Danby, North Yorkshire

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Danby
Danby is located in North Yorkshire
Danby

 Danby shown within North Yorkshire
Population1,411 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ707085
Civil parishDanby
DistrictScarborough
Shire countyNorth Yorkshire
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWHITBY
Postcode districtYO21
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK ParliamentScarborough and Whitby
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
 
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Coordinates: 54°28′04″N 0°54′35″W / 54.467700°N 0.909700°W / 54.467700; -0.909700

Danby
Danby is located in North Yorkshire
Danby

 Danby shown within North Yorkshire
Population1,411 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ707085
Civil parishDanby
DistrictScarborough
Shire countyNorth Yorkshire
RegionYorkshire and the Humber
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWHITBY
Postcode districtYO21
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK ParliamentScarborough and Whitby
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Danby is a village and civil parish in the Scarborough district of North Yorkshire, England. According to the 2001 UK census, Danby parish had a population of 1,411,[1] a reduction on the 2001 UK census figure of 1,515.[2] The statistician Karl Pearson spent a lot of time there.[3]

Danby is located within the North York Moors National Park and is home to The Moors National Park Centre.[4]

Danby is served by a rail network between Middlesbrough and Whitby and an Arriva bus service. Danby village incorporates the Duke of Wellington pub, and the neighbouring Post Office. The village lies on the Esk Valley Walk.

The civil parish includes the following villages/settlements:

Contents

Danby Castle

A little over a mile to the south-east are the remains of Danby Castle.[5]

Danby Castle occupies a commanding position on the far slopes of Danby Rigg. It was built in the 14th century for Lord Latimer as a sign of his great wealth and, in its day, was of pioneering architectural design, combining both defense and comfortable living. Catherine Parr once lived at the castle, before she became the sixth wife of Henry VIII. The castle is a working farm today and part of the building is a farmhouse. Danby court leet, the all male, baronial court whose origins were, in the past, those of a manorial court, but whose functions are now restricted to the management of common land,[6] regularly meet in the castle’s courtroom.[7]

Danby Show

Danby, the Duke of Wellington pub on the left under repair

The Danby Agricultural show is held every year in August, with traditional country entertainments and activities such as show jumping, sheepdog trials, exhibitions of farm animals and machinery as well as horticultural, craft and produce competitions.

Church history

Daniel Duck (1743-?1825) was the vicar of Danby from 1780 until he was succeeded by his son Joseph in 1825. Joseph came from Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge and his family was one of yeoman freeholders in the Yorkshire Dales. He is commemorated in the poem, Lines in Memory of the Rev. D. Duck, Curate of Danby.

The preface to this poem in the original manuscript had: ”Written on the Back of a pew before divine service while the folk were gathering up. Sunday April 1835.” Daniel Duck's diaries are held by the Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society, which indicates that Daniel was the eldest son of Joseph Duck, yeoman, of Ainthorpe, and Hannah. He was perpetual curate of Danby, first appearing in the church register in Feb 1780.

Danby beacon

The Danby Beacon was one of a line of beacons up to twenty miles apart, and dates back to the 1600s when the country was living under the threat of invasion from France. It was to have been lit when the soldier stationed nearby had sight of a foreign fleet.

During the Second World War, the site became home to one of the first radar stations guarding the north east coast. The station was responsible for guiding Group Captain Peter Townsend, when he intercepted and shot down the first enemy aircraft to fall on English soil during the war.

The radar station, which continued to function until the 1957, was the precursor of the Fylingdales early warning station, 15 miles south-east, whose three giant golf balls became one of the North York Moors National Park's biggest attractions.[8][9]

Danby Beacon is now a national landmark, which is used as a reference point by thousands of visitors and walkers each year. Over the years, the old wooden beacon aged so much that it eventually disintegrated and fell down - the landmark was lost.

A new beacon was unveiled in 2008 by Lord Downe, President of the Danby Beacon Trust. The flame-shaped basket is made out of blued stainless steel, blending in with the sky. The flames are mounted around a cup that is decorated with bronze - a reminder of the Bronze Age burial mound which part occupies the site.[10]

References

Bibliography

External links