Curricle

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A Gentleman, his bays harnessed to a curricle. 1806
oil by John Cordrey c. 1765-1825
Phaeton 1816
a bigger pair of outsized swan-neck leaf springs at the rear and with provision for grooms, the body mounted daringly high

A curricle was a smart, light two-wheeled chaise or "chariot", large enough for the driver and a passenger and— most unusual for a vehicle with a single axle—usually drawn by a carefully matched pair of horses. It was popular in the early 19th century: its name — from the Latin curriculum, meaning "running", "racecourse" or "chariot"[1] — is the equivalent of a "runabout" and it was a rig suitable for a smart young man who liked to drive himself, at a canter. The French liked the English-sounding term "carrick" for these vehicles. The lightweight swept body with just the lightest dashboard hung with a pair of lamps was hung from a pair of outsized swan-neck leaf springs at the rear. For a grand show in the Bois de Boulogne or along the seafront at Honfleur, two liveried mounted grooms might follow.[2]

In Northanger Abbey Henry Tilney drives a curricle; John Thorpe drives a gig, but buffoonishly praises it as "curricle-hung". Margaret Sullivan found that Jane Austen's assignment of vehicles to the two men was far from arbitrary.[3]

Curricles were notorious for the accidents their drivers suffered.[4] Thus, in the romance novel Miss Carlyle's Curricle by Karen Harbaugh, the heroine inherits the curricle in which her uncle died in a racing accident.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Wide Words: Curriculum.
  2. ^ Notes sur les voitures hippomobiles: Le Carrick ou curricle, à pompe. À Honfleur: N. Neffe, Gravure d'art contemporain. In French, illustrated.
  3. ^ Margaret C. Sullivan, "The curricle" 2000. Tilneys and Trap-doors: Keeping irony alive since 1999. Illustrated.
  4. ^ R v Pigott and Crampton, 1828. Macquarie Law: Decisions of the Superior Courts of New South Wales, 1788-1899. A child is run over by two gentlemen in a curricle.
  5. ^ The Romance Reader reviews: Miss Carlyle's Curricle by Karen Harbaugh.

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