Crittenden County, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Crittenden County, Arkansas
Crittenden County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Crittenden County Courthouse in Marion, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crittenden County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedOctober 22, 1825
Named forRobert Crittenden
SeatMarion
Largest cityWest Memphis
Area
 • Total636.69 sq mi (1,649 km2)
 • Land610.17 sq mi (1,580 km2)
 • Water26.52 sq mi (69 km2), 4.17%
Population
 • (2010)50,902
 • Density83/sq mi (32.2/km²)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.crittendencountyarkansas.com
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Crittenden County, Arkansas
Crittenden County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Crittenden County Courthouse in Marion, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crittenden County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedOctober 22, 1825
Named forRobert Crittenden
SeatMarion
Largest cityWest Memphis
Area
 • Total636.69 sq mi (1,649 km2)
 • Land610.17 sq mi (1,580 km2)
 • Water26.52 sq mi (69 km2), 4.17%
Population
 • (2010)50,902
 • Density83/sq mi (32.2/km²)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.crittendencountyarkansas.com
Cotton workers on the road, carrying all they possess in the world. Crittenden County, Arkansas, 1936.

Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas and lies within Arkansas's 1st congressional district. Crittenden County is Arkansas's twelfth county, formed October 22, 1825, and named for Robert Crittenden,[1] the first Secretary of the Arkansas Territory. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,902. The county seat is Marion,[2] and the largest city is West Memphis.

Crittenden County is part of the Memphis, TNMSAR Metropolitan Statistical Area. Most of the county's media comes from Memphis, although some Little Rock TV (Arkansas Educational Television Network, KATV) is imported by Comcast Cable.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 636.69 square miles (1,649.0 km2), of which 610.17 square miles (1,580.3 km2) (or 95.83%) is land and 26.52 square miles (68.7 km2) (or 4.17%) is water.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Major Highways[edit]

Aviation[edit]

Crittenden County is served by the West Memphis Municipal Airport (KAWM),[4] a General Aviation facility with a Control Tower and Instrument Landing capabilities.[5] General DeWitt Spain Airport is a civil aviation airport just north of downtown Memphis.

The Memphis International Airport is nearby and provides commercial aviation through numerous carriers and is the international cargo hub for FedEx.

Rail[edit]

Union Pacific operates a 600 Acre intermodal facility west of Marion, Arkansas.[6] BNSF Railway also operates a yard in Marion.

Limited Passenger Rail is available on Amtrak at Memphis Central Station in nearby Memphis. The City of New Orleans runs twice daily on a North-South route from Chicago to New Orleans.[7]

Water[edit]

Crittenden County and West Memphis jointly operate a port on the Mississippi River.[8] The International Port of Memphis lies just across the Mississippi River via I-55 (AR) Metric.svg Interstate 55. The International Port of Memphis is the 4th largest inland port in the United States.[9]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18301,272
18401,56122.7%
18502,64869.6%
18604,92085.8%
18703,831−22.1%
18809,415145.8%
189013,94048.1%
190014,5294.2%
191022,44754.5%
192029,30930.6%
193039,71735.5%
194042,4736.9%
195047,18411.1%
196047,5640.8%
197048,1061.1%
198049,4992.9%
199049,9390.9%
200050,8661.9%
201050,9020.1%
Est. 201250,021−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2012 Estimate[11]
Age pyramid Crittenden County[12]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,902 people residing in the county. 51.2% were Black or African American, 46.1% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 50,866 people, 18,471 households, and 13,373 families residing in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 20,507 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91% White, 47.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 18,471 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 21.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county the population was spread out with 31.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,109, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $31,299 versus $21,783 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,424. About 21.00% of families and 25.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 23.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Ełementary and secondary education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is available from Earle School District, which leads to graduation from Earle High School. The Old Earle High School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Postsecondary education[edit]

Crittenden County is served by Mid-South Community College in West Memphis. The college offers Bachelor's and Master's Degree programs in conjunction with Arkansas State University, The University of Arkansas, The University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas Tech University and Franklin University.[14]

Due to its proximity to Memphis, the following Schools, Colleges and Universities are nearby in Memphis, Tennessee:

Seminaries[edit]

Healthcare[edit]

Crittenden County is served by 152 Bed Crittenden Regional Hospital in West Memphis.[15] The hospital operates a number of outpatient clinics in Marion and West Memphis and a Pediatric Dental Clinic in cooperation with the UT Dental School.[16] In partnership with Delta AHEC [17] and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Rural Hospital Program,[18] Crittenden Regional Hospital provides patient education programs to the public.[19]

The Arkansas Department of Health operates a clinic in West Memphis.[20]

A number of private clinics also operate in Marion and West Memphis.[21] Crittenden Regional Hospital maintains a website listing its affiliated physicians [22]

Cities, towns, and townships[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Crittenden County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Crittenden County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ http://www.ci.west-memphis.ar.us/airport.htm
  5. ^ http://www.airnav.com/airport/KAWM
  6. ^ http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/usguide/attachments/state_factsheets/ar.pdf
  7. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?c=AM_Route_C&pagename=am%2FLayout&cid=1241245653236
  8. ^ http://westmemphis.com/industrial-sites/better-access/river
  9. ^ http://www.portofmemphis.com/about.asp
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ http://www.midsouthcc.edu/index.php?id=55
  15. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/
  16. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/services/ut-pediatric-dentistry
  17. ^ http://ruralhealth.uams.edu/deltaahec
  18. ^ http://ruralhealth.uams.edu/rhp
  19. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/health-education
  20. ^ http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/localPublicHealthOffices/Pages/huDetails.aspx?show=Crittenden%20County%20Health%20Unit%20-%20West%20Memphis
  21. ^ http://www.arkmed.org/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/arkmed/htmlos.cgi/001366.7.385675122412990438
  22. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/physicians/physician-specialty
  23. ^ US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crittenden County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05035_crittenden/BAS11C20503500000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110820.
  24. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/DC10_GUBlkMap/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#C

Coordinates: 35°43′16″N 90°04′51″W / 35.72111°N 90.08083°W / 35.72111; -90.08083