Czocha Castle

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Czocha Castle
Zamek Czocha

The main part of the Castle
Czocha Castle is located in Poland
location within Poland
General information
LocationCzocha, Poland
CountryPoland
Coordinates51°1′50″N 15°18′13″E / 51.03056°N 15.30361°E / 51.03056; 15.30361
Construction started13th century[1]
Completed14th century[2]
Demolished17–18 August 1793[3]
Design and construction
OwnerErnst Freiherr von Gütschow
Polish Army
Hotel Group WAM (last owner)
Website
Official Website
 
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Czocha Castle
Zamek Czocha

The main part of the Castle
Czocha Castle is located in Poland
location within Poland
General information
LocationCzocha, Poland
CountryPoland
Coordinates51°1′50″N 15°18′13″E / 51.03056°N 15.30361°E / 51.03056; 15.30361
Construction started13th century[1]
Completed14th century[2]
Demolished17–18 August 1793[3]
Design and construction
OwnerErnst Freiherr von Gütschow
Polish Army
Hotel Group WAM (last owner)
Website
Official Website

Czocha Castle (German: Tzschocha, Latin: Caychow) is a defensive castle in the Czocha village (Gmina Lesna), in Lubań County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship (southwestern Poland). The castle is located on the Lake Leśnia, near the Kwisa river, in what is now the Polish part of Upper Lusatia. Czocha castle was built on gneiss rock, and its oldest part is the keep, to which housing structures were later added.

Contents

History

Czocha Castle began as a stronghold, on the Czech-Lusatian border. Its construction was ordered by Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, in the middle of 13th century (1241–1247). In 1253 castle was handed over to Konrad von Wallhausen, Bishop of Meissen. In 1319 the complex became part of the dukedom of Henry I of Jawor, and after his death, it was taken over by another Silesian prince, Bolko II the Small, and his wife Agnieszka (see Duchy of Silesia). Origin of the stone castle dates back to 1329.

In the mid-14th century, Czocha Castle was annexed by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia. Then, between 1389 and 1453, it belonged to the noble families of von Dohn and von Kluks. Reinforced, the complex was besieged by the Hussites in the early 15th century, who captured it in 1427, and remained in the castle for unknown time (see Hussite Wars). In 1453, the castle was purchased by the family of von Nostitz, who owned it for 250 years, making several changes through remodelling projects in 1525 and 1611. Czocha's walls were strengthened and reinforced, which thwarted a Swedish siege of the complex during the Thirty Years War. In 1703, the castle was purchased by Jan Hartwig von Uechtritz, influential courtier of Augustus II the Strong. On August 17, 1793, the whole complex burned in a fire.

Czocha Castle, view from the Kwisa river

In 1909, Czocha was bought by a cigar manufacturer from Dresden, Ernst Gutschow, who ordered major remodeling, carried out by Berlin architect Bodo Ebhardt, based on a 1703 painting of the castle. Gutschow, who was close to the Russian Imperial Court and hosted several White emigres in Czocha, lived in the castle until March 1945. Upon leaving, he packed up the most valuable possessions and moved them out.

After World War II, the castle was ransacked several times, both by soldiers of the Red Army, and Polish thieves, who came to the so-called Recovered Territories from central and eastern part of the country. Pieces of furniture and other goods were stolen, and in the late 1940s and early 1950s, the castle was home to refugees from Greece (see Greek Civil War). In 1952, Czocha was taken over by the Polish Army. Used as a military vacation resort, it was erased from official maps. The castle has been open to the public since September 1996 as a hotel[1] and conference center. The complex was featured in several movies, including a popular 1963 comedy, Gdzie jest general? (Where is the General?) and The Legend, Beyond Sherwood Forest, The Secret of the Cipher Tower, Spellbinder.

See also

References

External links