Culpeper, Virginia

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Culpeper, Virginia
Town
Downtown Culpeper
Downtown Culpeper
Official seal of Culpeper, Virginia
Seal
Location in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyCulpeper
Founded1759
Government
 • MayorCalvin L. "Chip" Coleman
Area
 • Total6.8 sq mi (17.5 km2)
 • Land6.7 sq mi (17.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation413 ft (126 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total16,379
 • Density2,437.7/sq mi (941.2/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes22701, 22735
Area code(s)540
FIPS code51-20752[1]
GNIS feature ID1498471[2]
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Culpeper, Virginia
Town
Downtown Culpeper
Downtown Culpeper
Official seal of Culpeper, Virginia
Seal
Location in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917Coordinates: 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyCulpeper
Founded1759
Government
 • MayorCalvin L. "Chip" Coleman
Area
 • Total6.8 sq mi (17.5 km2)
 • Land6.7 sq mi (17.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation413 ft (126 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total16,379
 • Density2,437.7/sq mi (941.2/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes22701, 22735
Area code(s)540
FIPS code51-20752[1]
GNIS feature ID1498471[2]
WebsiteOfficial website

Culpeper (formerly Fairfax) is the only incorporated town in Culpeper County, Virginia, United States. The population was 16,379 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Culpeper County[3]. Culpeper is part of the Culpeper Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Culpeper County. Both the Town of Culpeper and Culpeper County are part of the greater Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area.

Geography[edit]

Culpeper is located at 38°28′19″N 77°59′57″W / 38.47194°N 77.99917°W / 38.47194; -77.99917 (38.471915, −77.999168)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.5 km²), of which 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (0.44%) is water.

History[edit]

After forming Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1748, the Virginia House of Burgesses voted to establish the Town of Fairfax on February 22, 1759. The name honored Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron,[5] who was proprietor of the Northern Neck, a vast domain north of the Rappahannock River; his territory was then defined as stretching from Chesapeake Bay to what is now Hampshire County, West Virginia.

The original plan of the town called for ten blocks, which form the core of Culpeper's downtown area today. The original town was surveyed by a young George Washington. In 1795, the town received a post office under the name Culpeper Court House, although most maps continued to show the Fairfax name. The confusion resulting from the difference in official and postal names, coupled with the existence of Fairfax Court House and Fairfax Station post offices in Fairfax County, was finally resolved when the Virginia Assembly formally renamed the town Culpeper in 1869 (Acts, 1869–1870, chapter 118, page 154).

During the American Revolutionary War, the Culpeper Minutemen, a pro-Independence militia, formed in the town of Culpeper. They organized in what was then known as "Clayton's Old Field," near today's Yowell Meadow Park.

During the Civil War, Culpeper was a crossroads for a number of armies marching through central Virginia, with both Union and Confederate forces occupying the town by turn. In the heart of downtown, the childhood home of Confederate General A.P. Hill stands at the corner of Main and Davis streets. One block north on Main St. (present location of Piedmont Realty) was the frame house where "The Gallant Major" John Pelham died after sustaining a wound at the battle of Kelley's Ford.

The downtown Culpeper Theater
Culpeper Presbyterian Church
U.S. Post Office in Culpeper

Culpeper began to grow dramatically in the 1980s, becoming a "bedroom community" of more densely populated Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C. suburbs. A growing number of residents of the town and county of Culpeper once lived and continue to work in those areas.

In 2011, East Davis Street in downtown Culpeper was named as a 2011 America's Great Place by the American Planning Association.[6]

Downtown Culpeper was one of the communities most affected by the August 23, 2011 Virginia Earthquake. Several buildings along Main Street and East Davis Street suffered structural damage, and some have been condemned.[7] The earthquake led to the temporary evacuation of the Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation, which at the time was hosting a town hall event for U.S. Senator Mark Warner.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 Census the racial makeup of the town was 51.5% White, 31.9% Black, 0.6% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.0% of the population.

The town's population included 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was at a time $35,438, and the median income for a family was $41,894 but due to the economic downturn this has changed. Males had a median income of $28,658 versus $25,252 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,842. About 23.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.8% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Culpeper, Virginia
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)80
(27)
84
(29)
91
(33)
95
(35)
100
(38)
103
(39)
107
(42)
102
(39)
102
(39)
99
(37)
86
(30)
79
(26)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C)45
(7)
49
(9)
60
(16)
70
(21)
79
(26)
86
(30)
90
(32)
87
(31)
81
(27)
70
(21)
59
(15)
48
(9)
68.7
(20.3)
Average low °F (°C)25
(−4)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
43
(6)
52
(11)
61
(16)
66
(19)
64
(18)
58
(14)
45
(7)
37
(3)
29
(−2)
45.2
(7.3)
Record low °F (°C)−14
(−26)
−9
(−23)
5
(−15)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
37
(3)
48
(9)
44
(7)
31
(−1)
18
(−8)
6
(−14)
−6
(−21)
−14
(−26)
Precipitation inches (mm)3.26
(82.8)
2.96
(75.2)
3.55
(90.2)
3.32
(84.3)
4.34
(110.2)
4.39
(111.5)
4.23
(107.4)
4.13
(104.9)
4.36
(110.7)
3.81
(96.8)
3.71
(94.2)
3.13
(79.5)
45.19
(1,147.7)
Source: [9]

Transportation[edit]

Culpeper is served by U.S. Route 29, U.S. Route 15, and U.S. Route 522 as well as state primary routes 229, 299, and 3. Interstate 95 is accessible via 3 east to Fredericksburg, Interstate 64 is accessible via U.S. Route 29 south to Charlottesville and U.S. Route 15 south in Zion Crossroads, Interstate 66 is accessible via U.S. Route 29 north, Interstate 81 is accessible via U.S. Route 522 north in Winchester.

Amtrak operates a station in Culpeper, station code CLP. This station is served by the Cardinal, Northeast Regional and Crescent trains daily. Nearly 9,000 train passengers in 2010 used Culpeper station, which connects to New Orleans, Chicago, and Boston via the Crescent, Cardinal, and Northeast Regional lines.

The town of Culpeper is also serviced by Virginia Regional Transit. Virginia Regional Transit operates three buses in town—one on a northern loop, one on a southern loop, and one for disabled individuals.

Culpeper Regional Airport serves the area with a 5000 foot runway.

Public schools[edit]

External links[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable events[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The 1998 movie Hush, starring Jessica Lange, Gwyneth Paltrow, and Hal Holbrook, was partially filmed in downtown Culpeper and showcased several local businesses. The producers of the movie did not mention Culpeper or its residents in the credits of the movie.

The 2011 movie 25 Hill, produced by and starring Corbin Bernsen, had its world premiere screening in Culpeper.

The 1991 Metallica music video Nothing Else Matters music video briefly has the Culpeper flag in it.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 97. 
  6. ^ "Davis Street Culpeper, Virginia". Retrieved 6 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "EARTHQUAKE IN CULPEPER: The damage done". Star-Exponent; Culpeper, Virginia. August 24, 2011. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Johnston, Donnie (August 24, 2011). "Earthquake forces Warner outside for public forum". The Free Lance-Star; Fredericksburg, Virginia. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "Average Weather for Culpeper, VA - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. August 2011. Retrieved February 11, 2011. 
  10. ^ Hoppe, Arthur. Having a Wonderful Time: My First Half Century As a Newspaperman. Chronicle Books (San Francisco, CA), 1995, p. 19. ISBN 081181145X
  11. ^ Nelson, Zann (October 7, 2010). "Celebrating Johnson's visit to Culpeper". Star-Exponent; Culpeper, Virginia. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  12. ^ "Warning: 'The Sopranos' were here". Free Lance-Star; Fredericksburg, Virginia. April 24, 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "Newsnight in Culpeper (Part 1)". BBC News. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  14. ^ "Newsnight in Culpeper (Part 2)". BBC News. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  15. ^ "Newsnight in Culpeper (Part 3)". BBC News. 19 May 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  16. ^ "Newsnight in Culpeper (Part 4)". BBC News. 12 February 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  17. ^ "BBC News America (Return to Culpeper)". BBC News. 3 November 2009. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 

External links[edit]