Crittenden County, Arkansas

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Crittenden County, Arkansas
Crittenden County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crittenden County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedOctober 22, 1825
Named forRobert Crittenden
SeatMarion
Largest cityWest Memphis
Area
 • Total636 sq mi (1,647 km2)
 • Land610 sq mi (1,580 km2)
 • Water27 sq mi (70 km2), 4.2%
Population
 • (2010)50,902
 • Density84/sq mi (32/km²)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.crittendencountyarkansas.com
 
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Crittenden County, Arkansas
Crittenden County Arkansas Courthouse.jpg
Map of Arkansas highlighting Crittenden County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedOctober 22, 1825
Named forRobert Crittenden
SeatMarion
Largest cityWest Memphis
Area
 • Total636 sq mi (1,647 km2)
 • Land610 sq mi (1,580 km2)
 • Water27 sq mi (70 km2), 4.2%
Population
 • (2010)50,902
 • Density84/sq mi (32/km²)
Congressional district1st
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5
Websitewww.crittendencountyarkansas.com
Cotton workers on the road, carrying all they possess in the world. Crittenden County, Arkansas, 1936.

Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,902.[1] The county seat is Marion,[2] and the largest city is West Memphis. Crittenden County is Arkansas's twelfth county, formed October 22, 1825, and named for Robert Crittenden,[3] the first Secretary of the Arkansas Territory.

Crittenden County is part of the Memphis, TNMS–AR Metropolitan Statistical Area. Most of the county's media comes from Memphis, although some Little Rock TV (Arkansas Educational Television Network, KATV) is imported by Comcast Cable. It lies within Arkansas's 1st congressional district.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 636 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 610 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (4.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Aviation[edit]

Crittenden County is served by the West Memphis Municipal Airport (KAWM),[5] a General Aviation facility with a Control Tower and Instrument Landing capabilities.[6] General DeWitt Spain Airport is a civil aviation airport just north of downtown Memphis.

The Memphis International Airport is nearby and provides commercial aviation through numerous carriers and is the international cargo hub for FedEx.

Rail[edit]

Union Pacific operates a 600 Acre intermodal facility west of Marion, Arkansas.[7] BNSF Railway also operates a yard in Marion.

Limited Passenger Rail is available on Amtrak at Memphis Central Station in nearby Memphis. The City of New Orleans runs twice daily on a North-South route from Chicago to New Orleans.[8]

Water[edit]

Crittenden County and West Memphis jointly operate a port on the Mississippi River.[9] The International Port of Memphis lies just across the Mississippi River via I-55 (AR) Metric.svg Interstate 55. The International Port of Memphis is the 4th largest inland port in the United States.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18301,272
18401,56122.7%
18502,64869.6%
18604,92085.8%
18703,831−22.1%
18809,415145.8%
189013,94048.1%
190014,5294.2%
191022,44754.5%
192029,30930.6%
193039,71735.5%
194042,4736.9%
195047,18411.1%
196047,5640.8%
197048,1061.1%
198049,4992.9%
199049,9390.9%
200050,8661.9%
201050,9020.1%
Est. 201349,746−2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid Crittenden County[15]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 50,902 people residing in the county. 51.2% were Black or African American, 46.1% White, 0.6% Asian, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 2.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the 2000 United States Census,[16] there were 50,866 people, 18,471 households, and 13,373 families residing in the county. The population density was 83 people per square mile (32/km²). There were 20,507 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 50.91% White, 47.05% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 1.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 18,471 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.80% were married couples living together, 21.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.60% were non-families. 23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.23.

In the county the population was spread out with 31.10% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,109, and the median income for a family was $34,982. Males had a median income of $31,299 versus $21,783 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,424. About 21.00% of families and 25.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.30% of those under age 18 and 23.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Ełementary and secondary education[edit]

Public education for elementary and secondary school students is available from Earle School District, which leads to graduation from Earle High School. The Old Earle High School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Postsecondary education[edit]

Crittenden County is served by Mid-South Community College in West Memphis. The college offers Bachelor's and Master's Degree programs in conjunction with Arkansas State University, The University of Arkansas, The University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas Tech University and Franklin University.[17]

Healthcare[edit]

Crittenden County was served by 152 Bed Crittenden Regional Hospital in West Memphis until late August 2014.[18] The hospital operated a number of outpatient clinics in Marion and West Memphis and a Pediatric Dental Clinic in cooperation with the UT Dental School [19] Crittenden Regional Hospital has closed the ER and will permanently close on 7 September 2014.[20]

The nearest hospitals are located in Memphis Tennessee.

The Arkansas Department of Health operates a clinic in West Memphis.[21]

A number of private clinics also operate in Marion and West Memphis.[22]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Crittenden County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Crittenden County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 96. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ http://www.ci.west-memphis.ar.us/airport.htm
  6. ^ http://www.airnav.com/airport/KAWM
  7. ^ http://www.uprr.com/aboutup/usguide/attachments/state_factsheets/ar.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/servlet/ContentServer?c=AM_Route_C&pagename=am%2FLayout&cid=1241245653236
  9. ^ http://westmemphis.com/industrial-sites/better-access/river
  10. ^ http://www.portofmemphis.com/about.asp
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  15. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  17. ^ http://www.midsouthcc.edu/index.php?id=55
  18. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/
  19. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/services/ut-pediatric-dentistry
  20. ^ http://www.crittendenregional.org/news/crittenden-regional-hospital-halt-services-close-doors
  21. ^ http://www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programsServices/localPublicHealthOffices/Pages/huDetails.aspx?show=Crittenden%20County%20Health%20Unit%20-%20West%20Memphis
  22. ^ http://www.arkmed.org/cgi-bin/cgiwrap/arkmed/htmlos.cgi/001366.7.385675122412990438
  23. ^ U. S. Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Crittenden County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05035_crittenden/BAS11C20503500000_000.pdf. Retrieved 2011-08-20.
  24. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014. 

Coordinates: 35°43′16″N 90°04′51″W / 35.72111°N 90.08083°W / 35.72111; -90.08083