Darkling beetle

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Darkling Beetle
Alphitobius sp. (Tenebrioninae: Alphitobiini)
Scale bar (top right) is 2 millimeters
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Coleoptera
Suborder:Polyphaga
Superfamily:Tenebrionoidea
Family:Tenebrionidae
Latreille, 1802
Subfamilies

Alleculinae
Coelometopinae
Diaperinae
Hypophloeinae
Lagriinae
Myrmechixeninae
Phrenapatinae
Pimeliinae
Tenebrioninae
and see text

 
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Darkling Beetle
Alphitobius sp. (Tenebrioninae: Alphitobiini)
Scale bar (top right) is 2 millimeters
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Coleoptera
Suborder:Polyphaga
Superfamily:Tenebrionoidea
Family:Tenebrionidae
Latreille, 1802
Subfamilies

Alleculinae
Coelometopinae
Diaperinae
Hypophloeinae
Lagriinae
Myrmechixeninae
Phrenapatinae
Pimeliinae
Tenebrioninae
and see text

Darkling beetles are a family of beetles found worldwide, estimated at more than 20,000 species. Many of the beetles have black elytra, hence their common name. Apart from the 9 subfamilies listed here, the tribe Opatrini of the Tenebrioninae is sometimes considered a distinct family, and/or the Pimeliinae are included in the Tenebrioninae as a tribe Pimeliini.

Darkling beetles eat both fresh and decaying vegetation. Major predators include birds, rodents, sunspiders, and lizards. Some species live in the dry Namib desert and have evolved modifications that help them collect water from the fog that condenses on their elytra.

The larval stages of several species are cultured as feeder insects for captive insectivores, and include the very commonly known mealworms (Tenebrio molitor) and superworms (Zophobas morio), and the lesser-known mini mealworms (Tenebrio obscurus).

Characteristics[edit]

This family of beetles may be identified by a combination of features, including :

Notable species[edit]


Image gallery[edit]

External links[edit]