Cres

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Cres
Filozici-Cres.jpg
Filozići
Croatia - Cres.PNG
Geography
LocationAdriatic Sea
Coordinates44°57′36″N 14°24′29″E / 44.96000°N 14.40806°E / 44.96000; 14.40806Coordinates: 44°57′36″N 14°24′29″E / 44.96000°N 14.40806°E / 44.96000; 14.40806
Area405.78 km2 (156.67 sq mi)
Highest elevation648 m (2,126 ft)
Highest pointGorice
Country
Croatia
CountyPrimorje-Gorski kotar
Largest cityCres (pop. 2,959)
Demographics
Population3,184 (as of 2001)
Density7.9 /km2 (20.5 /sq mi)
 
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Cres
Filozici-Cres.jpg
Filozići
Croatia - Cres.PNG
Geography
LocationAdriatic Sea
Coordinates44°57′36″N 14°24′29″E / 44.96000°N 14.40806°E / 44.96000; 14.40806Coordinates: 44°57′36″N 14°24′29″E / 44.96000°N 14.40806°E / 44.96000; 14.40806
Area405.78 km2 (156.67 sq mi)
Highest elevation648 m (2,126 ft)
Highest pointGorice
Country
Croatia
CountyPrimorje-Gorski kotar
Largest cityCres (pop. 2,959)
Demographics
Population3,184 (as of 2001)
Density7.9 /km2 (20.5 /sq mi)

Cres (pronounced [t͡srɛ̂ːs]; Italian: Cherso, German: Kersch, Latin: Crepsa, Greek: Χερσος, Chersos) is an Adriatic island in Croatia. It is one of the northern island in the Kvarner Gulf and can be reached via ferry from the island Krk or from the Istrian peninsula (line Brestova-Porozina).

With an area of 405.78 km2,[1] Cres is the same size as the neighbouring island of Krk, although Krk has for many years been thought the largest of the islands. Cres has a population of 3,184 (2001).

Cres and the neighbouring island of Lošinj once used to be one island, but were divided by a channel and connected with a bridge at the town of Osor. Cres's only fresh water source is the Lake Vrana.

History[edit]

Cres has been inhabited since the Paleolithic time period and was later ruled by the Greeks and the Roman Empire. After the fall of the Roman Empire the island was taken over and became a part of the Byzantine Empire, and remained this way for centuries. In the 7th century the Slavs invaded Cres and the islands around it. They returned the islands in the early 9th century (believed to be somewhere around 812).

Then, around 866 the inhabitants saw the first conflicts with the Republic of Venice. The Venetians eventually took control of Cres and the neighboring islands in the 10th and 11th centuries.

However, the Croats regained the islands and the islands went through a change of rulers for centuries, being ruled by Croats, Hungarians, and for 400 years the Venetians took control of the islands. After Napoleon's victory over the Venetians, the island went under Austrian rule. After the defeat of Austria by Napoleon in 1809 the islands became part of the French Empire.

After the fall of Napoleon, Austria once again took control of the island for 100 years. During this time the economy developed with olive trees, sage, and other plants becoming key to the success of the island. At the end of World War I, with the Treaty of Rapallo signed in 1920, the island was once again handed over to Italy. This lasted until 1947 when the Islands, along with Istrian Peninsula, were assigned to Yugoslavia.

The island has gone through an agricultural downturn as many residents left the island in search of a better life on the mainland and abroad. This has resulted in many former agricultural areas becoming overgrown with local vegetation. Recently people, primarily retirees, have been returning to live on the island. Tourism has become an increasingly important industry and the population experiences significant seasonal variation.

Towns of Cres[edit]

The island has many towns, all of them connected by a road that runs down the middle of the island. On one side is the ferry from the mainland (around the city of Pula); on the other is the bridge to Lošinj (Lussino), which was once linked the two but is now separated by a waterway. Approaching the island from Pula, you will first come to Porozina.

A list of the towns with descriptions is below:

Stivan Beach

The Town of Cres[edit]

The town of Cres has many shops where tourists can buy local specialties such as homemade olive oil and wine. The town is not made for cars, it is a walking city with narrow streets. Cres also has a marina nearby, which has been awarded the blue flag status, with many boats in it.

Cres Port

Construction and Improvements[edit]

A massive work effort is taking place on the main road, it is being widened and is being brought further away from the cliffs, the road is also cutting out dangerous turns and other threats to drivers. It is also keeping trucks and cars away from Lake Vrana, to keep it clean. As of July 2007, the work is about 30-40% complete. The work is being done by the construction company GP Krk.

Lake Vrana[edit]

Cres has its very own fresh water lake, which is very highly guarded and illegal to swim and fish in. It supplies water to neighboring Lošinj (it. Lussino) as well. It is one of the deepest fresh water lakes in Eastern Europe, going down 76 meters at its deepest point (>50 m below sea-level).[2]

Myth of Lake Vrana[edit]

There is a local legend that there is a castle under the lake. According to the legend, a rich sister who lived in the castle would not give her much poorer sister money or food. As a result she was punished by having her castle flooded during a severe thunderstorm which caused Lake Vrana to be created. The story goes on to tell that on some windy days, if one is to listen very carefully the tower bells can still be heard ringing to this day.

Snakes[edit]

On the island live the following types of snakes:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria (Zadar) 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2011-01-21. 
  2. ^ Roland Schmidt, Jens Müller, Ruth Drescher-Schneider, Robert Krisai, Krystyna Szeroczyńska, Ante Barić; Changes in lake level and trophy at Lake Vrana, a large karstic lake on the Island of Cres (Croatia), with respect to palaeoclimate and anthropogenic impacts during the last approx. 16,000 years, J. Limnol., 59(2), 2000, 113-130.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]