Dana Scott

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Dana Stewart Scott
Scott Dana small.jpg
Born(1932-10-11) October 11, 1932 (age 81)
Berkeley, California
FieldsComputer Science
Mathematics
Philosophy
InstitutionsUniversity of California, Berkeley
Stanford
Oxford University
Carnegie Mellon University
Alma materB.A. (mathematics) 1954, University of California, Berkeley
Ph.D. 1958, Princeton University
ThesisConvergent Sequences of Complete Theories (1958)
Doctoral advisorAlonzo Church
Doctoral studentsJack Copeland
Michael Fourman
Kenneth Kunen
Angus Macintyre
Ketan Mulmuley
Marko Petkovšek
Fred S. Roberts
David Turner[1]
Known forautomata theory, semantics of programming languages
Notable awardsACM Turing Award 1976, Tarski lectures 1989
 
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Dana Stewart Scott
Scott Dana small.jpg
Born(1932-10-11) October 11, 1932 (age 81)
Berkeley, California
FieldsComputer Science
Mathematics
Philosophy
InstitutionsUniversity of California, Berkeley
Stanford
Oxford University
Carnegie Mellon University
Alma materB.A. (mathematics) 1954, University of California, Berkeley
Ph.D. 1958, Princeton University
ThesisConvergent Sequences of Complete Theories (1958)
Doctoral advisorAlonzo Church
Doctoral studentsJack Copeland
Michael Fourman
Kenneth Kunen
Angus Macintyre
Ketan Mulmuley
Marko Petkovšek
Fred S. Roberts
David Turner[1]
Known forautomata theory, semantics of programming languages
Notable awardsACM Turing Award 1976, Tarski lectures 1989

Dana Stewart Scott (born October 11, 1932) is the emeritus Hillman University Professor of Computer Science, Philosophy, and Mathematical Logic at Carnegie Mellon University; he is now retired and lives in Berkeley, California. His research career has spanned computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, and has been characterized by a marriage of a concern for elucidating fundamental concepts in the manner of informal rigor, with a cultivation of mathematically hard problems that bear on these concepts. His work on automata theory earned him the ACM Turing Award in 1976, while his collaborative work with Christopher Strachey in the 1970s laid the foundations of modern approaches to the semantics of programming languages. He has worked also on modal logic, topology, and category theory. He is the editor-in-chief of the new journal Logical Methods in Computer Science.

Early career[edit]

He received his BA in Mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1954. He wrote his Ph.D. thesis on Convergent Sequences of Complete Theories under the supervision of Alonzo Church while at Princeton, and defended his thesis in 1958. Solomon Feferman (2005) writes of this period:

Scott began his studies in logic at Berkeley in the early 50s while still an undergraduate. His unusual abilities were soon recognized and he quickly moved on to graduate classes and seminars with Tarski and became part of the group that surrounded him, including me and Richard Montague; so it was at that time that we became friends. Scott was clearly in line to do a Ph. D. with Tarski, but they had a falling out for reasons explained in our biography.[2] Upset by that, Scott left for Princeton where he finished with a Ph. D. under Alonzo Church. But it was not long before the relationship between them was mended to the point that Tarski could say to him, “I hope I can call you my student.

After completing his Ph.D. studies, he moved to the University of Chicago, working as an instructor there until 1960. In 1959, he published a joint paper with Michael O. Rabin, a colleague from Princeton, entitled Finite Automata and Their Decision Problem,[3] which introduced the idea of nondeterministic machines to automata theory. This work led to the joint bestowal of the Turing Award on the two, for the introduction of this fundamental concept of computational complexity theory.

University of California, Berkeley, 1960–1963[edit]

Scott took up a post as Assistant Professor of Mathematics, back at the University of California, Berkeley, and involved himself with classical issues in mathematical logic, especially set theory and Tarskian model theory.

During this period he started supervising Ph.D. students, such as James Halpern (Contributions to the Study of the Independence of the Axiom of Choice) and Edgar Lopez-Escobar (Infinitely Long Formulas with Countable Quantifier Degrees). Scott's work as research supervisor has been an important source of his intellectual influence.

Modal and tense logic[edit]

Scott also began working on modal logic in this period, beginning a collaboration with John Lemmon, who moved to Claremont, California, in 1963. Scott was especially interested in Arthur Prior's approach to tense logic and the connection to the treatment of time in natural-language semantics, and began collaborating with Richard Montague (Copeland 2004), whom he had known from his days as an undergraduate at Berkeley. Later, Scott and Montague independently discovered an important generalisation of Kripke semantics for modal and tense logic, called Scott-Montague semantics (Scott 1970).

John Lemmon and Scott began work on a modal-logic textbook that was interrupted by Lemmon's death in 1966. Scott circulated the incomplete monograph amongst colleagues, introducing a number of important techniques in the semantics of model theory, most importantly presenting a refinement of canonical model that became standard, and introducing the technique of constructing models through filtrations, both of which are core concepts in modern Kripke semantics (Blackburn, de Rijke, and Venema, 2001). Scott eventually published the work as An Introduction to Modal Logic (Lemmon & Scott, 1977).

Stanford, Amsterdam and Princeton, 1963–1972[edit]

Following an initial observation of Robert Solovay, Scott formulated the concept of Boolean-valued model, as Solovay and Petr Vopěnka did likewise at around the same time. In 1967 Scott published a paper, A Proof of the Independence of the Continuum Hypothesis, in which he used Boolean-valued models to provide an alternate analysis of the independence of the continuum hypothesis to that provided by Paul Cohen. This work led to the award of the Leroy P. Steele Prize in 1972.

Oxford University, 1972–1981[edit]

Scott took up a post as Professor of Mathematical Logic on the Philosophy faculty of Oxford University in 1972.

Semantics of programming languages[edit]

This period saw Scott working closely with Christopher Strachey, and the two managed, despite intense administrative pressures, to oversee a great deal of fundamental work on providing a mathematical foundation for the semantics of programming languages, the work for which Scott is best known. Together, their work constitutes the Scott-Strachey approach to denotational semantics; it constitutes one of the most influential pieces of work in theoretical computer science and can perhaps be regarded as founding one of the major schools of computer science. One of Scott's largest contributions is his formulation of domain theory, allowing programs involving recursive functions and looping-control constructs to be given a denotational semantics. Additionally, he provided a foundation for the understanding of infinitary and continuous information through domain theory and his theory of information systems.

Scott's work of this period led to the bestowal of:

Carnegie Mellon University 1981–2003[edit]

At Carnegie Mellon University, Scott proposed the theory of equilogical spaces as a successor theory to domain theory; among its many advantages, the category of equilogical spaces is a cartesian closed category, whereas the category of domains[4] is not. In 1994, he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society.[5]

Bibliography[edit]

Works by Scott[edit]

Other works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dana Stewart Scott". Mathematics Genealogy Project. North Dakota State University. Retrieved December 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ Feferman & Feferman 2004.
  3. ^ Scott, Dana; Rabin, Michael (1959). "Finite Automata and Their Decision Problems". IBM Journal of Research and Development 3 (2): 114–125. 
  4. ^ Where here Dana Scott counts the category of domains to be the category whose objects are pointed DCPOs, and whose morphisms are the strict, Scott-continuous functions
  5. ^ List of Fellows of the American Mathematical Society, retrieved 2013-07-14.

External links[edit]