Daylight saving time by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
Jump to: navigation, search
Daylight saving time by country as of May 2014
  Northern hemisphere summer
  Southern hemisphere summer
  Have never used DST
  Have used DST only in the past

Daylight saving time (DST) by country, showing an overview of current usage and some history by country. For more detailed observations by country and continent please consult the continent level articles:

Most areas of North America and Europe observe daylight saving time (DST), while most areas of Africa and Asia do not. In South America most countries in the north of the continent near the equator do not observe DST, while Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay and southern parts of Brazil do. Oceania is also mixed, with New Zealand and parts of southern Australia observing DST, while most other areas do not.

Daylight Saving Time rules as of 2014[edit]

Country/TerritoryContinentSummer/

Hemisphere

DST start
(adjust clocks forward)
DST end
(adjust clocks backward)
Notes and other mentions[1]
AfghanistanAsia---Does not use DST
Akrotiri and Dhekelia (UK)EuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday October
AlbaniaEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1940-1943, and since 1974.
AlgeriaAfrica---Observed DST in 1916-1921, in the autumn of 1939, in 1944-1945, 1971, 1977-1978 and 1980-1981 .
American Samoa (US)Oceania---Does not use DST
AndorraEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 1985.
AngolaAfrica---Does not use DST
Anguilla (UK)Central America---Does not use DST
Antigua and BarbudaCentral America---Does not use DST
ArgentinaSouth America---Observed DST in 1930-1969, 1974, 1988-2000, 2007-2009.
ArmeniaEurope---Observed DST in 1981-1995, 1997-2011.[2]
Aruba (NL)Central America---Does not use DST
AustraliaOceaniaAustral/SouthFirst Sunday OctoberFirst Sunday April

DST used only in Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania, South Australia and Lord Howe Island.

AustriaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1918, 1920, 1940-1948 and since 1980.
AzerbaijanEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1981-1992 and since 1996. Nagorno-Karabakh abolished DST in 2012.[3]
BahamasNorth AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberObserved DST since 1964.
BahrainAsia---Does not use DST
BangladeshAsia---Observed DST in 2009.
BarbadosCentral America---Observed DST from 1977-1980.
BelarusEurope---Observed DST in 1941-1944, 1981-2010.
BelgiumEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1940, 1942-1946 and since 1977.
BelizeCentral America---Observed DST in 1973-1974 and 1982-1983.
BeninAfrica---Does not use DST
Bermuda (UK)North AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberObserved DST since 1974.
BhutanAsia---Does not use DST
BoliviaSouth America---Observed DST in 1931-1932.
Bonaire (NL)Central America---Does not use DST
Bosnia and HerzegovinaEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
BotswanaAfrica---Observed DST in 1943-1944.
BrazilSouth AmericaAustral/SouthThird Sunday OctoberThird Sunday February

DST end delays one week during Carnival week. Only these south and central states use DST: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Federal District Brasilia, Santa Catarina, Paraná, Goiás, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and Mato Grosso (some exceptions).[4]

British Virgin Islands (UK)Central America---Does not use DST
BruneiAsia---Does not use DST
BulgariaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1943-1944 and since 1979.
Burkina FasoAfrica---Does not use DST
BurmaAsia---Does not use DST
BurundiAfrica---Does not use DST
CambodiaAsia---Does not use DST
CameroonAfrica---Does not use DST
CanadaNorth AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday November

Some regions in Quebec, east of 63° west longitude, most of Saskatchewan, Southampton Island and some areas in British Columbia do not observe DST. Saskatchewan however, observes Central Time even though it is located in the Mountain Time Zone, meaning it effectively observes DST year round.[5]

Cape VerdeAfrica---Observed DST in 1942-1945.
Cayman Islands (UK)Central America---Does not use DST
Central African RepublicAfrica---Does not use DST
ChadAfrica---Observed DST in winter 1979-1980.
ChileSouth AmericaAustral/SouthSecond Sunday SeptemberLast Sunday AprilObserved DST in 1927-1946 (excluding Easter Island which observed it in 1932-1946 ) and since 1968. Easter Island starts on Saturday to sync with Chile
ChinaAsia---Observed DST in 1986-1991.
Christmas Island (AU)Asia---Does not use DST
Cocos Island (AU)Asia---Does not use DST
ColombiaSouth America---Observed DST in 1992-1993.
ComorosAfrica---Does not use DST
Cook Islands (NZ)Oceania---Observed DST in 1978-1991.
CongoAfrica---Does not use DST
Costa RicaCentral America---Observed DST in 1954, 1979-1980 and 1991-1992.
CroatiaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
CubaCentral AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberObserved DST in 1928, 1940-1942, 1945-1946 and since 1965.
Curacao (NL)Central America---Does not use DST
CyprusEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 1975.
Czech RepublicEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949 and since 1979.
Democratic Republic of CongoAfrica---Does not use DST
DenmarkEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916, 1940-1948 and since 1980.
DjiboutiAfrica---Does not use DST
DominicaCentral America---Does not use DST
Dominican RepublicCentral America---Observed DST in 1966-1967, 1969-1974.
East TimorAsia---Does not use DST
EcuadorSouth America---Does not use DST
EgyptAfrica/AsiaBoreal/NorthLast Friday AprilLast Friday SeptemberObserved DST in 1940-1945 and 1957-2010. Re-introduces DST in 2014. DST is stopped during Ramadan
El SalvadorCentral America---Observed DST in 1987-1988.
Equatorial GuineaAfrica---Does not use DST
EritreaAfrica---Does not use DST
EstoniaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1918, 1940-1944 and since 1981.
EthiopiaAfrica---Does not use DST
Faroe Islands (DK)EuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 1981.
Falkland Islands (UK)South America---Keeps on continuous DST since 2011
FijiOceaniaAustral/SouthLast Sunday OctoberThird Sunday JanuaryObserved DST in 1998-2000 and since 2009.
FinlandEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1942 and since 1981.
FranceEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1945 and since 1976.
French Guyana (FR)South America---Does not use DST
French Polynesia (FR)Oceania---Does not use DST
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (FR)Antarctica---Does not use DST
GabonAfrica---Does not use DST
GambiaAfrica---Does not use DST
GeorgiaEurope---Observed DST in 1981-2005.
GermanyEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949, and since 1980.
GhanaAfrica---Observed DST from 1936-1942.
GreeceEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1968 and since 1971.
GreenlandNorth AmericaBoreal/North22:00 local time on Saturday before last Sunday March23:00 local time on Saturday before last Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 1980.

Follows European Union practice, although not a member: hence start & end times correspond to 01:00 UTC on the respective Sunday. See Daylight saving time in the Americas—Greenland Qaanaaq uses US and Canada rules. Danmarkshavn does not use DST.

GrenadaCentral America---Does not use DST
Guadeloupe (FR)Central America---Does not use DST
Guam (US)Oceania---Does not use DST
GuatemalaCentral America---Observed DST in 1973-1974, 1983, 1991 and 2006.
Guernsey (UK)EuropeBoreal/North01:00 GMT on last Sunday March01:00 GMT on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
GuineaAfrica---Does not use DST
Guinea-BissauAfrica---Does not use DST
GuyanaSouth America---Does not use DST
HaitiCentral AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberObserved DST in 1983-1997, 2005-2006 and from 2012 onwards.
Heard and McDonald Islands (AU)Antarctica---Does not use DST
Holy SeeEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
HondurasCentral America---Observed DST in 1987-1988 and 2006 .
Hong KongAsia---Observed DST in 1941, 1945-1976 and 1979.
HungaryEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1920, 1941-1950, 1954-1957 and since 1980.
IcelandEurope---Observed DST in 1917-1918 and 1939-1968.
IndiaAsia---Observed DST in 1942-1945.
IndonesiaAsia---Does not use DST
IraqAsia---Observed DST in 1982-2007.
IranAsiaBoreal/NorthMarch 21–22September 21–22Observed DST in 1977-1980, 1991-2005 and since 2008.
IrelandEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
Isle of Man (UK)EuropeBoreal/North01:00 GMT on last Sunday March01:00 GMT on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1968 and since 1972.
IsraelAsiaBoreal/NorthFriday before last Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1940-1946, 1948-1957, 1974-1975 and since 1985.
ItalyEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Ivory CoastAfrica---Does not use DST
JamaicaCentral America---Observed DST in 1974-1983.
JapanAsia---Observed DST in 1948-1951.
Jersey (UK)EuropeBoreal/North01:00 GMT on last Sunday March01:00 GMT on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1968 and since 1971.
JordanAsiaBoreal/NorthLast Friday MarchLast Friday OctoberReturned again to UTC+2 on Dec, 20 2013, Previsible with DST
KazakhstanAsia---Observed DST in 1981-1990 and 1992-2004.
KenyaAfrica---Does not use DST
KiribatiOceania--Does not use DST
KosovoEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 1983.
KuwaitAsia---Does not use DST
KyrgyzistanAsia---Observed DST in 1981-2005.
LaosAsia---Does not use DST
LatviaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1918-1919, 1941-1944 and since 1981.
LebanonAsiaBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1920-1923, 1957-1961, 1972-1978 and since 1984.
LesothoAfrica---Observed DST in 1943-1944.
LiberiaAfrica---Does not use DST
LibyaAfrica---Observed DST in 1951, 1955, 1957, 1982-1989,1997.and 2013.
LiechtensteinEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 1981.
LithuaniaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1944, 1981-1999 and since 2003.
LuxembourgEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1946 and since 1977.
Macao (CH)Asia---Observed DST in 1961-1980.
MacedoniaEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
MadagascarAfrica---Observed DST in 1954.
MalawiAfrica---Does not use DST
MalaysiaAsia---Observed DST in 1933-1935.
MaldivesAsia---Does not use DST
MaliAfrica---Does not use DST
MaltaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Marshall IslandsOceania---Does not use DST
Martinica (FR)Central America---Observed DST in 1980.
MauritaniaAfrica---Does not use DST
MauritiusAfrica---Observed DST in 1982-1983 and 2008-2009.
MexicoNorth AmericaBoreal/NorthFirst Sunday AprilLast Sunday OctoberObserve DST since 1996, but Baja California observe DST since 1942. Sonora observed DST 1996–1997. Locations less than 20 km from the US border use US DST.[6]
MicronesiaOceania---Does not use DST
Midway (US)Oceania---Observed DST in 1956.
MoldovaEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1932-1944, 1981-1989 and since 1991.
MonacoEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1945 and since 1976.
MongoliaAsia---Observed DST in 1983-1998 and 2001-2006.
MontenegroEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Montserrat (UK)Central America---Does not use DST
MoroccoAfricaBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1939-1945, 1950, 1967, 1974, 1974-1976 and since 2008. DST stops during Ramadan.
MozambiqueAfrica---Does not use DST
NamibiaAfricaAustral/SouthFirst Sunday SeptemberFirst Sunday AprilObserved DST in 1942-1943 and since 1994.
NauruOceania---Does not use DST
NepalAsia---Does not use DST
NetherlandsEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1945 and since 1977.
New Caledonia (FR)Oceania---Observed DST in 1977-1979 and 1996-1997.
New ZealandOceaniaAustral/SouthLast Sunday SeptemberFirst Sunday AprilObserved DST in 1927-1946 and since 1974.
NicaraguaCentral America---Observed DST in 1973-1975, 1979-1980, 1992-1994 and 2005-2006.
NigerAfrica---Does not use DST
NigeriaAfrica---Does not use DST
Niue (NZ)Oceania---Does not use DST
North KoreaAsia---Does not use DST
Northern Mariana Islands (US)Oceania---Does not use DST
NorwayEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916, 1940-1945, 1959-1965 and since 1980.

Follows European Union practice, although not a member.

OmanAsia---Does not use DST
PakistanAsia---Observed DST in 1942-1945 (as belonging to India) and 2002.
PalauOceania---Does not use DST
PalestineAsiaBoreal/NorthLast Friday MarchLast Friday SeptemberObserved DST in 1940-1946, 1957-1967, 1974-1975 and since 1985.
PanamaCentral America---Does not use DST
Papua New GuineaOceania---Does not use DST
ParaguaySouth AmericaAustral/SouthFirst Sunday OctoberFourth Sunday MarchObserved DST since 1975. Current start and end dates last updated in 2013.
PeruSouth America---Observed DST in 1938-1940, 1986-1987, 1990 and 1994.
PhilippinesAsia---Observed DST in 1936-1937, 1954, 1978 and 1990.
Pitcairn Islands (UK)Oceania---Does not use DST
PolandEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1919, 1940-1949, 1957-1964 and since 1977.
PortugalEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1921, 1924, 1926-1929, 1931-1932, 1934-1949, 1951-1965 and since 1977.
Puerto Rico (US)Central America---Observed DST in 1942-1945.
QatarAsia---Does not use DST
RomaniaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1932-1939 and since 1979.
RussiaAsia/Europe---Observed DST in 1917-1919 and 1921 (some areas), 1981-2010 . Since 2011 abolishes DST.[7]
RwandaAfrica---Does not use DST
Saba (NL)Central America---Does not use DST
SamoaOceaniaAustral/SouthLast Sunday SeptemberFirst Sunday AprilObserved DST since 2011
Saint Barthélemy (FR)Central America---Does not use DST
Saint Kitts and NevisCentral America---Does not use DST
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)Africa/South America---Does not use DST
Saint LuciaCentral America---Does not use DST
Saint Martin (FR)Central America---Does not use DST
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR)North AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberObserved DST since 1987.
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesCentral America---Does not use DST
San MarinoEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1920, 1940-1948 and since 1966.
Sao Tome and PríncipeAfrica---Does not use DST
Saudi ArabiaAsia---Does not use DST
SenegalAfrica---Does not use DST
SerbiaEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
SeychellesAfrica---Does not use DST
Sierra LeoneAfrica---Observed DST in 1935-1942 and 1957-1962.
SingaporeAsia---Observed DST in 1933-1935 by adding 20 minutes to standart time. On January 1, 1936, country changed their time zone to UTC+7:20.[8]
Sint Eustatius (NL)Central America---Does not use DST
Sint Maarten (NL)Central America---Does not use DST
SlovakiaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916-1918, 1940-1949 and since 1979.
SloveniaEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1945 and since 1983.
Solomon IslandsOceania---Does not use DST
SomaliaAfrica---Does not use DST
South AfricaAfrica---Observed DST in 1942-1944.
South Georgia Islands (UK)Antarctica---Does not use DST
South KoreaAsia---Observed DST in 1948-1951, 1955-1960 and 1987-1988.
South Sandwich Islands (UK)Antarctica---Does not use DST
South SudanAfrica---Observed DST in 1970-1985.
SpainEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1917-1919, 1924, 1926-1929, 1937-1946, 1949 and since 1974. On Canary Islands DST observed since 1980.
Sri LankaAsia---Observed DST in 1942-1945.
SudanAfrica---Observed DST in 1970-1985.
SurinameSouth America---Does not use DST
SwazilandAfrica---Does not use DST
SwedenEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST 15 May–30 September 1916, and since the first Sunday of April in 1980. Before 1996 it ended on the last Sunday of September.
SwitzerlandEuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1942 and since 1980.

Follows European Union practice, although not a member.

SyriaAsiaBoreal/NorthLast Friday MarchLast Friday OctoberObserved DST in 1920-1923, 1962-1968 and since 1983.
TajikistanAsia---Observed DST in 1981-1991.
TaiwanAsia---Observed DST in 1945-1962, 1974, 1975 and 1979.
TanzaniaAfrica---Does not use DST
ThailandAsia---Does not use DST
Tokelau (NZ)Oceania---Does not use DST
TogoAfrica---Does not use DST
TongaOceania---Observed DST from 1999-2002.
Trinidad and TobagoCentral America---Does not use DST
TunisiaAfrica---Observed DST in 1939-1945, 1977-1978, 1988-1990 and 2005-2008.
TurkeyAsia/EuropeBoreal/North01:00 UTC on last Sunday March01:00 UTC on last Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1916, 1920-1922, 1924-1925, 1940-1942, 1945-1951, 1962, 1964, 1970-1983 and since 1985.

Follows European Union practice, although not a member.

TurkmenistanAsia---Observed DST in 1981-1991.
TuvaluOceania---Does not use DST
Turks and Caicos (UK)Central AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberObserved DST since 1979.
UgandaAfrica---Does not use DST
UkraineEuropeBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST in 1941-1943, 1981-1989 and since 1992.

The Crimean Supreme Council announced that Crimea will switch to Moscow time (which does not observe DST) in March 2014 .[9]

United Arab EmiratesAsia---Does not use DST
United KingdomEuropeBoreal/North01:00 GMT on last Sunday March01:00 GMT on last Sunday October
Main article: British Summer Time
Observed DST (British Summer Time (BST)) since 1916.

Year-round Summer Time (BST) + Double Summer Time (BDST) 1940-1945. Two-stage Double Summer Time (BDST) 1947. Year-round Summer Time (BST) 1968-1971.

United StatesNorth AmericaBoreal/NorthSecond Sunday MarchFirst Sunday NovemberArizona (except the Navajo Nation Community) and Hawaii do not use DST.[10]
United States Virgin Islands (US)Central America---Does not use DST
UruguaySouth AmericaAustral/SouthFirst Sunday OctoberSecond Sunday MarchObserved DST in 1923-1926, 1933-1943, 1959-1960, 1965-1970, 1972, 1974-1980, 1987-1993 and since 2004.
UzbekistanAsia---Observed DST in 1981-1991.
VanuatuOceania---Observed DST in 1983-1993.
VenezuelaSouth America---Does not use DST
VietnamAsia---Does not use DST
Wallis and Futuna (FR)Oceania---Does not use DST
Western SaharaAfricaBoreal/NorthLast Sunday MarchLast Sunday OctoberObserved DST since 2008. DST is stopped during Ramadan. Only areas controlled by Morocco uses DST.
YemenAsia---Does not use DST
ZambiaAfrica---Does not use DST
ZimbabweAfrica---Does not use DST

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Clock". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 26 February 2013. . Detailed information about the history of DST in each country can be found under the relevant section of this website, and can be referred to for information in this chart unless otherwise specified.
  2. ^ "Clock changes in Yerevan". World Clock. timeanddate.com. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Nagorno-Karabakh Rejects Daylight Saving Time". Time Zone News. timeanddate.com. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Sunday, February 17, 2013: Brazil ends Daylight Saving Time". Time Zone News. timeanddate.com. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Sunday, March 10: Daylight Saving Time Begins in USA & Canada". Time Zone News. timeanddate.com. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Hora Oficial en los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Centro Naciona de Metrología. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  7. ^ Gessen, Masha (1 October 2012). "Will Russia Turn Back the Clock?". Latitude: Views from Around the World. International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  8. ^ "Time zone in Singapore". Daylight Saving Time. timeanddate.com. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "Crimea to introduce Moscow time from March 30". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Sunday, March 10: Daylight Saving Time Begins in USA & Canada". Time Zone News. timeanddate.com. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 

External links[edit]