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|Born|| October 11, 1935 |
Omaha, Nebraska, US
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (October 2013)|
|Born|| October 11, 1935 |
Omaha, Nebraska, US
Daniel Quinn (born October 11, 1935) is an American writer best known for his novel Ishmael (published in 1992), which won the Turner Tomorrow Fellowship Award in 1991. Quinn's ideas are popularly associated with environmentalism, though he criticizes this term, claiming that it portrays the environment as somehow separate from human life and thus creates a false dichotomy. Rather, Quinn identifies himself a cultural critic and specifically refers to his philosophy as new tribalism.
Daniel Quinn was born in Omaha, Nebraska, where he graduated from Creighton Preparatory School. He went on to study at Saint Louis University, at University of Vienna, Austria, through IES Abroad, and at Loyola University, receiving a bachelor's degree in English, cum laude, in 1957. He delayed part of this university education, however, while a postulant at the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani in Bardstown, Kentucky, where he hoped to become a Trappist monk; however his spiritual director, Thomas Merton, prematurely ended Quinn's postulancy. Quinn then went into publishing, abandoned his Catholic faith, and underwent two unsuccessful marriages.
In 1975, Quinn left his career as a publisher to become a freelance writer. He is best known for his book Ishmael (1992), which won the Turner Tomorrow Fellowship Award in 1991. This fellowship was established to encourage authors to seek "creative and positive solutions to global problems." Ishmael became the first of a loose trilogy of novels by Quinn, including The Story of B and My Ishmael. Ishmael and its sequels brought increasing fame to Quinn throughout the 1990s, and he became a very well-known author to segments of the environmental, simplicity, and anarchist movements; in addition, proponents of deep ecology and a critique of civilization broadly labeled anarcho-primitivism often associate Quinn with their ideas. However, Quinn himself rejects these associations, disagrees with the notion that his philosophy is rooted in anarchism, and considers the similarities between his philosophy and deep ecology to be purely coincidental.
The Pearl Jam song "Do the Evolution" was inspired by Ishmael as were aspects of the 1999 film Instinct; however, Quinn has personally remarked that the film bears "virtually no resemblance to the book." Quinn has traveled widely to lecture and discuss his books. While response to Ishmael was mostly very positive, Quinn inspired controversy especially with his claim that human populations grow and shrink according to food availability and with the catastrophic implications he draws from this. These ideas are discussed in the most depth in The Story of B's appendix section.
In 1998, Quinn collaborated with environmental biologist Alan D. Thornhill in producing Food Production and Population Growth, a 2-hour, 40-minute-long video (later DVD) elaborating in depth the ideas presented in his books.
Quinn's book Tales of Adam was released in 2005 after a long bankruptcy scuffle with its initially scheduled publisher. It is designed to be a look through the animist's eyes in seven short tales; Quinn explores the idea of animism as the first worldwide religion and as his own belief system in The Story of B and his autobiographical Providence.
In 2010, James Jay Lee, the perpetrator of the Discovery Communications headquarters hostage crisis, cited My Ishmael in his manifesto of demands. Quinn characterized Lee as a "fanatic" who had distorted his ideas.
Quinn currently lives in Houston, Texas with his third wife, Rennie.
Quinn's philosophy largely regards looking toward past and current indigenous tribal societies as models to develop a diversity of functional human social structures in the future, while abandoning the current, unsustainable, world-dominating structure: civilization. Quinn exposes and rejects a variety of civilization's deepest-held cultural myths, most prominently including the memes that "there absolutely must be some one right way for everyone to live" and that "the world was made for Man, and Man was made to conquer and rule it".
Quinn also challenges popular thinking about ecology and human population dynamics, claiming that "we imagine that as our population grows, the rest of the living community remains the same (because it's [perceived as] separate from us), whereas in fact, the biomass that we're adding to the human population comes directly from the rest of the living community." Furthermore, Quinn asserts that, since population growth is a function of food supply, sustained food aid to impoverished nations is merely delaying and dramatically worsening massive starvation crises, rather than resolving such crises (as is commonly assumed). These population problems are born of a disconnect between local humans and the local habitat with its food, and Quinn claims that ending this disconnect is a proven way to avoid famines and accompanying starvation. Some have interpreted this to mean that Quinn is resolving to let starving people in impoverished nations continue starving, which Quinn has repeatedly identified as a misconception of his views.
Quinn has coined or repopularized a variety of terms, including the following: