Crystal Mountain (Washington)

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Crystal Mountain

Skiers on Crystal Mountain's slopes
Location

Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest

Pierce County,
Washington, U.S.
Nearest cityEnumclaw
40 mi. (65 km) north
Coordinates46°55′40″N 121°28′56″W / 46.92778°N 121.48222°W / 46.92778; -121.48222 (Crystal Mountain)
Vertical3,100 ft (945 m)
2,602 ft (793 m) - lifts
Top elevation7,012 ft (2,137 m)
7,002 ft (2,134 m) - lifts
Base elevation3,912 ft (1,192 m)
4,400 ft (1,341 m) - lifts
Skiable area2,600 acres (10.5 km2)
lift serviced:
2,300 acres (9.3 km2)
inbounds backcountry
300 acres (1.2 km2)
Runs57
Ski trail rating symbol-green circle.svg - 11% easiest
Ski trail rating symbol-blue square.svg - 54% more difficult
Ski trail rating symbol-black diamond.svg - 35% most difficult
Longest run2.5 mi (4 km)
"Northway"
Lift system1 Gondola
10 chairs
1 magic carpet
Lift capacity20,760 / hr
Terrain parks1
Snowfall350 in (890 cm)
Snowmakingnone
Night skiingnone
Web sitecrystalmountainresort.com
 
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Crystal Mountain

Skiers on Crystal Mountain's slopes
Location

Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest

Pierce County,
Washington, U.S.
Nearest cityEnumclaw
40 mi. (65 km) north
Coordinates46°55′40″N 121°28′56″W / 46.92778°N 121.48222°W / 46.92778; -121.48222 (Crystal Mountain)
Vertical3,100 ft (945 m)
2,602 ft (793 m) - lifts
Top elevation7,012 ft (2,137 m)
7,002 ft (2,134 m) - lifts
Base elevation3,912 ft (1,192 m)
4,400 ft (1,341 m) - lifts
Skiable area2,600 acres (10.5 km2)
lift serviced:
2,300 acres (9.3 km2)
inbounds backcountry
300 acres (1.2 km2)
Runs57
Ski trail rating symbol-green circle.svg - 11% easiest
Ski trail rating symbol-blue square.svg - 54% more difficult
Ski trail rating symbol-black diamond.svg - 35% most difficult
Longest run2.5 mi (4 km)
"Northway"
Lift system1 Gondola
10 chairs
1 magic carpet
Lift capacity20,760 / hr
Terrain parks1
Snowfall350 in (890 cm)
Snowmakingnone
Night skiingnone
Web sitecrystalmountainresort.com
CrystalMountain is located in Washington (state)
Crystal
Mountain
location of Crystal Mountain, Washington

Coordinates: 46°55′40″N 121°28′56″W / 46.92778°N 121.48222°W / 46.92778; -121.48222 Crystal Mountain is an alpine ski resort in the Cascade Range of Washington state. Located in the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, Crystal is the largest ski resort in the state and is readily accessible from the Seattle-Tacoma metropolitan area through Enumclaw via Highway 410. It is primarily a day-use area, with eleven chairlifts, various dining locations, and multiple hotels. Crystal is home to the Mt. Rainier Gondola; installed in 2010, it provides year-round access to the resort's summit and is the state's only gondola.[1] Crystal Mountain is owned and operated by Boyne Resorts, a private Michigan-based resort company.[2]

Contents

History

1960s

Crystal Mountain Resort opened in December 1962 with two double chairlifts. The first of these lifts, Miner's Basin was decommissioned in the summer of 2011. Its route was close to that of the new gondola and ended by the top of the Exterminator and Deerfly runs. The other original lift (Iceberg Ridge) was removed when the current Rainier Express chair was built.[3] The site, just northeast of Mount Ranier National Park, was chosen after some Tacoma skiers were unable to start a resort within the boundaries of the park.[4]

The following summer the Green Valley double chairlift was built,[5] and the Quicksilver lift followed in 1964.

In 1965, Crystal hosted the collegiate ski championships in late March[6] and the following week the U.S. Alpine Ski Championships, which included famous racers such as Karl Schranz of Austria, Olympic medalists Jimmie Heuga and Billy Kidd of the U.S., future triple gold medalist Jean-Claude Killy of France, and future gold medalist Nancy Greene of Canada.[7][8][9] Crystal hosted the national championships again in 1968, a few weeks after the Winter Olympics.[10][11] Kidd, Heuga, and Greene were again in the field, as well as Spider Sabich.[12] Back from the Olympics and the World Cup tour, local Judy Nagel won the women's slalom and combined titles at age 16.[13] Five years earlier, her father Jack Nagel (1926–2004)[14] and the racing school at Crystal were featured in Sports Illustrated, with her older sister Cathy, then 14, on the cover.[15]

1970s

The Campbell Basin chairlift opened in 1970,[16] which opened Campbell Basin to skiing for the first time and traveled from the base area all the way to the site of the current Campbell Basin Lodge.[17]

Two weeks after the 1972 Olympics, Crystal hosted the World Cup tour in late February 1972 with two downhills for both men and women, with the start above Campbell Basin.[18] Weather forced a low start; the winning men's times were under 90 seconds. Newly-crowned Olympic downhill champion Bernhard Russi of Switzerland won the Saturday race[19] and took second on Sunday.[20][21] A women's slalom scheduled for Sunday was cancelled due to weather.[22]

In 1974, Crystal added its first triple chairlift, Bullion Basin. High Campbell, the highest lift at Crystal, was added in 1976. It was pre-owned, purchased from the defunct Yodelin Ski Area near Stevens Pass. High Campbell serves the summit of Silver Queen and provides access to The Throne, Silver King, Campbell Basin, Avalanche Basin, and Silver Basin.

1980s

In 1984, Bullion Basin was moved to its current location as the Gold Hills lift. That same year, the Rendezvous and Discovery triple chairlifts were installed.[23]

Washington’s first high-speed detachable quad chairlift, the Rainier Express was installed in the summer of 1988, replacing the original chair 2.[24] A fixed grip quad, Midway Shuttle, was added to connect the base area with Rainier Express. The Campbell Basin double was shortened because the lower half was no longer necessary.[25] These upgrades were funded with money from investors, who in return would get future discounts on lift tickets and season passes. Today this group of investors in the Crystal Mountain Founder's Club.[26]

1990s

In the mid-1990s, Crystal Mountain became deeply in debt and was unable to pay for further important improvements such as new lifts and lodges. The original investors sold the area to Boyne Resorts in March 1997.[27] The deal directed Boyne to spend at least $15 million in capital improvements during the first ten years.[27] In the first two years, Boyne purchased two high speed six passenger chairlifts, the Chinook[28] and Forest Queen Express[29] lifts to replace Midway Shuttle and Rendezvous, respectively. Boyne also made other improvements such as a new rental facility, paved parking lots, and five new Bombardier snowcat grooming machines.[citation needed]

2000s

The Green Valley double chairlift was replaced with a high-speed quad in the summer of 2000.[30] In the summer of 2007, Crystal underwent a major expansion, building the Northway chairlift in the former North Backcountry.[31] This increased developed terrain by 70% to 2,300 acres (9.3 km2).[citation needed] In addition, the Summit House restaurant was remodeled.

2010s

During the summer of 2010, a terrain park was construction and the Mt. Rainier Gondola was installed. The gondola travels directly from the base area to the summit house,[32] and its first day of operation was New Year's Day 2011.[33]

World Cup alpine racers

  • Cathy Nagel (b.1949)
  • Judy Nagel (b.1951)
  • Tatum Skoglund (b.1978)

Master Development Plan

Following the acquisition by Boyne Resorts, Crystal Mountain submitted a Master Development Plan (MDP) to the USFS, which included six alternatives for redevelopment of the mountain. A draft environmental impact study was issued in 2001 and finalized in August 2004. John Phipps, Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest Supervisor, selected Alternative Six with modifications from the Final Environmental Impact Statement. It approves new facilities including an aerial tram to the summit, a new chairlift in Northback, a surface lift, existing chairlift upgrades, base facility renovations, employee housing and wastewater facilities. The plan is the largest in Washington’s history, costing Boyne an estimated $40 million.[citation needed]

Completed Projects

Proposed and Approved

Under Forest Service review

Rejected by Forest Service

References

  1. ^ http://www.fs.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsinternet/!ut/p/c4/04_SB8K8xLLM9MSSzPy8xBz9CP0os3gjAwhwtDDw9_AI8zPyhQoY6BdkOyoCAGixyPg!/?ss=110605&navtype=BROWSEBYSUBJECT&cid=STELPRDB5229142&navid=091000000000000&position=Feature*&ttype=detail&pname=Mt.%20Baker-Snoqualmie%20National%20Forest-%20Home
  2. ^ http://www.boyneresorts.com/FastFacts/Crystal_Mountain_200.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.skimap.org/data/429/7/1209189096.jpg
  4. ^ http://www.crystalmountainresort.com/About-Us/423/History
  5. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na1963.htm#pacific
  6. ^ "Collegians get short rest before next ski tourney". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press: p. 11. March 29, 1965. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=OzlWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tOgDAAAAIBAJ&pg=3713,4201822.
  7. ^ "Swiss in alpine meet". Spokemsan-Review. March 1, 1965. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=oTdWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=s-gDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6906,195955.
  8. ^ "Miss Greene adds slalom ski crown". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press: p. 3-sports. April 4, 1965. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=BzhWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=segDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6112%2C1000373.
  9. ^ "Canadians win titles in skiing". Leader-Post. CP-AP: p. 5. April 5, 1965. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=uNxUAAAAIBAJ&sjid=WjwNAAAAIBAJ&pg=6034,944504.
  10. ^ "Nagels, Greene, head field". Spokesman-Review: p. 23. March 8, 1968. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=pztWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=dOkDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7416,2613483.
  11. ^ "Ann Black wins downhill". Spokesman-Review: p. 11. March 9, 1968. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=qDtWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=dOkDAAAAIBAJ&pg=1869%2C2866985.
  12. ^ "Vermont girl wins slalom". Spokesman-Review: p. 7. March 10, 1968. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=qTtWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=dOkDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7030%2C3684963.
  13. ^ "Judy Nagel sins U.S. slalom title". Spokesman-Review: p. 12. March 11, 1968. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1314&dat=19680311&id=qjtWAAAAIBAJ&sjid=dOkDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5073,3962383.
  14. ^ Holt, Gordy (March 23, 2004). "Jack Nagel, 1926-2004: Ski pioneer 'bubbled' with energy". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. http://www.seattlepi.com/local/article/Jack-Nagel-1926-2004-Ski-pioneer-bubbled-with-1140311.php.
  15. ^ "A maestro tunes his teen ski stars". Sports Illustrated: 24. February 11, 1963. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1074509/index.htm.
  16. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na1970.htm#pacific
  17. ^ http://www.skimap.org/data/193/7/1209953075.jpg
  18. ^ "British gal goes first in downhill". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press: p. 23. February 25, 1972. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=z8kpAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6OwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6946,3537933.
  19. ^ "Skiers aim at repeats". Spokane Daily Chronicle: p. 12. February 26, 1972. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=nadYAAAAIBAJ&sjid=pvgDAAAAIBAJ&pg=5300%2C3306065.
  20. ^ "Crystal Mountain - World Cup". FIS. http://www.fis-ski.com/uk/604/1228.html?event_id=2735&cal_suchsector=AL. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  21. ^ "Swiss star is winner in ski cup". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press: p. 3-sports. February 27, 1972. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=1MkpAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6OwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=7117%2C4559009.
  22. ^ "Slalom? No". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press: p. 12. February 28, 1972. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=1ckpAAAAIBAJ&sjid=6OwDAAAAIBAJ&pg=6483%2C4630524.
  23. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na1984.htm#pacific
  24. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na1988.htm
  25. ^ http://www.skimap.org/data/193/7/1213161511.jpg
  26. ^ http://www.crystalfoundersclub.com/index.html
  27. ^ a b http://www.crystalfoundersclub.com/html/history.html
  28. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na1998.htm
  29. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na1997.htm
  30. ^ http://www.skilifts.org/old/install_na2000.htm
  31. ^ http://www.seattlepi.com/getaways/336494_crystalift25.html
  32. ^ a b http://www.crystalmountainresort.com/The-Mountain/Whats-New
  33. ^ "New gondola opens at Crystal Mountain". Seattle Times. Associated Press. January 1, 2011. http://seattletimes.com/html/localnews/2013824566_apwacrystalgondola.html.
  34. ^ http://www.skicrystal.com/News/341/Northway-Lift-Grand-Opening
  35. ^ a b c d www.fs.fed.us/r6/mbs/projects/crystal_eis/.../crystal_mtn_mdp_app_a.pdf
  36. ^ www.fs.fed.us/r6/mbs/projects/crystal_eis

External links