Cuyahoga County, Ohio

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Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Cuyahoga County Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Cuyahoga County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
FoundedJune 7, 1807[1]
Named for"crooked river" possibly in Algonquian
SeatCleveland
Largest cityCleveland
Area
 • Total1,245.59 sq mi (3,226 km2)
 • Land457.19 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Water788.40 sq mi (2,042 km2), 63.30%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013)1,268,154
 • Density2,800/sq mi (1,081/km²)
Congressional districts9th, 11th, 14th, 16th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.cuyahogacounty.us
 
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Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Cuyahoga County Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Cuyahoga County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
FoundedJune 7, 1807[1]
Named for"crooked river" possibly in Algonquian
SeatCleveland
Largest cityCleveland
Area
 • Total1,245.59 sq mi (3,226 km2)
 • Land457.19 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Water788.40 sq mi (2,042 km2), 63.30%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013)1,268,154
 • Density2,800/sq mi (1,081/km²)
Congressional districts9th, 11th, 14th, 16th
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.cuyahogacounty.us

Cuyahoga County (/ˌk.əˈhɒɡə/ or /ˌk.əˈhɡə/[2][3][4][5] KY-u-HAW-gə or KY-u-HOH-gə) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, the population was 1,280,122,[6] making it the most populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Cleveland.[7] The county is named after the Iroquoian word Cuyahoga, which means 'crooked river'.[8] The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga River, which bisects the county.

Cuyahoga County is included in the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

History[edit]

Cuyahoga County was organized on June 7, 1807.[9] It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties.[10] It was named after the Cuyahoga River.

Cuyahoga County in 1874


Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,245.59 square miles (3,226.1 km2), of which 457.19 square miles (1,184.1 km2) (or 36.70%) is land and 788.40 square miles (2,041.9 km2) (or 63.30%) is water.[11] A portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18101,459
18206,328333.7%
183010,37363.9%
184026,506155.5%
185048,09981.5%
186078,03362.2%
1870132,01069.2%
1880196,94349.2%
1890309,97057.4%
1900439,12041.7%
1910637,42545.2%
1920943,49548.0%
19301,201,45527.3%
19401,217,2501.3%
19501,389,53214.2%
19601,647,89518.6%
19701,721,3004.5%
19801,498,400−12.9%
19901,412,140−5.8%
20001,393,978−1.3%
20101,280,122−8.2%
Est. 20131,268,154−0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2013 Estimate[6]
Cuyahoga County population (Source: United States Census, 2000)

As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,280,122 people, 571,457 households, and 319,996 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,800 people per square mile (1,081/km²). There were 621,763 housing units at an average density of 1,346 per square mile (520/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.6% White, 29.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.6% Asian (0.9% Indian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese), 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. 4.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (3.1% Puerto Rican, 0.7% Mexican, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan).[13] 16.5% were of German, 12.8% Irish, 8.8% Italian, 8.1% Polish, 8.5% British, 4.6% Czechoslovakian, and 3.1% Hungarian, ancestries.

There are also sizable numbers of Russians (1.7%), French, either from France or Canada (1.4%), Arabs (1.4%), Ukrainians (1.2%), Scandinavian (1.1%), and Greeks (0.7%). 88.4% spoke English, 3.7% Spanish, and 4.9% some other Indo-European language.[14] 7.3% of the population were foreign-born (of which 44.4% were born in Europe, 36.3% Asia, and 12.1% Latin America).[14][15]

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,603, and the median income for a family was $58,631. The per capita income for the county was $26,263. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.[16][17]

Government[edit]

Cuyahoga County had long been led by a three-member Board of County Commissioners. However, on November 3, 2009, county voters overwhelmingly approved the adoption of a county charter form of government, which replaced the three-commissioner form of county government with an elected county executive and an 11-member county council. Each council member represents a single district; there are no at-large districts. Summit County is the only other Ohio county with this form of government.

In the November 2, 2010 election, Lakewood mayor Ed FitzGerald (D) defeated Matt Dolan (R) to become the first Cuyahoga County Executive.[18] The first Cuyahoga County Council was also elected, with Democrats winning the majority (8-3) over the Republicans.[19]

Politics[edit]

Cuyahoga County is heavily Democratic in voter registration.

Presidential election results, 1960–2008
YearDemocraticRepublican
201268.84% 420,95330.17% 184,475
200868.50% 441,83630.44% 196,369
200466.57% 448,50332.89% 221,600
200062.62% 359,91333.42% 192,099
199660.75% 341,35729.15% 163,770
199252.72% 337,54829.24% 187,186
198858.79% 353,40140.33% 242,439
198455.65% 362,62643.60% 284,094
198050.02% 307,44841.47% 254,883
197656.03% 349,18641.01% 255,594
197248.15% 317,67049.94% 329,493
196853.95% 363,54035.44% 238,791
196471.50% 492,91128.50% 196,436
196059.83% 429,03040.17% 288,056

Communities[edit]

Map of Cuyahoga County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Parks[edit]

Cuyahoga County is served by the Cleveland Metroparks system. Its 16 reservations provide more than 21,000 acres (8,500 ha) of green space and recreational amenities.[20] The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which extends southward into Summit County.

Theaters[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Cuyahoga County has many options for shopping. Some of the well known shopping areas include:

Colleges and Universities[edit]

Cuyahoga County is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Cuyahoga County is served by international, regional and county airports, including:

Major highways[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Cuyahoga County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ Feran, Tom (2004-02-13). "Shooing the hog out of Cuyahoga". The Plain Dealer. 
  3. ^ Feran, Tom (2006-06-02). "It's a Cleveland thing, so to speak". The Plain Dealer. 
  4. ^ Siegel, Robert; Block, Melissa (2009-06-23). "Letters: Cuyahoga River". All Things Considered (National Public Radio). Retrieved 2009-06-23. 
  5. ^ McIntyre, Michael K. (2009-06-28). "How to pronounce 'Cuyahoga' turns into a national debate: Tipoff". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  6. ^ a b "Cuyahoga County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ "Cuyahoga County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Federal Roster: Counties of Ohio, Derivation of Name and Date of Erection". Retrieved 2007-07-22. 
  10. ^ "Ohio Genealogy Clickable County Map". Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  13. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table
  14. ^ a b http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP02&prodType=table
  15. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_B04003&prodType=table
  16. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/39/39035.html
  17. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP03&prodType=table
  18. ^ Byrne, Brian (November 3, 2010). "Ed FitzGerald is first Cuyahoga County executive". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio). Retrieved November 16, 2010. 
  19. ^ Garrett, Amanda (November 2, 2010). "Three Republicans heading toward victory on Cuyahoga County Council; Dems likely to take other 8 seats". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio). Retrieved November 16, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Cleveland Metroparks: Plan Your Visit". Retrieved July 5, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Beck Center for the Arts". Lkwdpl.org. 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  22. ^ "Something Dada Improvisational Comedy". Cabaretdada.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  23. ^ [1][dead link]
  24. ^ "Cleveland Play House". Cleveland Play House. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  25. ^ Pavlish Group: Jason Maxwell / Don Pavlish. "Cleveland Public Theatre ~ Home". Cptonline.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  26. ^ "Dobama Theatre - Cleveland's Contemporary Stage". Dobama.org. 2010-06-05. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  27. ^ "Bay Village, Ohio". Huntington Playhouse. 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  28. ^ Karamu House website
  29. ^ "Near West Theatre". Near West Theatre. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  30. ^ "Home". PlayhouseSquare. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  31. ^ "SouthPark Mall Directory - Greater Cleveland's Largest Retail Destination Center". Retrieved 2014-03-06. 
  32. ^ "Beachwood Place Directory - Top Stores, Shops, Brands in Cleveland, Ohio". Beachwoodplace.com. 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  33. ^ "E T O N : Chagrin Boulevard : Stores". Etonchagrinblvd.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  34. ^ "Directory". Legacy Village. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  35. ^ "Retail Stores – Westlake, Ohio". Crocker Park. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°32′N 81°40′W / 41.54°N 81.66°W / 41.54; -81.66