Cy Young Award

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Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award.jpg
The Cy Young Award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Best Regular Season Pitcher
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers Association of America
First awarded1956
Currently held byClayton Kershaw, National League
Max Scherzer, American League
 
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Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award.jpg
The Cy Young Award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Best Regular Season Pitcher
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers Association of America
First awarded1956
Currently held byClayton Kershaw, National League
Max Scherzer, American League

The Cy Young Award is an honor given annually in baseball to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL). The award was first introduced in 1956 by Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967, after the retirement of Frick, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.[1][2]

Each league's award is voted on by members of the Baseball Writers Association of America, with one representative from each team. As of the 2010 season, each voter places a vote for first, second, third, fourth and fifth place among the pitchers of each league. The formula used to calculate the final scores is a weighted sum of the votes.[A] The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award.[1] If two pitchers receive the same number of votes, the award is shared.[3] The current formula started in the 2010 season. Before that, dating back to 1970, writers voted for three pitchers, with the formula of 5 points for a first place vote, 3 for a second place vote and 1 for a third place vote. Prior to 1970, writers only voted for the best pitcher and used a formula of one point per vote.[1]

History[edit]

Cy Young, for whom the award is named

The Cy Young Award was first introduced in 1956 by Commissioner of Baseball Ford C. Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955.[1] The award would be given to pitchers only. Originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, the award changed its format over time. From 1956 to 1966, the award was given to one pitcher in Major League Baseball. After Frick retired in 1967, William Eckert became the new Commissioner of Baseball. Due to fan requests, Eckert announced that the Cy Young Award would be given out both in the American League and the National League.[1] From 1956 to 1958, a pitcher was not allowed to win the award on more than one occasion; this rule was eliminated in 1959. After a tie in the 1969 voting for the AL Cy Young Award, the process was changed, in which each writer was to vote for three different pitchers: the first-place vote received five points, the second-place vote received three points, and the third-place vote received one point.[1]

The first recipient of the Cy Young Award was Don Newcombe of the Dodgers, and the most recent winners are Clayton Kershaw, from the National League, and Max Scherzer, from the American League.[1][4] In 1957, Warren Spahn became the first left-handed pitcher to win the award. In 1963, Sandy Koufax became the first pitcher to win the award in a unanimous vote; two years later he became the first multiple winner. In 1974, Mike Marshall won the award, becoming the first relief pitcher to win the award.[1] In 1978, Gaylord Perry (age 40) became the oldest pitcher to receive the award, only to have the record broken in 2004 by Roger Clemens (age 42).[1] The youngest recipient was Dwight Gooden (age 20 in 1985). In 2012, R.A. Dickey became the first knuckleball pitcher to win. Steve Carlton in 1982 became the first pitcher to win more than three Cy Young Awards, while Greg Maddux in 1994 became the first to win at least three in a row (and received a fourth straight the following year), a feat later repeated by Randy Johnson.

Winners[edit]

Key[edit]

YearEach year is linked to an article about that Major League Baseball season.
ERAEarned run average
*Also named Most Valuable Player (10 occurrences as of 2014)
**Also named Rookie of the Year (1 occurrence as of 2014)
Hall of FameMember of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum (17 individuals as of 2014)

Major Leagues combined (1956–1966)[edit]

Don Newcombe, the first ever winner
YearPitcherTeamRecord[B]Saves[C]ERAKs
1956Don Newcombe*Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)27–703.06139
1957Warren SpahnHall of FameMilwaukee Braves (NL)21–1132.69111
1958Bob TurleyNew York Yankees (AL)21–712.97168
1959Early WynnHall of FameChicago White Sox (AL)22–1003.17179
1960Vern LawPittsburgh Pirates (NL)20–903.08120
1961Whitey FordHall of FameNew York Yankees (AL)25–403.21209
1962Don DrysdaleHall of FameLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)25–912.84232
1963Sandy Koufax*Hall of FameLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)25–501.88306
1964Dean ChanceLos Angeles Angels (AL)20–941.65207
1965Sandy KoufaxHall of FameLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)26–822.04382
1966Sandy KoufaxHall of FameLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)27–901.73317

National League (1967–present)[edit]

Fernando Valenzuela, 1981 NL Cy Young and Rookie of the Year, only one to win both awards in the same year
Greg Maddux
Tom Glavine
John Smoltz
From 1991–1998 Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, and John Smoltz combined for seven NL Cy Young Awards during their time with the Atlanta Braves and Chicago Cubs
Tim Lincecum, two-time winner
Clayton Kershaw, 2011 and 2013 winner
R.A. Dickey, the first knuckleball pitcher to win the award
YearPitcherTeamRecord[B]Saves[C]ERAKs
1967Mike McCormickSan Francisco Giants22–1002.85150
1968Bob Gibson*Hall of FameSt. Louis Cardinals22–901.12268
1969Tom SeaverHall of FameNew York Mets25–702.21208
1970Bob GibsonHall of FameSt. Louis Cardinals23–703.12274
1971Ferguson JenkinsHall of FameChicago Cubs24–1302.77263
1972Steve CarltonHall of FamePhiladelphia Phillies27–1001.98310
1973Tom SeaverHall of FameNew York Mets19–1002.08251
1974Mike MarshallLos Angeles Dodgers15–12212.42143
1975Tom SeaverHall of FameNew York Mets22–902.38243
1976Randy JonesSan Diego Padres22–1402.7493
1977Steve CarltonHall of FamePhiladelphia Phillies23–1002.64198
1978Gaylord PerryHall of FameSan Diego Padres21–602.73154
1979Bruce SutterHall of FameChicago Cubs6–6372.22110
1980Steve CarltonHall of FamePhiladelphia Phillies24–902.34286
1981Fernando Valenzuela**Los Angeles Dodgers13–702.48180
1982Steve CarltonHall of FamePhiladelphia Phillies23–1103.11286
1983John DennyPhiladelphia Phillies19–602.37139
1984Rick SutcliffeChicago Cubs16–102.69155
1985Dwight GoodenNew York Mets24–401.53268
1986Mike ScottHouston Astros18–1002.22306
1987Steve BedrosianPhiladelphia Phillies5–3402.8374
1988Orel HershiserLos Angeles Dodgers23–812.26178
1989Mark DavisSan Diego Padres4–3441.8592
1990Doug DrabekPittsburgh Pirates22–602.76131
1991Tom GlavineHall of FameAtlanta Braves20–1102.55192
1992Greg MadduxHall of FameChicago Cubs20–1102.18199
1993Greg MadduxHall of FameAtlanta Braves20–1002.36197
1994Greg MadduxHall of FameAtlanta Braves16–601.56156
1995Greg MadduxHall of FameAtlanta Braves19–201.63181
1996John SmoltzAtlanta Braves24–802.94276
1997Pedro MartínezMontreal Expos17–801.90305
1998Tom GlavineHall of FameAtlanta Braves20–602.47157
1999Randy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks17–902.49364
2000Randy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks19–702.64347
2001Randy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks21–602.49372
2002Randy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks24–502.32334
2003Éric GagnéLos Angeles Dodgers2–3551.20137
2004Roger ClemensHouston Astros18–402.98218
2005Chris CarpenterSt. Louis Cardinals21–502.83213
2006Brandon WebbArizona Diamondbacks16–803.10178
2007Jake PeavySan Diego Padres19–602.54240
2008Tim LincecumSan Francisco Giants18–502.62265
2009Tim LincecumSan Francisco Giants15–702.48261
2010Roy HalladayPhiladelphia Phillies21–1002.44219
2011Clayton KershawLos Angeles Dodgers21–502.28248
2012R.A. DickeyNew York Mets20–602.73230
2013Clayton KershawLos Angeles Dodgers16–901.83232

American League (1967–present)[edit]

CC Sabathia, one-time winner
Pedro Martínez, three-time winner
Justin Verlander won the AL Cy Young, AL Pitching Triple Crown, and AL MVP in 2011.
Johan Santana, two-time winner
Zack Greinke, one-time winner
YearPitcherTeamRecord[B]Saves[C]ERAKs
1967Jim LonborgBoston Red Sox22–903.16246
1968Denny McLain*Detroit Tigers31–601.96280
1969Mike Cuellar
Denny McLain
Baltimore Orioles
Detroit Tigers
23–11
24–9
0
0
2.38
2.80
182
181
1970Jim PerryMinnesota Twins24–1203.04168
1971Vida Blue*Oakland Athletics24–801.82301
1972Gaylord PerryHall of FameCleveland Indians24–1611.92234
1973Jim PalmerHall of FameBaltimore Orioles22–912.40168
1974Catfish HunterHall of FameOakland Athletics25–1202.49143
1975Jim PalmerHall of FameBaltimore Orioles23–1112.09193
1976Jim PalmerHall of FameBaltimore Orioles22–1302.51159
1977Sparky LyleNew York Yankees13–5262.1768
1978Ron GuidryNew York Yankees25–301.74248
1979Mike FlanaganBaltimore Orioles23–903.08190
1980Steve StoneBaltimore Orioles25–703.23149
1981Rollie Fingers*Hall of FameMilwaukee Brewers6–3281.0461
1982Pete VuckovichMilwaukee Brewers18–603.34105
1983LaMarr HoytChicago White Sox24–1003.66148
1984Willie Hernández*Detroit Tigers9–3321.92112
1985Bret SaberhagenKansas City Royals20–602.87158
1986Roger Clemens*Boston Red Sox24–402.48238
1987Roger ClemensBoston Red Sox20–902.97256
1988Frank ViolaMinnesota Twins24–702.64193
1989Bret SaberhagenKansas City Royals23–602.16193
1990Bob WelchOakland Athletics27–602.95127
1991Roger ClemensBoston Red Sox18–1002.62241
1992Dennis Eckersley*Hall of FameOakland Athletics7–1511.9193
1993Jack McDowellChicago White Sox22–1003.37158
1994David ConeKansas City Royals16–502.94132
1995Randy JohnsonSeattle Mariners18–202.48294
1996Pat HentgenToronto Blue Jays20–1003.22177
1997Roger ClemensToronto Blue Jays21–702.05292
1998Roger ClemensToronto Blue Jays20–602.65271
1999Pedro MartínezBoston Red Sox23–402.07313
2000Pedro MartínezBoston Red Sox18–601.74284
2001Roger ClemensNew York Yankees20–303.51213
2002Barry ZitoOakland Athletics23–502.75182
2003Roy HalladayToronto Blue Jays22–703.25204
2004Johan SantanaMinnesota Twins20–602.61265
2005Bartolo ColónLos Angeles Angels21–803.48157
2006Johan SantanaMinnesota Twins19–602.77265
2007C.C. SabathiaCleveland Indians19–703.21209
2008Cliff LeeCleveland Indians22–302.54170
2009Zack GreinkeKansas City Royals16–802.16242
2010Félix HernándezSeattle Mariners13–1202.27232
2011Justin Verlander*Detroit Tigers24–502.40250
2012David PriceTampa Bay Rays20–502.56205
2013Max ScherzerDetroit Tigers21–302.90240

Multiple winners[edit]

With 7, Roger Clemens, has the most Cy Young Awards of all time.
Randy Johnson, five-time winner

There have been 17 pitchers who have won the award multiple times. Roger Clemens currently holds the record for the most awards won, with seven. Greg Maddux (1992–1995) and Randy Johnson (1999–2002) share the record for the most consecutive awards won. Clemens, Johnson, Pedro Martínez, Gaylord Perry, and Roy Halladay are the only pitchers to have won the award in both the American League and National League; Sandy Koufax is the only pitcher who won multiple awards during the period when only one award was presented for all of Major League Baseball. Roger Clemens was the youngest pitcher to win a second Cy Young Award, while Tim Lincecum is the youngest pitcher to do so in the National League and Clayton Kershaw is the youngest left-hander to do so.

Pitcher# of AwardsYears
Roger Clemens
7
1986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2004
Randy Johnson
5
1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
Steve Carlton
4
1972, 1977, 1980, 1982
Greg Maddux
4
1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
Sandy Koufax
3
1963, 1965, 1966
Pedro Martínez
3
1997, 1999, 2000
Jim Palmer
3
1973, 1975, 1976
Tom Seaver
3
1969, 1973, 1975
Bob Gibson
2
1968, 1970
Tom Glavine
2
1991, 1998
Roy Halladay
2
2003, 2010
Tim Lincecum
2
2008, 2009
Denny McLain
2
1968, 1969
Gaylord Perry
2
1972, 1978
Bret Saberhagen
2
1985, 1989
Johan Santana
2
2004, 2006
Clayton Kershaw
2
2011, 2013

Wins by teams[edit]

Only five teams have never had a pitcher win the Cy Young Award. The Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers have won more than any other team with 11.

Team# of AwardsYears
Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers
11
1956, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1974, 1981, 1988, 2003, 2011, 2013
Philadelphia Phillies
7
1972, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1987, 2010
Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves
7
1957, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1998
Baltimore Orioles
6
1969, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1979, 1980
Boston Red Sox
6
1967, 1986, 1987, 1991, 1999, 2000
Oakland Athletics
5
1971, 1974, 1990, 1992, 2002
Arizona Diamondbacks
5
1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2006
Detroit Tigers
5
1968, 1969, 1984, 2011, 2013
New York Mets
5
1969, 1973, 1975, 1985, 2012
New York Yankees
5
1958, 1961, 1977, 1978, 2001
Chicago Cubs
4
1971, 1979, 1984, 1992
Kansas City Royals
4
1985, 1989, 1994, 2009
Minnesota Twins
4
1970, 1988, 2004, 2006
San Diego Padres
4
1976, 1978, 1989, 2007
Toronto Blue Jays
4
1996, 1997, 1998, 2003
Chicago White Sox
3
1959, 1983, 1993
Cleveland Indians
3
1972, 2007, 2008
San Francisco Giants
3
1967, 2008, 2009
St. Louis Cardinals
3
1968, 1970, 2005
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
2
1964, 2005
Houston Astros
2
1986, 2004
Milwaukee Brewers
2
1981, 1982
Pittsburgh Pirates
2
1960, 1990
Seattle Mariners
2
1995, 2010
Montreal Expos
1
1997
Tampa Bay Rays
1
2012
Cincinnati Reds
0
none
Colorado Rockies
0
none
Miami Marlins
0
none
Texas Rangers
0
none
Washington Nationals
0
none

Unanimous winners[edit]

There have been 16 players who unanimously won the Cy Young award, for a total of 22 wins.

Five of these unanimous wins were accompanied with a win of the Most Valuable Player award (marked with * below; ** denotes that the player's unanimous win was accompanied with a unanimous win of the MVP).


In the National League, 10 players have unanimously won the Cy Young award, for a total of 13 wins.


In the American League, six players have unanimously won the Cy Young award, for a total of nine wins.

Notes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Cy Young Award on Baseball Almanac". BaseballAlmanac.com. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 
  2. ^ "Cy Young Award Winners (American League)". MSN. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Cy Young Award voting results". Baseball Digest. 2004. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  4. ^ "Cy Young Award winners". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2008-10-22.