave Maria" [from Mad About Music]
  • "Ave Maria" [from It's a Date]
  • "Be a Good Scout" [from That Certain Age]
  • "Because" [from Three Smart Girls Grow Up]
  • "Begin the Beguine" [from Hers to Hold]
  • "Beneath the Lights of Home" [from Nice Girl]
  • "The Blue Danube" [from Spring Parade]
  • "Brahms' Lullaby" [from I'll Be Yours]
  • "Brindisi" ("Libiamo ne' lieti calici)" [from 100 Men and a Girl]
  • "Californ-I-Ay"
  • "Can't Help Singing" [from Can't Help Singing]
  • "Can't Help Singing" (Deanna Durbin & Robert Paige)" [from Can't Help Singing]
  • "Carmena Waltz"
  • "Chapel Bells" [from Mad About Music]
  • "Cielito Lindo" ("Beautiful Heaven)"
  • "Ciribiribin"
  • "Clavelitos" (J. Valverde) [from It Started with Eve]
  • "Danny Boy" [from Because of Him]
  • "Embrace Me"
  • "Every Sunday" (with Judy Garland)
  • "Filles de Cadiz" ("The Maids of Cadiz") [from That Certain Age]
  • "Gimme a Little Kiss, Will Ya, Huh?" [from Lady on a Train]
  • "God Bless America"
  • "Goin' Home" [from It Started With Eve]
  • "Goodbye" [from Because of Him]
  • "Granada" [from I'll Be Yours]
  • "A Heart That's Free" [from 100 Men and a Girl]
  • "Home! Sweet Home!" [from First Love]
  • "Il Bacio" ("The Kiss") [from Three Smart Girls]
  • "I'll Follow My Sweet Heart"
  • "I'll Take You Home Again Kathleen" [from For The Love of Mary]
  • "I'll See You In My Dreams"
  • "I Love to Whistle" [from Mad About Music]
  • "(I'm) Happy Go Lucky and Free" [from Something in the Wind]
  • "(I'm) Happy Go Lucky and Free" [from Something in the Wind] (duet with Donald O'Connor)
  • "In the Spirit of the Moment" [from His Butler's Sister]
  • "Italian Street Song"
  • "It's a Big, Wide, Wonderful World" [from For The Love Of Mary]
  • "It's Dreamtime" [from I'll Be Yours]
  • "It's Foolish But It's Fun" [from Spring Parade]
  • "It's Only Love" [from Something In The Wind]
  • "It's Raining Sunbeams" [from 100 Men and a Girl]
  • "Invitation to the Dance" [from Three Smart Girls Grow Up]
  • "Je Veux Vivre" (from Roméo et Juliette) [from That Certain Age]
  • "Kiss Me Again"
  • "La Estrellita" ("Little Star)"
  • "Largo Al Factotum" (from The Barber of Seville) [from For The Love Of Mary]
  • "The Last Rose of Summer" [from Three Smart Girls Grow Up]
  • "Loch Lomond" [from It's a Date]
  • "Love at Last" [from Nice Girl]
  • "Love is All" [from It's a Date]
  • "Lover" [from Because of Him]
  • "Love's Old Sweet Song"
  • "Make Believe (Jerome Kern song)"
  • "Mighty Like a Rose" (From "The Amazing Mrs. Halliday")
  • "Molly Malone"
  • "More and More" [from Can`t Help Singing]
  • "More and More/Can't Help Singing" [from Can`t Help Singing]
  • "Musetta's Waltz" (from La bohème) [from It's a Date]
  • "My Heart is Singing" [from Three Smart Girls Grow Up]
  • "My Hero"
  • "My Own" [from That Certain Age]
  • "Nessun Dorma" (from Turandot) [from His Butler's Sister]
  • "Never in a Million Years/Make Believe"
  • "Night and Day" [from Lady on a Train]
  • "O Come All Ye Faithful"
  • "Old Folks at Home" [from Nice Girl]
  • "The Old Refrain" [from The Amazing Mrs. Holiday]
  • "On Moonlight Bay" [from For The Love Of Mary]
  • "One Fine Day" (from Madama Butterfly) [from First Love]
  • "One Night of Love"
  • "Pace, Pace, Mio Dio (La forza del destino)" [from Up In Central Park]
  • "Pale Hands I Loved (Kashmiri Song)" [from Hers to Hold]
  • "Perhaps" [from Nice Girl]
  • "Poor Butterfly"
  • "The Prince"
  • "Russian Medley" [from His Butler's Sister]
  • "Sari Waltz (Love's Own Sweet Song)" [from I'll Be Yours]
  • "Say a Pray'r for the Boys Over There" [from Hers to Hold]
  • "Seal It With a Kiss"
  • "Seguidilla (from Carmen) [from Hers To Hold]
  • "Serenade to the Stars" [from Mad About Music]
  • "Silent Night" [from Lady On A Train]
  • "Someone to Care for Me" [from Three Smart Girls]
  • "Something in the Wind" [from Something in the Wind]
  • "Spring in My Heart" [from First Love]
  • "Spring Will Be a Little Late This Year" [from Christmas Holiday]
  • "Swanee - Old Folks At Home" [from Nice Girl]
  • "Summertime" (from Porgy And Bess)
  • "Sweetheart"
  • "Thank You America" [from Nice Girl]
  • "There'll Always Be An England" [from Nice Girl]
  • "The Turntable Song" [from Something in the Wind]
  • "Two Guitars" [Две гитары - Russian Gypsy Folk song (Lyrics - Apollon Grigoriev, music - Ivan Vasiliev), from His Butler's Sister (1943)]
  • "Two Hearts"
  • "Un bel di vedremo" (from Madama Butterfly) [from First Love]
  • "Viennese Waltz" [from For The Love Of Mary]
  • "Vissi d'arte (from Tosca) [from The Amazing Mrs. Holiday]
  • "Waltzing in the Clouds" [from Spring Parade]
  • "When April Sings" [from Spring Parade]
  • "When I Sing" [from It Started with Eve]
  • "When the Roses Bloom Again"
  • "When You're Away" [from His Butler's Sister]
  • "You Wanna Keep Your Baby Looking Nice, Don't You" [from Something in the Wind]
  • "You're as Pretty as a Picture" [from That Certain Age]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Durbin died "on or about April 20", according to a family friend. Her death was not announced until April 30, with no specific date or cause provided.[1]
Citations
  1. ^ a b "Deanna Durbin, child star from Hollywood's golden age, dies", Entertainment Weekly (Entertainment Weekly Inc.), May 2, 2013, retrieved May 4, 2013 
  2. ^ a b c d Harmetz, Aljean (May 1, 2013). "Deanna Durbin, Plucky Movie Star of the Depression Era, Is Dead at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Clarke, Gerald (2001). Get Happy: The Life of Judy Garland. New York: Random House. ISBN 978-0385335157. 
  4. ^ a b Basinger, Jeanine (2007). The Star Machine. New York: Knopf. p. 258. ISBN 978-1400041305. 
  5. ^ Basinger, p. 259.
  6. ^ Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (Media notes). Walt Disney. Walt Disney Studios. 2008. 
  7. ^ Interview with David Shipman, 1983.
  8. ^ Clarke 76
  9. ^ Brady, Thomas F. "Some Hollywood Highlights", New York Times, February 8, 1942.
  10. ^ Cotten, Joseph: Vanity Will Get You Somewhere: An Autobiography by Joseph Cotten (Avon Books (Mm) July 1988), ISBN 978-0-380-70534-4
  11. ^ Bob Dorian, American Movie Classics; accessed March 28, 2014.
  12. ^ Dagan, Carmel (April 30, 2013). "Singer-Actress Deanna Durbin Dead at 91". Variety. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  13. ^ The New York Times. August 23, 1948. 
  14. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  15. ^ Brady, Thomas F. (June 19, 1949). "Hollywood Digest". The New York Times. 
  16. ^ Freedland, Michael (May 1, 2013). "Deanna Durbin Obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ "NOSTALGIA: Deanna Durbin" San Francisco Chronicle profile
  18. ^ Private letter to film historian/critic William K. Everson in the late 1970s
  19. ^ Luther, Claudia (May 2, 2013), "Deanna Durbin dies at 91; wholesome star of Depression-era films", Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company), retrieved May 4, 2013 
  20. ^ Plagiarist Poetry Archive
  21. ^ "The Song of Slava", The Washington Post, 1983

External links[edit]