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A crore (/ˈkrɔər/; abbreviated cr) is a unit in the Indian Numbering System equal to ten million (10,000,000; in scientific notation: 107), which is written in these regions as 1,00,00,000, equal to a hundred lakh (a lakh is equal to one hundred thousand and is written as 1,00,000). It is widely used in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Nepal. The Indian Numbering System is used in Hindi, Bengali, Urdu, Nepali, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam.



Large amounts of money in India are often written in terms of crores. For example, 100,000,000 (one hundred million) Indian rupees is written as ten crore rupees or INR10 crore, or Rs 10 crore.

Trillions of INR are often written or spoken of in terms of lakh crore. For example, one trillion rupees is:

= one lakh crore rupees
= INR1 lakh cr
= Rs 1 lakh cr
= Rs 1 × (1,00,000 × 1,00,00,000)
= Rs 10,00,00,00,00,000
= Rs 1,000,000,000,000 in Western notation
= Rs 1 trillion (short scale)
= 1012 rupees.

Although lakh is used in Sri Lanka, most Sri Lankans do not use the term crore when referring to money, but they use the word koatiya (කෝටිය) or koti (கோடி) to indicate 100 lakh, or ten million, the same as a crore.

Etymology and regional variants[edit]

The word crore is derived from the Prakrit word krodi,[1] denoting ten million in the Indian numbering system, which has separate terms for most powers of ten from 100 up to 1019. The crore is known by various regional names in modern languages.

South Asian languages[edit]

In other languages[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Oxford English Dictionary". Retrieved 9 February 2011.