D

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D
ISO basic Latin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGg
HhIiJjKkLlMmNn
OoPpQqRrSsTtUu
VvWwXxYyZz
 
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D
ISO basic Latin alphabet
AaBbCcDdEeFfGg
HhIiJjKkLlMmNn
OoPpQqRrSsTtUu
VvWwXxYyZz
Cursive.svg
Circle sheer blue 27.gif
Circle sheer blue 33.gif
Cursive script 'd' and capital 'D'

D (named dee /ˈd/[1]) is the fourth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet.

History[edit]

Egyptian hieroglyph 
door
Phoenician
daleth
Greek
Delta
Etruscan 
D
Roman
D
O31
PhoenicianD-01.pngDelta uc lc.svgEtruscanD-01.svgRoman D

The Semitic letter Dâlet may have developed from the logogram for a fish or a door. There are various Egyptian hieroglyphs that might have inspired this. In Semitic, Ancient Greek and Latin, the letter represented /d/; in the Etruscan alphabet the letter was superfluous but still retained (see letter B). The equivalent Greek letter is Delta, 'Δ'.[citation needed]

The minuscule (lower-case) form of 'd' consists of a loop and a tall vertical stroke. It developed by gradual variations on the majuscule (capital) form. In handwriting, it was common to start the arc to the left of the vertical stroke, resulting in a serif at the top of the arc. This serif was extended while the rest of the letter was reduced, resulting in an angled stroke and loop. The angled stroke slowly developed into a vertical stroke.

Usage[edit]

The letter D, standing for "Deutschland", i.e. Germany in German, on a boundary stone at the border between Austria and Germany.

In nearly all languages that use the Latin alphabet and the International Phonetic Alphabet 'd' represents the voiced alveolar or voiced dental plosive /d/, but in the Vietnamese alphabet, it represents the sound /z/ (or /j/ in southern dialects). In Fijian it represents a prenasalized stop /nd/.[2] In some languages where voiceless unaspirated stops contrast with voiceless aspirated stops, 'd' represents an unaspirated /t/, while 't' represents an aspirated /tʰ/. Examples of such languages include Icelandic, Scottish Gaelic, Navajo, Estonian and the Pinyin transliteration of Mandarin.

The symbol "D" is used for 500 in Roman numerals.

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

CharacterDd
Unicode nameLATIN CAPITAL LETTER D  LATIN SMALL LETTER D
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode68U+0044100U+0064
UTF-8684410064
Numeric character referenceDDdd
EBCDIC family196C413284
ASCII 1684410064
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations[edit]

NATO phoneticMorse code
Delta–··
ICS Delta.svgSemaphore Delta.svg⠙
Signal flagFlag semaphoreBraille
dots-145

In British Sign Language (BSL), the letter 'd' is indicated by signing with the right hand held with the index and thumb extended and slightly curved, and the tip of the thumb and finger held against the extended index of the left hand.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "D" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "dee", op. cit.
  2. ^ Lynch, John (1998). Pacific languages: an introduction. University of Hawaii Press. p. 97. ISBN 0-8248-1898-9. 

External links[edit]


AaBbCcDdEeFfGgHhIiJjKkLlMmNnOoPpQqRrSsTtUuVvWwXxYyZz
Letter D with diacritics
ĎďḊḋḐḑḌḍḒḓḎḏĐđƉɖƊɗƋƌȡ
Related