Cun (unit)

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1 cun =
SI units
33.3×10^−3 m33.33 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0.1094 ft1.312 in
 
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1 cun =
SI units
33.3×10^−3 m33.33 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0.1094 ft1.312 in
1 tsun =
SI units
37.148×10^−3 m37.1475 mm
US customary / Imperial units
0.121875 ft1.46250 in
1 sun =
SI units
30.3×10^−3 m30.30 mm
US customary / Imperial units
99.4×10^−3 ft1.193 in
Cun (unit)
Chinese name
Chinese
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Japanese name
Kanji
Hiraganaすん

The cun (Chinese: ; pinyin: cùn; Wade–Giles: ts'un; Japanese: sun; Korean: chon) is a traditional Chinese unit of length. Its traditional measure is the width of a person's thumb at the knuckle, whereas the width of the two forefingers denotes 1.5 cun and the width of all fingers side-by-side is three cuns. In this sense it continues to be used to chart acupuncture points on the human body in various uses of traditional Chinese medicine.

The cun was part of a larger system, and represented one-tenth of a chi ("Chinese foot"). In time the lengths were standardized, although to different values in different jurisdictions. (See chi (unit) for details).

In Hong Kong, using the traditional standard, it measures ~3.715 cm (~1.463 in) and is called a "tsun".[1] In the twentieth century in the Republic of China, the lengths were standardized to fit with the metric system, and in current usage in People's Republic of China and Taiwan[citation needed] it measures 3 13 cm (~1.312 in).

In Japan, the corresponding unit, sun ((すん) sun?), was standardized at 100033 mm (~3.030 cm, ~1.193 in, or ~0.09942 ft).

See also[edit]

A section of an old Hong Kong ruler, showing the last (10th) cun of a chi. One can see that the chi in that jurisdiction was exactly equal to 14 and 5/8 of an inch. A metric ruler is shown next to it for comparison

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Hong Kong, Weights and Measures Ordinance of 1997

External links[edit]